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  1. There is limited safety information on most drugs used during pregnancy. This is especially true for medication against tropical diseases because pharmacovigilance systems are not much developed in these setti...

    Authors: Dominic Mosha, Festo Mazuguni, Sigilbert Mrema, Salim Abdulla and Blaise Genton
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:322
  2. While international variations in overall cesarean delivery rates are well documented, less information is available for clinical sub-groups. Cesarean data presented by subgroups can be used to evaluate uptake...

    Authors: Marie Delnord, Béatrice Blondel, Nicolas Drewniak, Kari Klungsøyr, Francisco Bolumar, Ashna Mohangoo, Mika Gissler, Katarzyna Szamotulska, Nicholas Lack, Jan Nijhuis, Petr Velebil, Luule Sakkeus, James Chalmers and Jennifer Zeitlin
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:321
  3. Improving maternal health is one of the eight millennium development goals adopted at the millennium summit in the year 2000. Within this frame work, the international community is committed to reduce the mate...

    Authors: Andrea B Pembe, Chetto Paulo, Brenda S D’mello and Jos van Roosmalen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:320
  4. Post-partum weight retention contributes to the risk of chronic obesity and metabolic alterations. We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effect of post-partum nutrition...

    Authors: Alexander Arkin Berger, Rachel Peragallo-Urrutia and Wanda K Nicholson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:319
  5. Vasa praevia (VP) is an obstetric condition that is associated with significant perinatal mortality and morbidity. Although the incidence of VP is low, it is one of the few causes of perinatal death that can b...

    Authors: Nasrin Javid, Elizabeth A Sullivan, Lesley E Halliday, Greg Duncombe and Caroline SE Homer
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:318
  6. Gestational diabetes (GDM) affects a substantial proportion of women in pregnancy and is associated with increased risk of adverse perinatal and long term outcomes. Treatment seems to improve perinatal outcome...

    Authors: Diane Farrar, Lesley Fairley, John Wright, Derek Tuffnell, Donald Whitelaw and Debbie A Lawlor
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:317
  7. Postpartum depression (PPD) has detrimental consequences to the women, their infants and families. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between adult abuse and PPD.

    Authors: Marie Flem Sørbø, Hilde Grimstad, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard, Mirjam Lukasse and Berit Schei
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:316
  8. Worldwide, an estimated 2.9 million neonatal deaths occurred in 2012, accounting for 44% of all under-five deaths. In Pakistan, more than 200,000 newborns die annually and neonatal mortality rates are higher t...

    Authors: Ali Turab, Lisa G Pell, Diego G Bassani, Sajid Soofi, Shabina Ariff, Zulfiqar A Bhutta and Shaun K Morris
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:315
  9. Long-term obesity after pregnancy is associated with obesity prior to pregnancy and retention of weight postpartum. This study aims to identify socioeconomic differences in prepregnancy body mass index, quanti...

    Authors: Shu-Kay Ng, Cate M Cameron, Andrew P Hills, Roderick J McClure and Paul A Scuffham
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:314
  10. The mother-child interaction after delivery may be hampered when the newborn baby is hospitalized. The objective of the study was to understand perceptions and actions of healthcare professionals (HCPs), worki...

    Authors: Camila Fleury, Mary A Parpinelli and Maria Y Makuch
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:313
  11. The HAPPY study is a large prospective longitudinal cohort study in which pregnant women (N ≈ 2,500) are followed during the entire pregnancy and the whole first year postpartum. The study collects a substanti...

    Authors: Sophie EM Truijens, Margreet Meems, Simone MI Kuppens, Maarten AC Broeren, Karin CAM Nabbe, Hennie A Wijnen, S Guid Oei, Maarten JM van Son and Victor JM Pop
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:312
  12. Skilled birth attendance is critical in the provision of child birth related services. Yet, literature is scanty on the outcomes of child birth related complications in situations where majority of women deliv...

    Authors: Wilson N Liambila and Shiphrah N Kuria
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:311
  13. While seasonality of birth outcomes has been documented in a variety of settings, data from rural South Asia are lacking. We report a descriptive study of the seasonality of prematurity, low birth weight, smal...

