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  1. This paper reports the findings of a study of how midwifery students responded to a simulated post partum haemorrhage (PPH). Internationally, 25% of maternal deaths are attributed to severe haemorrhage. Althou...

    Authors: Julie Scholes, Ruth Endacott, MaryAnne Biro, Bree Bulle, Simon Cooper, Maureen Miles, Carole Gilmour, Penny Buykx, Leigh Kinsman, Rosemarie Boland, Jan Jones and Fawzia Zaidi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:19

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The concept of continuum of care has recently been highlighted as a core principle of maternal, newborn and child health initiatives, and as a means to save lives. However, evidence has consistently revealed that...

    Authors: Rose Nathan and Mathew Alexander Mwanyangala

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:18

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Pregnant women in Canada have traditionally received prenatal care individually from their physicians, with some women attending prenatal education classes. Group prenatal care is a departure from these practi...

    Authors: Deborah A McNeil, Monica Vekved, Siobhan M Dolan, Jodi Siever, Sarah Horn and Suzanne C Tough

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:17

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Early and frequent antenatal care attendance during pregnancy is important to identify and mitigate risk factors in pregnancy and to encourage women to have a skilled attendant at childbirth. However, many pre...

    Authors: Karin Gross, Sandra Alba, Tracy R Glass, Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg and Brigit Obrist

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:16

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Identifying every pregnancy, regardless of home or health facility delivery, is crucial to accurately estimating maternal and neonatal mortality. Furthermore, obtaining birth weights and other anthropometric m...

    Authors: Peter Gisore, Evelyn Shipala, Kevin Otieno, Betsy Rono, Irene Marete, Constance Tenge, Hillary Mabeya, Sherri Bucher, Janet Moore, Edward Liechty and Fabian Esamai

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:15

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Increasing appropriate use and documentation of caesarean section (CS) has the potential to decrease maternal and perinatal mortality in settings with low CS rates. We analyzed data collected as part of a comp...

    Authors: Young-Mi Kim, Hannah Tappis, Partamin Zainullah, Nasrat Ansari, Cherrie Evans, Linda Bartlett, Nabila Zaka and Willibald Zeck

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:14

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Preterm birth is the principal factor contributing to adverse outcomes in multiple pregnancies. Randomized controlled trials of progestogens to prevent preterm birth in twin pregnancies have shown no clear ben...

    Authors: Ewoud Schuit, Sarah Stock, Rolf HH Groenwold, Kimberly Maurel, C Andrew Combs, Thomas Garite, Cathy Y Spong, Elizabeth A Thom, Dwight J Rouse, Steve N Caritis, George R Saade, Julia M Zachary, Jane E Norman, Line Rode, Katharina Klein, Ann Tabor…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:13

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Violence by an intimate partner is increasingly recognized as an important public and reproductive health issue. The aim of this study is to investigate the extent to which physical and/or sexual intimate part...

    Authors: Heidi Stöckl, Veronique Filippi, Charlotte Watts and Jessie KK Mbwambo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:12

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Maternal, neonatal and child health outcomes are worse in families from black and ethnic minority groups and disadvantaged backgrounds. There is little evidence on whether lay support improves maternal and inf...

    Authors: Sara Kenyon, Kate Jolly, Karla Hemming, Lucy Ingram, Nicola Gale, Sophie-Anna Dann, Jacky Chambers and Christine MacArthur

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:11

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Under-5 mortality is a major public health challenge in developing countries. It is essential to identify determinants of under-five mortality (U5M) childhood mortality because these will assist in formulating...

    Authors: Gbenga A Kayode, Victor T Adekanmbi and Olalekan A Uthman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:10

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In September 2009, a folic acid fortification mandate (135 μg/100 g bread) was to be implemented in New Zealand. However, due to political and manufacturer objection, fortification was deferred until May 2012....

    Authors: Simonette R Mallard, Andrew R Gray and Lisa A Houghton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:8

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare but severe complication of pregnancy. A recent systematic review highlighted apparent differences in the incidence, with studies estimating the incidence of AFE to be mo...

