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  1. Pregnancy is a unique period with the increased likelihood of psychological changes and emotional disturbances such as depression, anxiety, and stress. In this study, we investigated the factors influencing de...

    Authors: Afsaneh Keramat, Mina Malary, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Nastaran Bagherian and Mohammad-Reza Rajabi-Shakib

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:87

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) is widely used as the alternative choice for pregnant women at high-risk of fetal aneuploidy. However, whether NIPS has a good detective efficiency for pregnant women at ...

    Authors: Hui Zhu, Xiaoxiao Jin, Yuqing Xu, Weihua Zhang, Xiaodan Liu, Jinglei Jin, Yeqing Qian and Minyue Dong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:86

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Acceptance of smoking cessation support during antenatal care and associated quitting behaviours of pregnant Aboriginal women or women having an Aboriginal baby has not been investigated. This study aimed to d...

    Authors: Justine B. Daly, Sarah Dowe, Belinda Tully, Flora Tzelepis, Christophe Lecathelinais and Karen Gillham

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:85

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Women frequently complain of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) during pregnancy due to multiple physiological and potentially pathological changes. Still, there is limited data on the characteristics of LUTS...

    Authors: Jaffar H. Saffarini, Qais T. Ahmad, Ahmad M. Samara, Dima S. Jabri, Zaina H. Safarini, Yousra M. Banijaber, Ahmad Jaradat, Faris Abushamma and Sa’ed H. Zyoud

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:84

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Postpartum maternal functioning has the potential to affect the quality of interaction between mother and child. A proper assessment of maternal functioning requires a comprehensive and accurate tool. The obje...

    Authors: Mehri Ansariniaki, Minoor Lamyian, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Carolann L. Curry and Jennifer L. Barkin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:83

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The intrapartum period is a time of high mortality risk for newborns and mothers. Numerous interventions exist to minimize risk during this period. Data on intervention coverage are needed for health system im...

    Authors: Emily D. Carter, Karen T. Chang, Luke C. Mullany, Subarna K. Khatry, Steven C. LeClerq, Melinda K. Munos and Joanne Katz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:82

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Challenges with engaging in postnatal physical activity can negatively affect the health of women and their families. This study investigated women’s physical activity decision-making processes and strategies ...

    Authors: Sarah Jane Liva, Wendy Anne Hall and John Oliffe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Prenatal anxiety has been a significant public health issue globally, leading to adverse health outcomes for mothers and children. The study aimed to evaluate the sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, a...

    Authors: Wenping Ding, Jianmei Lu, Yan Zhou, Weizhong Wei, Zhihong Zhou and Min Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:80

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Maternal mortality can be prevented in low-income settings through early health care seeking during maternity complications. While health system reforms in India prioritised institutional deliveries, inadequat...

    Authors: Danish Ahmad, Itismita Mohanty, Avishek Hazra and Theo Niyonsenga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:79

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a novel disease which has been having a worldwide affect since December 2019. Evidence regarding the effects of SARS-CoV-2 during pregnancy is conflicting. The presen...

    Authors: Anna Suy, Itziar Garcia-Ruiz, Melchor Carbonell, Pablo Garcia-Manau, Carlota Rodo, Nerea Maiz, Elena Sulleiro, Andres Anton, Juliana Esperalba, Nuria Fernández-Hidalgo, Marie Antoinette Frick, Fatima Camba, Tomas Pumarola and Elena Carreras

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:78

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. Childbirth is a complex process, and checklists are useful tools to remember steps of such complex processes. The World Health Organization safe childbirth checklist is a tool used to improve the quality of care ...

    Authors: Hailemariam Segni Abawollo, Zergu Tafesse Tsegaye, Binyam Fekadu Desta, Tsega Teferi Mamo, Haregewoin Getachew Mamo, Zebyderu Tesfay Mehari, Zenawork Kassa Gebremedhin and Ismael Ali Beshir

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:77

    Content type: Research article

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  12. An accumulating body of literature indicates that magnesium deficiency is associated with a number of hormone-related conditions (HRC) in women, and epidemiological studies are needed to assess its prevalence ...

