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  1. The gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist protocol has some advantages, such as a simple method, short medication duration, and low incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, but whether the G...

    Authors: Min Xia and Jie Zheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:372

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Women’s attitudes towards obstetric forceps likely contribute to declining use and opportunities for residency training, but formal documentation of women’s attitudes towards obstetric forceps is currently lim...

    Authors: Jasmine M. Hitt, Angela S. Martin, Jordan E. Dietrich, Natasha Ahmed and Gene T. Lee

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:371

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Congenital megaduodenum is a rare disorder; however, its prenatal diagnosis has not been reported previously. We report the case of an abdominal cystic mass in a fetus that was later diagnosed as megaduodenum.

    Authors: Kaihui Zeng, Dongmei Li, Yao Zhang, Chengcheng Cao, Ruobing Bai, Zeyu Yang and Lizhu Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:370

    Content type: Case report

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  4. In many countries, the increase in facility births is accompanied by a high rate of obstetric interventions. Lower birthrates or elevated risk factors such as women’s higher age at childbirth and an increased ...

    Authors: Stephan Oelhafen, Manuel Trachsel, Settimio Monteverde, Luigi Raio and Eva Cignacco Müller

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:369

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Spontaneous preterm birth is a global issue that contributed to perinatal morbidities and mortalities worldwide. The study aimed to describe the experience at UKM Medical Center in managing women at high risk ...

    Authors: Rahana Abd Rahman, Ixora Kamisan Atan, Anizah Ali, Aida Mohd Kalok, Nor Azlin Mohamed Ismail, Zaleha Abdullah Mahdy and Shuhaila Ahmad

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:368

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Prophylactic uterine artery embolization (UAE) combined with subsequent curettage is suggested as an effective and minimally invasive treatment strategy for cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) with a high bleeding r...

    Authors: Qiao Wang, Hongling Peng, Xia Zhao and Xiaorong Qi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:367

    Content type: Research

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  7. Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a common complication during pregnancy, however, HG associated simultaneous onset of blood cell destruction due to electrolyte abnormalities is rare. In this case, a woman with r...

    Authors: Xiyu Pan, Ran Chu, Jinyu Meng, Qiannan Wang, Yue Zhang, Kun Song, Xingsheng Yang and Beihua Kong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:366

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Accurate estimation of fetal weight is important for prenatal care and for detection of fetal growth abnormalities. Prediction of fetal weight entails the indirect measurement of fetal biometry by ultrasound t...

    Authors: Xining Wu, Zihan Niu, Zhonghui Xu, Yuxin Jiang, Yixiu Zhang, Hua Meng and Yunshu Ouyang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:365

    Content type: Research

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  9. Relevant studies focusing on epidemiological of profiles hypertensive disorders of pregnancy from global data that report the cause-specific prevalence and trends of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy at glob...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Xin Xie, Ting Yuan, Yanyan Wang, Fei Zhao, Zhangjian Zhou and Hao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:364

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Two meta-analyses have shown that pregnancy and birth rates are significantly higher after blastocyst transfer than after cleaved embryo transfer. Other studies have revealed that a serum progesterone level > ...

    Authors: P. Merviel, S. Bouée, A. S. Jacamon, J. J. Chabaud, M. T. Le Martelot, S. Roche, C. Rince, H. Drapier, A. Perrin and D. Beauvillard

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:363

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Infant mortality remains a serious global public health problem. The global infant mortality rate has decreased significantly over time, but the rate of decline in most African countries, including Ethiopia, i...

    Authors: Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema, Wullo Sisay Seretew, Misganaw Gebrie Worku and Dessie Abebaw Angaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:362

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In assisted reproduction technology embryo competence is routinely evaluated on morphological criteria but efficacy remains relatively low. Additional information could be obtained by evaluating pronuclear (PN...

    Authors: Sara Stigliani, Claudia Massarotti, Francesca Bovis, Ida Casciano, Fausta Sozzi, Valentino Remorgida, Angelo Cagnacci, Paola Anserini and Paola Scaruffi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:361

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Currently, there are no studies on changes in the incidence of uterine rupture or maternal and foetal outcomes in women with uterine rupture during different birth policy periods in China. Moreover, the result...

