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  1. Septic incomplete miscarriages remain a cause of maternal deaths in South Africa. There was an initial decline in mortality when a strict protocol based approach and the Choice of Termination of Pregnancy Act ...

    Authors: Hennie Lombaard, Sumaiya Adam, Jennifer Makin and Patricia Sebola
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:82
  2. Exclusive breastfeeding for six months is recommended but few parents achieve this; particularly younger and less well-educated mothers. Many parents introduce infant formula milk to manage feeding but describ...

    Authors: Rhona J McInnes, Alix Arbuckle and Pat Hoddinott
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:81
  3. The relationship between maternal hemoglobin (Hb) levels during pregnancy and birth outcomes has been controversial. Changes in Hb level during pregnancy may have an impact on birth outcomes. This study aimed ...

    Authors: Seung Chik Jwa, Takeo Fujiwara, Yuji Yamanobe, Kazuto Kozuka and Haruhiko Sago
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:80
  4. While it is well established that alcohol can cross the placenta to the foetus and can affect an infant’s development, many women continue to drink during pregnancy. For this reason it is important to determin...

    Authors: Fiona Crawford-Williams, Mary Steen, Adrian Esterman, Andrea Fielder and Antonina Mikocka-Walus
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:79
  5. Prenatal records are potentially powerful tools for the translation of best-practice evidence into routine prenatal care. Although all jurisdictions in Canada use standardized prenatal records to guide care an...

    Authors: Sonia Semenic, Nancy Edwards, Shahirose Premji, Joanne Olson, Beverly Williams and Phyllis Montgomery
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:78
  6. Awareness of the danger signs of obstetric complications is the essential first step in accepting appropriate and timely referral to obstetric and newborn care. Ethiopia is a country where maternal morbidity a...

    Authors: Daniel Bogale and Desalegn Markos
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:77
  7. Since 2008, Participatory Action for Rural Development Innovation (PARI) Development Trust, with the support of Enfants du Monde, has been implementing a maternal and newborn health (MNH) program based on the ...

    Authors: Fahmida Taleb, Janet Perkins, Nabeel Ashraf Ali, Cecilia Capello, Muzahid Ali, Carlo Santarelli and Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:75
  8. Increasing women’s access to and use of facilities for childbirth is a critical national strategy to improve maternal health outcomes in Ethiopia; however coverage alone is not enough as the quality of emergen...

    Authors: Anne Austin, Hanna Gulema, Maria Belizan, Daniela S Colaci, Tamil Kendall, Mahlet Tebeka, Mengistu Hailemariam, Delayehu Bekele, Lia Tadesse, Yemane Berhane and Ana Langer
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:74
  9. Preeclampsia is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality in Ethiopia. It has been increasing and linked to multiple factors, making prevention of the disease a continuous challenge. Yet few studies have...

    Authors: Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Abebe Tekeste and Tadesse Awoke Ayele
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:73
  10. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of maternal mortality and morbidity, with the highest incidence occurring during the postpartum period. This study compared the ability of two types of low-molec...

    Authors: Shahla K Alalaf, Rojan K Jawad, Parez R Muhammad, Mahabad S Ali and Namir G Al Tawil
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:72
  11. Maternal and offspring immediate and long-term health are affected by pregnancy weight gain and maternal weight. This study was designed to determine feasibility of: 1) recruiting a socio-economically and raci...

    Authors: Tiffany A Moore Simas, Silvia Corvera, Mary M Lee, NingNing Zhang, Katherine Leung, Barbara Olendzki, Bruce Barton and Milagros C Rosal
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:71
  12. Assessment of stroke volume (SV) is often necessary in clinical and research settings. The clinically established method for SV assessment in pregnancy is echocardiography, but given its limitations, it is not...

    Authors: Jordan PR McIntyre, Kevin M Ellyett, Edwin A Mitchell, Gina M Quill, John MD Thompson, Alistair W Stewart, Robert N Doughty and Peter R Stone
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:70
  13. Pregnancy in women with type 1 (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is associated with increased risk. These conditions are managed similarly during pregnancy, and compared directly in analyses, however they affec...

    Authors: Lisa A Owens, Jon Sedar, Louise Carmody and Fidelma Dunne
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:69
  14. Antenatal care (ANC) is a preventive public health intervention to ensure healthy pregnancy outcomes and improve survival and health of newborns. In South Sudan, about 40% of pregnant women use ANC, however, t...

    Authors: Ngatho S Mugo, Michael J Dibley and Kingsley E Agho
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:68
  15. To establish the prevalence and patterns of prescribing to pregnant women in an Irish primary care setting.

    Authors: Paul Dillon, Kirsty K O’Brien, Ronan McDonnell, Erica Donnelly-Swift, Rose Galvin, Adam Roche, Kate Cronin, David R Walsh, Rowan Schelten, Susan Smith and Tom Fahey
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:67
  16. This paper identifies patterns of health inequalities (consistency and magnitude) of socioeconomic disparities for multiple maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes that represent different health care needs o...

