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  1. Women with congenital heart disease (CHD) are more often born preterm or small-for-gestational age and with a caesarean section. This pattern together with an increased risk of congenital anomalies seems to be...

    Authors: Kristina Kernell, Gunilla Sydsjö, Marie Bladh, Niels Erik Nielsen and Ann Josefsson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:187
  2. Nutritional requirements are increased during pregnancy and lactation. The aim of this study was to compare the food intake and prevalence of inadequate nutrient intake among pregnant, lactating and reproducti...

    Authors: Quenia dos Santos, Rosely Sichieri, Dirce ML Marchioni and Eliseu Verly Junior
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:186
  3. Although associated adverse pregnancy outcomes, no international or Swedish consensus exists that identifies a cut-off value or what screening method to use for definition of gestational diabetes mellitus. Thi...

    Authors: Maria Lindqvist, Margareta Persson, Marie Lindkvist and Ingrid Mogren
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:185
  4. Research-informed fetal monitoring guidelines recommend intermittent auscultation (IA) for fetal heart monitoring for low-risk women. However, the use of cardiotocography (CTG) continues to dominate many insti...

    Authors: Robyn M Maude, Joan P Skinner and Maralyn J Foureur
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:184
  5. Premature rupture of the membranes (PROM) is most commonly diagnosed using physical examination; however, accurate decision making in ambiguous cases is a major challenge in current obstetric practice. As this...

    Authors: Montse Palacio, Maritta Kühnert, Richard Berger, Cindy L Larios and Louis Marcellin
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:183
  6. Progress during early labour may impact subsequent labour trajectories. Women admitted to hospital in latent phase (<3 cm cervical dilation) labour have been shown to be at higher risk of obstetrical intervent...

    Authors: Patricia A Janssen and Sandra Weissinger
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:182
  7. Sufficient amino acid transport activity (AAT) is indispensable for appropriate fetal growth. Studies suggest that placental nutrient uptake activity is responsive to both maternal and fetal nutrient demands. ...

    Authors: Yukiyo Aiko, David J Askew, Satoshi Aramaki, Mai Myoga, Chiharu Tomonaga, Toru Hachisuga, Reiko Suga, Toshihiro Kawamoto, Mayumi Tsuji and Eiji Shibata
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:181
  8. Child undernutrition and poor feeding practices remain a concern in Ghana. The Growth Monitoring and Promotion (GMP) programme seeks to empower mothers to provide appropriate child care. Although the program h...

    Authors: Sandra Gyampoh, Gloria Ethel Otoo and Richmond Nii Okai Aryeetey
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:180
  9. There is concern about the safety of homebirths, especially in women transferred to hospital during or after labour. The scope of transfer in planned home births has not been assessed in a systematic review. T...

    Authors: Ellen Blix, Merethe Kumle, Hanne Kjærgaard, Pål Øian and Helena E Lindgren
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:179
  10. Ethiopia has one of the highest maternal mortality in the world. Institutional delivery is the key intervention in reducing maternal mortality and complications. However, the uptake of the service has remained...

    Authors: Seifu Hagos, Debebe Shaweno, Meselech Assegid, Alemayehu Mekonnen, Mesganaw Fantahun Afework and Saifuddin Ahmed
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:178
  11. The risks of not breastfeeding for mother and infant are well established, yet in Australia, although most women initiate breastfeeding many discontinue breastfeeding altogether and few women exclusively breastfe...

    Authors: Della A Forster, Helen L McLachlan, Mary-Ann Davey, Lisa H Amir, Lisa Gold, Rhonda Small, Kate Mortensen, Anita M Moorhead, Heather A Grimes and Fiona E McLardie-Hore
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:177
  12. As part of a National Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (EmONC) Needs Assessment, a special study was undertaken in July 2010 to examine the quality of cesarean deliveries in Afghanistan and examine the uti...

    Authors: Cherrie Lynn Evans, Young Mi Kim, Khalid Yari, Nasratullah Ansari and Hannah Tappis
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:176
  13. Determinants of the duration of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) differ in effect and magnitude across populations. The present study aimed to identify factors associated with discontinuation of EBF in a municipa...

    Authors: Tatiana O Vieira, Graciete O Vieira, Nelson F de Oliveira, Carlos M C Mendes, Elsa Regina J Giugliani and Luciana R Silva
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:175
  14. Access to emergency obstetric care by competent staff can reduce maternal mortality. India has launched the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) conditional cash transfer program to promote institutional births. Durin...

