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  1. There is no definitive evidence about the suitable timing to transfer blastocysts formed and cryopreserved on day 6 (D6 blastocysts) in frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles. This study aimed to investiga...

    Authors: Huiling Xu, Shumin Qiu, Xiaojing Chen, Suqin Zhu, Yan Sun and Beihong Zheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:519

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The maternity care system in the Netherlands is well known for its support of community-based midwifery. However, regular midwifery practices typically do not offer caseload midwifery care – one-to-one continu...

    Authors: Pien Offerhaus, Suze Jans, Chantal Hukkelhoven, Raymond de Vries and Marianne Nieuwenhuijze

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:517

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In recent years it has become clear that fetal anomalies can already be detected at the end of the first trimester of pregnancy by two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound. This is why increasingly in developed countri...

    Authors: C. S. Pietersma, A. G. M. G. J. Mulders, L. M. Moolenaar, M. G. M. Hunink, A. H. J. Koning, S. P. Willemsen, A. T. J. I. Go, E. A. P. Steegers and M. Rousian

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:515

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Skilled attendance at delivery is a key marker for reducing maternal mortality. Effective community engagement strategies complemented by community health worker (CHW) services can improve access to maternal h...

    Authors: Anbrasi Edward, Aparna Krishnan, Grace Ettyang, Younghee Jung, Henry B. Perry, Annette E. Ghee and Jane Chege

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:514

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Good quality antenatal care visits are crucial to reduce maternal mortality and improve overall maternal and neonatal health outcomes. A previous study on antenatal care visits analyzed the nationally represen...

    Authors: Mukesh Adhikari, Binaya Chalise, Bihungum Bista, Achyut Raj Pandey and Dipak Prasad Upadhyaya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:513

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Metformin use in pregnancy is controversial because metformin crosses the placenta and the safety on the fetus has not been well-established. This retrospective study aimed to compare pregnancy outcomes in wom...

    Authors: Shu-Fu Lin, Shang-Hung Chang, Chang-Fu Kuo, Wan-Ting Lin, Meng-Jiun Chiou and Yu-Tung Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:512

    Content type: Research article

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  7. It has been proposed that pregnant women and their fetuses may be particularly at risk for poor outcomes due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. From the few case series that are available in the literatur...

    Authors: Louise Ronnje, John-Kalle Länsberg, Olga Vikhareva, Stefan R. Hansson, Andreas Herbst and Mehreen Zaigham

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:511

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Despite the widespread use of oxygen (O2) in intrauterine resuscitation, the obstetric scientists’ understanding of O2 therapy is full of contradictions. We tested the hypothesis that higher maternal arterial par...

    Authors: Yunhai Chuai, Wen Jiang, Xiaobin Xu, Aiming Wang, Yuanqing Yao and Lei Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:510

    Content type: Research article

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  9. In India, preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) remains one of the foremost challenge in community health. Countrywide MTCT of HIV is estimated to be > 10,000 an...

    Authors: Mihir Bhatta, Nalok Dutta, Srijita Nandi, Shanta Dutta and Malay Kumar Saha

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:509

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a rare complication of caesarean delivery and a special type of ectopic pregnancy. Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) is an uncommon complication of pregnancy. Early di...

    Authors: Lin-yu Zhou, Xiao-dan Zhu, Jian Jiang and Tian-an Jiang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:508

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Despite ample clinical evidence that gaining excess weight in pregnancy results in negative health outcomes for women and infants, more than half of women in Western industrialized nations gain in excess of na...

    Authors: Meredith Vanstone, Marina Sadik, Sherry Van Blyderveen, Anne Biringer, Wendy Sword, Louis Schmidt and Sarah D. Mcdonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:507

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Creatine (Cr), an amino acid derivative, is one of the most important sources of energy acting as both a spatial and temporal energy buffer through its phosphorylated analogue phosphocreatine (PCr) and creatin...

