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  1. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal mortality in low-income countries, and is the most common direct cause of maternal deaths in Madagascar. Studies in Madagascar and other low-income ...

    Authors: Sara V. Flanagan, Tina Razafinamanana, Charlotte Warren and Jana Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:320

    Content type: Research article

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  2. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Seyedeh Fatemeh Ghaffari, Hamid Sharif Nia, Forouzan Elyasi, Zohreh Shahhosseini and Zohre Mohammadpoorsaravimozafar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:319

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:222

  3. The new Chinese fertility policy has recently received widespread public attention. However, there are few studies available on the comprehensive epidemiology of maternal and infant health with respect to the ...

    Authors: Xiaohui Zhang, Haifeng Lou, Xuejuan Tang and Xiaoli Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:318

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Obstetric haemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal death worldwide, 99% of which occur in low and middle income countries. The majority of deaths and adverse events are associated with delays in identifyin...

    Authors: Lucie Giblin, Nicola Vousden, Hannah Nathan, Francis Gidiri, Shivaprasad Goudar, Umesh Charantimath, Jane Sandall, Paul T. Seed, Lucy C. Chappell and Andrew H. Shennan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:317

    Content type: Research

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  5. Fear of childbirth (FOC) may contribute to postpartum depression, impaired maternal-infant relation, and preference for cesarean in future pregnancies. We aimed to investigate predictors of FOC and normal vagi...

    Authors: Forough Mortazavi and Maryam Mehrabadi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:316

    Content type: Research

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  6. The aim of this study was to explore and measure the social and economic consequences of the costs of obstetric and neonatal care in Lubumbashi, the Democratic Republic of Congo.

    Authors: Musau Nkola Angèle, Ntambue Mukengeshayi Abel, Omewatu Mungomba Jacques, Mundongo Tshamba Henri and Malonga Kaj Françoise

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:315

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Child abuse and postnatal depression are two public health problems that often co-occur, with rates of childhood maltreatment highest during the first year of life. Internet-based behavioural activation (iBA) ...

    Authors: Erika Obikane, Toshiaki Baba, Tomohiro Shinozaki, Soichiro Obata, Sayuri Nakanishi, Chie Murata, Emiko Ushio, Yukio Suzuki, Norihito Shirakawa, Mari Honda, Natsu Sasaki, Daisuke Nishi, Heather O’Mahen and Norito Kawakami

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:314

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. The association of antenatal depression with adverse pregnancy, birth, and postnatal outcomes has been an item of scientific interest over the last decades. However, the evidence that exists is controversial o...

    Authors: Despina Pampaka, Stefania I. Papatheodorou, Mohammad AlSeaidan, Rihab Al Wotayan, Rosalind J. Wright, Julie E. Buring, Douglas W. Dockery and Costas A. Christophi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:313

    Content type: Research article

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  9. In Manitoba, Canada, low-income pregnant women are eligible for the Healthy Baby Prenatal Benefit, an unconditional income supplement of up to CAD $81/month, during their latter two trimesters. Our objective w...

    Authors: Jennifer E. Enns, Nathan C. Nickel, Mariette Chartier, Dan Chateau, Rhonda Campbell, Wanda Phillips-Beck, Joykrishna Sarkar, Elaine Burland, Alan Katz, Rob Santos and Marni Brownell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:312

    Content type: Research

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  10. The United States is currently facing a maternal morbidity and mortality crisis, with the highest rates of any resource-rich nation. In efforts to address this, new guidelines for postpartum care suggest that ...

    Authors: Laura Tucker, Alan Cuevas Villagomez and Tamar Krishnamurti

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:311

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Induction of labour (IOL) is one of the most commonly performed interventions in maternity care, with outpatient cervical ripening increasingly offered as an option for women undergoing IOL. The COVID-19 pande...

    Authors: M. Harkness, C. Yuill, H. Cheyne, S. J. Stock and C. McCourt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:310

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Poor maternal nutrition adversely affects pregnancy and birth outcomes. In many societies, there are dietary restrictions due to misconceptions or food taboos during pregnancy which consequently results in the...

    Authors: Dereje Tsegaye, Dessalegn Tamiru and Tefera Belachew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:309

    Content type: Research article

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  13. A lack of information on specific and interventional factors for stillbirth has made designing preventive strategies difficult, and the stillbirth rate has declined more slowly than the neonatal death rate. We...

    Authors: Jiang-Nan Wu, Yun-Yun Ren, Chen Zhu, Ting Peng, Bin Zhang and Ming-Qing Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:308

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Prenatal depression and adult attachment are factors that affect the establishment of an intimate relationship between a mother and fetus. The study explored differences in prenatal depression and maternal-fet...

