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  1. Migrant women are at increased risk for complications related to  pregnancy and childbirth, possibly due to inadequate access and utilisation of healthcare. Recently migrated women are considered a vulnerable ...

    Authors: Sukhjeet Bains, Susanne Skråning, Johanne Sundby, Siri Vangen, Ingvil K. Sørbye and Benedikte V. Lindskog

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:686

    Content type: Research

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  2. Improvement in the prediction and prevention of severe maternal morbidity (SMM) - a range of life-threatening conditions during pregnancy, at delivery or within 42 days postpartum - is a public health priority...

    Authors: Natalie Dayan, Gabriel D. Shapiro, Jin Luo, Jun Guan, Deshayne B. Fell, Carl A. Laskin, Olga Basso, Alison L. Park and Joel G. Ray

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:679

    Content type: Research

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  3. Preeclampsia (PE) is a hypertensive disorder specific to pregnancy that can cause severe maternal-neonatal complications. The International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy revised the PE cri...

    Authors: Masaya Takahashi, Shintaro Makino, Kyoko Oguma, Haruka Imai, Ai Takamizu, Akari Koizumi and Koyo Yoshida

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:678

    Content type: Research

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  4. Previous studies have suggested that maternal stress could increase the risk of some adverse pregnancy outcomes, but evidence on congenital heart disease (CHD) is limited. We aimed to explore the association b...

    Authors: Jing Li, Yujiao Du, Yini Liu, Jiaoyang Du, Ruo Zhang, Pengfei Qu, Hong Yan, Duolao Wang and Shaonong Dang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:677

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Since the emergence of COVID-19, preventative public health measures, including lockdown strategies, were declared in most countries to control viral transmission. Recent studies and anecdotes have reported ch...

    Authors: Christine Vaccaro, Farida Mahmoud, Laila Aboulatta, Basma Aloud and Sherif Eltonsy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:676

    Content type: Research

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  6. Gestational weight gain (GWG) has critical implications for maternal and child health. Inflammation and angiogenesis are implicated in various aspects of maternal metabolism that may play a role in gestational...

    Authors: Dongqing Wang, Anne Marie Darling, Chloe R. McDonald, Nandita Perumal, Enju Liu, Molin Wang, Said Aboud, Willy Urassa, Andrea L. Conroy, Kyla T. Hayford, W. Conrad Liles, Kevin C. Kain and Wafaie W. Fawzi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:675

    Content type: Research

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  7. Severe anaemia after caesarean section adversely affects the woman and the new-born. While prenatal anaemia is extensively studied, the literature on post-caesarean section anaemia is limited and characteristi...

    Authors: Sylvie Atosa Sivahikyako, Asiphas Owaraganise, Leevan Tibaijuka, David Collins Agaba, Musa Kayondo, Joseph Ngonzi, Julius Mugisha and Hamson Kanyesigye

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:674

    Content type: Research

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  8. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the second most frequent infections after respiratory tract infections that affect humans, with over 150 million cases per year. The anatomy of the female urinary tract pred...

    Authors: Innocentia Nji Ngong, Jerome Fru-Cho, Melduine Akom Yung and Jane-Francis Kihla Tatah Akoachere

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:673

    Content type: Research

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  9. Various manoeuvres such as McRoberts position, suprapubic pressure, rotational methods, posterior arm extraction and all-four position (HELPERR) have been proposed for relieving shoulder dystocia with variable...

    Authors: Angel Hoi Wan Kwan, Annie Shuk Yi Hui, Jacqueline Ho Sze Lee and Tak Yeung Leung

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:672

    Content type: Case report

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  10. The aims of this study were to evaluate the time intervals of flow velocity waveforms (FVW) of ductus venosus (DV) and cardiac cycles, as well as the pulsatility index of DV-FVW (DV-PI), in correlation with um...

    Authors: Tomoki Suekane, Daisuke Tachibana, Yasushi Kurihara, Natsuko Yokoi, Naomi Seo, Kohei Kitada, Mie Tahara, Akihiro Hamuro, Takuya Misugi, Akemi Nakano and Masayasu Koyama

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:671

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Coronavirus currently cause a lot of pressure on the health system. Accordingly, many changes occurred in the way of providing health care, including pregnancy and childbirth care. To our knowledge, no studies...

    Authors: Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh, Maryam Bagheri, Marjan Akhavan Amjadi, Maryam Farmahini Farahani and Fedyeh Haghollahi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:670

    Content type: Research

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  12. The neuroimaging manifestations of eclampsia and preeclampsia often overlap, mainly presenting as posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare the...

