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  1. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) isoenzymes are required for adenosine triphosphate production, with each of five different isoenzymes having varying proficiencies in anaerobic versus aerobic environments. With adv...

    Authors: Jeremy L Neal, Nancy K Lowe and Elizabeth J Corwin
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:128
  2. Screening for Hepatitis B and C during pregnancy may help to decide on appropriate antiviral therapy and the institution of steps to minimize vertical transmission to the newborn infants.

    Authors: Entisar A Murad, Suad M Babiker, Gasim I Gasim, Duria A Rayis and Ishag Adam
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:127
  3. Cardiovascular disease is associated with major morbidity and mortality in women in the Western world. Prediction of an individual cardiovascular disease risk in young women is difficult. It is known that wome...

    Authors: Wietske Hermes, Jouke T Tamsma, Diana C Grootendorst, Arie Franx, Joris van der Post, Maria G van Pampus, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Martina Porath, Ben W Mol and Christianne JM de Groot
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:126
  4. Lower physical and social functioning in pregnancy has been linked to an increased risk of preterm delivery and low birth weight infants, butt few studies have examined racial differences in pregnant women’s p...

    Authors: Li Liu, Rosanna Setse, Ruby Grogan, Neil R Powe and Wanda K Nicholson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:125
  5. Preterm birth is a significant cause of newborn morbidity and mortality and strains society’s healthcare resources due to its long-term effects on the health of the newborn. Prenatal maternal quality of life (...

    Authors: Panchalli Wang, Shwu-Ru Liou and Ching-Yu Cheng
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:124
  6. Caesarean section(C/S) has been found to increase rates of maternal infectious morbidities five times more than vaginal delivery. The provision of intravenous prophylactic antibiotics 30 to 60 minutes prior to...

    Authors: Fadhili M Lyimo, Anthony N Massinde, Benson R Kidenya, Eveline T Konje and Stephen E Mshana
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:123
  7. The adaption of elastic arteries to transient increase in hemodynamic load in normal pregnancy (NP) remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the NP carotid remodeling and regional ar...

    Authors: Li-Jun Yuan, Dan Xue, Yun-You Duan, Tie-Sheng Cao and Ning Zhou
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:122
  8. Mothers who attend antenatal care late miss the opportunity of early detection of HIV and STDs, malaria and anaemia prophylaxis, health education and treatment or prevention of complications. Whereas many wome...

    Authors: Ivan Kisuule, Dan K Kaye, Florence Najjuka, Stephen K Ssematimba, Anita Arinda, Gloria Nakitende and Lawrence Otim
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:121
  9. Many clinicians and hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected pregnant women prefer elective caesarean section (ECS) to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HBV, since some studies found higher transmission of HBV i...

    Authors: Yali Hu, Jie Chen, Jian Wen, Chenyu Xu, Shu Zhang, Biyun Xu and Yi-Hua Zhou
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:119
  10. Complications following spontaneous or induced abortion are a major cause of maternal morbidity. To manage these complications, post-abortion care (PAC) services should be readily available and easy to access....

    Authors: Nguyen Thi Nhu Ngoc, Tara Shochet, Jennifer Blum, Pham Thanh Hai, Duong Lan Dung, Tran Thanh Nhan and Beverly Winikoff
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:118
  11. Statewide (Queensland) Clinical Guidelines reflecting current best practice have recently become available for the management of pregnancy-related obesity. Our aim was to assess staff knowledge about, adherenc...

    Authors: Shelley A Wilkinson, Di Poad and Helen Stapleton
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:117
  12. Though birth interval has beneficial effects on health status of the mother and their children, it is affected by range of factors some of which are rooted in social and cultural norms and the reproductive beh...

    Authors: Zenebu Begna, Sahilu Assegid, Wondwosen Kassahun and Mulusew Gerbaba
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:116
  13. Maternal obesity, excess weight gain and lifestyle behaviours during pregnancy have been associated with future overweight and other adverse health outcomes for mothers and babies. This study compared the nutr...