    Authors: Ling Zhang, Lei Wang, Qiuyu Yuan, Cui Huang, Shu Cui, Kai Zhang and Xiaoqin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:307

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Etiopathogenesis of preterm birth (PTB) is multifactorial, with a universe of risk factors interplaying between the mother and the environment. It is of utmost importance to identify the most informative facto...

    Authors: Pasquale Anthony Della Rosa, Cesare Miglioli, Martina Caglioni, Francesca Tiberio, Kelsey H.H. Mosser, Edoardo Vignotto, Matteo Canini, Cristina Baldoli, Andrea Falini, Massimo Candiani and Paolo Cavoretto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:306

    Content type: Research

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  16. Pregnant women are potentially a high-risk population during infectious disease outbreaks such as COVID-19, because of physiologic immune suppression in pregnancy. However, data on the morbidity and mortality ...

    Authors: Fares Qeadan, Nana A. Mensah, Benjamin Tingey and Joseph B. Stanford

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:305

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Having a companion of choice throughout childbirth is an important component of good quality and respectful maternity care for women and has become standard in many countries. However, there are only a few exa...

    Authors: Paul Chaote, Nguke Mwakatundu, Sunday Dominico, Alex Mputa, Agnes Mbanza, Magdalena Metta, Samantha Lobis, Michelle Dynes, Selemani Mbuyita, Shanon McNab, Karen Schmidt and Florina Serbanescu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:304

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Exosomal circular RNAs (circRNAs) are emerging as important regulators of physiological development and disease pathogenesis. However, the roles of exosomal circRNAs from umbilical cord blood in preeclampsia (...

    Authors: Minkai Cao, Juan Wen, Chaozhi Bu, Chunyan Li, Yu Lin, Hong Zhang, Yanfang Gu, Zhonghua Shi, Yan Zhang, Wei Long and Le Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:303

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Vacuum-assisted birth is not widely practiced in Tanzania but efforts to re-introduce the procedure suggest some success. Few studies have targeted childbirth attendants to learn how their perceptions of and t...

    Authors: Sunday Dominico, Mkambu Kasanga, Nguke Mwakatundu, Paul Chaote, Samantha Lobis and Patricia E. Bailey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:302

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Eclampsia is a tonic clonic type of seizure among pre-eclamptic mothers. Time to recovery from eclampsia is to mean that the time when the mother recovered from severity features of pre-eclampsia. As far as th...

    Authors: Bekalu Kassie, Yibelu Bazezew, Yewbmirt Sharew, Leltework Yismaw, Melaku Desta and Muluneh Alene

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:301

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Given the significance of the birth experience on women’s and babies’ well-being, assessing and understanding maternal satisfaction is important for providing optimal care. While previous research has thorough...

    Authors: Agneta Westergren, Kerstin Edin and Monica Christianson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:300

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Postnatal care (PNC) is important for preventing morbidity and mortality in mothers and newborns. Even though its importance is highlighted, PNC received less attention than antenatal care. This study determin...

    Authors: Upuli Amaranganie Pushpakumari Perera, Yibeltal Assefa and Uttara Amilani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:299

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Improvement in the accuracy of identifying women who are at risk to develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is warranted, since timely diagnosis and treatment improves the outcomes of this common pregnancy...

    Authors: Fieke van Hoorn, Maria P. H. Koster, Anneke Kwee, Floris Groenendaal, Arie Franx and Mireille N. Bekker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:298

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The quality of prenatal care is critical for the prevention of adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), only 64 % of women worldwide have access to over four sessi...

    Authors: Reihaneh Pirjani, Ashraf Moini, Javad Heshmati, Azar Mardi-Mamaghani, Mahnaz Esmaeili, Mehrnoosh Shafaatdoost, Arezoo Maleki-Hajiagha, Elham Karimi, Mojgan Hossein-boroujerdi, Fatemeh Shokri, Zahra Mosanezhad, Niloofar Bajool, Matina Noori, Ladan Hosseini, Emma Persad and Mahdi Sepidarkish

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:297

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. The adequate maternal sleep duration required for favorable obstetric outcomes is unknown. We evaluated the association between maternal sleep duration and low birth weight infants, small for gestational age i...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Murata, Hyo Kyozuka, Toma Fukuda, Shun Yasuda, Akiko Yamaguchi, Seiichi Morokuma, Akiko Sato, Yuka Ogata, Kosei Shinoki, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Seiji Yasumura, Koichi Hashimoto, Hidekazu Nishigori and Keiya Fujimori

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:295

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Both Caroli disease (CD) and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) are autosomal recessive disorders, which are more commonly found in infants and children, for whom surviving to adulthood is r...

