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  1. Birth preparedness and complication readiness is the process of planning for normal birth and anticipating the actions needed in case of an emergency. It is also a strategy to promote the timely use of skilled...

    Authors: Desalegn Markos and Daniel Bogale
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:282
  2. The partograph is a graphic display of the progress of labour, recommended by the World Health Organization, but often underused in practice in low- and middle-income countries. We were interested in going bey...

    Authors: Elizabeth Ollerhead and David Osrin
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:281
  3. Audits provide a rational framework for quality improvement by systematically assessing clinical practices against accepted standards with the aim to develop recommendations and interventions that target modif...

    Authors: Hasan S Merali, Stuart Lipsitz, Nathanael Hevelone, Atul A Gawande, Angela Lashoher, Priya Agrawal and Jonathan Spector
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:280
  4. Availability of skilled care at birth remains a major problem in most developing countries. In an effort to increase access to skilled birth attendance, the Kenyan government implemented the community midwifer...

    Authors: Margaret Titty Mannah, Charlotte Warren, Shiphrah Kuria and Adetoro A Adegoke
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:279
  5. Pre-eclampsia remains a dominant cause of maternal and fetal mortality in developed countries. In a previous prospective study we identified a fall in the VEGF-A isoform VEGF-A165b in the plasma of patients in th...

    Authors: Victoria L Bills, Maryam Hamdollah-Zadeh, Peter W Soothill, Steven J Harper and David O Bates
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:278
  6. Assessment of quality of life after childbirth is an important health-outcome measurement for new mothers and is of special interest in midwifery. The Mother-Generated Index (MGI) is a validated instrument to ...

    Authors: Susanne Grylka-Baeschlin, Edwin van Teijlingen and Mechthild M Gross
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:277
  7. Trials of interventions for PPH prevention and treatment rely on different measurement methods for the quantification of blood loss and identification of PPH. This study’s objective was to compare measures of ...

    Authors: Shubha Ambardekar, Tara Shochet, Hillary Bracken, Kurus Coyaji and Beverly Winikoff
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:276
  8. Childbirth fear is reported to affect around 20% of women. However reporting on levels of symptom severity vary. Unlike Scandinavian countries, there has been limited focus on childbirth fear in Australia. The...

    Authors: Jocelyn Toohill, Jennifer Fenwick, Jenny Gamble and Debra K Creedy
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:275
  9. Parents with past and current eating disorders (ED) have been shown to report troubles nourishing their infants. This could increase the risk of infant feeding problems linked to maternal anxiety and depressio...

    Authors: Claire Squires, Christophe Lalanne, Nasha Murday, Vassiliki Simoglou and Laurence Vaivre-Douret
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:274
  10. Women in pregnancy and postpartum have an increased vulnerability to develop an affective disorder. Affective disorders in pregnancy are associated with an increased risk of prematurity, dysmaturity (foetal we...

    Authors: Hanna M Heller, Annemieke van Straten, Christianne JM de Groot and Adriaan Honig
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:273
  11. The Multiple Courses of Antenatal Corticosteroids for Preterm Birth Study (MACS) showed no benefit in the reduction of major neonatal mortality/morbidity or neurodevelopment at 2 and 5 years of age. Using the dat...

    Authors: Elizabeth Asztalos, Andrew Willan, Kellie Murphy, Stephen Matthews, Arne Ohlsson, Saroj Saigal, Anthony Armson, Edmond Kelly, Marie-France Delisle, Amiram Gafni, Shoo Lee, Renee Sananes, Joanne Rovet, Patricia Guselle and Kofi Amankwah
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:272
  12. The length of time between two successive live births (birth interval), is associated with child survival in the developing world. Short birth intervals (<24 months) contribute to infant and child mortality ri...

    Authors: Tobias F Chirwa, Jocelyn N Mantempa, Felly Lukumu Kinziunga, Joseph D Kandala and Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:271
  13. After the launch of Janani Suraksha Yojana, a conditional cash transfer scheme in India, the proportion of women giving birth in institutions has rapidly increased. However, there are important gaps in quality...