    Authors: Susan J de Jersey, Jan M Nicholson, Leonie K Callaway and Lynne A Daniels
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:115
  14. Exclusive breastfeeding until six months followed by the introduction of solids and continued breastfeeding is recommended by the World Health Organisation. The dominant approach to achieving this has been to ...

    Authors: Rhona J McInnes, Pat Hoddinott, Jane Britten, Kirsty Darwent and Leone CA Craig
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:114
  15. Depression is frequently observed in patients with untreated sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in the general population. Pregnant women are particularly vulnerable since pregnancy increases the risk of both SD...

    Authors: Louise M O’Brien, Jocelynn T Owusu and Leslie M Swanson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:113
  16. Postpartum depression (PPD) is a global phenomenon. Depression in the first month following delivery is experienced by 20% of mothers in Japan. Therefore, a screening instrument that identifies the risk for de...

    Authors: Mari Ikeda and Kiyoko Kamibeppu
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:112
  17. Few studies have investigated the experiences of living with pelvic girdle pain (PGP) and its impact on pregnant women’s lives. To address this gap in knowledge, this study investigates the experiences of wome...

    Authors: Margareta Persson, Anna Winkvist, Lars Dahlgren and Ingrid Mogren
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:111
  18. To evaluate the soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), placental growth factor (PlGF), and sFlt-1/PlGF ratio for the prediction of early- and late-onset preeclampsia in a high-risk cohort.

    Authors: Pia M Villa, Esa Hämäläinen, Annukka Mäki, Katri Räikkönen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Pekka Taipale, Eero Kajantie and Hannele Laivuori
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:110
  19. The increasing use of the ketogenic diet (KD), particularly by women of child-bearing age, raises a question about its suitability during gestation. To date, no studies have thoroughly investigated the direct ...

    Authors: Dafna Sussman, Matthijs van Eede, Michael D Wong, Susan Lee Adamson and Mark Henkelman
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:109
  20. Satisfaction is the one of the most frequently reported outcome measures for quality of care. Assessment of satisfaction with maternity services is crucial, and psychometrically sound measures are needed if th...

    Authors: Alexandra Sawyer, Susan Ayers, Jane Abbott, Gillian Gyte, Heike Rabe and Lelia Duley
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:108
  21. Rising caesarean section (CS) rates have been observed worldwide in recent decades. This study sought to analyse trends in CS rates and outcomes among a variety of obstetric groups at a university hospital in ...

    Authors: Helena Litorp, Hussein L Kidanto, Lennarth Nystrom, Elisabeth Darj and Birgitta Essén
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:107
  22. Operative delivery procedures, such as primary cesarean section, vacuum-assisted, and forceps-assisted vaginal delivery increase maternal and fetal morbidity, and the cost of care. We evaluated whether large f...

    Authors: Andrew Mujugira, Alfred Osoti, Ruth Deya, Stephen E Hawes and Amanda I Phipps
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:106
  23. Sterile water injections have been used as an effective intervention for the management of back pain during labour. The objective of the current research is to determine if sterile water injections, as an inte...

    Authors: Nigel Lee, Lena B Mårtensson, Caroline Homer, Joan Webster, Kristen Gibbons, Helen Stapleton, Natalie Dos Santos, Michael Beckmann, Yu Gao and Sue Kildea
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:105
  24. Both dexamethasone and betamethasone, given to women at risk of preterm birth, substantially improve short-term neonatal health, increase the chance of the baby being discharged home alive, and reduce childhoo...

    Authors: Caroline A Crowther, Jane E Harding, Philippa F Middleton, Chad C Andersen, Pat Ashwood and Jeffrey S Robinson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:104
  25. In the UK, women are recommended to engage with maternity services and establish a plan of care prior to the 12th completed week of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to identify predictors for late initiati...