    Authors: Michelle M Hughes, Joanne Katz, Luke C Mullany, Subarna K Khatry, Steven C LeClerq, Gary L Darmstadt and James M Tielsch
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:310
  14. Although studies have shown an association between air pollutants from anthropogenic sources and pregnancy outcomes, little is known regarding the association between low birth weight (LBW) and exposure to emi...

    Authors: Ageo Mário Cândido da Silva, Gisele Pedroso Moi, Inês Echenique Mattos and Sandra de Souza Hacon
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:309
  15. Between 40,000 and 80,000 pregnant women die annually from pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Although magnesium sulphate and anti-hypertensive therapies can reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with pre-ec...

    Authors: Hillary Bracken, Shuchita Mundle, Brian Faragher, Thomas Easterling, Alan Haycox, Mark Turner, Zarko Alfirevic, Beverly Winikoff and Andrew Weeks
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:308
  16. The use of assisted conception (AC) has been associated with higher risk of adverse perinatal outcome. Few data are available on the outcome of AC-neonates when pregnancy ends before 32 weeks of gestational age.

    Authors: Carlo Corchia, Monica Da Frè, Domenico Di Lallo, Luigi Gagliardi, Franco Macagno, Virgilio Carnielli, Silvana Miniaci and Marina Cuttini
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:307
  17. B7 costimulatory molecules are expressed on antigen presenting cells (APCs) and are important regulators of T cell activation. We investigated the role of the B7 family of costimulatory molecules in the develo...

    Authors: Enikő Grozdics, László Berta, Anna Bajnok, Gábor Veres, István Ilisz, Péter Klivényi, János Rigó Jr, László Vécsei, Tivadar Tulassay and Gergely Toldi
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:306
  18. World Health Organization recommends a standard daily oral dose of iron and folic acid (IFA) supplements throughout pregnancy to begin as early as possible. The aim of the present study was to determine the pr...

    Authors: Yasir Bin Nisar, Michael J Dibley and Ali Mohammad Mir
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:305
  19. The maternal mortality ratio in India has been declining over the past decade, but remains unacceptably high at 212 per 100,000 live births. Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and pre- eclampsia/eclampsia contribute...

    Authors: Krishnamurthy Jayanna, Prem Mony, Ramesh BM, Annamma Thomas, Ajay Gaikwad, Mohan HL, James F Blanchard, Stephen Moses and Lisa Avery
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:304
  20. International studies on the association between maternal body mass index (BMI) and spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) yield controversial results warranting large studies from other settings. The aim of this art...

    Authors: Ekaterina E Sharashova, Erik E Anda and Andrej M Grjibovski
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:303
  21. Despite extensive research, a direct correlation between low to moderate prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders has been elusive. Conflicting results are attributed to a lack of a...

    Authors: Evelyne Muggli, Colleen O’Leary, Della Forster, Peter Anderson, Sharon Lewis, Cate Nagle, Jeffrey M Craig, Susan Donath, Elizabeth Elliott and Jane Halliday
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:302
  22. Seaweed is a popular traditional food in Japan and is a rich source of bioactive metabolites. The neuroprotective properties of seaweed have attracted attention; to date, however, there has been no epidemiolog...

    Authors: Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki and Masashi Arakawa
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:301
  23. The continuous rise in caesarean rates across most European countries raises multiple concerns. One factor in this development might be the type of care women receive during childbirth. ‘Supportive care during...

    Authors: Nina Knape, Herbert Mayer, Wilfried Schnepp and Friederike zu Sayn-Wittgenstein
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:300
  24. An estimated 147,741 maternal deaths occurred in 2010 in 45 of the 47 countries in the African Region of the World Health Organization (WHO). The objective of this study was to estimate the indirect cost of ma...

    Authors: Joses Muthuri Kirigia, Germano Mwige Mwabu, Juliet Nabyonga Orem and Rosenabi Deborah Karimi Muthuri
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:299
  25. Empirical evidence regarding maternal quality and safety outcomes across heterogeneous Asian and Pacific Islanders subgroups in the United States is limited, despite the importance of this topic to health disp...

