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  1. Worldwide, iron deficiency anaemia in pregnancy is a significant problem which can be especially problematic when delivery is by caesarean section, a procedure associated with significant blood loss. Optimisin...

    Authors: Pablo L. de Vena Franks, Andrew Y. Pan, Manpreet K. Gill, Angela M. K. Cross, Katy L. Konrad and Nicholas J. Lightfoot

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:645

    Content type: Research

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  2. In many sub-Saharan African countries, such as Malawi, antenatal care (ANC) services do not deliver sufficient nutrition awareness to improve adequate dietary intake in pregnancy. We therefore compared the eff...

    Authors: Lillian Ziyenda Katenga-Kaunda, Penjani Rhoda Kamudoni, Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen, Heidi E. Fjeld, Ibrahimu Mdala, Zumin Shi and Per Ole Iversen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:644

    Content type: Research

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  3. Fear of childbirth (FOC) occurs before, during and after pregnancy and is harmful to both the pregnant woman and the fetus. Identifying the prevalence and predictors of FOC can help us generate strategies for ...

    Authors: Jingui Huang, Jing Huang, Yan Li and Bizhen Liao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:643

    Content type: Research

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  4. The aim of this study was to compare fear of childbirth, state and trait anxiety, and childbirth self-efficacy among primiparous and multiparous women in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran.

    Authors: Aazam Shakarami, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Somyieh Abdolalipour, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi and Mina Iravani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:642

    Content type: Research

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  5. Ethiopia is a Sub-Saharan country that has made significant improvements in maternal mortality and under-five mortality over the past 15 years. However, the nation continues to have one of the highest rates of...

    Authors: Eskinder Kebede and Melani Kekulawala

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:641

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Placenta previa and accreta are serious obstetric conditions that are associated with a high risk of intraoperative massive hemorrhage, the prophylactic intravascular balloon occlusion technique is increasingl...

    Authors: Daijuan Chen, Jinfeng Xu, Yuan Tian, Pengfei Ye, Fumin Zhao, Xinghui Liu, Xiaodong Wang and Bing Peng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:640

    Content type: Research

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  7. The Mighty Mums antenatal lifestyle intervention is a person-centered behavioral intervention focusing on nutrition and physical activity for pregnant women with obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥30). The aim of...

    Authors: Hanna Gyllensten, Karin Haby, Marie Berg and Åsa Premberg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:639

    Content type: Research

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  8. Amniotic fluid (AF) provides vital information on fetal development, which is also valuable in identifying fetal abnormalities during pregnancy. However, the relationship between the metabolic profile of AF in...

    Authors: Yahong Li, Yun Sun, Xiaojuan Zhang, Xin Wang, Peiying Yang, Xianwei Guan, Yan Wang, Xiaoyan Zhou, Ping Hu, Tao Jiang and Zhengfeng Xu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:638

    Content type: Research

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  9. Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) is a multidisciplinary perioperative care program to optimize and enhance postoperative recovery. It has a beneficial role in decreasing the length of hospital stay and i...

    Authors: Tshering Tamang, Tashi Wangchuk, Choning Zangmo, Tshering Wangmo and Karma Tshomo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:637

    Content type: Research

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  10. Few reports have presented an overall view of pregnant women with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) across an entire country and throughout the entire gestation period. Furthermore, no such reports are avail...

    Authors: Tatsuya Arakaki, Junichi Hasegawa, Akihiko Sekizawa, Tomoaki Ikeda, Isamu Ishiwata and Katsuyuki Kinoshita

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:636

    Content type: Research

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  11. While depressive symptoms and stress during pregnancy are known to affect gestational age and weight at birth, evidence on their impact on child anthropometric development in the long term remains limited, sho...

    Authors: Janina Eichler, Ricarda Schmidt, Tanja Poulain, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess and Anja Hilbert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:635

    Content type: Research

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  12. Surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the commonest complications following cesarean section (CS) with a reported incidence of 3–20%. SSI causes massive burdens on both the mother and the health care system....

    Authors: Khaled Gomaa, Ahmed R. Abdelraheim, Saad El Gelany, Eissa M. Khalifa, Ayman M. Yousef and Heba Hassan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:634

    Content type: Research

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  13. Risk perception is based on collective indicators, but it is influenced by the individual’s self-perception of his health-disease process. This study aims to investigate the risk perception of pregnant women w...