    Authors: Maria Grazia Alessandrì, Francesca Strigini, Giovanni Cioni and Roberta Battini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:506

    Content type: Case report

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  13. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends early initiation of breastfeeding within 1 h as it confers many benefits to the child and prevents neonatal mortality. This study aimed to determine the prevalenc...

    Authors: Frank Kiwango, Innocent B. Mboya, Beatrice John, Tamara Hashim, Sia E. Msuya and Melina Mgongo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:505

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Preconception care has the potential to reduce maternal and child morbidities and mortalities. It is a window of opportunity to timely alter or eliminate risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, d...

    Authors: Firanbon Teshome, Yohannes Kebede, Fira Abamecha and Zewdie Birhanu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:504

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 5 prioritizes women’s empowerment and gender equality, alone and as drivers of other SDGs. Efforts to validate universal measures of women’s empowerment have eclipsed efforts...

    Authors: Kathryn M. Yount, Laurie James-Hawkins and Hanan F. Abdul Rahim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:503

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Maternal obesity has severe physical impacts such as increased chances of pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes. However, mental health impacts are given less attention within antenatal care. Evidence suggest...

    Authors: Nafisa Insan, Emma Slack, Nicola Heslehurst and Judith Rankin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:502

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Travel time and healthcare financing are critical determinants of the provision of quality maternal health care in low resource settings. Despite the availability of pregnancy-related mHealth and smart travel ...

    Authors: Zibusiso Nyati-Jokomo, Israel Mbekezeli Dabengwa, Liberty Makacha, Newton Nyapwere, Yolisa Prudence Dube, Laurine Chikoko, Marianne Vidler and Prestige Tatenda Makanga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:501

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Skilled birth care during childbirth is reported in the literature as one critical strategy for reducing maternal morbidity and mortality. Despite the importance of birth care provided by skilled birth attenda...

    Authors: Peter Adatara, Johanita Strumpher and Esmeralda Ricks

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:500

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Weight stigma is a societal phenomenon that is very prevalent in healthcare, precipitating poor patient-provider relationships, discontinuity of care, and delayed cancer screening. Little research, though, has...

    Authors: Angela C. Incollingo Rodriguez, Stephanie M. Smieszek, Kathryn E. Nippert and A. Janet Tomiyama

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:499

    Content type: Research article

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  20. HIV testing is the cornerstone for HIV care and support services, including Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT). Knowledge of HIV status is associated with better reproductive health choi...

    Authors: Miriam Nakanwagi, Lilian Bulage, Benon Kwesiga, Alex Riolexus Ario, Doreen Agasha Birungi, Ivan Lukabwe, John Bosco Matovu, Geoffrey Taasi, Linda Nabitaka, Shaban Mugerwa and Joshua Musinguzi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:498

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Delivery in a facility with a skilled health provider is considered the most important intervention to reduce maternal and early newborn deaths. Providing care close to people’s homes is an important strategy ...

    Authors: Paul Mubiri, Darious Kajjo, Monica Okuga, Tanya Marchant, Stefan Peterson, Peter Waiswa and Claudia Hanson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:497

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Deferring cord clamping has proven benefits for both term and preterm infants, and recent studies have demonstrated better cardio-respiratory stability if clamping is based on the infant’s physiology, and whet...

    Authors: Elisabeth Sæther, Friedrich Reinhart-Van Gülpen, Christer Jensen, Tor Åge Myklebust and Beate Horsberg Eriksen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:496

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Thrombotic microangiopathy is associated with HELLP syndrome, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, or atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) during pregnancy. Standard laboratory and physical examinations c...

    Authors: Marc Tshilanda, Ulrick Sidney Kanmounye, Céline Tendobi and Freddy Mbuyi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:495

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is a commonly reported maternal morbidity that negatively impacts the well-being of women during pregnancy and extends long term into the post-partum period. The burden of maternal mor...

    Authors: Moges Gashaw, Solomon Gedlu and Balamurugan Janakiraman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:494

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Effective communication is crucial to any doctor-patient consultation, not least in pregnancy where the outcome affects more than one person. While higher levels of patient participation and shared decision ma...

