Tjaden P. TNE: nature and consequences of intimate partner violence: findings from the National Violence against Women Survey. Washington, DC: Department of Justice; 2000.
Petersen R, Gazmararian JA, Spitz AM, Rowley DL, Goodwin MM, Saltzman LE, Marks JS. Violence and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a review of the literature and directions for future research. Am J Prev Med. 1997;13(5):366–73.
Shah PS, Shah J. Knowledge synthesis group on determinants of preterm LBWB: maternal exposure to domestic violence and pregnancy and birth outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analyses. J Women's Health (Larchmt). 2010;19(11):2017–31.
Pavey AR, Gorman GH, Kuehn D, Stokes TA, Hisle-Gorman E. Intimate partner violence increases adverse outcomes at birth and in early infancy. J Pediatr. 2014;165(5):1034–9.
Committee on Health Care for Underserved W. ACOG Committee opinion no. 518: intimate partner violence. Obstet Gynecol. 2012;119:412–7.
Hinkle SN, Laughon SK, Catov JM, Olsen J, Bech BH. First trimester coffee and tea intake and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: a study within a national birth cohort. BJOG. 2015;122(3):420–8.
Devries KM, Kishor S, Johnson H, Stockl H, Bacchus LJ, Garcia-Moreno C, Watts C. Intimate partner violence during pregnancy: analysis of prevalence data from 19 countries. Reprod Health Matters. 2010;18(36):158–70.
Alhusen JL, Bullock L, Sharps P, Schminkey D, Comstock E, Campbell J. Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and adverse neonatal outcomes in low-income women. J Women's Health (Larchmt). 2014;23(11):920–6.
Kita S, Yaeko K, Porter SE. Prevalence and risk factors of intimate partner violence among pregnant women in Japan. Health Care Women Int. 2014;35(4):442–57.
Beydoun HA, Tamim H, Lincoln AM, Dooley SD, Beydoun MA. Association of physical violence by an intimate partner around the time of pregnancy with inadequate gestational weight gain. Soc Sci Med. 2011;72(6):867–73.
Velasco C, Luna JD, Martin A, Caño A, Martin-de-las-Heras S. Intimate partner violence against Spanish pregnant women: application of two screening instruments to assess prevalence and associated factors. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2014;93(10):1050–8.
Lukasse M, Schroll AM, Ryding EL, Campbell J, Karro H, Kristjansdottir H, Laanpere M, Steingrimsdottir T, Tabor A, Temmerman M, et al. Prevalence of emotional, physical and sexual abuse among pregnant women in six European countries. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2014;93(7):669–77.
Hassan M, Kashanian M, Roohi M, Yousefi H. Maternal outcomes of intimate partner violence during pregnancy: study in Iran. Public Health. 2014;128(5):410–5.
Onoh R, Umeora O, Ezeonu P, Onyebuchi A, Lawani O, Agwu U. Prevalence, pattern and consequences of intimate partner violence during pregnancy at Abakaliki Southeast Nigeria. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2014;3(4):484–91.
Chan KL, Brownridge DA, Tiwari A, Fong DY, Leung WC, Ho PC. Associating pregnancy with partner violence against Chinese women. J Int Viol. 2011;26(7):1478–500.
Zhang Y, Zou S, Cao Y, Zhang Y. Relationship between domestic violence and postnatal depression among pregnant Chinese women. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 2012;116(1):26–30.
Jasinski JL. Pregnancy and domestic violence a review of the literature. Trauma Violence Abuse. 2004;5(1):47–64.
Alhusen JL, Bullock L, Sharps P, Schminkey D, Comstock E, Campbell J. Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and adverse neonatal outcomes in low-income women. J Women's Health. 2014;23(11):920–6.
Donovan BM, Spracklen CN, Schweizer ML, Ryckman KK, Saftlas AF. Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and the risk for adverse infant outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BJOG. 2016;123(8):1289–99.
Hoang TN, Van TN, Gammeltoft T, D WM, Nguyen Thi Thuy H, Rasch V. Association between intimate partner violence during pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes in Vietnam: a prospective cohort study. PLoS One. 2016;11(9):e0162844.
McFarlane J, Parker B, Soeken K, Bullock L. Assessing for abuse during pregnancy. Severity and frequency of injuries and associated entry into prenatal care. JAMA. 1992;267(23):3176–8.