    Authors: Kirti Iyengar, Motilal Jain, Sunil Thomas, Kalpana Dashora, William Liu, Paramsukh Saini, Rajesh Dattatreya, Indrani Parker and Sharad Iyengar
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:270
  14. Male involvement in various health practices is recognized as an important factor in improving maternal and child health outcomes. Male involvement interventions involve men in a variety of ways, at varying le...

    Authors: Mari Dumbaugh, Charlotte Tawiah-Agyemang, Alexander Manu, Guus HA ten Asbroek, Betty Kirkwood and Zelee Hill
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:269
  15. Interventions to reduce maternal mortality have focused on delivery in facilities, yet in many low-resource settings rates of facility-based birth have remained persistently low. In Tanzania, rates of facility...

    Authors: Shannon A McMahon, Asha S George, Joy J Chebet, Idda H Mosha, Rose NM Mpembeni and Peter J Winch
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:268
  16. Hypothermia contributes to neonatal morbidity and mortality in low-income countries, yet little is known about thermal care practices in rural African settings. We assessed adoption and community acceptability...

    Authors: Donat Shamba, Joanna Schellenberg, Zoe Jane-Lara Hildon, Irene Mashasi, Suzanne Penfold, Marcel Tanner, Tanya Marchant and Zelee Hill
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:267
  17. Over the last decades there has been a reduction of social inequalities in Brazil, as well as a strong expansion of health services, including prenatal care. The objective of the present study was to estimate ...

    Authors: Ariane Cristina Ferreira Bernardes, Raimundo Antonio da Silva, Liberata Campos Coimbra, Maria Teresa Seabra Soares de Britto Alves, Rejane Christine de Sousa Queiroz, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista, Heloisa Bettiol, Marco Antônio Barbieri and Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:266
  18. Skilled attendance at delivery is recognized as one of the most important factors in preventing maternal death. However, more than 50% of births in Kenya still occur in non-institutional locations supported by...

    Authors: Yoshito Kawakatsu, Tomohiko Sugishita, Kennedy Oruenjo, Steve Wakhule, Kennedy Kibosia, Eric Were and Sumihisa Honda
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:265
  19. Two prenatal screening tests for congenital anomalies are offered to all pregnant women in the Netherlands on an opt-in basis: the Combined Test (CT) for Down syndrome at twelve weeks, and the Fetal Anomaly Sc...

    Authors: Janneke T Gitsels - van der Wal, Pieternel S Verhoeven, Judith Manniën, Linda Martin, Hans S Reinders, Evelien Spelten and Eileen K Hutton
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:264
  20. The aim of the study was to explore the degree of psychological distress, anxiety, and trauma related stress reactions in mothers who experience preterm birth. Secondarily, we wanted to identify possible predi...

    Authors: Aud R Misund, Per Nerdrum and Trond H Diseth
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:263
  21. Exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) is the practice of feeding only breast milk (including expressed breast milk) during the first six months and no other liquids and solid foods except medications. The time to ces...

    Authors: Tebikew Yeneabat, Tefera Belachew and Muluneh Haile
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:262
  22. Unintended pregnancies may carry serious consequences for women and their families, including the possibility of unsafe abortion, delayed prenatal care, poor maternal mental health and poor child health outcom...

    Authors: Sebastian Eliason, Frank Baiden, Barbara A Yankey and Kofi Awusabo–Asare
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:261
  23. Limited information is available concerning investigating the separate effect of teenage childbirth on medical issues in the antenatal and perinatal periods. Therefore, this study aimed to assess medical probl...

    Authors: Chun-Che Huang, Yung-Chieh Lin, Yu-Tung Huang and Kuang-Hua Huang
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:260
  24. Skilled attendance at delivery is critical in prevention of maternal deaths. However, many women in low- and middle-income countries still deliver without skilled assistance. This study was carried out to iden...

    Authors: Calistus Wilunda, Gianluca Quaglio, Giovanni Putoto, Peter Lochoro, Giovanni Dall’Oglio, Fabio Manenti, Andrea Atzori, Rose Miligan Lochiam, Risa Takahashi, Aline Mukundwa and Koyejo Oyerinde
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:259
  25. The occurrence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) has increased in most high-income countries during the past twenty years. The consequences of these injuries can be devastating for women and have an...