    Authors: Xiuzhen Yao, Weiqun Ao, Jianhua Fang, Guoqun Mao, Chuanghua Chen, Lifang Yu, Huaijie Cai and Chenke Xu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:294

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) and hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome are two uncommon disorders that mimic each other clinically, but are distinct pathophysiologically...

    Authors: Sau Xiong Ang, Chie-Pein Chen, Fang-Ju Sun and Chen-Yu Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:293

    Content type: Research article

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  28. India has the highest number of stillbirths and the highest neonatal death rate in the world. In the context of its pronatalist society, women who experience perinatal loss often encounter significant social r...

    Authors: Lisa Roberts, Solomon J. Renati, Shreeletha Solomon and Susanne Montgomery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:292

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Despite 15–17 millions of annual births in China, there is a paucity of information on prevalence and outcome of preterm birth. We characterized the outcome of preterm births and hospitalized preterm infants b...

    Authors: Xiaojing Guo, Xiaoqiong Li, Tingting Qi, Zhaojun Pan, Xiaoqin Zhu, Hui Wang, Ying Dong, Hongni Yue and Bo Sun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:291

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Research suggests that women’s experience of antenatal care is an important component of high-quality antenatal care. Person-centered antenatal care (PCANC) reflects care that is both respectful of, and respon...

    Authors: Phoebe Miller, Patience A. Afulani, Sabine Musange, Felix Sayingoza and Dilys Walker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:290

    Content type: Research article

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  31. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Heidi Jussila, Juho Pelto, Riikka Korja, Eeva Ekholm, Marjukka Pajulo, Linnea Karlsson and Hasse Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:289

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:741

  32. Malignancy during pregnancy is increasing, and the most common type of malignancy is uterine cervical cancer. When planning the treatment of cervical cancer, it is important to look for signs of metastasis bef...

    Authors: Tatsuya Ishiguro, Nobumichi Nishikawa, Shiro Ishii, Kosuke Yoshihara, Kazufumi Haino, Masayuki Yamaguchi, Sosuke Adachi, Takafumi Watanabe, Shu Soeda and Takayuki Enomoto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:288

    Content type: Case report

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  33. In 2017, a total of 295,000 women lost their lives due to pregnancy and childbirth across the globe, with sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia accounting for approximately 86 % of all maternal deaths. The materna...

    Authors: Peter Adatara, Philemon Adoliwine Amooba, Agani Afaya, Solomon Mohammed Salia, Mabel Apaanye Avane, Anthony Kuug, Raymond Saa-Eru Maalman, Confidence Alorse Atakro, Irene Torshie Attachie and Constancia Atachie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:287

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The current fact of increasing rates of cesarean deliveries is a catastrophe. Recurrent cesareans result in intraperitoneal adhesions that would lead to maternal morbidity during delivery. Great efforts are di...

    Authors: Mohamed Elprince, Omima T. Taha, Zakia M. Ibrahim, Rasha E. Khamees, Mahmoud A. Greash, Khaled A. Atwa, Ahmed M. Gadallah, Noha al-Okda, Radwa M. Abdel Aal, Mohamed F. Ibrahim, Ahmed A. Aboelroose, Osama E. Ashour, Asmaa M. Elgedawy, Amira M. Elbahie, Hanan M. Ghoneim and Amal A. Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:286

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Routine assessment in (near) term pregnancy is often inaccurate for the identification of fetuses who are mild to moderately compromised due to placental insufficiency and are at risk of adverse outcomes, espe...

    Authors: Stefanie E. Damhuis, Wessel Ganzevoort, Ruben G. Duijnhoven, Henk Groen, Sailesh Kumar, Alexander E. P. Heazell, Asma Khalil and Sanne J. Gordijn

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:285

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Sleep disorders, which are among the foremost important medical care issues, are prevalent in pregnancy. The present study is a meta-analysis of the prevalence of insomnia in the third trimester of pregnancy. ...

    Authors: Nader Salari, Niloofar Darvishi, Behnam Khaledi-Paveh, Aliakbar Vaisi-Raygani, Rostam Jalali, Alireza Daneshkhah, Yalda Bartina and Masoud Mohammadi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:284

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Telomere length (TL) is variable at birth and is inversely associated with body mass index (BMI) in adulthood. A growing number of evidences suggested that a higher maternal pre-pregnancy BMI results in advers...

