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  1. Content type: Research article

    Rising caesarean section (CS) rates are a global health concern. Contemporary data indicates that almost 50% of CS are electively performed, with a high proportion of these being a repeat procedure. Vaginal bi...

    Authors: Sara Helen Denham, Tracy Humphrey, Claire deLabrusse and Nadine Dougall

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:84

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The first one month of life; the neonatal period is the most risky time for child survival. In Ethiopia, neonatal mortality is unacceptably high, and the trend in reduction is slower as compared to infant and ...

    Authors: Tujare Tunta Orsido, Netsanet Abera Asseffa and Tezera Moshago Berheto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:83

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Each year, an estimated 15 million babies are born preterm, a global burden borne disproportionately by families in lower-income countries. Maternal HIV infection increases a woman’s risk of delivering prematu...

    Authors: Joan T. Price, Bellington Vwalika, Bethany L. Freeman, Stephen R. Cole, Helen B. Mulenga, Jennifer Winston, Felistas M. Mbewe, Elwyn Chomba, Lynne M. Mofenson, Dwight J. Rouse, Robert L. Goldenberg and Jeffrey S. A. Stringer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:81

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Maternal caffeine intake has repeatedly been linked to babies being born small for gestational age (SGA). SGA babies are known to be at increased risk for adverse neonatal outcomes. The aim of this study was t...

    Authors: Dominika Modzelewska, Rino Bellocco, Anders Elfvin, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Bo Jacobsson and Verena Sengpiel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:80

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Applicability of the World Health Organization (WHO) maternal near miss criteria in low-income settings is not systematically addressed in the literature. The objective of this review was to determine the appl...

    Authors: Abera Kenay Tura, To Lam Trang, Thomas van den Akker, Jos van Roosmalen, Sicco Scherjon, Joost Zwart and Jelle Stekelenburg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:79

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The Cord Pilot Trial compared two alternative policies for cord clamping at very preterm birth at eight UK maternity units: clamping after at least 2 min and immediate neonatal care (if needed) with cord intac...

    Authors: Lucy Bradshaw, Alexandra Sawyer, Lindsay Armstrong-Buisseret, Eleanor Mitchell, Susan Ayers and Lelia Duley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:78

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Although pregnancies conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART) have a higher risk of maternal/perinatal complications, the overall risk of adverse outcomes necessitating advanced obstetric care has n...

    Authors: Chie Nagata, Limin Yang, Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada, Hidetoshi Mezawa, Tadayuki Ayabe, Kazue Ishizuka, Mizuho Konishi, Yukihiro Ohya, Hirohisa Saito and Haruhiko Sago

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:77

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D insufficiency is common in pregnant women worldwide. Regular prenatal exercise is considered beneficial for maternal and fetal health. There is a knowledge gap regarding the impact of prenatal exerci...

    Authors: Miriam K. Gustafsson, Pål R. Romundstad, Signe Nilssen Stafne, Anne-Sofie Helvik, Astrid Kamilla Stunes, Siv Mørkved, Kjell Åsmund Salvesen, Per Medbøe Thorsby, Mats Peder Mosti and Unni Syversen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:76

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Homocysteine is an intermediate metabolite implicated in the risk of placenta-mediated complications, including preeclampsia, placental abruption, fetal growth restriction, and pregnancy loss. Large cohort and...

    Authors: Shazia H. Chaudhry, Monica Taljaard, Amanda J. MacFarlane, Laura M. Gaudet, Graeme N. Smith, Marc Rodger, Ruth Rennicks White, Mark C. Walker and Shi Wu Wen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:75

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Increasing the prevalence of optimal breastfeeding practices, including exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, could prevent an estimated 823,000 child deaths annually. Self-efficacy is an important determinant...

    Authors: Godfred O. Boateng, Stephanie L. Martin, Emily L. Tuthill, Shalean M. Collins, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Barnabas K. Natamba and Sera L. Young

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:73

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  11. Content type: Research article

    To better understand the impact of seasonal influenza in pregnant women we analyzed data collected during four seasons at a hospital for acute respiratory infection that specializes in treating pregnant women.