    Authors: Thaís V Silva, Silvana F Bento, Leila Katz and Rodolfo C Pacagnella

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:633

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Immunological protection via breastfeeding is well known. The immunological profile of human milk changes during lactation. No clinical trials have been conducted in lactating women with the newest mRNA vaccin...

    Authors: Nadia Charepe, Juliana Gonçalves, A. Margarida Juliano, David G. Lopes, Helena Canhão, Helena Soares and e Fátima Serrano

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:632

    Content type: Research

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  15. Women’s engagement in healthcare decision-making during childbirth has been increasingly emphasised as a priority in maternity care, since it increases satisfaction with the childbirth experience and provides ...

    Authors: María López-Toribio, Paulina Bravo and Anna Llupià

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:631

    Content type: Research

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  16. Postpartum depression is a widespread disorder, adversely affecting the well-being of mothers and their newborns. We aim to utilize machine learning for predicting risk of postpartum depression (PPD) using pri...

    Authors: Guy Amit, Irena Girshovitz, Karni Marcus, Yiye Zhang, Jyotishman Pathak, Vered Bar and Pinchas Akiva

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:630

    Content type: Research

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  17. Fibulin-1 is an extracellular matrix protein expressed at high levels in the placenta. Elevated circulating fibulin-1 have been observed in women with severe pre-eclampsia, whereas low levels have been found i...

    Authors: Astrid Bakke Orvik, Malene Rohr Andersen, Lise Pedersen, Christian Ritz, Steen Stender and Pal Bela Szecsi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:629

    Content type: Research

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  18. Prenatal maternal stress can have adverse effects on birth outcomes and fetal development. Relaxation techniques have been examined as potential countermeasures. This study investigates different relaxation te...

    Authors: Ilena Bauer, Julia Hartkopf, Anna-Karin Wikström, Nora K. Schaal, Hubert Preissl, Birgit Derntl and Franziska Schleger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:628

    Content type: Research

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  19. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) usually follows a catastrophic event. However, the experience of child birth can be severe enough to cause PTSD in some women. The aim of this study is to highlight the pr...

    Authors: Wedisha Imal Gankanda, Ileperuma Arachchige Gayani Malsha Perera Gunathilake, Nalaka Lasantha Kahawala and Augustus Keshala Probhodana Ranaweera

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:626

    Content type: Research article

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  20. COVID-19 has placed additional stressors on mothers during an already vulnerable lifecourse transition. Initial social distancing restrictions (Timepoint 1; T1) and initial changes to those social distancing r...

    Authors: Leanne Jackson, Leonardo De Pascalis, Joanne A. Harrold, Victoria Fallon and Sergio A. Silverio

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:625

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Liver transplantation is a life-saving and successful therapeutic procedure which is more and more frequent worldwide, also among women of reproductive age. Consequently, there is an increasing number of repor...

    Authors: Izabela Marzec, Aleksandra Słowakiewicz, Jolanta Gozdowska, Olga Tronina, Marek Pacholczyk, Wojciech Lisik, Agata Fleming and Magdalena Durlik

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:627

    Content type: Research

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  22. There is a high burden of gestational diabetes (GDM) and type 2 diabetes in pregnancy for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women. Postpartum diabetes programs have the potential to prevent recurrent GDM a...

    Authors: Anna J Wood, Sian Graham, Jacqueline A Boyle, Beverley Marcusson-Rababi, Shonada Anderson, Christine Connors, Harold D McIntyre, Louise Maple-Brown and Renae Kirkham

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:624

    Content type: Research

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  23. More than two-thirds of the pregnant women in Africa have at least one antenatal care contact with a health care provider. However, to achieve the full life-saving potential that antenatal care promises for wo...

    Authors: Dereje Worku, Daniel Teshome, Chalachew Tiruneh, Alemtsehay Teshome, Gete Berihun, Leykun Berhanu and Zebader Walle

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:623

    Content type: Research

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  24. Negative childbirth experience may affect mother wellbeing and health. However, it is rarely evaluated in studies comparing methods of induction of labor (IoL).