    Authors: Svetlana Orlova, Galina Dikke, Gisele Pickering, Natalya Yaltseva, Sofya Konchits, Kirill Starostin and Alina Bevz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:76

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The amniotic fluid is a protective liquid present in the amniotic sac. Two types of amniotic fluid disorders have been identified. First refers to polyhydramnios, which is an immoderate volume of amniotic flui...

    Authors: H. Bakhsh, H. Alenizy, S. Alenazi, S. Alnasser, N. Alanazi, M. Alsowinea, L. Alharbi and B. Alfaifi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:75

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The current study aimed to estimate the prevalence of alcohol use identified as a risk factor during pregnancies by the antenatal care providers, resulting in live births in British Columbia (BC) and to examin...

    Authors: Svetlana Popova, Danijela Dozet, Graham O’Hanlon, Valerie Temple and Jürgen Rehm

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:74

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Health literacy is a vital strategy to consider when designing health-promoting programs, and health literacy is a priority in Qatar’s national health agenda. In the context of pregnancy, inadequate health lit...

    Authors: Sarah Naja, Rowaida Elyamani, Abdullah Al Ibrahim, Noora Al Kubaisi, Rayan Itani and Palli AbdulRouf

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:73

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Traditional prenatal care includes up to 13 in person office visits, and the cost of this care is not well-described. Alternative models are being explored to better meet the needs of patients and providers. O...

    Authors: Regan N. Theiler, Yvonne Butler-Tobah, Matthew A. Hathcock and Abimbola Famuyide

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:71

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Previous studies have noted traditional physical, demographic, and obstetrical predictors of inadequate or excess gestational weight gain, but the roles of psychological and behavioral factors are not well est...

    Authors: Yu Yang Feng, Zhijie Michael Yu, Sherry van Blyderveen, Louis Schmidt, Wendy Sword, Meredith Vanstone, Anne Biringer, Helen McDonald, Joseph Beyene and Sarah Diana McDonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:70

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends that pregnant women engage in at least 20 to 30 min of moderate-intensity physical activity on most days of the week. Regular exercise ...

    Authors: Maria Koleilat, Nancy Vargas, Victoria vanTwist and Gergana Damianova Kodjebacheva

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:69

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Breastfeeding and wet nursing have been synonymous since ancient times. The practice of wet nursing of another woman’s child in Malaysia is on the rise due to the emergence of awareness among the public about ...

    Authors: C. A. R. Norsyamlina, H. Salasiah Hanin, A. M. Latifah, K. Zuliza, M. H. Nurhidayah, S. Rafeah, B. Nora’inan, I. Muhamad Zariff and A. Noor Ani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:68

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Investigation of the microbiome during early life has stimulated an increasing number of cohort studies in pregnant and breastfeeding women that require non-invasive biospecimen collection. The objective of th...

    Authors: Dominick J. Lemas, Lauren Wright, Elizabeth Flood-Grady, Magda Francois, Lynn Chen, Austen Hentschel, Xinsong Du, Chu J. Hsiao, Huan Chen, Josef Neu, Ryan P. Theis, Elizabeth Shenkman and Janice Krieger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:67

    Content type: Research article

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  21. This was a retrospective population-based study, utilizing the data of 601 247 singleton hospital deliveries collected from the Finnish Medical Birth Register (MBR) in 2006–2016. The aim of this study was to a...

    Authors: Riitta Vilkko, Sari Räisänen, Mika Gissler, Vedran Stefanovic and Seppo Heinonen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:66

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The aims of our research were as follows: First, to estimate the prevalence of female sexual dysfunction in early, middle, late stages of pregnancy, and postpartum 6 months after delivery. Second, to discuss r...

    Authors: Qiuxiang Zhang, Min Shen, Yaning Zheng, Shimei Jiao, Shangxiao Gao, Xiaoling Wang, Li Zou and Miao Shen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:65

    Content type: Research article

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  23. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Chang Xu, Wanting Zhong, Qiang Fu, Li Yi, Yuqing Deng, Zhaohui Cheng, Xiaojun Lin, Miao Cai, Shilin Zhong, Manli Wang, Hongbing Tao, Haoling Xiong, Xin Jiang and Yun Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:64

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:660

  24. Neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia is a physiologic phenomenon, but, when severe, may cause lifelong disability. Maternity care assistants (MCAs) play an important role in timely recognition of severe neonatal jaund...