    Authors: Svetlana Trushakova, Lidiya Kisteneva, Beatriz Guglieri-López, Evgenia Mukasheva, Irina Kruzhkova, Ainara Mira-Iglesias, Kirill Krasnoslobodtsev, Ekaterina Morozova, Ludmila Kolobukhina, Joan Puig-Barberà and Elena Burtseva

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:72

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Experiences and perceptions of poor quality of care is a powerful determinant of utilisation of maternity services. With many reports of disrespect and abuse in healthcare facilities in low-resource settings, ...

    Authors: Yasmin Jolly, Mamuda Aminu, Florence Mgawadere and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:42

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Hypoxia during labor contributes to 2.2 million intrapartum and early neonatal deaths each year. An additional 0.6–1.0 million cases of life-long disability occur because of fetal hypoxia during labor. It is k...

    Authors: David M. Goodman, Pendo Mlay, Nathan Thielman, Maria J. Small and John W. Schmitt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:71

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Husbands’ knowledge and awareness of pregnancy complications have a positive impact on their wives’ utilization of maternal health care services. In this study, we examined whether husbands’ knowledge and awarene...

    Authors: Suresh Jungari and Balram Paswan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:70

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Timely breastfeeding initiation is a simple but important measure that has protective effects on infants and mothers. This study aims to determine the predictors of early breastfeeding initiation among mothers...

    Authors: James Rufus John, Sabuj Kanti Mistry, Getahun Kebede, Narendar Manohar and Amit Arora

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:69

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Accurate diagnosis of preterm labour is needed to ensure correct management of those most at risk of preterm birth and to prevent the maternal and fetal risks incurred by unnecessary interventions given to the...

    Authors: Helena A. Watson, Naomi Carlisle, Katy Kuhrt, Rachel M. Tribe, Jenny Carter, Paul Seed and Andrew H. Shennan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:68

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Although antenatal betamethasone is recommended worldwide for women at risk of preterm delivery, concerns persist regarding the long-term effects associated with this treatment. Indeed, adverse events, mainly ...

    Authors: Thomas Schmitz, Corinne Alberti, Moreno Ursino, Olivier Baud and Camille Aupiais

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:67

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal care (ANC) is a means to identify high-risk pregnancies and educate women so that they might experience a healthier delivery and outcome. There is a lack of evidence about whether receipt of ANC is a...

    Authors: Claire R. McNellan, Emily Dansereau, Marielle C. G. Wallace, Danny V. Colombara, Erin B. Palmisano, Casey K. Johanns, Alexandra Schaefer, Diego Ríos-Zertuche, Paola Zúñiga-Brenes, Bernardo Hernandez, Emma Iriarte and Ali H. Mokdad

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:66

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Health behaviours during pregnancy and the early years of life have been proven to affect long term health, resulting in investment in interventions. However, interventions often have low levels of completion ...

    Authors: Aimee Grant, Melanie Morgan, Dawn Mannay and Dunla Gallagher

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:56

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Pregnant women who gain weight in accordance with guidelines have the lowest risk of pregnancy and birth-related complications. However, evidence-practice gaps often exist. To address pregnancy weight manageme...

    Authors: Shelley Wilkinson, Michael Beckmann, Elin Donaldson and Sally McCray

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:19

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Bioethicists argue that inclusion of pregnant women in clinical research should be more routine to increase the evidence-base for pregnant women and foetuses. Yet, it is unknown whether pregnant women and othe...

    Authors: Indira S. E. van der Zande, Rieke van der Graaf, Martijn A. Oudijk, Elsbeth H. van Vliet-Lachotzki and Johannes J. M. van Delden

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:65

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal care provides the best opportunity to promote maternal and child health services use. But many Ethiopian mothers deliver at home and fail to attend postnatal care. Therefore, this study was done to i...

    Authors: Gedefaw Abeje Fekadu, Fentie Ambaw and Seblewongiel Ayenalem Kidanie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:64

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Nigeria still ranks second globally in the number of maternal deaths. Most maternal death reviews in Nigeria are isolated research based reports from a single health facility. This study determined causes and ...

    Authors: Rabiatu Sageer, Eugene Kongnyuy, Wasiu Olalekan Adebimpe, Omolaso Omosehin, Elijah Ayowole Ogunsola and Bola Sanni

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:63

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Studies have revealed associations between preceding short and long birth-to-birth or birth-to-pregnancy intervals and poor pregnancy outcomes. Most of these studies, however, have examined the effect of inter...