    Authors: Nihaya Daoud, Patricia O’Campo, Anita Minh, Marcelo L Urquia, Susie Dzakpasu, Maureen Heaman, Janusz Kaczorowski, Cheryl Levitt, Janet Smylie and Beverley Chalmers
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 14:393
  17. To investigate the association between gestational weight gain, maternal age and lifestyle habits (e.g., physical activity, smoking, and alcohol consumption) during pregnancy, with Body Mass Index of the offsp...

    Authors: Stamatis P Mourtakos, Konstantinos D Tambalis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, George Antonogeorgos, Giannis Arnaoutis, Konstantinos Karteroliotis and Labros S Sidossis
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:66
  18. Shortages of staff have a significant and negative impact on maternal outcomes in low-income countries, but the impact on obstetric care providers in these contexts is less well documented. Despite the governm...

    Authors: Susan Bradley, Francis Kamwendo, Effie Chipeta, Wanangwa Chimwaza, Helen de Pinho and Eilish McAuliffe
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:65
  19. Decolonization with topical antibiotics is necessary to control outbreaks of multidrug-resistant bacterial infection in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), but can trigger bacterial resistance. The object...

    Authors: Fernando Lamy Filho, Sílvia Helena Cavalcante de Sousa, Isolina Januária Sousa Freitas, Zeni Carvalho Lamy, Vanda Maria Ferreira Simões, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva and Marco Antônio Barbieri
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:63
  20. Continuum of care throughout pregnancy, birth, and after delivery has become a key program strategy for improving the health of mothers and newborns. Successful program implementation to improve the continuum ...

    Authors: Wenjuan Wang and Rathavuth Hong
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:62
  21. Influenza vaccination during pregnancy can prevent serious illness in expectant mothers and provide protection to newborns; however, historically uptake has been limited due to a number of factors, including s...

    Authors: Annette K Regan, Lauren Tracey, Christopher C Blyth, Donna B Mak, Peter C Richmond, Geoffrey Shellam, Caroline Talbot and Paul V Effler
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:61
  22. Nutritional studies have found conflicting evidence regarding the ability of Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQs) to demonstrate convergent validity with tissue content of omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated f...

    Authors: Gordon Parker, Georgia McClure, Bronwyn D Hegarty and Isabelle Granville Smith
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:60
  23. Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) is the most common medical condition in pregnancy, affecting up to 80% of expecting mothers. In April 2013 the FDA approved the delayed release combination of doxylamine ...

    Authors: Gideon Koren, Shannon Clark, Gary D V Hankins, Steve N Caritis, Jason G Umans, Menachem Miodovnik, Donald R Mattison and Ilan Matok
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:59
  24. Maternity care is recognised as a particularly high-risk speciality that is subject to investigation and inquiry, and improvements in risk management have been recommended. However, the quality of guidelines f...

    Authors: Anjali Shah, Olaa Mohamed-Ahmed, Philippe Peirsegaele, Charlotte McClymont and Marian Knight
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:58
  25. Despite the recommendations to continue the regime of healthy food and physical activity (PA) postpartum for women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), the scientific evidence reveals that these ...

    Authors: Margareta Persson, Anna Winkvist and Ingrid Mogren
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:57
  26. The development of medical-led care in obstetrics over the past decades has contributed to improving outcomes for both mother and child. Although efficiency has improved in complex situations, unnecessary inte...

    Authors: Françoise Maillefer, Claire de Labrusse, Laura Cardia-Vonèche, Patrick Hohlfeld and Beat Stoll
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:56
  27. Migrants have long been a disadvantaged group in China’s health care system, especially in terms of maternal health care. Many studies have explored the factors associated with a lack of maternal health care a...

    Authors: Xiaofang You, Hui Tan, Shiyun Hu, Jianmei Wu, Hong Jiang, Aiping Peng, Yue Dai, Ling Wang, Sufang Guo and Xu Qian
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:55
  28. The development of evidence-based guidelines is a key step in ensuring that maternity care is of a universally high standard. To influence patient care national and international guidelines need to be interpre...

    Authors: Stephanie Jokhan, Melissa K Whitworth, Felicity Jones, Ashleigh Saunders and Alexander E P Heazell
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:54
  29. A Melbourne (Australia) university affiliated, tertiary obstetric hospital provides lay and professional education about influenza vaccine in pregnancy annually each March, early in the local influenza season....

    Authors: Elizabeth Anne McCarthy, Wendy Elizabeth Pollock, Lauren Tapper, Maree Sommerville and Susan McDonald
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:53
  30. Maternal obesity is associated with an increased risk of pregnancy complications, including gestational diabetes. Physical activity (PA) might improve glucose metabolism and reduce the incidence of gestational...

    Authors: Louise Hayes, Catherine Mcparlin, Tarja I Kinnunen, Lucilla Poston, Stephen C Robson and Ruth Bell
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:52
  31. Mental disorders are prevalent during pregnancy, affecting 10% of women worldwide. To improve triage of a broad spectrum of mental disorders, we investigated the decision impact validity of: 1) a short set of ...

    Authors: Chantal Quispel, Tom AJ Schneider, Witte JG Hoogendijk, Gouke J Bonsel and Mijke P Lambregtse-van den Berg
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:51
  32. Person-centred care, asserting that individuals are partners in their care, has been associated with care satisfaction but the value of using it to support women with obesity during pregnancy is unknown. Exces...