    Authors: Berthe A. M. van der Geest, Imke M. Theeuwen, Irwin K. M. Reiss, Eric A. P. Steegers and Jasper V. Been

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:63

    Content type: Research article

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  25. We aimed to determine the associations between breastfeeding and children’s neurodevelopment indexed by intelligence quotient (IQ) and emotional and behavioural problems through mid-childhood adjusting for pre...

    Authors: Rita Amiel Castro, Vivette Glover, Ulrike Ehlert and Thomas G. O’Connor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:62

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Heterotopic pregnancy (HP) is a rare condition when at least two pregnancies are present simultaneously at different implantation sites and only one located in the uterine cavity. The majority of cases are dia...

    Authors: Anna Kajdy, Katarzyna Muzyka-Placzyńska, Dagmara Filipecka-Tyczka, Jan Modzelewski, Marek Stańczyk and Michał Rabijewski

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:61

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Pruritus is one of the most common side effects of epidural morphine administered for post-surgery analgesia, and pregnant women tend to be highly susceptible. The relative contributions of morphine concentrat...

    Authors: Xinyi Tian, Kaifan Niu, Hong Cao, Gonghao Zhan, Yan Zhang, Feng Xu, Wangning Shangguan and Ye Gao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:60

    Content type: Research article

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  28. COVID-19 caused some worries among pregnant women. Worries during pregnancy can affect women’s well-being. We investigated worry and well-being and associated factors among pregnant women during the COVID-19 p...

    Authors: Forough Mortazavi, Maryam Mehrabadi and Roya KiaeeTabar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:59

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Cesarean section (CS) is a rising public health issue globally, and is particularly serious in China. Numerous studies have suggested that gestational weight gain (GWG) control may be an effective way to reduc...

    Authors: Lujiao Huang, Ju Zhang, Hong Sun, Hongli Dong, Run Li, Congjie Cai, Yan Gao, Cheng Wu, Xi Lan and Guo Zeng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:57

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Referral and clinical decision-making support are important for reducing delays in reaching and receiving appropriate and quality care. This paper presents analysis of the use of a pilot referral and decision ...

    Authors: Ebenezer Oduro-Mensah, Irene Akua Agyepong, Edith Frimpong, Marjolein Zweekhorst and Linda Amarkai Vanotoo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:56

    Content type: Research article

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  31. A study was done to explore the attitudes of relevant health care professionals (HCP) towards the provision of intensive care for periviable and extremely premature babies.

    Authors: Susan Ireland, Robin Ray, Sarah Larkins and Lynn Woodward

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:55

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In the near future, developments in non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) may offer couples the opportunity to expand the range of genetic conditions tested with this technology. This possibility raises a host ...

    Authors: Hazar Haidar, Jessica Le Clerc-Blain, Meredith Vanstone, Anne-Marie Laberge, Gilles Bibeau, Labib Ghulmiyyah and Vardit Ravitsky

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:54

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The goal of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is to provide optimal care for preterm and sick infants while supporting their growth and development. The NICU environment can be stressful for preterm infa...

    Authors: Sarah Coutts, Alix Woldring, Ann Pederson, Julie De Salaberry, Horacio Osiovich and Lori A. Brotto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:52

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Severe early onset (less than 34 weeks gestation) intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) affects 0.1% of pregnant women in Australia and is associated with a 3-fold increased risk of stillbirth, fetal hyp...

    Authors: William M. Hague, Leonie Callaway, Jennifer Chambers, Lucy Chappell, Suzette Coat, Jiska de Haan-Jebbink, Marloes Dekker, Peter Dixon, Jodie Dodd, Maria Fuller, Sanne Gordijn, Dorothy Graham, Oskari Heikinheimo, Annemarie Hennessy, Risto Kaaja, Teck Yee Khong…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:51

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) treatment is critical to support survival and lung maturation in preterm infants, however, its effect on feeding and growth is unclear. Prior preterm delivery, it remains uncert...