    Authors: Marian Knight, Cynthia Berg, Peter Brocklehurst, Michael Kramer, Gwyneth Lewis, Jeremy Oats, Christine L Roberts, Catherine Spong, Elizabeth Sullivan, Jos van Roosmalen and Joost Zwart

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:7

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Sub-Saharan Africa. Total Fertility Rate of Ethiopia is 5.4 children per women, population growth rate is estimated to be 2.7% per year and contraceptive prevale...

    Authors: Mussie Alemayehu, Tefera Belachew and Tizta Tilahun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:6

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Program coverage is likely to be an important determinant of the effectiveness of community interventions to reduce neonatal mortality. Rigorous examination and documentation of methods to scale-up interventio...

    Authors: Tasmin Nahar, Kishwar Azad, Bedowra Haq Aumon, Layla Younes, Sanjit Shaha, Abdul Kuddus, Audrey Prost, Tanja AJ Houweling, Anthony Costello and Edward Fottrell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:5

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The fifth Millennium Development Goal target for 90% of births in low and middle income countries to have a skilled birth attendant (SBA) by 2015 will not be met. In response to this, policy has focused on inc...

    Authors: Sonya Crowe, Martin Utley, Anthony Costello and Christina Pagel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:4

    Content type: Research article

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  16. As the rate of Caesarean sections (CS) continues to rise in Western countries, it is important to analyze the reasons for this trend and to unravel the underlying motives to perform CS. This research aims to a...

    Authors: Ilse Delbaere, Hendrik Cammu, Evelyne Martens, Inge Tency, Guy Martens and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:3

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Drug use during pregnancy is difficult to ascertain, and maternal reports are likely to be inaccurate. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of illicit drug use among pregnant women by using mat...

    Authors: Xavier Joya, Mario Gomez-Culebras, Alicia Callejón, Bibiana Friguls, Carme Puig, Sandra Ortigosa, Luca Morini, Oscar Garcia-Algar and Oriol Vall

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:2

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Healthy infants typically regain their birth weight by 21 days of age; however, failure to do so may be due to medical, nutritional or environmental factors. Globally, the incidence of low birth weight deliver...

    Authors: Flavia B Namiiro, Jamiir Mugalu, Ryan M McAdams and Grace Ndeezi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:1

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Diabetes in pregnancy, which includes gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), is associated with poor outcomes for both mother and infant during pregnancy, at birth and in the ...

    Authors: Catherine Chamberlain, Daniel Yore, Hang Li, Emily Williams, Brian Oldenburg, Jeremy Oats, Bridgette McNamara and Sandra Eades

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:104

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Pregnancy and childbirth are associated with weight gain in women, and retention of weight gained during pregnancy can lead to obesity in later life. Diet and physical activity are factors that can influence t...

    Authors: Masumeh S Maturi, Pourandokht Afshary and Parvin Abedi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:103

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The maternal mortality ratio in Sudan was estimated at 750/100,000 live births. Sudan was one of eleven countries that are responsible for 65% of global maternal deaths according to a recent World Health Organ...

    Authors: Abdalla A Mohammed, Mahgoub H Elnour, Eltayeb E Mohammed, Samah A Ahmed and Ahmed I Abdelfattah

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:102

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Carbon monoxide (CO) is produced endogenously, and can also be acquired from many exogenous sources: ie. cigarette smoking, automobile exhaust. Although toxic at high levels, low level production or exposure l...

    Authors: Carolina C Venditti, Richard Casselman and Graeme N Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:101

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Facilitating the provision of appropriate health care for immigrant and Aboriginal populations in Canada is critical for maximizing health potential and well-being. Numerous reports describe heightened risks o...

    Authors: Gina MA Higginbottom, Helen Vallianatos, Joan Forgeron, Donna Gibbons, Rebecca Malhi and Fabiana Mamede

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:100

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. The practice of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is life saving in babies weighing less than 2000 g. Little is known about mothers' continued unsupervised practice after discharge from hospitals. This study aimed to...

    Authors: Samuel B Nguah, Priscilla NL Wobil, Regina Obeng, Ayi Yakubu, Kate J Kerber, Joy E Lawn and Gyikua Plange-Rhule

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:99

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In Tanzania, and many sub-Saharan African countries, postpartum health programs have received less attention compared to other maternity care programs and therefore new parents rely on informal support. Knowle...