    Authors: Hui Mai, Zhiyu Liang, Zhanhang Chen, Zhaoran Liu, Yaxi Xu, Xuting Chen, Xiujian Du, Yuling Peng, Yonglu Chen and Tianfa Dong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:669

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Triage, identifying patients with critical and time-sensitive disorders, is an integrated process in general emergency medicine. Obstetric triage is more specialised, requiring assessment of both woman, fetus ...

    Authors: Linnéa Lindroos, Helen Elden, Ove Karlsson and Verena Sengpiel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:668

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Women across the world value choice and control throughout their maternity care experiences. In response to this health policy and frameworks are adapting and developing. The concepts of choice and control are...

    Authors: Patricia Leahy-Warren, Helen Mulcahy, Paul Corcoran, Róisín Bradley, Mary O’Connor and Rhona O’Connell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:667

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Male support for partners’ antenatal care (ANC) has the potential to improve women’s care-seeking and maternal health outcomes. This study describes factors that are associated with men’s involvement in househ...

    Authors: Emily Chahalis, Josie McGhie, Generose Mulokozi, Shannon Barham, Carter Chappell, Charisse Schenk, Mary Linehan, Scott Torres, Kirk A. Dearden, Josh H. West, P. Cougar Hall and Benjamin T. Crookston

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:666

    Content type: Research

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  16. Advances in research suggest the possibility of improving routine clinical care for preeclampsia using screening (predictive) and diagnostic tests. The views of women should be incorporated into the way in whi...

    Authors: Shenaz Ahmed, Alina Brewer, Eleni Z. Tsigas, Caryn Rogers, Lucy Chappell and Jenny Hewison

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:665

    Content type: Research

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  17. The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic caused great uncertainty about causes, treatment and mortality of the new virus. Constant updates of recommendations and restrictions from national authorities may have ca...

    Authors: Katja Schrøder, Lonny Stokholm, Katrine Hass Rubin, Jan Stener Jørgensen, Ellen Aagaard Nohr, Lone Kjeld Petersen and Mette Bliddal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:664

    Content type: Research

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  18. Mobile phone-based interventions have been demonstrated in different settings to overcome barriers to accessing critical psychosocial support. In this study, we aimed to assess the acceptability and feasibilit...

    Authors: Nikita Simpson, Anna Kydd, Mwelwa Phiri, Madalitso Mbewe, Lucheka Sigande, Thomas Gachie, Malebo Ngobeni, Tebogo Monese, Zuzana Figerova, Hugo Schlesinger, Virginia Bond, Steve Belemu, Musonda Simwinga, Ab Schaap, Maurice Biriotti, Sarah Fidler…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:663

    Content type: Research article

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  19. 98% of the 2.6 million stillbirths per annum occur in low and middle income countries. However, understanding of risk factors for stillbirth in these settings is incomplete, hampering efforts to develop effect...

    Authors: Kushupika Dube, Tina Lavender, Kieran Blaikie, Christopher J. Sutton, Alexander E. P. Heazell and Rebecca M. D. Smyth

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:662

    Content type: Research

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  20. This study was part of a project funded under the Grand Challenges Explorations initiative to engage adolescent girls living in the main slums of Nairobi. This involved an innovative co-creation initiative thr...

    Authors: Caroline W. Wainaina, Estelle Monique Sidze, Beatrice W. Maina, Icoquih Badillo-Amberg, Hazel Odhiambo Anyango, Faith Kathoka, Dorcas Khasowa and Collins E. M. Okoror

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:661

    Content type: Research

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  21. Mirror syndrome (MS) is a rare obstetric disorder complicated with high maternal morbidity and fetal mortality. MS is often misdiagnosed or underdiagnosed due to the low incidence and lack of awareness of its ...

    Authors: Zhenyan Han, Xiaodan Chen, Qingqing Wang, Jin Zhou, Yan Guo, Hongying Hou and Yuan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:660

    Content type: Research

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  22. Whilst the impact of Covid-19 infection in pregnant women has been examined, there is a scarcity of data on pregnant women in the Middle East. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the impact of Covid-19 ...

    Authors: Komal Sundeep Hazari, Rasha Abdeldayem, Litty Paulose, Nimmi Kurien, Zukaa Almahloul, Hozaifah Mohammad, Taghrid Faek A. Elgergawi, Maryam Alkhanbouli, Khalid Mahmoud, Atif Bashir Fazari, Amar Hassan and Riad Bayoumi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:658

    Content type: Research

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  23. Although insulin therapy achieves effective glycemic control, it may aggravate hyperinsulinemia. Nonetheless the benefits of insulin as first-line treatment for women with GDM are controversial. This work aime...