    Authors: Ellinor K Olander, Marie Berg, Christine McCourt, Eric Carlström and Anna Dencker
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:50
  33. The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) of India aims to increase the uptake of safe and institutional delivery among rural communities to improve maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH) outcomes. Previous...

    Authors: Sharon G Bruce, Andrea K Blanchard, Kaveri Gurav, Anuradha Roy, Krishnamurthy Jayanna, Haranahalli L Mohan, Banadakoppa M Ramesh, James F Blanchard, Stephen Moses and Lisa Avery
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:49
  34. Anemia in pregnancy remains a major problem in Indonesia over the past decade. Early detection of anaemia in pregnancy is one of the components which is unsuccessfully implemented by nurse-midwives. This study...

    Authors: Widyawati Widyawati, Suze Jans, Sutarti Utomo, Jeroen van Dillen and ALM Lagro Janssen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:47
  35. Childbirth at health facilities is an important strategy to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality, improve fetal outcomes, and reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Although access to antenatal care in...

    Authors: John Kinuthia, Pamela Kohler, John Okanda, George Otieno, Frank Odhiambo and Grace John-Stewart
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:46
  36. Facial coverings (e.g., balaclavas, niqabs, medical/surgical masks, respirators, etc.), that impose low levels of airflow resistive loads, are worn by millions of pregnant women worldwide, but little data exis...

    Authors: Jung-Hyun Kim, Raymond J Roberge and Jeffrey B Powell
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:45
  37. While a growing body of research has addressed pregnancy and postpartum impacts on female sexuality, relatively little work has been focused upon men. A few studies suggest that a fraction of men report decrea...

    Authors: Peter B Gray, Jody-Ann Reece, Charlene Coore-Desai, Twana Dinnall-Johnson, Sydonnie Pellington and Maureen Samms-Vaughan
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:44
  38. The incidence of severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is increasing. Regional variation may be attributed to variation in provision of care, and as such contribute to this increasing incidence. We assessed reaso...

    Authors: Babette W Prick, Joost F von Schmidt auf Altenstadt, Chantal WPM Hukkelhoven, Gouke J Bonsel, Eric AP Steegers, Ben W Mol, Joke M Schutte, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp and Johannes J Duvekot
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:43
  39. The primary aim of this study was to describe the variation in intrapartum referral rates in midwifery practices in the Netherlands. Secondly, we wanted to explore the association between the practice referral...

    Authors: Pien M Offerhaus, Caroline Geerts, Ank de Jonge, Chantal WPM Hukkelhoven, Jos WR Twisk and Antoine LM Lagro-Janssen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:42
  40. Prenatal assessment for psychosocial risk factors and prevention and intervention is scarce and, in most cases, nonexistent in obstetrical care. In this study we aimed to evaluate if the KINDEX, a short instru...

    Authors: Andria Spyridou, Maggie Schauer and Martina Ruf-Leuschner
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:41
  41. Among the most important causes of illness and death in both pregnant women and their newborn infants are respiratory infections including influenza. Pregnant women in North America have a 4 to 5 fold excess r...

    Authors: James M Tielsch, Mark Steinhoff, Joanne Katz, Janet A Englund, Jane Kuypers, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha and Steven C LeClerq
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:40
  42. The time of labor, birth and the first days of life are the most vulnerable period for mothers and children. Despite significant global advocacy, there is insufficient understanding of the investment required ...

    Authors: Julia Michalow, Lumbwe Chola, Shelley McGee, Aviva Tugendhaft, Robert Pattinson, Kate Kerber and Karen Hofman
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:39
  43. Reviews of perinatal deaths are mostly facility based. Given the number of women who, globally, deliver outside of facilities, this data may be biased against total population data. We aimed to analyse populat...

    Authors: Emma R Allanson, Mari Muller and Robert C Pattinson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:37
  44. Pregnancy-related pubic symphysis pain is relatively common and can significantly interfere with daily activities. Physiotherapist-prescribed pelvic support belts are a treatment option, but little evidence ex...

    Authors: Natasha AMS Flack, E Jean C Hay-Smith, Mark D Stringer, Andrew R Gray and Stephanie J Woodley
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:36
  45. Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is responsible for one third of all preterm births (PTBs). We have recently demonstrated that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are differentially expressed in human ...

    Authors: Xiucui Luo, Jing Pan, Leilei Wang, Peirong Wang, Meijiao Zhang, Meilin Liu, Ziqing Dong, Qian Meng, Xuguang Tao, Xinliang Zhao, Julia Zhong, Weina Ju, Yang Gu, Edmund C Jenkins, W Ted Brown, Qingxi Shi…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:35
  46. Complications due to unsafe abortion cause high maternal morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. This study describes post-abortion complication severity and associated factors in Kenya.

    Authors: Abdhalah Kasiira Ziraba, Chimaraoke Izugbara, Brooke A Levandowski, Hailemichael Gebreselassie, Michael Mutua, Shukri F Mohamed, Caroline Egesa and Elizabeth W Kimani-Murage
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:34

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