    Authors: Yangwen Zhou, Yi Mu, Peiran Chen, Yanxia Xie, Jun Zhu and Juan Liang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:360

    Content type: Research

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  14. Diagnosis of preterm labour is difficult because initial symptoms and signs are often mild and may occur in continuing pregnancies. This study aims to investigate the utility of measuring cervical length, usin...

    Authors: Tiffany Tuck Chin Wong, Xiaoqi Yong, Janice Su Zhen Tung, Beatrice Jia Ying Lee, Joanne Mei Xin Chan, Ruochen Du, Tai Wai Yeo and George Seow Heong Yeo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:359

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Physiological adaptation in pregnancy is characterized by remodeling of endocrine, cardiovascular and renal functions leading to fluid retention, volume expansion, altered cardiac loading conditions and hyperd...

    Authors: Rima D. Yarlagadda, Jonas Johnson, Åse Vårtun, Kari Flo and Ganesh Acharya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:358

    Content type: Research

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  16. There are no accurate estimates of the prevalence of non-severe maternal morbidities. Given the lack of instruments to fully assess these morbidities, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed an instrumen...

    Authors: M. N. Lamus, S. Pabon, C. MPoca, J. P. Guida, M. A. Parpinelli, J. G. Cecatti, M. F. Vidarte and M. L. Costa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:357

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) introduced a new standard of care in 2014, extending the duration of the second stage of labor in order to reduce caesarean delivery (CD) rates an...

    Authors: G. Gitas, L. Proppe, A. K. Ertan, S. Baum, A. Rody, M. Kocaer, K. Dinas, L. Allahqoli, A. S. Laganà, A. Sotiriadis, S. Sommer and I. Alkatout

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:356

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Although labor induction is a commonly used procedure in obstetrical care, there are limited data on its psycho-emotional effects on the woman. This study analysed the expectations and experiences of women in ...

    Authors: Moa Strandberg, Tove Wallstrom and Eva Wiberg-Itzel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:355

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Successful scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy has minimized infant HIV acquisition, and over 1 million infants are born HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU), with an increasing proportion al...

    Authors: Dorothy C. Nyemba, Emma Kalk, Hlengiwe P. Madlala, Thokozile R. Malaba, Amy L. Slogrove, Mary-Ann Davies, Andrew Boulle, Landon Myer and Kathleen M. Powis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:354

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is a multifactorial condition with a partly unknown etiology. This condition can be mentally and physically compromising both during and after pregnancy. To provide all-around preventi...

    Authors: Tang Xiangsheng, Gong Long, Shi Yingying, An Xiao, Yi Ping and Tan Mingsheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:353

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Iron supplementation is considered an imperative strategy for anemia prevention and control during pregnancy in Pakistan. Although there is some evidence on the predictors of iron deficiency anemia among Pakis...

    Authors: Sumera Aziz Ali, Savera Aziz Ali, Shama Razzaq, Nayab Khowaja, Sarah Gutkind, Fazal Ur Raheman and Nadir Suhail

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:352

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Yoga can reduce the risk of preterm delivery, cesarean section (CS), and fetal death. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of Yoga on pregnancy, delivery, and neonatal outcomes.

    Authors: Leili Yekefallah, Peyman Namdar, Leila Dehghankar, Fereshteh Golestaneh, Soghra Taheri and Frahnaz Mohammadkhaniha

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:351

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Little is known about benzodiazepine and opioid-benzodiazepine co-dispensing patterns among pregnant women. Understanding these patterns is necessary to mitigate high-risk medication use during pregnancy. Our ...

    Authors: Danya M. Qato and Aakash Bipin Gandhi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:350

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Although there is growing recognition of the importance of person-centered maternity care, the needs and perspectives of pregnant adolescents are rarely considered. The purpose of this study was to compare the...

    Authors: Martha J. Decker, Noelle Pineda, Abigail Gutmann-Gonzalez and Claire D. Brindis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:349

    Content type: Research article

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  25. No previous study directly compares the fixed day-5 initiation versus the flexible initiation of GnRH antagonist administration in IVF/ICSI for those patients who are predicted as high ovarian responders witho...

