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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Affecting approximately 10% of pregnancies, fetal growth restriction (FGR), is the most important cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Impaired placental function and consequent mal-perfusion of the pla...

    Authors: T. Groten, T. Lehmann and E. Schleußner

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:336

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Globally, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is rising, but it is a neglected health threat to mothers and their children in low resource countries. Although, GDM is known in Ethiopia, information regarding i...

    Authors: Achenef Asmamaw Muche, Oladapo O. Olayemi and Yigzaw Kebede Gete

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:334

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The place of birth has been rapidly changing from home to health facility in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) following the strategy to improve the maternal and neonatal mortality. This change in the...

    Authors: Tomomi Takayama, Khampheng Phongluxa, Daisuke Nonaka, Chika Sato, Ernesto R. Gregorio Jr, Nouhak Inthavong, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Sengchanh Kounnavong and Jun Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:333

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The North Eastern region in Kenya experiences challenges in the utilization of maternal and newborn health services. In this region, culture and religion play a major role in influencing healthcare seeking beh...

    Authors: Coralie N’Gbichi, Abdhalah Kasiira Ziraba, David Wainaina Wambui, Pauline Bakibinga, Isaac Kisiangani, Pauline Njoroge, Rumana Noor, Ngugi Njoroge, Raha Abdi Salah and Elmi Mohamed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:332

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  5. Content type: Research article

    In the United Kingdom, midwives will engage in discussions with the multidisciplinary team as to whether they can provide Obstetric High Dependency Care (OHDC) on the Delivery Suite or whether a woman’s care s...

    Authors: Alison James, Simon Cooper, Elizabeth Stenhouse and Ruth Endacott

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:331

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In a recent population-based study we reported excess risk of neonatal mortality associated with vaginal breech delivery. In this case-control study we examine whether deviations from Norwegian guidelines are ...

    Authors: Solveig Bjellmo, Sissel Hjelle, Lone Krebs, Elisabeth Magnussen and Torstein Vik

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:330

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Each year nearly 7.7 million children under five years die around the world; out of which approximately 3.1 million of the newborns die during the neonatal period and almost all these (99%) deaths occur in the...

    Authors: Javed Memon, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni, Reza Majdzadeh, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Owais Raza and Shahrzad Nematollahi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:329

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Spontaneous multiple pregnancies are rare, and the incidence of spontaneous triplet pregnancy is about 1/4000. TRAP (Twin Reversed Arterial Perfusion) sequence has acardiac foetus with non-viable multiple anom...

    Authors: Engin Yıldırım

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:328

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  9. Content type: Research article

    We examined the utilisation, equity and determinants of full antenatal care (ANC), defined as 4 or more antenatal visits, at least one tetanus toxoid (TT) injection and consumption of iron folic acid (IFA) for...

    Authors: Gunjan Kumar, Tarun Shankar Choudhary, Akanksha Srivastava, Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Sunita Taneja, Rajiv Bahl, Jose Martines, Maharaj Kishan Bhan, Nita Bhandari and Sarmila Mazumder

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:327

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Identifying and understanding the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) level of women at the periconceptional period has implications for formulating and measuring the adverse pregnancy outcomes for primary ...

    Authors: Danyang Li, Liyan Huang, Wenfang Yang, Cuifang Qi, Li Shang, Juan Xin, Lingxia Zeng, Min Zhang, Hui Song and Mei Chun Chung

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:326

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Women with cardiac disease are thought to be at increased risk of post-partum haemorrhage. We sought to assess the estimated blood loss (EBL) in our cohort of women with and without cardiac disease (CD) in a q...

    Authors: Hsu Phern Chong, James Hodson, Tara J. Selman, Lucy E. Hudsmith, Peter J. Thompson, Rachel Katherine Morris and Sara Thorne

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:325

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) educational program focuses on training of first-level birth attendants in neonatal resuscitation skills for the first minute of life (The Golden Minute). Pre-post studies of H...

    Authors: Archana Patel, Akash Bang, Kunal Kurhe, Savita Bhargav, Amber Prakash, Spoorthy Arramraj and Patricia L. Hibberd

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:324

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol screening and brief intervention (SBI) in antenatal care is internationally recommended to prevent harm caused by alcohol exposure during pregnancy. There is, however, limited understanding of how SBI ...

    Authors: Lisa Schölin and Niamh Fitzgerald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:316

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Peripartum depression is a leading cause of disease burden for women and yet there is little evidence as to how often peripartum depression does not respond to treatment and becomes treatment resistant depress...

