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  1. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) – a transitory form of diabetes first recognised during pregnancy complicates between < 1% and 28% of all pregnancies. GDM has important short and long-term health consequen...

    Authors: Karoline Kragelund Nielsen, Anil Kapur, Peter Damm, Maximilian de Courten and Ib Christian Bygbjerg
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:41
  2. The delays in receiving adequate emergency maternal care described by Thaddeus and Maine twenty years ago are still occurring, as exemplified in this study of cases of maternal deaths in a subdistrict in rural...

    Authors: Suzanne Belton, Bronwyn Myers and Frederika Rambu Ngana
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:39
  3. The third stage of labour may be complicated by retained placenta, which should be managed promptly because it may cause severe bleeding and infection, with a potentially fatal outcome. This study evaluated th...

    Authors: Sheelan S Rajab and Shahla K Alalaf
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:37
  4. Few studies have focused on cerebral complications among newborn infants delivered by vacuum extraction (VE). The aim of this study was to determine the risk for intracranial haemorrhage and/or cerebral dysfun...

    Authors: Cecilia Ekéus, Ulf Högberg and Mikael Norman
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:36
  5. Our primary objective was to establish a cutoff value for the soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1(sFlt-1)/placental growth factor (PlGF) ratio measured using the Elecsys assay to predict late-onset preeclampsia...

    Authors: Hee Jin Park, Soo Hyun Kim, Yong Wook Jung, Sung Shin Shim, Ji Yeon Kim, Yeon Kyung Cho, Antonio Farina, Margherita Zanello, Kyoung Jin Lee and Dong Hyun Cha
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:35
  6. The purposes of this study were to explore whether the maternal-fetal outcomes differed among various types of hyperglycemia during pregnancy and whether the values of glycemic screening in the middle phase of...

    Authors: Juan Gui, Aizhen Li, Xiaoling Su and Ling Feng
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:34
  7. Currently, there is no consensus regarding iron supplementation dose that is most beneficial for maternal and offspring health during gestation. Recommended iron supplementation dose does not preempt anemia in...

    Authors: Victoria Arija, Francesc Fargas, Gemma March, Susana Abajo, Josep Basora, Josefa Canals, Blanca Ribot, Estefania Aparicio, Nuria Serrat, Carmen Hernández-Martínez and Núria Aranda
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:33
  8. The global Low Birth Weight (LBW) rate is reported to be 15.5% with more than 95% of these LBW infants being from developing countries. LBW is a major factor associated with neonatal deaths in developing count...

    Authors: Vishnu Khanal, Kay Sauer, Rajendra Karkee and Yun Zhao
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:32
  9. Postnatal care is an important link in the continuum of care for maternal and child health. However, coverage and quality of postnatal care are poor in low- and middle-income countries. In 2009, the Chinese go...

    Authors: Li Chen, Wu Qiong, Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Zhang Yanfeng, Zhang Shuyi, Li Ye, Wang Wei, Du Xiaozhen and Zhang Ting
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:31
  10. Demand-side financing, where funds for specific services are channelled through, or to, prospective users, is now employed in health and education sectors in many low- and middle-income countries. This systema...

    Authors: Susan F Murray, Benjamin M Hunter, Ramila Bisht, Tim Ensor and Debra Bick
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:30
  11. Applying mobile phones in healthcare is increasingly prioritized to strengthen healthcare systems. Antenatal care has the potential to reduce maternal morbidity and improve newborns’ survival but this benefit ...

    Authors: Stine Lund, Birgitte B Nielsen, Maryam Hemed, Ida M Boas, Azzah Said, Khadija Said, Mkoko H Makungu and Vibeke Rasch
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:29
  12. In the Netherlands, low risk women receive midwife-led care and can choose to give birth at home or in hospital. There is concern that transfer of care during labour from midwife-led care to an obstetrician-le...