    Authors: Tetine Sentell, Ann Chang, Yongjun Cheng and Jill Miyamura
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:298
  26. Increasing women’s status and male involvement are important strategies in reducing preventable maternal morbidity and mortality. While efforts to both empower women and engage men in maternal health care-seek...

    Authors: Larissa Jennings, Muzi Na, Megan Cherewick, Michelle Hindin, Britta Mullany and Saifuddin Ahmed
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:297
  27. Gestational diabetes (GDM) has been associated with an elevated risk of type 2 diabetes in women after the pregnancy. Recognition of the factors differentiating the women at highest risk of progression to over...

    Authors: Hanna Huopio, Heidi Hakkarainen, Mirja Pääkkönen, Teemu Kuulasmaa, Raimo Voutilainen, Seppo Heinonen and Henna Cederberg
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:296
  28. Improving maternal and reproductive health still remains a major challenge in most low-income countries especially in sub-Saharan Africa. The growing inequality in access to maternal health interventions is an...

    Authors: Benedict O Asamoah, Anette Agardh, Karen Odberg Pettersson and Per-Olof Östergren
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:295
  29. Intimate partner violence (IPV) before and during pregnancy is associated with a broad range of adverse health outcomes. Describing the extent and the evolution of IPV is a crucial step in developing intervent...

    Authors: An-Sofie Van Parys, Ellen Deschepper, Kristien Michielsen, Marleen Temmerman and Hans Verstraelen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:294
  30. Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a serious matter which threatens maternal and fetal health. The aim of this study was to develop a grounded theoretical model of women’s experience of IPV du...

    Authors: Hafrún Finnbogadóttir, Anna-Karin Dykes and Christine Wann-Hansson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:293
  31. Women with bilateral abnormal uterine artery Doppler velocimetry (UtADV) are at increased risk for an adverse pregnancy outcome. This study aimed to determine if additional assessment of midtrimester angiogeni...

    Authors: Johannes Stubert, Stefanie Ullmann, Michael Bolz, Thomas Külz, Max Dieterich, Dagmar-Ulrike Richter and Toralf Reimer
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:292
  32. Despite the known effects of neuraxial blockade on major vessel function and the rapid decrease in uterine vascular impedance, it is unclear how the blockade affects the utero-placental circulation in the near...

    Authors: Luís Guedes-Martins, Helena Graça, Joaquim P Saraiva, Luísa Guedes, Rita Gaio, Ana S Cerdeira, Filipe Macedo and Henrique Almeida
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:291
  33. Early initiation of antenatal care (ANC) can reduce common maternal complications and maternal and perinatal mortality. Though Rwanda demonstrated a remarkable decline in maternal mortality and 98% of Rwandan ...

    Authors: Anatole Manzi, Fabien Munyaneza, Francisca Mujawase, Leonidas Banamwana, Felix Sayinzoga, Dana R Thomson, Joseph Ntaganira and Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:290
  34. Data pertaining to risk factors associated with stillbirths and very low Apgar scores is very sparse. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of, and examine the socio-demographic and obstetric fa...

    Authors: Edward Tieru Dassah, Alexander Tawiah Odoi and Baafuor Kofi Opoku
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:289
  35. Maternal perception of decreased fetal movements is a specific indicator of fetal compromise, notably in the context of poor fetal growth. There is currently no agreed numerical definition of decreased fetal m...

    Authors: Billie Bradford and Robyn Maude
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:288
  36. Antenatal care service which is among strategies to maintain maternal and fetal wellbeing is strongly recommended to be initiated early during pregnancy. To developing world where there is uncommon practice of...

    Authors: Temesgen Worku Gudayu, Solomon Meseret Woldeyohannes and Abdella Amano Abdo
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:287
  37. Maternal counting of fetal movement is a popular and valuable screening tool of fetal wellbeing, however it is still not known what percentage of healthy pregnant women who gave birth to healthy term newborns ...