    Authors: Pauline Blanc-Petitjean, Corinne Dupont, Bruno Carbonne, Marina Salomé, François Goffinet and Camille Le Ray

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:621

    Content type: Research

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  25. Guidelines recommend that women at high risk of postpartum haemorrhage deliver at facilities able to handle heavy bleeding. However postpartum haemorrhage is often unexpected. This study aims to compare outcom...

    Authors: Jillian Patterson, Deborah Randall, James Isbister, Michael Peek, Tanya Nippita and Siranda Torvaldsen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:620

    Content type: Research

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  26. Prenatal care (PNC) is a crucial health service that reduces the potential risks of adverse pregnancy and childbirth outcomes. It is monitored as one of the indicators of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) under ...

    Authors: Eri Osawa and Tomoko Kodama

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:619

    Content type: Research

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  27. Obstetric interventions performed during delivery do not reflect improvements in obstetric care. Several practices routinely performed during childbirth, without any scientific evidence or basis - such as Kris...

    Authors: Karina Cristina Rouwe de Souza, Thales Philipe Rodrigues da Silva, Ana Kelve de Castro Damasceno, Bruna Figueiredo Manzo, Kleyde Ventura de Souza, Maria Margarida Leitão Filipe and Fernanda Penido Matozinhos

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:618

    Content type: Research

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  28. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is an acute, rare and potentially lethal disease typically occurring in the third trimester of pregnancy. So far, there is no effective means of prevention. Therefore, in ...

    Authors: Yixian Shi, Haicong Wu, Xiaoling Zhou, Qingling Xu, Liqing Zheng, Dongliang Li and Lvfeng Yao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:617

    Content type: Research

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  29. Adolescent motherhood (AM) remains a public health problem, especially in low and middle income countries, where approximately 95% of these births occur. Evidence from studies with population representativenes...

    Authors: Shirley Kelly Bedê Bruno, Hermano Alexandre Lima Rocha, Sabrina Gabriele Maia Oliveira Rocha, David Augusto Batista Sá Araújo, Jocileide Sales Campos, Anamaria Cavalcante e Silva and Luciano Lima Correia

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:616

    Content type: Research

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  30. There is still no worldwide agreement on the best diagnostic thresholds to define gestational diabetes (GDM) or the optimal approach for identifying women with GDM. Should all pregnant women perform an oral gl...

    Authors: Anam Shakil Rai, Line Sletner, Anne Karen Jenum, Nina Cecilie Øverby, Signe Nilssen Stafne, Tove Lekva, Are Hugo Pripp and Linda Reme Sagedal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:615

    Content type: Research

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  31. Preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (PPROM) before 34 weeks of gestation complicates 1% of pregnancies and accounts for one-third of preterm births. International guidelines recommend expectant management, a...

    Authors: Elsa Lorthe and Gilles Kayem

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:614

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. A woman with a history of GDM has at least seven-fold increased lifetime risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), compared to women who have normoglycemic pregnancies. Postpartum lifestyle modificat...

    Authors: Kailin Teh, Imm Pin Quek and Wern Ee Tang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:612

    Content type: Research

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  33. Ovarian dysgerminoma, a subtype of malignant germ cell tumor (GCT), is a rare ovarian neoplasm that is infrequently found in the gravid patient. When dysgerminomas do occur in pregnancy, the rapidly growing tu...

    Authors: Aneesa Thannickal, Brandon Maddy, Marla DeWitt, William Cliby and Margaret Dow

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:611

    Content type: Case report

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  34. We aimed to appraise the impact of the changing national childbirth policy since 2002, currently allowing two children per family, on obstetric workload in a regional referral center in China.

    Authors: Min Xie, Terence T Lao, Junnan Ma, Tianying Zhu, Dajin Liu, Shengnan Yu, Mingyu Du, Qian Sun and Runmei Ma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:610

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Babies born early and/or small for gestational age in Low and Middle-income countries (LMICs) contribute substantially to global neonatal and infant mortality. Tracking this metric is critical at a population ...