    Authors: Bareng A. S. Nonyane, Maureen Norton, Nazma Begum, Rasheduzzaman M. Shah, Dipak K. Mitra, Gary L. Darmstadt and Abdullah H. Baqui

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:62

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  25. Content type: Research article

    General practitioners can play an important role in addressing smoking among pregnant women but studies suggest they rarely do so. The aim of this study was to explore general practitioners perceptions about t...

    Authors: Yael Bar-Zeev, Eliza Skelton, Billie Bonevski, Maree Gruppetta and Gillian S. Gould

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:61

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is associated with future cardio-metabolic risks for the mother and her child. In addition, one-third of women with recent GDM develop postpartum depression. Given these adv...

    Authors: Leah Gilbert, Justine Gross, Stefano Lanzi, Dan Yedu Quansah, Jardena Puder and Antje Horsch

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:60

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Adolescent pregnancy remains a major challenge in both developed and developing countries. Early and unintended pregnancies among adolescents are associated with several adverse health, educational, social and...

    Authors: Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Elizabeth A. Sully and Joyce N. Mumah

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:59

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Perinatal mental health problems such as mood disorders are common. We propose a new multidisciplinary health service intervention program providing continuous support to women and their children from the star...

    Authors: Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Noriaki Koizumi, Chikako Akanuma, Hiromi Tarui, Eizaburo Ishii, Tomomi Hoshina, Ayuko Suzuki, Akiko Asano, Shiho Sekino and Hiroto Ito

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:58

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Preterm birth is a major cause of prenatal and postnatal mortality particularly in developing countries. This study investigated the maternal risk factors associated with the risk of preterm birth.

    Authors: Maryam Soltani, Hamid Reza Tabatabaee, Shahin Saeidinejat, Marzieh Eslahi, Halime Yaghoobi, Ehsan Mazloumi, Abdolhalim Rajabi, Ali Ghasemi, Naeimeh Keyghobadi, Mostafa Enayatrad, Abed Noori, Seyyed Aliasghar Hashemi, Fatemeh Zolfizadeh, Sepideh Mahdavi, Tannaz Valadbeigi, Koorosh Etemad…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:57

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  30. Content type: Research article

    When cell-free DNA (cfDNA) testing is used as a secondary screening tool following combined first-trimester screening (cFTS), cFTS is used to estimate the prior risk for chromosome abnormalities. This study ai...

    Authors: Annisa Mak, Helena Lee, C. F. Poon, S. L. Kwok, Teresa Ma, K. Y. K. Chan, Anita Kan, Mary Tang and K. Y. Leung

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:55

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  31. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous Ferric Carboxymaltose. (FCM) in comparison with intravenous Iron sucrose complex (ISC) for treatment of iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy.

    Authors: Ambily Jose, Reeta Mahey, Jai Bhagwan Sharma, Neerja Bhatla, Renu Saxena, Mani Kalaivani and Alka Kriplani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:54

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Depression is a common psychiatric disorder that is highly prevalent among people living with HIV (PLWH). Depression is linked to poor adherence to anti-retroviral medication while in the peri-natal period may...

    Authors: Eugenia Nyamukoho, Walter Mangezi, Bazondlile Marimbe, Ruth Verhey and Dixon Chibanda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:53

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In regard to obstetrical analgesia management there are different results related to the use of epidural analgesia versus mechanical adverse outcomes at delivery.

    Authors: Ivan Penuela, Pilar Isasi-Nebreda, Hedylamar Almeida, Mario López, Esther Gomez-Sanchez and Eduardo Tamayo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:52

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  34. Content type: Research article

    An increased risk of adverse conditions related to in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancies has been repeatedly reported. Our study aimed to summarize outcome differences between pregnancies after IVF and afte...

    Authors: Kaja Rahu, Kärt Allvee, Helle Karro and Mati Rahu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:51

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Intensive lifestyle interventions in pregnancy have shown success in limiting gestational weight gain, but the effects on mood and quality of life in pregnancy and postpartum are less known. The purpose was to...

    Authors: Abby D. Altazan, Leanne M. Redman, Jeffrey H. Burton, Robbie A. Beyl, Loren E. Cain, Elizabeth F. Sutton and Corby K. Martin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:50

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Depressive symptoms negatively impact on breastfeeding duration, whereas early breastfeeding initiation after birth enhances the chances for a longer breastfeeding period. Our aim was to investigate the interp...