    Authors: Sarika Chaturvedi, Sourabh Upadhyay and Ayesha De Costa
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:174
  15. Deaths during the neonatal period account for almost two-thirds of all deaths in the first year of life and 40 percent of deaths before the age of five. Most of these deaths could be prevented through proven c...

    Authors: Usha Dhingra, Joel Gittelsohn, Atifa Moh’d Suleiman, Shekhia Moh’d Suleiman, Arup Dutta, Said Mohammed Ali, Shilpi Gupta, Robert E Black and Sunil Sazawal
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:173
  16. Whether gestational age per se increases perinatal mortality in post-term pregnancy is unclear. We aimed at assessing gestational week specific perinatal mortality in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and non-SG...

    Authors: Nils-Halvdan Morken, Kari Klungsøyr and Rolv Skjaerven
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:172
  17. The United Kingdom has one of the highest rates of stillbirth in Europe, resulting in approximately 4,000 stillbirths every year. Potentially modifiable risk factors for late stillbirths are maternal age, obes...

    Authors: Jayne Platts, Edwin A Mitchell, Tomasina Stacey, Bill L Martin, Devender Roberts, Lesley McCowan and Alexander E P Heazell
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:171
  18. Infants exposed to alcohol in the womb are at increased risk of experiencing health problems. However, mixed messages about the consequences of prenatal alcohol consumption have resulted in inconsistent attitu...

    Authors: Lawrence Doi, Helen Cheyne and Ruth Jepson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:170
  19. Adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) can be increased by preconception risk factors and lifestyles.

    Authors: Elisabetta Pandolfi, Eleonora Agricola, Micaela Veronica Gonfiantini, Francesco Gesualdo, Mariateresa Romano, Emanuela Carloni, Pierpaolo Mastroiacovo and Alberto E Tozzi
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:169
  20. Evaluation of the quality of antenatal care (ANC) using indicators should be part of the efforts to improve primary care services in developing countries. The growing use of the electronic health record (EHR) ...

    Authors: Svetlana V Doubova, Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas, Eduardo Ortiz-Panozo and Bernardo Hernández-Prado
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:168
  21. Growing evidence suggests that maternal prepregnancy weight and gestational weight gain are risk factors for perinatal complications and subsequent maternal and child health. Postpartum weight retention is als...

    Authors: Courtney Scott, Christopher T Andersen, Natali Valdez, Francisco Mardones, Ellen A Nohr, Lucilla Poston, Katharina C Quack Loetscher and Barbara Abrams
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:167
  22. In 2010 a Cochrane review confirmed that folic acid (FA) supplementation prevents the first- and second-time occurrence of neural tube defects (NTDs). At present some evidence from observational studies suppor...

    Authors: Renata Bortolus, Fenneke Blom, Francesca Filippini, Mireille NM van Poppel, Emanuele Leoncini, Denhard J de Smit, Pier Paolo Benetollo, Martina C Cornel, Hermien EK de Walle and Pierpaolo Mastroiacovo
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:166
  23. Neonatal mortality is a global challenge; identification of individual and community determinants associated with it are important for targeted interventions. However in most low and middle income countries (L...

    Authors: Gbenga A Kayode, Evelyn Ansah, Irene Akua Agyepong, Mary Amoakoh-Coleman, Diederick E Grobbee and Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:165
  24. Improvement in ultrasound imaging has led to the identification of subtle non-structural markers during the 18 – 20 week fetal anomaly scan, such as echogenic bowel, mild cerebral ventriculomegaly, renal pelvi...

    Authors: Lisa Hurt, Melissa Wright, Fiona Brook, Susan Thomas, Frank Dunstan, David Fone, Gareth John, Sue Morris, David Tucker, Marilyn Ann Wills, Lyn Chitty, Colin Davies and Shantini Paranjothy
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:164
  25. Anaemia is a common health problem among pregnant women and a contributing factor with a major influence on maternal mortality in Indonesia. The Four Pillars Approach is a new approach to anaemia in pregnancy,...