    Authors: M. Soledad Cepeda, David M. Kern and Susan Nicholson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:323

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  15. Content type: Research article

    High Body Mass Index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) affect an increasing number of pregnancies. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) has issued recommendations on the optimal GWG for women according to the...

    Authors: Ewelina Rogozińska, Javier Zamora, Nadine Marlin, Ana Pilar Betrán, Arne Astrup, Annick Bogaerts, Jose G. Cecatti, Jodie M. Dodd, Fabio Facchinetti, Nina R. W. Geiker, Lene A. H. Haakstad, Hans Hauner, Dorte M. Jensen, Tarja I. Kinnunen, Ben W. J. Mol, Julie Owens…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:322

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In most countries in the world, promotion of maternal and child health is perceived as women’s role and men do not feel that they are responsible and see no reason to accompany their partners to Antenatal Care...

    Authors: Elizabeth Kabanga, Alfred Chibwae, Namanya Basinda and Domenica Morona

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:321

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Oxytocin is an effective drug for induction of labour, but is associated with serious adverse effects of which uterine tachysystole, fetal distress and the need of immediate delivery are the most common. Disco...

    Authors: Sidsel Boie, Julie Glavind, Niels Uldbjerg, Jannet J. H. Bakker, Joris A. M. van der Post, Philip J. Steer and Pinar Bor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:320

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Studies showed that pregnant women generally value routine ultrasounds in the first two trimesters because these provide reassurance and a chance to see their unborn baby. This, in turn, might help to decrease...

    Authors: Myrte Westerneng, Mariëlle Diepeveen, Anke B. Witteveen, Marjan J. Westerman, Henriette E. van der Horst, Anneloes L. van Baar and Ank de Jonge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:319

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Cobalamin metabolism disorders are rare, inherited diseases which cause megaloblastic anaemia and other clinical manifestations. Early diagnosis of these conditions is essential, in order to allow appropriate ...

    Authors: Elvira Grandone, Pasquale Martinelli, Michela Villani, Gennaro Vecchione, Lucia Fischetti, Angelica Leccese, Rosa Santacroce, Gaetano Corso and Maurizio Margaglione

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:318

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Cesarean section rates have been increasing dramatically during the past three decades and surgical site infections are becoming a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among women undergoing cesarean deliv...

    Authors: Mihretu Molla, Kiber Temesgen, Tewodros Seyoum and Mengstu Melkamu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:317

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Hyperglycemia in pregnancy is a medical condition resulting from either pre-existing diabetes or insulin resistance developed during pregnancy. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hyperglycemia in ...

    Authors: Safiness Simon Msollo, Haikael David Martin, Akwilina Wendelin Mwanri and Pammla Petrucka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:315

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  22. Content type: Research article

    A disproportionately high proportion of maternal deaths (99 percent) in the world occur in low and middle income countries, of which 90 percent is contributed by Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. This study u...

    Authors: Md Illias Kanchan Sk, Balram Paswan, Ankit Anand and Nasim Ahamed Mondal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:314

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders have become a significant life-threatening issue due to its increased incidence, morbidity and mortality. Several studies have tried to identify the risk factors for P...

    Authors: Saad El Gelany, Mohammed H. Mosbeh, Emad M. Ibrahim, Mo’men Mohammed, Eissa M. Khalifa, Ahmed K. Abdelhakium, Ayman M. Yousef, Heba Hassan, Khaled Goma, Ahmed Abd Alghany, Hashem Fares Mohammed, Ahmed M. Azmy, Wegdan A. Ali and Ahmed R. Abdelraheim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:313

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  24. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to evaluate the curative effect and complications in cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) patients treated with a transvaginal injection of absolute ethanol (AE) around the gestation sac (GS) under ul...

    Authors: Fangfang Lu, Yuanming Liu and Wenjun Tang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:312

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Monochorionic multifetal pregnancies are at increased risk of adverse perinatal outcome because of placental vascular anastomoses. We present a case of multicystic encephalomalacia and gastrointestinal injury ...

    Authors: Po Lam So, Ka Wah Li, Tsz Wai Yeung and Wai Kuen Sin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:311

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Globally in 2017 neonatal death accounted for 46% of under-five deaths. Nepal is among the developing countries which has a high number of neonatal deaths. The rates are high among poor socio-economic groups, ...

    Authors: Keshab Sanjel, Sharad Raj Onta, Archana Amatya and Prem Basel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:310

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Induction of labor occurs in greater than 22% of all pregnancies in the United States. Previous studies have shown that misoprostol is more effective for induction than oxytocin or dinoprostone alone. The Worl...