    Authors: Karin Cato, Sara M. Sylvén, Marios K. Georgakis, Natasa Kollia, Christine Rubertsson and Alkistis Skalkidou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:49

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The Parent Infant Feeding Initiative (PIFI) was a factorial, randomised controlled trial that aimed to prolong exclusive breastfeeding by targeting expecting fathers. One of the intervention strategies evaluat...

    Authors: Lesley Kuliukas, Yvonne L. Hauck, Anita Jorgensen, Kelly Kneebone, Sharyn K. Burns, Bruce R. Maycock and Jane A. Scott

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:48

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The concern of all maternal health stakeholders is to improve maternal health and reduce maternal deaths to the barest minimum. This remains elusive in low and middle-income countries as the majority of factor...

    Authors: Lily Yarney

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:47

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Advances in science and technology coupled with globalization are changing access to and utilization of reproductive health services. This includes the transnational phenomenon of families who use surrogate mo...

    Authors: Gloria Torres, Anne Shapiro and Tim K. Mackey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:46

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The role of men’s participation in prenatal, delivery and postpartum care is very important, well defined and cannot be over emphasized. Very few studies exist about men’s role in promoting the health of the m...

    Authors: Vahideh Firouzan, Mahnaz Noroozi, Ziba Farajzadegan and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:45

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Benefits of breastfeeding on the health of children, mothers and society are well known. However, breastfeeding rates vary according to the population examined. Chinese-born women migrated to high-income count...

    Authors: Juana María Aguilar-Ortega, Juan Luis González-Pascual, César Cardenete-Reyes, Carmen Pérez-de-Algaba-Cuenca, Santiago Pérez-García and Laura Esteban-Gonzalo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:44

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The ability to adopt and implement health promotion behaviors is one of the most important determinants of health status. Various factors affect the successful changing of behaviors and choosing a healthy life...

    Authors: Azita Fathnezhad-Kazemi and Sepideh Hajian

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:43

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Inadequately treated, preeclampsia and eclampsia (PE/E) may rapidly lead to severe complications in both mothers and neonates, and are estimated to cause 60,000 global maternal deaths annually. Simulation-base...

    Authors: Julia H. Raney, Melissa C. Morgan, Amelia Christmas, Mona Sterling, Hilary Spindler, Rakesh Ghosh, Aboli Gore, Tanmay Mahapatra and Dilys M. Walker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:41

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  44. Content type: Research article

    U.S. mortality rate of term infants is higher than most other developed countries. Term infant mortality is associated with exogenous socio-environmental factors. Previous research links low socioeconomic stat...

    Authors: Yousra A. Mohamoud, Russell S. Kirby and Deborah B. Ehrenthal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:40

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Eliminating disrespect and abuse in health care facilities during childbirth could be a contributory factor in improving pregnancy outcomes and avoiding preventable illnesses and deaths. This study aims to pro...

    Authors: Macellina Y. Ijadunola, Ezeomu Audrina Olotu, Olaitan O. Oyedun, Stanley O. Eferakeya, Faith I. Ilesanmi, Ayotomiwa T. Fagbemi and Omowunmi C. Fasae

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:39

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Oxytocin for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) prophylaxis is commonly administered by either intramuscular (IM) injection or intravenous (IV) infusion with both routes recommended equally and little discussion of p...

    Authors: Dyanna Charles, Holly Anger, Rasha Dabash, Emad Darwish, Mohamed Cherine Ramadan, Amr Mansy, Yomna Salem, Ilana G. Dzuba, Meagan E. Byrne, Miral Breebaart and Beverly Winikoff

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:38

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Quality intrapartum and newborn care is considered to be poor in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, studies done in Ethiopia are limited. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the magnitude and factors assoc...

    Authors: Girmatsion Fisseha, Yemane Berhane and Alemayehu Worku

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:37

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Afghanistan faces a high burden of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, including pre-eclampsia and eclampsia (PE/E), are among the most common causes of maternal...

    Authors: Nasratullah Ansari, Partamin Manalai, Farzana Maruf, Sheena Currie, Jelle Stekelenburg, Jos van Roosmalen, Young-Mi Kim and Hannah Tappis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:36

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Birth defects (BD) are considered a leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. Personal, cultural, and health care system barriers may increase the incidence of BD in low and middle income countries. ...

    Authors: Janithra De Silva, Sujeewa Amarasena, Kapila Jayaratne and Bilesha Perera

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:35

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