    Authors: Widyawati Widyawati, Suze Jans, Hans Bor, Rukmono Siswishanto, Jeroen van Dillen and Antoine LM Lagro-Janssen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:163
  26. Postpartum depression (PPD) is a mood disorder that affects 10–20 percent of women, and can begin any time during first year after delivery lasting for months. Social support may decrease risk of depression du...

    Authors: Theresa HM Kim, Jennifer A Connolly and Hala Tamim
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:162
  27. Antenatal Care (ANC), use of skilled delivery attendants and postnatal care (PNC) services are key maternal health services that can significantly reduce maternal mortality. Understanding the factors that affe...

    Authors: Shegaw Mulu Tarekegn, Leslie Sue Lieberman and Vincentas Giedraitis
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:161
  28. Water immersion during the first stage of labor can reduce the length of the first stage and epidural/spinal analgesia use; however, there is limited information regarding other outcomes. Our purpose was to co...

    Authors: Yinglin Liu, Yukun Liu, Xiuzhi Huang, Chuying Du, Jing Peng, Peixian Huang and Jianping Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:160
  29. The vast majority of maternal deaths in low-and middle-income countries are preventable. Delay in obtaining access to appropriate health care is a fairly common problem which can be improved. The objective of ...

    Authors: Rodolfo C Pacagnella, José G Cecatti, Mary A Parpinelli, Maria H Sousa, Samira M Haddad, Maria L Costa, João P Souza and Robert C Pattinson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:159
  30. Health centres and hospitals play a crucial role in reducing maternal mortality and morbidity by offering respectively Basic Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (BEmONC) and Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric ...

    Authors: Georges Dayitaba Compaoré, Issiaka Sombié, Rasmané Ganaba, Sennen Hounton, Nicolas Meda, Vincent De Brouwere and Matthias Borchert
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:158
  31. In 2006 WHO presented the infant and child growth charts suggested for universal application. However, major determinants for perinatal outcomes and postnatal growth are laid down during antenatal development....

    Authors: Mario Merialdi, Mariana Widmer, Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu, Hany Abdel-Aleem, George Bega, Alexandra Benachi, Guillermo Carroli, Jose Guilherme Cecatti, Anke Diemert, Rogelio Gonzalez, Kurt Hecher, Lisa N Jensen, Synnøve L Johnsen, Torvid Kiserud, Alka Kriplani, Pisake Lumbiganon…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:157
  32. The number of infants with a birth weight > 97th percentile for gestational age has increased over the years. Although some studies have examined the interest of inducing labor for fetuses with macrosomia suspect...

    Authors: Françoise Vendittelli, Olivier Rivière, Brigitte Neveu and Didier Lémery
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:156
  33. To analyze trends in LBW (low birth weight) rate using birth registry data and identify factors associated with LBW in São Luís comparing two birth cohorts separated by a 12-year interval.

    Authors: Helma Jane Ferreira Veloso, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Heloísa Bettiol, Marcelo Zubarán Goldani, Fernando Lamy Filho, Vanda Maria Ferreira Simões, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista and Marco Antônio Barbieri
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:155
  34. When breastfeeding is difficult or impossible during the neonatal period, an analysis of muscle activity can help determine the best method for substituting it to promote the child’s development. The aim of th...

    Authors: Ellia CL França, Cejana B Sousa, Lucas C Aragão and Luciane R Costa
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:154
  35. To evaluate the association between prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) is associated with early vs. late and medically-induced vs. spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) subtypes.

    Authors: Margaret G Parker, Fengxiu Ouyang, Colleen Pearson, Matthew W Gillman, Mandy B Belfort, Xiumei Hong, Guoying Wang, Linda Heffner, Barry Zuckerman and Xiaobin Wang
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:153
  36. Understanding immigrant women’s experiences of maternity care is critical if receiving country care systems are to respond appropriately to increasing global migration. This systematic review aimed to compare ...

    Authors: Rhonda Small, Carolyn Roth, Manjri Raval, Touran Shafiei, Dineke Korfker, Maureen Heaman, Christine McCourt and Anita Gagnon
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:152
  37. In Australia, women who give birth are transitioned from maternity services to child and health services once their baby is born. This horizontal integration of services is known as Transition of Care (ToC). L...

    Authors: Kim Psaila, Sue Kruske, Cathrine Fowler, Caroline Homer and Virginia Schmied
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:151
  38. While the use of creatine in human pregnancy is yet to be fully evaluated, its long-term use in healthy adults appears to be safe, and its well documented neuroprotective properties have recently been extended...