    Authors: Malin Edqvist, Helena Lindgren and Ingela Lundgren
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:258
  26. There are limited data on the impact of cesarean section delivery on HIV-1 infected women in Sub-Saharan Africa. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of mode of delivery on HIV-1 disease progress...

    Authors: Jennifer A Unger, Barbra A Richardson, Phelgona A Otieno, Carey Farquhar, Dalton Wamalwa and Grace C John-Stewart
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:257
  27. Birth weight reflects gestational conditions and development during the fetal period. Low birth weight (LBW) may be associated with antenatal care (ANC) adequacy and quality. The purpose of this study was to a...

    Authors: Cátia Regina Branco da Fonseca, Maria Wany Louzada Strufaldi, Lídia Raquel de Carvalho and Rosana Fiorini Puccini
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:255
  28. The birth of a first child is an important event in a woman’s life. Delivery psychological impacts vary depending on whether delivery has been positively or negatively experienced. Delivery experience determin...

    Authors: Marie-Julia Guittier, Christine Cedraschi, Nasir Jamei, Michel Boulvain and Francis Guillemin
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:254
  29. Promotion of healthy pregnancies has gained high priority in the Netherlands because of the relatively unfavourable perinatal health outcomes. In response a nationwide study Healthy Pregnancy 4 All was initiat...

    Authors: Semiha Denktaş, Jashvant Poeran, Sabine F van Voorst, Amber A Vos, Lieke C de Jong-Potjer, Adja JM Waelput, Erwin Birnie, Gouke J Bonsel and Eric AP Steegers
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:253
  30. Indications for the ex utero intrapartum therapy (EXIT) procedure have evolved and nowadays in addition to secure the airway, obtain vascular access, administer surfactant and other resuscitation medications, ...

    Authors: Lutgardo García-Díaz, Juan Carlos de Agustín, Antonio Ontanilla, Maria Luisa Marenco, Antonio Pavón, Antonio Losada and Guillermo Antiñolo
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:252
  31. Persistent disparities in pregnancy and birth outcomes between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and other Australians evidence a need to prioritise responsive practice in Maternal Child Health (MCH). This...

    Authors: Crystal Jongen, Janya McCalman, Roxanne Bainbridge and Komla Tsey
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:251
  32. Obesity is a public health problem and is increasing in all populations, including pregnant women. It influences maternal and neonatal outcomes; however, data are scarce in developing countries. We aimed to co...

    Authors: Ana Carolina S Calderon, Silvana M Quintana, Alessandra C Marcolin, Aderson T Berezowski, Luiz Gustavo O Brito, Geraldo Duarte and Ricardo C Cavalli
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:249
  33. Improving the quality of care women receive during childbirth is as important as ensuring increased availability of care and numbers of healthcare providers. To be able to improve quality of care, it is import...

    Authors: Elizabeth O’Donnell, Bettina Utz, Diana Khonje and Nynke van den Broek
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:248
  34. HIV-positive mothers are likely to exclusively breastfeed if they perceive exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) beneficial to them and their infants. Nevertheless, very little is known in Malawi about HIV-positive mo...

    Authors: Ursula K Kafulafula, Mary K Hutchinson, Susan Gennaro and Sally Guttmacher
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:247
  35. Despite Australian guidelines advising abstinence from alcohol during pregnancy, a relatively high number of Australian women continue to drink alcohol while pregnant. While some call for greater advocacy of t...

    Authors: Carla S Meurk, Alex Broom, Jon Adams, Wayne Hall and Jayne Lucke
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:246
  36. Previous studies have investigated the impact of occupational risk factors on health outcomes among physicians. However, few studies have investigated the effects on pregnancy outcomes among physicians. In thi...