    Authors: Mahdi Sheikh, Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh and Mamak Shariat
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:286
  38. Cesarean section (CS) rate has increased rapidly over the past two decades in China mainly driven by non-medical factors. This study was to compare recalled preferences for CS among first-time mothers in early...

    Authors: Wei Deng, Reija Klemetti, Qian Long, Zhuochun Wu, Chenggang Duan, Wei-Hong Zhang, Carine Ronsmans, Yu Zhang and Elina Hemminki
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:285
  39. Adequate antenatal care is important to both the health of a pregnant woman and her unborn baby. Given South Africa’s high rate of cellphone penetration, mobile health interventions have been touted as a poten...

    Authors: Yan Kwan Lau, Tali Cassidy, Damian Hacking, Kirsty Brittain, Hanne Jensen Haricharan and Marion Heap
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:284
  40. Oxidative stress plays a role in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia. Supplementing women with antioxidants during pregnancy may reduce oxidative stress and thereby prevent or delay the onset pre-eclampsia. The ...

    Authors: Paul Kiondo, Gakenia Wamuyu-Maina, Julius Wandabwa, Gabriel S Bimenya, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye and Pius Okong
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:283
  41. Birth preparedness and complication readiness is the process of planning for normal birth and anticipating the actions needed in case of an emergency. It is also a strategy to promote the timely use of skilled...

    Authors: Desalegn Markos and Daniel Bogale
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:282
  42. The partograph is a graphic display of the progress of labour, recommended by the World Health Organization, but often underused in practice in low- and middle-income countries. We were interested in going bey...

    Authors: Elizabeth Ollerhead and David Osrin
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:281
  43. Audits provide a rational framework for quality improvement by systematically assessing clinical practices against accepted standards with the aim to develop recommendations and interventions that target modif...

    Authors: Hasan S Merali, Stuart Lipsitz, Nathanael Hevelone, Atul A Gawande, Angela Lashoher, Priya Agrawal and Jonathan Spector
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:280
  44. Availability of skilled care at birth remains a major problem in most developing countries. In an effort to increase access to skilled birth attendance, the Kenyan government implemented the community midwifer...

    Authors: Margaret Titty Mannah, Charlotte Warren, Shiphrah Kuria and Adetoro A Adegoke
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:279
  45. Pre-eclampsia remains a dominant cause of maternal and fetal mortality in developed countries. In a previous prospective study we identified a fall in the VEGF-A isoform VEGF-A165b in the plasma of patients in th...

    Authors: Victoria L Bills, Maryam Hamdollah-Zadeh, Peter W Soothill, Steven J Harper and David O Bates
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:278
  46. Assessment of quality of life after childbirth is an important health-outcome measurement for new mothers and is of special interest in midwifery. The Mother-Generated Index (MGI) is a validated instrument to ...

    Authors: Susanne Grylka-Baeschlin, Edwin van Teijlingen and Mechthild M Gross
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:277
  47. Trials of interventions for PPH prevention and treatment rely on different measurement methods for the quantification of blood loss and identification of PPH. This study’s objective was to compare measures of ...

    Authors: Shubha Ambardekar, Tara Shochet, Hillary Bracken, Kurus Coyaji and Beverly Winikoff
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:276
  48. Childbirth fear is reported to affect around 20% of women. However reporting on levels of symptom severity vary. Unlike Scandinavian countries, there has been limited focus on childbirth fear in Australia. The...

    Authors: Jocelyn Toohill, Jennifer Fenwick, Jenny Gamble and Debra K Creedy
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:275
  49. Parents with past and current eating disorders (ED) have been shown to report troubles nourishing their infants. This could increase the risk of infant feeding problems linked to maternal anxiety and depressio...

    Authors: Claire Squires, Christophe Lalanne, Nasha Murday, Vassiliki Simoglou and Laurence Vaivre-Douret
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:274
  50. Women in pregnancy and postpartum have an increased vulnerability to develop an affective disorder. Affective disorders in pregnancy are associated with an increased risk of prematurity, dysmaturity (foetal we...

    Authors: Hanna M Heller, Annemieke van Straten, Christianne JM de Groot and Adriaan Honig
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:273

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