    Authors: Bincai Wei, Yantao Shao, Jun Liang, Peng Tang, Meile Mo, Bihu Liu, Huishen Huang, Hui Juan Jennifer Tan, Dongping Huang, Shun Liu and Xiaoqiang Qiu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:283

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Pseudoaneurysm of the uterine artery (UPA) is a rare cause of potentially life-threatening hemorrhage during pregnancy and puerperium. It is an uncommon condition that mainly occurs after traumatic injury to a...

    Authors: Tibor Andrea Zwimpfer, Cécile Monod, Katharina Redling, Heike Willi, Martin Takes, Bernhard Fellmann-Fischer, Gwendolin Manegold-Brauer and Irene Hösli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:282

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Pregnancy distress is a combination of anxiety, stress, and depression during pregnancy. The first step in preventing pregnancy distress is to identify women at risk. The present study assessed adaptation and ...

    Authors: Leili Salehi, Zoherh Mohmoodi, Fatemeh Rajati and Victor Pop

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:281

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Vitamin D deficiency is a global public health issue in women and children and is associated with adverse impacts on child growth, such as rickets. However, prior studies have mainly focused on measuring vitam...

    Authors: Xin Li, Jiaxiao Yu, Li Wen, Qingshu Li, Jianying Yan, Jing Tian, Chao Tong, Qi Tong, Hongbo Qi, Richard Saffery, Mark D. Kilby and Philip N. Baker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:279

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Computerized clinical decision support (CDSS) –digital information systems designed to improve clinical decision making by providers – is a promising tool for improving quality of care. This study aims to unde...

    Authors: Gulnoza Usmanova, Kamlesh Lalchandani, Ashish Srivastava, Chandra Shekhar Joshi, Deepak Chandra Bhatt, Anand Kumar Bairagi, Yashpal Jain, Mohammed Afzal, Rashmi Dhoundiyal, Jyoti Benawri, Tarun Chaudhary, Archana Mishra, Rajni Wadhwa, Pompy Sridhar, Nupur Bahl, Pratibha Gaikwad…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:278

    Content type: Research article

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  42. There is increasing awareness that perinatal psychosocial adversity experienced by mothers, children, and their families, may influence health and well-being across the life course. To maximise the impact of p...

    Authors: John Eastwood, Andy Wang, Sarah Khanlari, Alicia Montgomery and Jean Yee Hwa Yang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:277

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. There is sufficient meta-analytic evidence that antenatal interventions for women at risk (selective prevention) or for women with severe psychological symptoms (indicated prevention) are effective in reducing...

    Authors: Marjolein Missler, Tara Donker, Roseriet Beijers, Marketa Ciharova, Charlotte Moyse, Ralph de Vries, Jaap Denissen and Annemieke van Straten

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:276

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Adding clomiphene citrate (CC) and/or letrozole (LE) to in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles for mild ovarian stimulation is a general approach. Although lots of researches have demonstrated partial benefits of...

    Authors: Ying Liang, Qing Guo, Xiao-Hua Wu, Li-Nan Zhang, Jun Ge, Mei-Ling Xu, Zheng-Li Feng and Xiao-Qian Wu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:275

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. To determine whether severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2, the cause of COVID-19 disease) exposure in pregnancy, compared to non-exposure, is associated with infection-related obstetric ...

    Authors: Oscar Martinez-Perez, Pilar Prats Rodriguez, Marta Muner Hernandez, Maria Begoña Encinas Pardilla, Noelia Perez Perez, Maria Rosa Vila Hernandez, Ana Villalba Yarza, Olga Nieto Velasco, Pablo Guillermo Del Barrio Fernandez, Laura Forcen Acebal, Carmen Maria Orizales Lago, Alicia Martinez Varea, Begoña Muñoz Abellana, Maria Suarez Arana, Laura Fuentes Ricoy, Clara Martinez Diago…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:273

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The preferable choice of anesthesia for the patients with congenital atlantoaxial dislocation (CAAD) and type I Arnold Chiari malformations (ACM-I) has been a very confusing issue in clinical practice. We desc...

    Authors: Yuyan Nie, Weimin Zhou and Shaoqiang Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:272

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  47. Oral diseases are considered a silent epidemic including among pregnant women. Given the prevalence of oral conditions among pregnant women and the reported association with adverse pregnancy outcomes, there h...

    Authors: A. Adeniyi, L. Donnelly, P. Janssen, C. Jevitt, B. Kardeh, H. von Bergmann and M. Brondani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:271

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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