    Authors: Elizabeth H. Harman Crowell, Alexander M. Crowell and Regan N. Theiler

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:309

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Preeclampsia is a major cause of maternal, fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality, particularly in developing countries. Considering the burden of preeclampsia and its associated complications, it is impor...

    Authors: Nisha S. Wadhwani, Deepali P. Sundrani, Girija N. Wagh, Savita S. Mehendale, Manish M. Tipnis, Priscilla C. Joshi, Arun S. Kinare, Sanjay K. Lalwani, Narayanan S. Mani, Nomita Chandhiok, Giriraj R. Chandak, Sanjay A. Gupte, Caroline H. D. Fall and Sadhana R. Joshi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:308

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Healthcare providers are the vital link between evidence-based policies and women receiving high quality maternity care. Explanations for suboptimal care often include poor working conditions for staff and a l...

    Authors: Rachel Arnold, Edwin van Teijlingen, Kath Ryan and Immy Holloway

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:307

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Continued progress in reducing maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality in low-income countries requires a renewed focus on quality of delivery care. Reliable electricity and lighting is a cornerstone of a...

    Authors: Slawa Rokicki, Brian Mwesigwa, Laura Schmucker and Jessica L. Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:306

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Pelvic alignment changes during pregnancy and post-childbirth. Pelvic belts exert external forces that compress and stabilize the joints, and therefore, could influence pelvic alignment. However, limited infor...

    Authors: Saori Morino, Mika Ishihara, Fumiko Umezaki, Hiroko Hatanaka, Mamoru Yamashita, Rika Kawabe and Tomoki Aoyama

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:305

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Recent evidence suggests early screening of preeclampsia and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) would benefit pregnancies followed by subsequent prophylactic use of aspirin. Multi-marker models have shown capabil...

    Authors: Jing Zhang, Luhao Han, Wei Li, Qiaobin Chen, Jie Lei, Min Long, Weibin Yang, Wenya Li, Lizhen Zeng and Sifan Zeng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:304

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Client satisfaction is an essential component of quality of care. Health system factors, processes of care as well as mothers’ characteristics influence the extent to which care meets the expectations of mothe...

    Authors: Sibone Mocumbi, Ulf Högberg, Erik Lampa, Charfudin Sacoor, Anifa Valá, Anna Bergström, Peter von Dadelszen, Khátia Munguambe, Claudia Hanson and Esperança Sevene

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:303

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  34. Content type: Research article

    To assess whether the peri-conceptional or pregnancy exposure of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination would increase the risk of spontaneous abortion.

    Authors: Jing Tan, Yi-quan Xiong, Qiao He, Yan-mei Liu, Wen Wang, Meng Chen, Kang Zou, Xing-hui Liu and Xin Sun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:302

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a big health problem that adversely affects both the maternal and perinatal outcomes. We aimed to predict the development of GDM in the first trimester using high sensiti...

    Authors: Warda Naser, Ishag Adam, Duria A. Rayis, Mohammed A. Ahmed and Hamdan Z. Hamdan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:301

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Though the rate of episiotomy has decreased in France, the overall episiotomy rate was 20% in the 2016 national perinatal survey. We aimed to develop a classification to facilitate the analysis of episiotomy p...

    Authors: Thomas Desplanches, Emilie Szczepanski, Jonathan Cottenet, Denis Semama, Catherine Quantin and Paul Sagot

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:300

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal clinical guidelines recommend that during initial and subsequent antenatal visits all pregnant women: have their alcohol consumption assessed; be advised that it is safest not to consume alcohol duri...

    Authors: Emma Doherty, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden, Amy E. Anderson, Kristy Crooks, Tracey W. Tsang, Elizabeth J. Elliott, Adrian J. Dunlop, John Attia, Julia Dray, Belinda Tully, Nicole Bennett, Henry Murray, Carol Azzopardi and Melanie Kingsland

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:299

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  38. Content type: Research article

    This paper provides insights into design and implementation of a Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) pilot programme under the Subsidy Reinvestment and Empowerment Programme on Maternal and Child Health (SURE-P MC...

    Authors: Chioma Oduenyi, Victor Ordu and Ugo Okoli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:298

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Screening for hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) is clinically important for identifying women at high risk, and planning early preventative interventions to improve pregnancy outcomes. Several studies ...