    Authors: Masumi Takeuchi, Mahbubur Rahman, Aya Ishiguro and Kyoko Nomura
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:245
  37. The maternal near-miss (MNM) concept has been developed to assess life-threatening conditions during pregnancy, childhood, and puerperium. In recent years, caesarean section (CS) rates have increased rapidly i...

    Authors: Helena Litorp, Hussein L Kidanto, Mattias Rööst, Muzdalifat Abeid, Lennarth Nyström and Birgitta Essén
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:244
  38. Each year almost 3 million newborns die within the first 28 days of life, 2.6 million babies are stillborn, and 287,000 women die from complications of pregnancy and childbirth worldwide. Effective and cost-ef...

    Authors: Lindsay Mangham-Jefferies, Catherine Pitt, Simon Cousens, Anne Mills and Joanna Schellenberg
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:243

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:64

  39. Psychiatric disorders are equally common during pregnancy as among non-pregnant women, and many of these conditions are treated with psychotropic medicines. Relatively little is known about patterns of use of ...

    Authors: Gillian E Hanley and Barbara Mintzes
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:242
  40. Elucidation of the biochemical pathways involved in activation of preterm and term human labour would facilitate the development of effective management and inform judgements regarding the necessity for preter...

    Authors: Robert J Phillips, Michel A Fortier and Andrés López Bernal
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:241
  41. With a view to improve neonatal survival, data on birth outcomes are critical for planning maternal and child health care services. We present information on neonatal survival from Ifakara Health and Demograph...

    Authors: Majige Selemani, Mathew A Mwanyangala, Sigilbert Mrema, Amri Shamte, Dan Kajungu, Abdallah Mkopi, Michael Johnson Mahande and Rose Nathan
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:240
  42. The reduction of the preterm delivery (PTD) rate is a maternal and child health target. Elevated rates have been found among several immigrant groups, but few studies have distinguished between PTD according t...

    Authors: Ingvil K Sørbye, Anne K Daltveit, Johanne Sundby and Siri Vangen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:239
  43. Despite the efforts to decrease the rate of preterm birth, preterm delivery is still the main cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Identifying patients threatened with preterm delivery remains one of the...

    Authors: Slawomir Wozniak, Piotr Czuczwar, Piotr Szkodziak, Pawel Milart, Ewa Wozniakowska and Tomasz Paszkowski
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:238
  44. In the Netherlands, prenatal screening follows an opting in system and comprises two non-invasive tests: the combined test to screen for trisomy 21 at 12 weeks of gestation and the fetal anomaly scan to detect...

    Authors: Janneke T Gitsels–van der Wal, Judith Manniën, Lisanne A Gitsels, Hans S Reinders, Pieternel S Verhoeven, Mohammed M Ghaly, Trudy Klomp and Eileen K Hutton
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:237
  45. Current research into severe perineal trauma (3rd and 4th degree) focuses upon identification of risk factors, preventative practices and methods of repair, with little focus on women’s experiences of, and intera...

    Authors: Holly S Priddis, Virginia Schmied, Christine Kettle, Anne Sneddon and Hannah G Dahlen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:236
  46. Obesity during pregnancy is reported in approximately one in five pregnant women worldwide. It increases the risk of pregnancy complications many of which necessitate Cesarean section (CS). This study determin...

    Authors: Waqar Al-Kubaisy, Mazin Al-Rubaey, Redhwan A Al-Naggar, Ban Karim and Nor Aini Mohd Noor
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:235
  47. Although disabled women are significantly more likely to experience domestic abuse during pregnancy than non-disabled women, very little is known about how maternity care access and utilisation is affected by ...

    Authors: Jenna P Breckenridge, John Devaney, Thilo Kroll, Anne Lazenbatt, Julie Taylor and Caroline Bradbury-Jones
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:234
  48. All sonomarkers used to screen for fetal hemoglobin (Hb) Bart’s disease need high expertise, preventing them from being widely used. Fetal cardiac diameter to biparietal diameter (C/B) ratio is a simple marker...

    Authors: Nopamas Thathan, Kuntharee Traisrisilp, Suchaya Luewan, Kasemsri Srisupundit, Fuanglada Tongprasert and Theera Tongsong
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:230

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