    Authors: Xiu Luo, Li Pei, Fujie Li, Chunli Li, Guoning Huang and Hong Ye

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:348

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Struma ovarii is a special type of ovarian dermoid cyst and accounts for approximately 2–3 % of all dermoid tumours. Benign struma ovarii may manifest as distant metastasis, called peritoneal strumosis, which ...

    Authors: Zheng Li, Jingxue Wang and Qian Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:347

    Content type: Case report

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  27. The willingness to try in vitro fertilization (IVF) as an infertility treatment, as well as its psychosocial consequences for couples, may be influenced by how they perceive the attitudes of general public tow...

    Authors: Alicja Malina, Marta Roczniewska and Julie Ann Pooley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:346

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Globally, infant mortality has declined considerably but has remained unacceptably high in sub-Saharan Africa, especially Nigeria where infant mortality rate is 67/1000 live births. To facilitate infant mortal...

    Authors: Mobolaji Modinat Salawu, Rotimi Felix Afolabi, Babatunde Makinde Gbadebo, Adetokunbo Taophic Salawu, Adeniyi Francis Fagbamigbe and Ayo Stephen Adebowale

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:345

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Maternal age < 18 or > 34 years, short inter-pregnancy birth interval, and higher birth order are considered to be high-risk fertility behaviours (HRFB). Underfive mortality being disproportionately concentrat...

    Authors: Rafi Amir-ud-Din, Lubna Naz, Aneela Rubi, Muhammad Usman and Umesh Ghimire

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:344

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Different formulae have been developed globally to estimate gestational age (GA) by ultrasonography in the first trimester of pregnancy. In this study, we develop an Indian population-specific dating formula a...

    Authors: Ramya Vijayram, Nikhita Damaraju, Ashley Xavier, Bapu Koundinya Desiraju, Ramachandran Thiruvengadam, Sumit Misra, Shilpa Chopra, Ashok Khurana, Nitya Wadhwa, Raghunathan Rengaswamy, Himanshu Sinha and Shinjini Bhatnagar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:343

    Content type: Research

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  31. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is associated with major birth defects and developmental disabilities. Questionnaires concerning alcohol consumption during pregnancy underestimate alcohol use while the us...

    Authors: Leonieke J. Breunis, Sophie Wassenaar, Barbara J. Sibbles, Ab A. Aaldriks, Hilmar H. Bijma, Eric A.P. Steegers and Birgit C.P. Koch

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:342

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Previous studies have focused on pregnancy outcomes after frozen embryo transfer (FET) performed using different endometrial preparation protocols. Few studies have evaluated the effect of endometrial preparat...

    Authors: Cheng Li, Yi-Chen He, Jing-Jing Xu, Yu Wang, Han Liu, Chen-Chi Duan, Chao-Yi Shi, Lei Chen, Jie Wang, Jian-Zhong Sheng, He-Feng Huang and Yan-Ting Wu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:341

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The number of international migrants continues to increase worldwide. Depending on their country of origin and migration experience, migrants may be at greater risk of maternal and neonatal morbidity and morta...

    Authors: Frankie Fair, Hora Soltani, Liselotte Raben, Yvonne van Streun, Eirini Sioti, Maria Papadakaki, Catherine Burke, Helen Watson, Mervi Jokinen, Eleanor Shaw, Elena Triantafyllou, Maria van den Muijsenbergh and Victoria Vivilaki

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:340

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT) has substantially declined since the scale-up of prevention programs around the world, including Rwanda. To achieve full elimination of MTCT, it is important to understa...

    Authors: Eric Remera, Placidie Mugwaneza, Frédérique Chammartin, Augustin Mulindabigwi, Gentille Musengimana, Jamie I. Forrest, Fabian Mwanyumba, Ng’oma Kondwani, Jeanine U. Condo, David J. Riedel, Edward J. Mills, Sabin Nsanzimana and Heiner C. Bucher

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:339

    Content type: Research

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  35. evaluation of technical skills of the operators during the obstetrical device application for operative vaginal delivery, named kiwi-cup in a simulation training program.

    Authors: Paolo Mannella, Mario Giordano, Maria Magdalena Montt Guevara, Andrea Giannini, Eleonora Russo, Federica Pancetti, Marta Caretto and Tommaso Simoncini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:338

    Content type: Research

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  36. Birthweight has been declining consistently for more than 30 years in Japan. This rapid rise in low birthweight is one of the worst among the countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Develop...