    Authors: Jiajia Jing, Yiheng Dai, Yanqi Li, Ping Zhou, Xiaodong Li, Jiaping Mei, Chunyi Zhang, Per Trop Sangild, Zhaoxie Tang, Suhua Xu, Yanbin Su, Xiaoying He and Yanna Zhu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:50

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Vaginal seeding is the administration of maternal vaginal bacteria to babies following birth by caesarean section (CS), intended to mimic the microbial exposure that occurs during vaginal birth. Appropriate de...

    Authors: Éadaoin M. Butler, Abigail J. Reynolds, José G. B. Derraik, Brooke C. Wilson, Wayne S. Cutfield and Celia P. Grigg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:49

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Having a preterm newborn and the experience of staying in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) has the potential to impact a mother’s mental health and overall quality of life. However, currently there are ...

    Authors: Kameelah Gateau, Ashley Song, Douglas L. Vanderbilt, Cynthia Gong, Philippe Friedlich, Michele Kipke and Ashwini Lakshmanan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:48

    Content type: Research article

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  38. To examine the association between the Apgar score and neonatal mortality over gestational age in China and to explore whether this association changed when Apgar scores were combined at 1 and 5 min.

    Authors: Yi Mu, Mingrong Li, Jun Zhu, Yanping Wang, Aiyun Xing, Zheng Liu, Yanxia Xie, Xiaodong Wang and Juan Liang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:47

    Content type: Research article

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  39. In recent years, first-trimester intrauterine hematoma (IUH) has become increasingly common in twin pregnancy. The majority of studies on IUH have excluded twin pregnancies, and others did not differentiate be...

    Authors: Wanqing Ji, Bo Hou, Weidong Li, Fang Guo, Ping He and Jie Zheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:46

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Shoulder dystocia is an unpredictable and potentially catastrophic complication of vertex vaginal delivery. Posterior axilla sling traction (PAST) has recently been proposed as a method to resolve severe shoul...

    Authors: Allison R. McCarter, Regan N. Theiler and Enid Y. Rivera-Chiauzzi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:45

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Sub-Saharan Africa, as opposed to other regions, has the highest under-five mortality rates yet makes the least improvement in reducing under-five mortality. Despite the decline, Ethiopia is among the top ten ...

    Authors: Samuel Oduse, Temesgen Zewotir and Delia North

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:44

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Gestational weight gain (GWG) can have implications for the health of both mother and child. However, the contributing factors remain unclear. Despite the advantages of using a biopsychosocial approach, this a...

    Authors: S. M. Garay, L. A. Sumption, R. M. Pearson and R. M. John

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:43

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Suicidal behaviors cover a range or continuum of acts from suicidal ideations to a series of actions, commonly known as suicidal attempts or deliberate self-harms. Though different mental disorders related stu...

    Authors: Leul Belachew Zewdu, Mebratu Mitiku Reta, Niguse Yigzaw and Koku Sisay Tamirat

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:42

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is recommended to prevent potential neurological injury or intrauterine foetal death (IUFD) of the co-twin(s) in complicated monochorionic (MC) pregnancies. However, the impacts o...

    Authors: Hongmei Wang, Qian Zhou, Xietong Wang, Jia Song, Pengzheng Chen, Yanyun Wang, Lei Li and Hongyan Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:41

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Maternal admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) during pregnancy or in the postpartum period is a marker of severe acute maternal morbidity. Mechanical ventilation is an important and basic method of maint...

    Authors: Huiying Zhao, Guangjie Wang, Jie Lyu, Xiaohong Zhang and Youzhong An

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:40

    Content type: Research article

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  46. To examine differences in the maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of Chinese women with various causes of infertility who underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF) with embryonic cryopreservation trea...

    Authors: Jingxue Wang, Qiwei Liu, Boer Deng, Fang Chen, Xiaowei Liu and Jiumei Cheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:39

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The complexity of fetal medicine (FM) referrals that can be managed within obstetric units is dependent on the availability of specialist ultrasound expertise. Telemedicine can effectively transfer real-time u...

    Authors: V. J. Smith, A. Marshall, M.L.S Lie, E. Bidmead, B. Beckwith, E. Van Oudgaarden and S. C. Robson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:38

    Content type: Research article

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