    Authors: Jenny A Cresswell, Ge Yu, Bethan Hatherall, Joanne Morris, Farah Jamal, Angela Harden and Adrian Renton
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:103
  26. Medical treatment with misoprostol is a non-invasive and inexpensive treatment option in first trimester miscarriage. However, about 30% of women treated with misoprostol have incomplete evacuation of the uter...

    Authors: Marianne AC Verschoor, Marike Lemmers, Patrick M Bossuyt, Giuseppe CM Graziosi, Petra J Hajenius, Dave J Hendriks, Marcel AH van Hooff, Hannah S van Meurs, Brent C Opmeer, Maurits W van Tulder, Liesanne Bouwma, Ruby Catshoek, Peggy Geomini, Ellen R Klinkert, Josje Langenveld, Theodoor E Nieboer…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:102
  27. There has been a considerable decline in fetal and neonatal mortality in the Western world. The authors hypothesized that this decline has been largest for boys, since boys have a higher risk of fetal and neon...

    Authors: Fredrik Carlsen, Jostein Grytten and Anne Eskild
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:101
  28. There are mixed reports in the literature about obstetric intervention and maternal and neonatal outcomes for migrant women born in resource rich countries. The aim of this study was to compare the risk profil...

    Authors: Hannah G Dahlen, Virginia Schmied, Cindy-Lee Dennis and Charlene Thornton
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:100
  29. Determinants of regional variation in caesarean sections can contribute explanations for the observed overall increasing trend of caesarean sections. We assessed which mechanism explains the higher rate of cae...

    Authors: Rafael T Mikolajczyk, Niklas Schmedt, Jun Zhang, Christina Lindemann, Ingo Langner and Edeltraut Garbe
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:99
  30. Toxoplasmosis, listeriosis and cytomegalovirus (CMV) can negatively affect pregnancy outcomes, but can be prevented by simple precautions of pregnant women. Literature suggests that pregnant women are not alwa...

    Authors: Monique T R Pereboom, Judith Manniën, Evelien R Spelten, François G Schellevis and Eileen K Hutton
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:98
  31. Social factors affect the risk of very preterm birth and may affect subsequent outcomes in those born preterm. We assessed the influence of neighbourhood socio-economic characteristics on the risk and outcomes...

    Authors: Mercedes Bonet, Lucy K Smith, Hugo Pilkington, Elizabeth S Draper and Jennifer Zeitlin
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:97
  32. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is now the commonest congenital form of infective neurological handicap, recognized by the Institute of Medicine as the leading priority for the developed world in congenital in...

    Authors: Susan P Walker, Ricardo Palma-Dias, Erica M Wood, Paul Shekleton and Michelle L Giles
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:96
  33. Women presenting with reduced fetal movements (RFM) in the third trimester are at increased risk of stillbirth or fetal growth restriction. These outcomes after RFM are related to smaller fetal size on ultraso...

    Authors: Alexander EP Heazell, Giovanna Bernatavicius, Stephen A Roberts, Ainslie Garrod, Melissa K Whitworth, Edward D Johnstone, Joanna C Gillham and Tina Lavender
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:95
  34. An intercultural birthing house was established in the Highlands of Chiapas, Mexico, as an intervention to reduce maternal mortality among indigenous women. This birth center, known locally as the Casa Materna, i...

    Authors: Kathryn Tucker, Hector Ochoa, Rosario Garcia, Kirsty Sievwright, Amy Chambliss and Margaret C Baker
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:94
  35. Maternal mortality ratio in Nigeria is one of the highest in the world. Near misses occur in larger numbers than maternal deaths hence they allow for a more comprehensive analysis of risk factors and determina...

    Authors: Ikeola A Adeoye, Adedeji A Onayade and Adesegun O Fatusi
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:93
  36. Postpartum follow up of women who have been found to have gestational diabetes during pregnancy is essential because of the strong association of gestational diabetes with subsequent type 2 diabetes. Postal re...