    Authors: Tiange Sun, Fanhua Meng, Shufei Zang, Yue Li, Rui Zhang, Zhiyan Yu, Xinmei Huang, Fang Wang, Liwen Zhang and Jun Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:657

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is easily calculated blood test parameter, which can be used as marker to predict many inflammatory disorders. The aim of this study was to assess and compare the NLR in m...

    Authors: Greta Balciuniene, Greta Kvederaite-Budre, Violeta Gulbiniene, Irena Dumalakiene, Rita Viliene, Ingrida Pilypiene, Grazina S. Drasutiene and Diana Ramasauskaite

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:656

    Content type: Research

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  25. Prehospital obstetric events encountered by emergency medical services (EMS) can be high-risk patient presentations for which suboptimal care can cause substantial morbidity and mortality. The frequency of pre...

    Authors: Rebecca E. Cash, Robert A. Swor, Margaret Samuels-Kalow, David Eisenbrey, Anjali J. Kaimal and Carlos A. Camargo Jr

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:655

    Content type: Research

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  26. Large for gestational age infants (LGA) have increased risk of adverse short-term perinatal outcomes. This study aims to develop a multivariable prediction model for the risk of giving birth to a LGA baby, by ...

    Authors: Francesca Monari, Daniela Menichini, Ludovica Spano’ Bascio, Giovanni Grandi, Federico Banchelli, Isabella Neri, Roberto D’Amico and Fabio Facchinetti

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:654

    Content type: Research

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  27. The retained products of conception (RPOC) and related conditions (RPOC-ARC) are the main cause of secondary postpartum hemorrhage (sPPH), but there is no clear consensus for their management. The purpose of t...

    Authors: Mariya Kobayashi, Satoshi Nakagawa, Yoko Kawanishi, Tatsuo Masuda, Takahide Maenaka, Aska Toda, Tatsuya Miyake, Kosuke Hiramatsu, Ai Miyoshi, Kazuya Mimura, Toshihiro Kimura, Masayuki Endo and Tadashi Kimura

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:653

    Content type: Research

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  28. Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:652

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:262

  29. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a major cause of maternal, fetal, and neonatal morbidities. Our objective was to estimate the effect of both pre-pregnancy and gestational DM on the growth parameters of newborns in t...

    Authors: Mohammad A. A. Bayoumi, Razan M. Masri, Nada Y. S. Matani, Mohamed A. Hendaus, Manal M. Masri, Prem Chandra, Lisa J. Langtree, Sunitha D’Souza, Noimot O. Olayiwola, Saad Shahbal, Einas E. Elmalik, Mohamed S. Bakry, Ashraf I. Gad and Ravi Agarwal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:651

    Content type: Research

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  30. To assess the impact of a web-based decision aid on patient-centered decision making outcomes among women considering a trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) versus planned repeat cesarean delivery.

    Authors: Kartik K. Venkatesh, Suzanne Brodney, Michael J. Barry, Jamie Jackson, Kiira M. Lyons, Asha N. Talati, Thomas S. Ivester, Maria C. Munoz, John M. Thorp and Wanda K. Nicholson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:650

    Content type: Research

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  31. The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus in Australia has been rising in line with the increased incidence of maternal overweight and obesity. Women with gestational diabetes mellitus, high body mass in...

    Authors: Catherine R. Knight-Agarwal, Rati Jani, Meisa Al Foraih, Dionne Eckley, Carrie Ka Wai Lui, Shawn Somerset, Deborah Davis and Monica Yuri Takito

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:649

    Content type: Research

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  32. Girls exposed to violence have a high risk of being victimized as adults and are more likely than non-abused women to have children who are treated violently. This intergenerational transmission may be especia...

    Authors: Huyen Phuc Do, Philip R. A. Baker, Thang Van Vo, Aja Murray, Linda Murray, Sara Valdebenito, Manuel Eisner, Bach Xuan Tran and Michael P. Dunne

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:648

    Content type: Research

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  33. Addressing sustainable development goals to reduce neonatal mortality remains a global challenge, and it is a concern in Ethiopia. As a result, the goal of this study was to assess the incidence and determinan...

    Authors: Mulugeta Dile Worke, Afework Tadele Mekonnen and Simachew Kassa Limenh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:647

    Content type: Research

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  34. High rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes globally raise the need to understand risk factors and develop preventative interventions. The Pregnancy Outcomes in the Era of Universal Antiretroviral Treatment in Su...

    Authors: Keerthana Hirudayakanth, Luis Gadama, Sufia Dadabhai, Chaplain Katumbi, Hazzie Mvula, Bonus Makanani, Frank Taulo and Taha E. Taha

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:646

    Content type: Research

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  35. Worldwide, iron deficiency anaemia in pregnancy is a significant problem which can be especially problematic when delivery is by caesarean section, a procedure associated with significant blood loss. Optimisin...