    Authors: Noriko Kato, Catherine Sauvaget, Honami Yoshida, Tetsuji Yokoyama and Nobuo Yoshiike

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:337

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Psychosocial factors are of increasing interest as potential influencers in disease development. This study explores associations between gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and maternal depression, adverse ch...

    Authors: Margaret Versteegen, Christine T. Bozlak, Heather Larkin and Allison A. Appleton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:335

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Some women avoid sexual intercourse during pregnancy due to the physiological changes they undergo during this period as well as their fear of causing harm to the fetus and to themselves, which can lead to pro...

    Authors: Shiva Alizadeh, Hedyeh Riazi, Hamid Alavi Majd and Giti Ozgoli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:334

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Healthcare costs have substantially increased in recent years, threatening the population health. Obstetric care is a significant contributor to this scenario since it represents 20% of healthcare. The rate of...

    Authors: Romulo Negrini, Raquel Domingues da Silva Ferreira and Daniela Zaros Guimarães

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:333

    Content type: Research

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  40. Although maternal deaths are rare in developed regions, the morbidity associated with severe postpartum hemorrhage (SPPH) remains a major problem. To determine the prevalence and risk factors of SPPH, we analy...

    Authors: Chen-ning Liu, Fu-bing Yu, Yun-zhe Xu, Jin-sheng Li, Zhi-hong Guan, Man-na Sun, Chen-an Liu, Fang He and Dun-jin Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:332

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Hypovitaminosis D in pregnancy is associated with adverse health outcomes in mothers, newborns and infants. This study assessed the levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in normotensive pregnancies and in pr...

    Authors: Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Worlanyo Tashie, William K. B. A. Owiredu, Enoch Appiah Adu-Gyamfi and Laila Seidu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:331

    Content type: Research

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  42. Screening for antenatal depression and its determinants is highly recommended. However, there is no consensus on a standard conceptual framework to approach pregnant women in a primary health care setting. The...

    Authors: Sarah Naja, Noora Al Kubaisi, Rajvir Singh, Hiba Abdalla and Iheb Bougmiza

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:330

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Health facility deliveries are generally associated with improved maternal and child health outcomes. However, in Uganda, little is known about factors that influence use of health facilities for delivery espe...

    Authors: Richard K. Mugambe, Habib Yakubu, Solomon T. Wafula, Tonny Ssekamatte, Simon Kasasa, John Bosco Isunju, Abdullah Ali Halage, Jimmy Osuret, Constance Bwire, John C. Ssempebwa, Yuke Wang, Joanne A. McGriff and Christine L. Moe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:329

    Content type: Research

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  44. Ninety-four percent of all maternal deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, and the majority are preventable. Access to quality Obstetric ultrasound can identify some complications leading to materna...

    Authors: Marika Toscano, Thomas J. Marini, Kathryn Drennan, Timothy M. Baran, Jonah Kan, Brian Garra, Ann M. Dozier, Rafael L. Ortega, Rosemary A. Quinn, Yu T. Zhao, Miguel S. Egoavil, Lorena Tamayo, Claudia Carlotto and Benjamin Castaneda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:328

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Sexual function, a significant contributor to quality of life, is affected by various factors, including overall mental health. COVID-19 is a current pandemic that influences the mental health of various popul...

    Authors: Fatemeh Effati-Daryani, Shayesteh Jahanfar, Azam Mohammadi, Somayeh Zarei and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:327

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Knowledge about SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnancy and newborns is scarce. The objective of this study is to analyse clinical and epidemiological characteristics of a cohort of women infected with SARS-CoV-2 du...

    Authors: Itzíar Carrasco, Mar Muñoz-Chapuli, Sara Vigil-Vázquez, David Aguilera-Alonso, Concepción Hernández, César Sánchez-Sánchez, Cristina Oliver, Mónica Riaza, Marta Pareja, Olga Sanz, Beatriz Pérez-Seoane, Juan López, Elena Márquez, Sara Domínguez-Rodríguez, Alicia Hernanz-Lobo, Juan Antonio De León-Luis…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:326

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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