    Authors: Jo Hilder, Maria Stubbe, Lindsay Macdonald, Peter Abels and Anthony C. Dowell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:493

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Ultrasound scanning during the 2nd or the 3rd trimester of pregnancy for fetal size disturbances screening is heavily dependent of the choice of the reference chart. This study aimed to assess the agreement of...

    Authors: Biébo Bihoun, Serge Henri Zango, Maminata Traoré-Coulibaly, Innocent Valea, Raffaella Ravinetto, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden, Umberto D’Alessandro, Halidou Tinto and Annie Robert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:492

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Thyroid autoimmunity (TAI) and subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) have been associated with poor pregnancy and fetal outcomes. However, whether euthyroid women with anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) posit...

    Authors: Ning Yuan, Jianbin Sun, Zhi Li, Sanbao Chai, Xiaomei Zhang and Linong Ji

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:491

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Pregnancy is one of the most important periods of any woman’s life, wherein the support of her relatives, especially her spouse, enables her to tolerate the difficulties with good memories. However, in Iran, t...

    Authors: Nahid Mehran, Sepideh Hajian, Masoumeh Simbar and Hamid Alavi Majd

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:489

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Untreated antenatal depression and anxiety can be associated with short and long term health impacts on the pregnant woman, her infant and the rest of the family. Alternative interventions to those currently a...

    Authors: Hayley A. Bradley, Siobhan A. Campbell, Roger T. Mulder, Jaqueline M. T. Henderson, Lesley Dixon, Joseph M. Boden and Julia J. Rucklidge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:488

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. The prevalence of preterm birth and low birth weight has been increasing slightly in recent years. A few studies have suggested that psychosocial stress during pregnancy may increase risk for these adverse bir...

    Authors: Kari A. Weber, Suzan L. Carmichael, Wei Yang, Sarah C. Tinker and Gary M. Shaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:487

    Content type: Research article

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  31. There is increasing evidence that a history of preeclampsia is an important risk factor for future cardiovascular events. Awareness of this risk could provide opportunities for identification of women at risk,...

    Authors: Tessa E. Dijkhuis, Femke Bloem, Lise A.J. Kusters, Sofie M. Roos, Sanne J. Gordijn, Floor Holvast and Jelmer R. Prins

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:486

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Mood and anxiety issues are the main mental health complaints of women during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Services targeting such women can reduce perinatal complications related to psychiatric diffic...

    Authors: Luisa Caropreso, Sarah Saliba, Lindsay Hasegawa, Jack Lawrence, Caitlin J. Davey and Benicio N. Frey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:485

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) have been associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes, but the evidence on the impact of coexistent PCOS and GDM is rather ...

    Authors: Varun Manoharan and Vincent W. Wong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:484

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Growing numbers of men, trans/masculine, and non-binary people are becoming gestational parents, yet very little is known about experiences of pregnancy loss among this diverse population.

    Authors: Damien W. Riggs, Ruth Pearce, Carla A. Pfeffer, Sally Hines, Francis Ray White and Elisabetta Ruspini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:482

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The world’s understanding of COVID-19 continues to evolve as the scientific community discovers unique presentations of this disease. This case report depicts an unexpected intraoperative coagulopathy during a...

    Authors: Kelly Elizabeth Kinsey, Eric Ganz, Susan Khalil and Lois Brustman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:481

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Social support is generally perceived to facilitate health in postpartum women; however, previous research shows that this is not always true. Social interactions intended to provide support can be perceived a...

    Authors: Sadie Puddister, Ola Ali-Saleh, Michal Cohen-Dar and Orna Baron-Epel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:480

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Hemivertebra deformity, involving one or multiple vertebral bodies, is one of the important causes of congenital scoliosis. Congenital fetal hemivertebrae could be diagnosed by ultrasonography and confirmed by...