Alhusen JL, Ray E, Sharps P, Bullock L. Intimate partner violence during pregnancy: maternal and neonatal outcomes. J Women's Health (Larchmt). 2015;24(1):100–6.
Connelly CD, Hazen AL, Baker-Ericzen MJ, Landsverk J, Horwitz SM. Is screening for depression in the perinatal period enough? The co-occurrence of depression, substance abuse, and intimate partner violence in culturally diverse pregnant women. J Women's Health (Larchmt). 2013;22(10):844–52.
Witt WP, Wisk LE, Cheng ER, Hampton JM, Creswell PD, Hagen EW, Spear HA, Maddox T, Deleire T. Poor prepregnancy and antepartum mental health predicts postpartum mental health problems among US women: a nationally representative population-based study. Womens Health Issues. 2011;21(4):304–13.
Audi CA, Segall-Correa AM, Santiago SM, Andrade Mda G, Perez-Escamila R. Violence against pregnant women: prevalence and associated factors. Rev Saude Publica. 2008;42(5):877–85.
Gazmararian JA, Lazorick S, Spitz AM, Ballard TJ, Saltzman LE, Marks JS. Prevalence of violence against pregnant women. JAMA. 1996;275(24):1915–20.
Shamu S, Abrahams N, Temmerman M, Musekiwa A, Zarowsky C. A systematic review of African studies on intimate partner violence against pregnant women: prevalence and risk factors. PLoS One. 2011;6(3):e17591.
Leung W, Leung T, Lam Y, Ho P. The prevalence of domestic violence against pregnant women in a Chinesecommunity: social issues in reproductive health. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 1999;66(1):23–30.
Zhang Y, Zou S, Cao Y, Zhang Y. Correlation of domestic violence and postnatal depression among pregnant women. Chin J Clin Psychol. 2012;20(4):506–9.
Radoff LS. The CES-D scale: a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Appl Psychol Meas. 1977;1:385–401.
Zhang J, Wu Z, Fang G, et al. Development of the Chinese age norms of CES-D in urban area. Chin Ment Health J. 2010;24(2):139–43.
Lawn JE, Gravett MG, Nunes TM, Rubens CE, Stanton C, Group GR. Global report on preterm birth and stillbirth (1 of 7): definitions, description of the burden and opportunities to improve data. BMC Pregn Childbirth. 2010;10(Suppl 1):S1.
World Health Organization Congenital anomalies. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/. Accessed 20 Oct 2018.
Jamshidimanesh M, Soleymani M, Ebrahimi E, Hosseini F. Domestic violence against pregnant women in Iran. J Family Reprod Health. 2013;7(1):7–10.
Saito A, Creedy D, Cooke M, Chaboyer W. Effect of intimate partner violence on antenatal functional health status of childbearing women in northeastern Thailand. Health Care Women Int. 2013;34(9):757–74.
James L, Brody D, Hamilton Z. Risk factors for domestic violence during pregnancy: a meta-analytic review. Violence Vict. 2013;28(3):359–80.
Grote NK, Bridge JA, Gavin AR, Melville JL, Iyengar S, Katon WJ. A meta-analysis of depression during pregnancy and the risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and intrauterine growth restriction. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010;67(10):1012–24.
Fonseca-Machado Mde O, Alves LC, Monteiro JC, Stefanello J, Nakano AM, Haas VJ, Gomes-Sponholz F. Depressive disorder in pregnant Latin women: does intimate partner violence matter? J Clin Nurs. 2015;24(9–10):1289–99.
Dhar D, McDougal L, Hay K, Atmavilas Y, Silverman J, Triplett D, Raj A. Associations between intimate partner violence and reproductive and maternal health outcomes in Bihar, India: a cross-sectional study. Reprod Health. 2018;15(1):109.
Zhang Y, Zou S, Zhang X, Zhang Y. Correlation of domestic violence during pregnancy with plasma amino-acid neurotransmitter, cortisol levels and catechol-o-methyltransferase Val(158)met polymorphism in neonates. Asia Pac Psychiatry. 2013;5(1):2–10.
Zhang Y, Zhang YL, Zou SH, Zhang XH, Cao YP, Yang SC. Correlation between domestic violence in pregnancy and the levels of plasma amino acids and cortisol in the neonates. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi. 2008;47(3):209–12.