    Authors: Columba K Mbekenga, Andrea B Pembe, Kyllike Christensson, Elisabeth Darj and Pia Olsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:98

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Knowledge on how well we can predict primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) can help policy makers and health providers design current delivery protocols and PPH case management. The purpose of this paper is to i...

    Authors: Ndola Prata, Sabry Hamza, Suzanne Bell, Deborah Karasek, Farnaz Vahidnia and Martine Holston

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:97

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Overweight and obesity are associated with increased risk for pregnancy complications. Knowledge about increased risks in overweight and obese women could contribute to successful prevention strategies and the...

    Authors: Marloes Dekker Nitert, Katie F Foxcroft, Karin Lust, Narelle Fagermo, Debbie A Lawlor, Michael O'Callaghan, H David Mcintyre and Leonie K Callaway

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:96

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Objective: To compare the risk of placenta previa at second birth among women who had a cesarean section (CS) at first birth with women who delivered vaginally.

    Authors: Ipek Gurol-Urganci, David A Cromwell, Leroy C Edozien, Gordon CS Smith, Chidimma Onwere, Tahir A Mahmood, Allan Templeton and Jan H van der Meulen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:95

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Although clinical audit is an important instrument for quality care improvement, the concept has not yet been adequately taken on board in rural settings in most resource limited countries where the problem of...

    Authors: Angelo S Nyamtema, Alise Bartsch de Jong, David P Urassa and Jos van Roosmalen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:94

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Decision-making can be based on treatment preferences of the patient, the doctor, or by guidelines based on lay people's preferences. We compared valuations assigned by three groups: patients, obstetrical care...

    Authors: Denise Bijlenga, Erwin Birnie, Ben WJ Mol and Gouke J Bonsel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:93

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Gestational diabetes related morbidity increases along the continuum of the glycemic spectrum. Perinatal mortality, as a complication of gestational diabetes, has been little investigated. In early studies, an...

    Authors: Eliana M Wendland, Bruce B Duncan, Sotero S Mengue and Maria I Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:92

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Smoking paradoxically increases the risk of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth but protects against preeclampsia. Some studies have reported a "U-shaped" distribution of fetal growth in preeclamptic pregnan...

    Authors: Susan R Kahn, Nisha D Almeida, Helen McNamara, Gideon Koren, Jacques Genest Jr, Mourad Dahhou, Robert W Platt and Michael S Kramer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:91

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Maternal mental illness is likely to have a profound impact in less developed parts of the world. A mother experiencing mental illness in a low income setting is at risk of providing sub-optimal care for her o...

    Authors: Bola Ola, Jim Crabb, Adetokunbo Tayo, Selena H Gleadow Ware, Arup Dhar and Rajeev Krishnadas

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:90

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene (NOS3) has been proposed as a candidate gene for preeclampsia. However, studies so far have produced conflicting results. This study examines the specific role of varian...

    Authors: Nikos Zdoukopoulos, Chrysa Doxani, Ioannis E Messinis, Ioannis Stefanidis and Elias Zintzaras

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:89

    Content type: Research article

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  35. High rates of antenatal depression and preterm birth have been reported in Pakistan. Self reported maternal stress and depression have been associated with preterm birth; however findings are inconsistent. Cor...

    Authors: Kiran Shaikh, Shahirose S Premji, Marianne S Rose, Ambreen Kazi, Shaneela Khowaja and Suzanne Tough

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:88

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Toxicants can cross the placenta and expose the developing fetus to chemical contamination leading to possible adverse health effects, by potentially inducing alterations in immune competence. Our aim was to i...

    Authors: Nour Baïz, Rémy Slama, Marie-Christine Béné, Marie-Aline Charles, Marie-Nathalie Kolopp-Sarda, Antoine Magnan, Olivier Thiebaugeorges, Gilbert Faure and Isabella Annesi-Maesano

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:87

    Content type: Research article

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  37. No midwifery-led units existed in Ireland before 2004. The aim of this study was to compare midwife-led (MLU) versus consultant-led (CLU) care for healthy, pregnant women without risk factors for labour and de...