    Authors: Caroline C Geerts, Trudy Klomp, Antoine LM Lagro-Janssen, Jos WR Twisk, Jeroen van Dillen and Ank de Jonge
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:27
  13. Research provides strong evidence for improvements in depressive symptoms as a result of physical activity participation in many populations including pregnant and post-partum women. Little is known about how ...

    Authors: Jennifer L Huberty, Jason Coleman, Katherine Rolfsmeyer and Serena Wu
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:26
  14. The investigation of severe maternal morbidity (SAMM) and maternal near miss (NM) and associated risk factors is important for the global reduction of maternal mortality. This study investigated the prevalence...

    Authors: Larissa Paes Leme Galvão, Fabiano Alvim-Pereira, Caio Menezes Machado de Mendonça, Filipe Emanuel Fonseca Menezes, Kaique Andre do Nascimento Góis, Ruy Farias Ribeiro Jr and Ricardo Queiroz Gurgel
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:25
  15. Hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal mortality in Bangladesh, the majority of which is due to postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), blood loss of 500 mL or more. Many deaths due to PPH occur at home where approx...

    Authors: Ndola Prata, Suzanne Bell, Martine Holston and Mohammad A Quaiyum
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:24
  16. It is crucial to identify in large population samples the most important determinants of excessive fetal growth. The aim of the study was to evaluate the independent role of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI)...

    Authors: Salvatore Alberico, Marcella Montico, Valentina Barresi, Lorenzo Monasta, Caterina Businelli, Valentina Soini, Anna Erenbourg, Luca Ronfani and Gianpaolo Maso
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:23
  17. Postpartum depression (PPD) and poor childbirth outcomes are associated with poverty; these variables should be addressed by an adapted approach. The aim of this research was to evaluate the impact of an anten...

    Authors: Maria Assumpta Ortiz Collado, Marc Saez, Jérôme Favrod and Marie Hatem
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:22
  18. Women with gestational diabetes (GDM) are at high risk of developing diabetes later in life. After a GDM diagnosis, women receive prenatal care to control their blood glucose levels via diet, physical activity...

    Authors: Assiamira Ferrara, Monique M Hedderson, Cheryl L Albright, Susan D Brown, Samantha F Ehrlich, Bette J Caan, Barbara Sternfeld, Nancy P Gordon, Julie A Schmittdiel, Erica P Gunderson, Ashley A Mevi, Ai-Lin Tsai, Jenny Ching, Yvonne Crites and Charles P Quesenberry Jr
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:21
  19. Maternal educational attainment has been associated with birth outcomes among adult mothers. However, limited research explores whether academic performance and educational aspiration influence birth outcomes ...

    Authors: Yiqiong Xie, Emily Wheeler Harville and Aubrey Spriggs Madkour
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:3
  20. Best practice guidelines to promote breastfeeding suggest that (i) mothers hold their babies in naked body contact immediately after birth, (ii) babies remain undisturbed for at least one hour and (iii) breast...

    Authors: Ruth M Cantrill, Debra K Creedy, Marie Cooke and Fiona Dykes
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:20
  21. Pregnant women are the highest priority group for annual influenza vaccination. Studies have shown unacceptably low uptake of both seasonal and pandemic A/H1N1 influenza vaccination among pregnant women. This ...

    Authors: Valerie WY Wong, Daniel YT Fong and Marie Tarrant
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:19
  22. For women at low risk of childbirth complications, water immersion during labour is a care option in many high income countries. Our aims were (a) to describe maternal characteristics, intrapartum events, inte...

    Authors: Jane Henderson, Ethel E Burns, Anna L Regalia, Giovanna Casarico, Mary G Boulton and Lesley A Smith
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:17
  23. Cardiotocography (CTG) is a monitoring of fetal heart rate and uterine contractions. Since 1960 it is routinely used by obstetricians to assess fetal well-being. Many attempts to introduce methods of automatic...