    Authors: Sunil Sazawal, Kelli K. Ryckman, Sayan Das, Rasheda Khanam, Imran Nisar, Elizabeth Jasper, Arup Dutta, Sayedur Rahman, Usma Mehmood, Bruce Bedell, Saikat Deb, Nabidul Haque Chowdhury, Amina Barkat, Harshita Mittal, Salahuddin Ahmed, Farah Khalid…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:609

    Content type: Research

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  36. Given the importance of screening pregnant women’s distress, it was intended to investigate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Tilburg Pregnancy Distress Scale (TPDS-P) for screening pre...

    Authors: Solmaz Pishahang, Sevil Hakimi, Solmaz Vatankhah, Saeideh Ghaffarifar and Fatemeh Ranjbar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:608

    Content type: Research

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  37. Maternal and child health services, like antenatal care, skilled birth attendance and postnatal care, are crucial to improve maternal and neonatal health outcomes. Numerous studies have been conducted on the d...

    Authors: Akif Mustafa and Chander Shekhar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:606

    Content type: Research

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  38. D-dimer and fibrinogen were verified to be altered in preeclampsia. This study was to evaluate the associations of D-dimer and fibrinogen plasma levels with postpartum hemorrhage or intrauterine growth restric...

    Authors: Hailing Shao, Shichu Gao, Dongru Dai, Xiaomin Zhao, Ying Hua and Huijun Yu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:605

    Content type: Research

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  39. Globally, over half of maternal deaths are related to pregnancy-related complications. Provision of a continuum of care during pregnancy, childbirth and the postnatal period results in reduced maternal and neo...

    Authors: Quraish Sserwanja, Milton W. Musaba, Linet M. Mutisya, Emmanuel Olal and David Mukunya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:604

    Content type: Research

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  40. Mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact (SSC) is an immediate postpartum intervention known to improve the health of newborn and mothers alike. Albeit, there is paucity of data that explored the coverage or fa...

    Authors: Michael Ekholuenetale, Amadou Barrow, Faith Owunari Benebo and Ashibudike Francis Idebolo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:603

    Content type: Research

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  41. Valid and reliable measures such as London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP) are imperative for understanding fertility-related behaviors and estimating unintended pregnancy. The aim of this study was to v...

    Authors: Sushmita Das, Jennifer Hall, Geraldine Barrett, David Osrin, Shaili Kapadia and Anuja Jayaraman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:602

    Content type: Research article

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  42. In Haiti where there are high rates of maternal and neonatal mortality, efforts to reduce mortality and improve maternal newborn child health (MNCH) must be tracked and monitored to measure their success. At a...

    Authors: Tonya MacDonald, Olès Dorcely, Joycelyne E. Ewusie, Elizabeth K. Darling, Sandra Moll and Lawrence Mbuagbaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:601

    Content type: Research

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  43. Pregnancy and the first year after giving birth are marked by physiological and psychological changes. While it is well known that energy requirements change during this time, the question of how a woman’s die...

    Authors: Tanja Poulain, Ulrike Spielau, Mandy Vogel, Anne Dathan-Stumpf, Antje Körner and Wieland Kiess

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:600

    Content type: Research

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  44. Risk factors related to the built environment have been associated with women’s mental health and preventive care. This study sought to identify built environment factors that are associated with variations in...

    Authors: Yiye Zhang, Mohammad Tayarani, Shuojia Wang, Yifan Liu, Mohit Sharma, Rochelle Joly, Arindam RoyChoudhury, Alison Hermann, Oliver H. Gao and Jyotishman Pathak

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:599

    Content type: Research

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  45. Most of the unintended pregnancies that occur among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) end up in pregnancy termination. In this study, the socio-demographic determinants of pre...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:598

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Anxiety is one of the most prevalent mental health disorders among mothers during the postpartum period, which can lead to maternal and infant physical and psychological consequences. The Postpartum Specific A...

    Authors: Robab Hasanzadeh, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Shirin Hasanpour, Victoria Fallon, Sergio A. Silverio, Reyhane Montazeri and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:597

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. Qualitative research can reflect the actual thoughts and experience of research subjects and can be used to explore the experiences of women presenting with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) to facilita...

    Authors: Lijie Ren, Cancan Song, Chunling Xia, Nan Wang, Yan Yang and Shaowei Yin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:595

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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