    Authors: Cecily Begley, Declan Devane, Mike Clarke, Colette McCann, Patricia Hughes, Mary Reilly, Roisin Maguire, Shane Higgins, Alan Finan, Siobhan Gormally and Miriam Doyle

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:85

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Rates of labour induction are increasing. We conducted this systematic review to assess the evidence supporting use of each method of labour induction.

    Authors: Ellen L Mozurkewich, Julie L Chilimigras, Deborah R Berman, Uma C Perni, Vivian C Romero, Valerie J King and Kristie L Keeton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:84

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The foetal effects of occupational exposure to organic solvents in pregnancy are still unclear. Our aim was to study the risk of non-chromosomal congenital anomalies at birth in a well-defined population of si...

    Authors: Arild Vaktskjold, Ljudmila V Talykova and Evert Nieboer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:83

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Australia has an enviable record of safety for women in childbirth. There is nevertheless growing concern at the increasing level of intervention and consequent morbidity amongst childbearing women. Not only d...

    Authors: Sally K Tracy, Donna Hartz, Bev Hall, Jyai Allen, Amanda Forti, Anne Lainchbury, Jan White, Alec Welsh, Mark Tracy and Sue Kildea

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:82

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Excessive weight gain during pregnancy and subsequent postpartum weight retention may contribute to the epidemic of obesity among women of childbearing age. Preventing excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) t...

    Authors: Ida Tanentsapf, Berit L Heitmann and Amanda RA Adegboye

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:81

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Pregnant women with high levels of stress, depression and/or anxiety are at increased risk for adverse perinatal outcomes and impaired neurologic and emotional development of the offspring. Pregnancy specific ...

    Authors: Victor JM Pop, Antoinette M Pommer, Monica Pop-Purceleanu, Hennie AA Wijnen, Veerle Bergink and Frans Pouwer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:80

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Obesity is a significant global health problem, with the proportion of women entering pregnancy with a body mass index greater than or equal to 25 kg/m2 approaching 50%. Obesity during pregnancy is associated wit...

    Authors: Jodie M Dodd, Deborah A Turnbull, Andrew J McPhee, Gary Wittert, Caroline A Crowther and Jeffrey S Robinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:79

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. Women with a short cervical length in mid-trimester pregnancy have a higher risk of preterm birth and therefore a higher rate of neonatal mortality and morbidity. Progesterone can potentially decrease the numb...

    Authors: Melanie A van Os, Jeanine A van der Ven, C Emily Kleinrouweler, Eva Pajkrt, Esteriek de Miranda, Aleid van Wassenaer, Martina Porath, Patrick M Bossuyt, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Christine Willekes, Mallory Woiski, Martijn A Oudijk, Katia M Bilardo, Marko J Sikkema, Johannes J Duvekot, Diederik Veersema…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:77

    Content type: Study protocol

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  45. As maternal deaths have decreased worldwide, increasing attention has been placed on the study of severe obstetric complications, such as hemorrhage, eclampsia, and obstructed labor, to identify where improvem...

    Authors: Shegufta S Sikder, Alain B Labrique, Barkat Ullah, Hasmot Ali, Mahbubur Rashid, Sucheta Mehra, Nusrat Jahan, Abu A Shamim, Keith P West and Parul Christian

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:76

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Obstetric fistula is a physically and socially disabling obstetric complication that affects about 3,000 women in Tanzania every year. The fistula, an opening that forms between the vagina and the bladder and/...

    Authors: Lilian T Mselle, Thecla W Kohi, Abu Mvungi, Bjørg Evjen-Olsen and Karen Marie Moland

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:75

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The most common indication for cesarean section (CS) in nulliparous women is dystocia secondary to ineffective myometrial contractility. The aim of this study was to identify a molecular profile in myometrium ...

    Authors: Donal J Brennan, Sharon F McGee, Elton Rexhepaj, Darran P O'Connor, Michael Robson and Colm O'Herlihy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:74

    Content type: Research article

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