    Authors: Václav Chudáček, Jiří Spilka, Miroslav Burša, Petr Janků, Lukáš Hruban, Michal Huptych and Lenka Lhotská
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:16
  24. The incidence of snoring and sleepiness is known to increase during pregnancy, and this might impact maternal health and obstetric outcome. However, the association between snoring and sleepiness during pregna...

    Authors: Maria Sarberg, Eva Svanborg, Ann-Britt Wiréhn and Ann Josefsson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:15
  25. Understanding the experiences and expectations of women across the continuum of antenatal, perinatal, and postnatal care is important to assess the quality of maternal care and to determine problematic areas w...

    Authors: Bojana Matejić, Milena Šantrić Milićević, Vladimir Vasić and Bosiljka Djikanović
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:14
  26. When clinically indicated, common obstetric interventions can greatly improve maternal and neonatal outcomes. However, variation in intervention rates suggests that obstetric practice may not be solely driven ...

    Authors: Jennifer E Lutomski, Michael Murphy, Declan Devane, Sarah Meaney and Richard A Greene
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:13
  27. Misperceptions regarding maternal health outcomes after vaginal delivery (VD) and cesarean delivery (CD) may contribute to the increasing trend towards CD. The effects of mode of delivery on parents’ perceived...

    Authors: Wen-Ying Li, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul and Babill Stray-Pedersen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:12
  28. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous endocrine disorder frequently accompanied by obesity and by insulin resistance, and patients with this syndrome suffer from infertility and poor pregnancy ou...

    Authors: Chun-mei Zhang, Yue Zhao, Rong Li, Yang Yu, Li-ying Yan, Li Li, Na-na Liu, Ping Liu and Jie Qiao
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:11
  29. PATH, an international nonprofit organization, assessed nearly 40 technologies for their potential to reduce maternal mortality from postpartum hemorrhage and preeclampsia and eclampsia in low-resource setting...

    Authors: Tara M Herrick, Claudia M Harner-Jay, Alice M Levisay, Patricia S Coffey, Michael J Free and Paul D LaBarre
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:10
  30. Pregnancy presents a unique situation for the management of asthma as it can alter the course of asthma severity and its treatment, which in turn can affect pregnancy outcomes. Despite awareness of the substan...

    Authors: Luke E Grzeskowiak, Gustaaf Dekker, Karen Rivers, Kate Roberts-Thomson, Anil Roy, Brian Smith, Jeffery Bowden, Robert Bryce, Michael Davies, Justin Beilby, Anne Wilson, Philippa Middleton, Richard Ruffin, Jonathan Karnon and Vicki L Clifton
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:9
  31. Antenatal anaemia, iron deficiency and common mental disorders (CMD) are prevalent in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to examine the direct and indirect effects of antenatal exposur...

    Authors: Thach D Tran, Tuan Tran, Julie A Simpson, Ha T Tran, Trang T Nguyen, Sarah Hanieh, Terence Dwyer, Beverley-Ann Biggs and Jane Fisher
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:8
  32. Preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW) and small for gestational age (SGA) contribute to neonatal mortality. Maternal HIV-1 infection has been associated with an increased risk of PTB, but mechanisms unde...

    Authors: Jennifer A Slyker, Janna Patterson, Gwen Ambler, Barbra A Richardson, Elizabeth Maleche-Obimbo, Rose Bosire, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha, Carey Farquhar and Grace John-Stewart
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:7
  33. Engagement in decision making is a key priority of modern healthcare. Women are encouraged to make decisions about pain relief in labour in the ante-natal period based upon their expectations of what labour pa...

    Authors: Joanne E Lally, Richard G Thomson, Sheila MacPhail and Catherine Exley
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:6
  34. Obesity is highly related to negative reproductive health outcomes, but its relationship with spontaneous abortion and stillbirth remains to be understood, especially in transitioning economies. This study aim...