    Authors: Emer Heatley, Philippa Middleton, William Hague and Caroline Crowther
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:92
  37. Magnesium sulphate is currently recommended for neuroprotection of preterm infants for women at risk of preterm birth at less than 30 weeks’ gestation, based on high quality evidence of benefit. However there ...

    Authors: Caroline A Crowther, Philippa F Middleton, Dominic Wilkinson, Pat Ashwood and Ross Haslam
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:91
  38. To identify risk factors, beyond fetal weight, associated with adverse maternal outcomes in delivering infants with a birthweight of 4000 g or greater, and to quantify their role in maternal complications.

    Authors: Florent Fuchs, Jean Bouyer, Patrick Rozenberg and Marie-Victoire Senat
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:90
  39. Severe perineal trauma occurs in 0.5-10% of vaginal births and can result in significant morbidity including pain, dyspareunia and faecal incontinence. The aim of this study is to determine the risk of recurre...

    Authors: Holly Priddis, Hannah G Dahlen, Virginia Schmied, Annie Sneddon, Christine Kettle, Chris Brown and Charlene Thornton
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:89
  40. There is limited evidence about the ways in which maternal age and mode of conception interact with psychological, sociodemographic, health and health service factors in governing pregnancy health. The aim of ...

    Authors: Jane Fisher, Karen Wynter, Karin Hammarberg, John McBain, Frances Gibson, Jacky Boivin and Catherine McMahon
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:88
  41. Ectopic pregnancy (EP) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality amongst women of reproductive age. Tubal EP is well described in industrialised countries, but less is known about its impact in low-reso...

    Authors: Nancy N Hamura, John W Bolnga, Regina Wangnapi, Andrew W Horne, Stephen J Rogerson and Holger W Unger
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:86
  42. First trimester Pregnancy Associated Plasma Protein A (PAPP-A) levels, routinely measured for aneuploidy screening, may predict development of preeclampsia. This study tests the hypothesis that first trimester...

    Authors: Aditi R Saxena, Ellen W Seely, Janet W Rich-Edwards, Louise E Wilkins-Haug, S Ananth Karumanchi and Thomas F McElrath
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:85
  43. In 2010, the NIH and ACOG recommended increasing women’s access to trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC). This study explored access to TOLAC in California, change in access since 2007 and 2010, and characteri...

    Authors: Mary K Barger, Jennifer Templeton Dunn, Sage Bearman, Megan DeLain and Elena Gates
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:83
  44. Preeclampsia is a hypertensive, multi-system pregnancy disorder whose pathophysiology remains unclear. Elevations in circulating soluble endoglin (sENG) and placental/blood ENG mRNA expression antedate the clinic...

    Authors: Mandy J Bell, James M Roberts, Sandra A Founds, Arun Jeyabalan, Lauren Terhorst and Yvette P Conley
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:82
  45. Despite the potential of prenatal care for addressing many pregnancy complications and concurrent health problems, non-western women in industrialized western countries more often make inadequate use of prenat...

    Authors: Agatha W Boerleider, Therese A Wiegers, Judith Manniën, Anneke L Francke and Walter LJM Devillé
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:81
  46. In Australia, approximately 0.1% of births occur to women 45 years or older and this rate has been increasing in recent years. There are however, few population based studies examining perinatal outcomes among...

    Authors: Mary C Carolan, Mary-Ann Davey, Maryanne Biro and Michelle Kealy
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:80
  47. Fetal unilateral lung agenesis, complicated with cardiac shifting, is a rare anomaly, the diagnosis of which remains a challenge for many sonographers in routine screening programs. The present study describes...

    Authors: Ying Zhang, Miao Fan, Wei-dong Ren, Li-mei Xie, Chang-wei Ding, Wei Sun, Yu Wang, Ya-jun Guo and Ai-lu Cai
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:79

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