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Table 2 The differences of prevalence rates of depression among the IPV or the type of IPV group compared to no IPV group

From: Association of intimate partner violence during pregnancy, prenatal depression, and adverse birth outcomes in Wuhan, China

IPV or subtype of IPV Prenatal depression (%) No prenatal depression (%) χ2 value P value
Overall IPV    21.4908 <.0001
 No 89 (13.67) 562 (86.33)   
 Yes 43 (29.45) 103 (70.55)   
Psychological abuse    7.7637 0.0053
 No 107 (15.22) 596 (84.78)   
 Yes 25 (26.60) 69 (73.40)   
Psychological + physical abuse    17.1939a <.0001
 No 125 (15.88) 662 (84.12)   
 Yes 7 (70.00) 3 (30.00)   
Psychological+ economic abuse    3.2836a 0.0700
 No 128 (16.24) 660 (83.76)   
 Yes 4 (44.44) 5 (55.56)   
Total 132 (16.60) 665 (83.40)   
  1. aContinuity Adjusted Chi-Square was applied because 25% of the cells have expected counts less than 5