    Authors: Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Fernanda Penido Matozinhos, J Jaime Miranda, Eduardo Villamor and Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:5
  35. Placental hypoxia is a result of abnormal and shallow trophoblast invasion and involved in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia. Hypoxia increases extracellular adenosine levels and plays an important role in t...

    Authors: Natallia Darashchonak, Brunhild Koepsell, Natalia Bogdanova and Frauke von Versen-Höynck
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:2
  36. Approximately 1.2 million stillbirths occur in the intrapartum period, and a further 717,000 annual neonatal deaths are caused by intrapartum events, most of which occur in resource poor settings. We aim to te...

    Authors: Azusa Iwamoto, Nadine Seward, Audrey Prost, Matthew Ellis, Andrew Copas, Edward Fottrell, Kishwar Azad, Prasanta Tripathy and Anthony Costello
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:245
  37. Preeclampsia is a disorder with a reported incidence of 2%-8% among all pregnancies, accounting for more than 50,000 deaths worldwide each year. In low- and middle- income countries maternal/perinatal morbidit...

    Authors: Arusyak Harutyunyan, Haroutune Armenian and Varduhi Petrosyan
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:244
  38. To reduce its high maternal and neonatal mortality rate and meet Millennium Development Goals four and five, Lao PDR has adopted a national ‘Strategy and Planning Framework of Implementation of Maternal, Neona...

    Authors: Vanphanom Sychareun, Sysavanh Phommachanh, Soudavanh Soysouvanh, Chaeun Lee, Minah Kang, Juhwan Oh and Jo Durham
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:243
  39. Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the leading causes of adverse perinatal outcomes and is closely related to neonatal disease and death. The incidence of LBW has been increasing. The aim of this study was to in...

    Authors: Yi Chen, Guanghui Li, Yan Ruan, Liying Zou, Xin Wang and Weiyuan Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:242
  40. The association of grand multiparity and poor pregnancy outcome has not been consistent for decades. Classifying grand multiparous women as a high-risk group without clear evidence of a consistent association ...

    Authors: Andrew H Mgaya, Siriel N Massawe, Hussein L Kidanto and Hans N Mgaya
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:241
  41. Authors: Kim Broekhuijsen, Josje Langenveld, Gert-Jan van Baaren, Mariëlle G van Pampus, Anton H van Kaam, Henk Groen, Martina Porath, Maureen TM Franssen and Ben W Mol
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:232

    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:50

  42. A history of preeclampsia is a risk factor for the future development of hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective of this study was to assess, in women with prior preeclampsia, the level of...

    Authors: Ellen W Seely, Janet Rich-Edwards, Janet Lui, Jacinda M Nicklas, Aditi Saxena, Eleni Tsigas and Sue E Levkoff
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:240
  43. Babies born very preterm (before 30 weeks gestation) are at high risk of dying in their first weeks of life, and those who survive are at risk of developing cerebral palsy in childhood. Recent high-quality evi...

    Authors: Caroline A Crowther, Philippa F Middleton, Emily Bain, Pat Ashwood, Tanya Bubner, Vicki Flenady, Jonathan Morris and Sarah McIntyre
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:239
  44. Pre-pregnancy health and care are important for the health of the future generations. Smoking during pregnancy has been well-researched and there is clear evidence of harm. But there has been little research o...

    Authors: Anika Flower, Jill Shawe, Judith Stephenson and Pat Doyle
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:238
  45. Severe vitamin D deficiency can impair muscle strength. The study aims were to examine physical performance in the hands and upper legs, and analyze plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations in women...

    Authors: Paul Kalliokoski, Yngve Bergqvist and Monica Löfvander
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:237
  46. Satisfaction is an important indicator of the quality of care during childbirth. Previous research found that a good environment at a health facility can increase the number of deliveries at that facility. In ...

    Authors: Chieko Matsubara, Joseph Green, Linda Teresa Astorga, Edgardo L Daya, Honorato C Jervoso, Edgardo M Gonzaga and Masamine Jimba
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:235

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