    Authors: Pablo L. de Vena Franks, Andrew Y. Pan, Manpreet K. Gill, Angela M. K. Cross, Katy L. Konrad and Nicholas J. Lightfoot

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:645

    Content type: Research

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  36. In many sub-Saharan African countries, such as Malawi, antenatal care (ANC) services do not deliver sufficient nutrition awareness to improve adequate dietary intake in pregnancy. We therefore compared the eff...

    Authors: Lillian Ziyenda Katenga-Kaunda, Penjani Rhoda Kamudoni, Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen, Heidi E. Fjeld, Ibrahimu Mdala, Zumin Shi and Per Ole Iversen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:644

    Content type: Research

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  37. Fear of childbirth (FOC) occurs before, during and after pregnancy and is harmful to both the pregnant woman and the fetus. Identifying the prevalence and predictors of FOC can help us generate strategies for ...

    Authors: Jingui Huang, Jing Huang, Yan Li and Bizhen Liao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:643

    Content type: Research

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  38. The aim of this study was to compare fear of childbirth, state and trait anxiety, and childbirth self-efficacy among primiparous and multiparous women in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran.

    Authors: Aazam Shakarami, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Somyieh Abdolalipour, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi and Mina Iravani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:642

    Content type: Research

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  39. Ethiopia is a Sub-Saharan country that has made significant improvements in maternal mortality and under-five mortality over the past 15 years. However, the nation continues to have one of the highest rates of...

    Authors: Eskinder Kebede and Melani Kekulawala

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:641

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Placenta previa and accreta are serious obstetric conditions that are associated with a high risk of intraoperative massive hemorrhage, the prophylactic intravascular balloon occlusion technique is increasingl...

    Authors: Daijuan Chen, Jinfeng Xu, Yuan Tian, Pengfei Ye, Fumin Zhao, Xinghui Liu, Xiaodong Wang and Bing Peng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:640

    Content type: Research

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  41. The Mighty Mums antenatal lifestyle intervention is a person-centered behavioral intervention focusing on nutrition and physical activity for pregnant women with obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥30). The aim of...

    Authors: Hanna Gyllensten, Karin Haby, Marie Berg and Åsa Premberg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:639

    Content type: Research

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  42. Amniotic fluid (AF) provides vital information on fetal development, which is also valuable in identifying fetal abnormalities during pregnancy. However, the relationship between the metabolic profile of AF in...

    Authors: Yahong Li, Yun Sun, Xiaojuan Zhang, Xin Wang, Peiying Yang, Xianwei Guan, Yan Wang, Xiaoyan Zhou, Ping Hu, Tao Jiang and Zhengfeng Xu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:638

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) is a multidisciplinary perioperative care program to optimize and enhance postoperative recovery. It has a beneficial role in decreasing the length of hospital stay and i...

    Authors: Tshering Tamang, Tashi Wangchuk, Choning Zangmo, Tshering Wangmo and Karma Tshomo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:637

    Content type: Research

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  44. Few reports have presented an overall view of pregnant women with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) across an entire country and throughout the entire gestation period. Furthermore, no such reports are avail...

    Authors: Tatsuya Arakaki, Junichi Hasegawa, Akihiko Sekizawa, Tomoaki Ikeda, Isamu Ishiwata and Katsuyuki Kinoshita

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:636

    Content type: Research

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  45. While depressive symptoms and stress during pregnancy are known to affect gestational age and weight at birth, evidence on their impact on child anthropometric development in the long term remains limited, sho...

    Authors: Janina Eichler, Ricarda Schmidt, Tanja Poulain, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess and Anja Hilbert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:635

    Content type: Research

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  46. Surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the commonest complications following cesarean section (CS) with a reported incidence of 3–20%. SSI causes massive burdens on both the mother and the health care system....

    Authors: Khaled Gomaa, Ahmed R. Abdelraheim, Saad El Gelany, Eissa M. Khalifa, Ayman M. Yousef and Heba Hassan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:634

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. Risk perception is based on collective indicators, but it is influenced by the individual’s self-perception of his health-disease process. This study aims to investigate the risk perception of pregnant women w...

    Authors: Thaís V Silva, Silvana F Bento, Leila Katz and Rodolfo C Pacagnella

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:633

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Immunological protection via breastfeeding is well known. The immunological profile of human milk changes during lactation. No clinical trials have been conducted in lactating women with the newest mRNA vaccin...

    Authors: Nadia Charepe, Juliana Gonçalves, A. Margarida Juliano, David G. Lopes, Helena Canhão, Helena Soares and e Fátima Serrano

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:632

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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