    Authors: Dalau Mukadi Nkamba, John Ditekemena, Gilbert Wembodinga, Pierre Bernard, Antoinette Tshefu and Annie Robert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:297

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Physiological changes during pregnancy, foetal growth and development increase the requirement for Iron and Folic Acid. The increased demand of these nutrients is not meet through diet alone due to decreased b...

    Authors: Habtamu Assefa, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe and Mekonnen Sisay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:296

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) and dietary intake are important modifiable factors associated with health outcomes. However, Chinese pregnant women’s PA and dietary intake are only vaguely understood. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Mi Xiang, Jing Zhang, Huigang Liang, Zhiruo Zhang, Masayuki Konishi, Huanhuan Hu, Mio Nishimaki, Hyeon-Ki Kim, Hiroki Tabata, Hisao Shimizu, Takashi Arao and Shizuo Sakamoto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:295

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    The risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy and puerperal periods is significantly higher than during the non-pregnant period and is one of the major causes of maternal mortality. Developed count...

    Authors: Yi Chen, Yan Dai, Jing Song, Ling Wei, Ying Ma, Ning Tian, Qian Wang, Qian Zhang, Yue Zhang, Xiao Lan Wang, Jun Zhang and Rong Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:294

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Increasing the utilization of facility-based care for women and newborns in low-resource settings can reduce maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. Men influence whether women and newborns receive care ...

    Authors: Jesse A. Greenspan, Joy J. Chebet, Rose Mpembeni, Idda Mosha, Maurus Mpunga, Peter J. Winch, Japhet Killewo, Abdullah H. Baqui and Shannon A. McMahon

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:293

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  44. Content type: Study protocol

    Spontaneous pregnancy loss and implantation failure after assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are very common occurrences. Although 50–60% of all cases remains unexplained, various predisposing factors, i...

    Authors: Michela Villani, Domenico Baldini, Pasquale Totaro, Giovanni Larciprete, Mirjana Kovac, Domenico Carone, Serena Maria Passamonti, Eleonora Tamborini Permunian, Tiziana Bartolotti, Andrea Lojacono, Rossella Cacciola, Giuliano Lo Pinto, Eugenio Bucherini, Valerio De Stefano, Corrado Lodigiani, Cristina Lavopa…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:292

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Low-income and minority children are at increased risk for obesity. Text messaging offers advantages for delivering education, but few studies have assessed the acceptability of text messaging in interventions...

    Authors: Cheryl L. K. Gibby, Cristina Palacios, Maribel Campos, Rafael E. Graulau and Jinan Banna

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:291

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  46. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to study gestational weight gain (GWG) in a Singaporean population and compare it with Institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 GWG guidelines.

    Authors: Song He, John Carson Allen, Nurul Syaza Razali, Nyo Mie Win, Jun Jim Zhang, Mor Jack Ng, George Seow Heong Yeo, Bernard Su Min Chern and Kok Hian Tan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:290

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Antibiotics are standard treatment for asymptomatic and symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTIs) in pregnancy. Their overuse, however, can contribute to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and expose the foetus ...

    Authors: Flavia Ghouri, Amelia Hollywood and Kath Ryan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:289

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Option B+ is a comprehensive antiretroviral treatment (ART) designed for HIV-infected pregnant/ postpartum women. However, barriers to implementing Option B+ and establishing long-term ART adherence while faci...

    Authors: Iris Wanga, Anna Helova, Lisa L. Abuogi, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Wafula Nalwa, Eliud Akama, Thomas A. Odeny, Janet M. Turan and Maricianah Onono

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:288

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  49. Content type: Research article

    To compare the prevalence of preterm birth, post term birth, intra-uterine growth restriction and distribution of Apgar scores in offspring of foreign-born women in Western Australia with that of their Austral...

    Authors: Ifrah Abdullahi, Kingsley Wong, Emma Glasson, Raewyn Mutch, Nicholas de Klerk, Jenny Downs, Sarah Cherian and Helen Leonard

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:287

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  50. Content type: Research article

    Oxytocin is a key hormone in childbirth, and synthetic oxytocin is widely administered to induce or speed labour. Due to lack of synthetized knowledge, we conducted a systematic review of maternal plasma level...

    Authors: Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Anette Ekström-Bergström, Marie Berg, Sarah Buckley, Zada Pajalic, Eleni Hadjigeorgiou, Alicja Kotłowska, Luise Lengler, Bogumila Kielbratowska, Fatima Leon-Larios, Claudia Meier Magistretti, Soo Downe, Bengt Lindström and Anna Dencker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:285

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