    Authors: Tingting Xu, Xiaodong Wang, Haiyan Yu and Fumin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:479

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Medical practice variation in caesarean section rates is the most studied type of practice variation in the field of obstetrics and gynaecology. This has not resulted in increased homogeneity of treatment betw...

    Authors: Maarten D H Vink, Piet J G M de Bekker, Xander Koolman, Maurits W van Tulder, Ralph de Vries, Ben Willem J Mol and Eric J E van der Hijden

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:478

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The Childbirth Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) is a tool designed to assess women’s perceptions about labor and delivery. The aim of this study was to perform the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the...

    Authors: Renata Cristina Martins da Silva Vieira, Cristine Homsi Jorge Ferreira, Ricardo de Carvalho Cavalli, Maiara Lazaretti Rodrigues do Prado, Ana Carolina Sartorato Beleza and Patricia Driusso

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:477

    Content type: Research article

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  40. To date, there is limited evidence on the effect of antenatal exposure to non-organophosphate household pesticides on infant health. Our hypothesis is that antenatal exposure to non-organophosphate household p...

    Authors: Frida Soesanti, Nikmah S. Idris, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Aryono Hendarto, Diederick E. Grobbee and Cuno S. P. M. Uiterwaal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:476

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Birth defects are the main cause of fetal death, infant mortality and morbidity worldwide. However, the etiology of birth defects remains largely unknown. Maternal folate status during periconception plays an ...

    Authors: Mengru Li, Yi Zhang, Xiaotian Chen, Dingmei Wang, Mi Ji, Yuan Jiang, Yalan Dou, Xiaojing Ma, Wei Sheng, Weili Yan and Guoying Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:475

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. The association between gestational weight gain and neonatal body composition has been inconsistent, exposing the need for further research. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether gestational weight gai...

    Authors: Sylvia R. Nehab, Letícia D. Villela, Fernanda V. M. Soares, Andrea D. Abranches, Daniele M. R. Araújo, Leila M. L. da Silva, Yasmin N. V. Amaral, Saint Clair G. Junior, Maria Dalva B. B. Meio and Maria Elisabeth Moreira

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:474

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Mothers’ delivery care satisfaction is one of the indicators to monitor the quality of health care provision. However, there is only limited information in this regard in Ethiopia, particularly in the study ar...

    Authors: Hanna Franco Karoni, Getasew Mulat Bantie, Muluken Azage, Ayele Semachew Kasa, Amare Alamirew Aynie and Gebiyaw Wudie Tsegaye

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:473

    Content type: Research article

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  44. UNICEF and WHO recommend that all children should be exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months of life as breastmilk contains all the nutrients an infant needs during this period. In Malawi, exclusive breas...

    Authors: Yusuf M. Salim and William Stones

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:472

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:530

  45. It is well established that mothers with above-normal pre-pregnancy BMI are at increased risk of breastfeeding cessation; however, the impact of pregnancy weight-gain (PWG) is less well-defined. Excess PWG may...

    Authors: Hayley Martin, Kelly Thevenet-Morrison and Ann Dozier

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:471

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Eating healthy, being physically active and breastfeeding can greatly support a new mother’s physiological and psychological health. However, within the United States, only 8.5% of women are meeting fruit and ...

    Authors: Kailey Snyder, Aja Kneip Pelster and Danae Dinkel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:470

    Content type: Research article

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  47. There is no available evidence for the prevalence of early labour admission to hospital or its association with rates of intervention and clinical outcomes in Australia. The objectives of this study were to: e...

    Authors: Yvette D. Miller, Ashleigh A. Armanasco, Laura McCosker and Rachel Thompson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:469

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Intrapartum respectful maternity care is defined as a fundamental human right that can affect the mother’s experiences. This study aimed to determine the status of respectful maternity care and its relationshi...

    Authors: Khadije Hajizadeh, Maryam Vaezi, Shahla Meedya, Sakineh Mohammad Alizadeh Charandabi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:468

    Content type: Research article

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