    Authors: Hayley Dickinson, Stacey Ellery, Zoe Ireland, Domenic LaRosa, Rodney Snow and David W Walker
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:150
  39. Most studies examining determinants of rising rates of caesarean section have examined patterns in documented reasons for caesarean over time in a single location. Further insights could be gleaned from cross-...

    Authors: Samantha J Prosser, Yvette D Miller, Rachel Thompson and Maggie Redshaw
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:149
  40. Obesity during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes for the offspring and mother. Lifestyle interventions in pregnancy such as antenatal exercise, are proposed to improve both short- and long-term hea...

    Authors: Sumudu N Seneviratne, Graham K Parry, Lesley ME McCowan, Alec Ekeroma, Yannan Jiang, Silmara Gusso, Geovana Peres, Raquel O Rodrigues, Susan Craigie, Wayne S Cutfield and Paul L Hofman
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:148
  41. In obstetrics, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness studies often present several specific outcomes with likely contradicting results and may not reflect what is important for women. A birth-specific outcome m...

    Authors: Fania R Gärtner, Liv M Freeman, Marlies E Rijnders, Johanna M Middeldorp, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Anne M Stiggelbout and M Elske van den Akker-van Marle
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:147
  42. Air pollution is a major health challenge worldwide and has previously been strongly associated with adverse reproductive health. This study aimed to examine the association between spontaneous abortion and se...

    Authors: Davaasambuu Enkhmaa, Nicole Warburton, Badrakh Javzandulam, Jadambajav Uyanga, Yarinpil Khishigsuren, Sereeter Lodoysamba, Shonkuuz Enkhtur and David Warburton
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:146
  43. Coordination between the autonomous professional groups in midwifery and obstetrics is a key debate in the Netherlands. At the same time, it remains unclear what the current coordination challenges are.

    Authors: Vera LN Schölmerich, Anke G Posthumus, Halleh Ghorashi, Adja JM Waelput, Peter Groenewegen and Semiha Denktaş
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:145
  44. Geophagy, a form of pica, is the deliberate consumption of soil and is relatively common across Sub-Saharan Africa. In Tanzania, pregnant women commonly eat soil sticks sold in the market (pemba), soil from walls...

    Authors: Elias C Nyanza, Mary Joseph, Shahirose S Premji, Deborah SK Thomas and Cynthia Mannion
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:144
  45. Childbirth assistance in highly technological settings and existing variability in the interventions performed are cause for concern. In recent years, numerous recommendations have been made concerning the imp...

    Authors: Ramón Escuriet, María Pueyo, Herminia Biescas, Cristina Colls, Isabel Espiga, Joanna White, Xavi Espada, Josep Fusté and Vicente Ortún
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:143
  46. The triple risk model for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been useful in understanding its pathogenesis. Risk factors for late stillbirth are well established, especially relating to maternal and fetal...

    Authors: Jane Warland and Edwin A Mitchell
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:142
  47. Several European countries report differences in risk of maternal mortality between immigrants from low- and middle-income countries and host country women. The present study identified suboptimal factors rela...

    Authors: Annika Esscher, Pauline Binder-Finnema, Birgit Bødker, Ulf Högberg, Ajlana Mulic-Lutvica and Birgitta Essén
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:141
  48. Contemporary obstetrics in sub-Saharan Africa is yet to meet the analgesic needs of most women during child birth for a satisfactory birth experience and expectedly, obstetricians have a major role to play in ...

    Authors: Lucky O Lawani, Justus N Eze, Okechukwu B Anozie, Chukwuemeka A Iyoke and Nduka N Ekem
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:140
  49. Reliable, timely information is the foundation of decision making for functioning health systems; the quality of decision making rests on quality data. Routine monitoring, reporting, and review of cesarean sec...

    Authors: Evelyn Landry, Celia Pett, Renee Fiorentino, Joseph Ruminjo and Cristina Mattison
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:139
  50. Maternal obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may independently influence offspring fat mass and metabolic disease susceptibility. In this pilot study, body composition and fat distribution in offsp...

    Authors: Kirsten Uebel, Karina Pusch, Kurt Gedrich, Karl-Theo M Schneider, Hans Hauner and Bernhard L Bader
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:138

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