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  1. There are several international guidelines on oxytocin regimens for induction and augmentation of labour, but no agreement on a standardised regimen in Germany. This study collated and reviewed the oxytocin re...

    Authors: Sonja Helbig, Antje Petersen, Erika Sitter, Deirdre Daly and Mechthild M. Gross

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:238

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Abnormalities of blood cell counts and of cytokine profiles in women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) have been reported in several studies. Although their cause-effect relationships to HDP are n...

    Authors: Yohana Silas Mtali, Magdalena Amani Lyimo, Lucio Luzzatto and Siriel Nanzia Massawe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:237

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Caesarean sections (CSs) are associated with increased maternal and perinatal morbidity, yet rates continue to increase within most countries. Effective interventions are required to reduce the number of non-m...

    Authors: Anna Chapman, Cate Nagle, Debra Bick, Rebecca Lindberg, Bridie Kent, Justin Calache and Alison M. Hutchinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:206

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Malaria in pregnancy increases the risk of adverse birth outcomes such as low birth weight (LBW), maternal and foetal anemia. In Tanzania, some areas have attained low malaria transmission. However, data on th...

    Authors: Wigilya P. Mikomangwa, Minzi OMS, Eleni Aklillu and Appolinary A. R. Kamuhabwa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:236

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The incidence of post cesarean intra-abdominal infection (IAI) and the independent risk factors associated with it were retrospectively studied at a tertiary referral hospital in Egypt.

    Authors: Ahmed R. Abdelraheim, Khaled Gomaa, Emad M. Ibrahim, Mo’men M. Mohammed, Eissa M. Khalifa, Ayman M. Youssef, Ahmed K. Abdelhakeem, Heba Hassan, Ahmed Abd Alghany and Saad El Gelany

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:234

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Grand multiparity is a major public health concern especially among developing countries and has been associated with higher risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes compared with women of lesser parity. Th...

    Authors: Atem Bethel Ajong, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Larissa Pone Simo, Jean Jacques Noubiap and Tsi Njim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:233

    Content type: Research article

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  7. We examined whether inferior thyroid artery peak systolic velocity (ITA-PSV) predicts an increase in levothyroxine (LT4) dosage in pregnant women with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

    Authors: Masafumi Kurajoh, Akiyo Yamasaki, Toshiki Nagasaki, Yuki Nagata, Shinsuke Yamada, Yasuo Imanishi, Masanori Emoto, Kanae Takahashi, Kouji Yamamoto, Ayumi Shintani and Masaaki Inaba

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:232

    Content type: Research article

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  8. While there has been a trend for greater number of women to deliver at health facilities across Tanzania, mothers and their family members continue to face mistreatment with respectful maternity care during ch...

    Authors: Lilian T. Mselle, Thecla W. Kohi and Justine Dol

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:231

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Non-invasive electrophysiological assessment (NIEA) is an evolving area in fetal surveillance and is attracting increasing research interest. There is however, limited data outlining its utility in evaluating ...

    Authors: Vinayak Smith, Amrish Nair, Ritesh Warty, Joel Arun Sursas, Fabricio da Silva Costa and Euan Morrison Wallace

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:230

    Content type: Research article

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  10. An understanding of the association between adolescent nutrition, adolescent pregnancy and their quest for healthcare services may elucidate a basis for intervention and formulation of programs that enhance po...

    Authors: David Omondi Okeyo, Sussy Gumo, Elly O. Munde, Charles O. Opiyo, Zablon O. Omungo, Maureen Olyaro, Rachel K. Ndirangu, Nanlop Ogbureke, Sophie Efange and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:229

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Increased encounters with the healthcare system at multiple levels have the potential to improve maternal and newborn outcomes. The literature is replete with evidence on the impact of antenatal care and postn...

    Authors: Jody R. Lori, Joseph Perosky, Michelle L. Munro-Kramer, Phil Veliz, Gertrude Musonda, Jameson Kaunda, Carol J. Boyd, Rachael Bonawitz, Godfrey Biemba, Thandiwe Ngoma and Nancy Scott

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:228

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Preterm birth is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children under five and often requires a newborn to have an extended stay in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Maternal engagement, such as v...

    Authors: Todd P. Lewis, Kathryn G. Andrews, Elyse Shenberger, Theresa S. Betancourt, Günther Fink, Sunita Pereira and Margaret McConnell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:227

    Content type: Research article

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  13. There is global concern for the overuse of obstetric interventions during labour and birth. Of particular concern is the increasing amount of mothers and babies experiencing morbidity and mortality associated ...

    Authors: Haylee Fox, Emily Callander, Daniel Lindsay and Stephanie Topp

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:226

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Most women choose to have another vaginal delivery following one complicated by an obstetrical anal sphincter injury (OASIS). However, little is known about patient satisfaction or regret with this decision. T...

    Authors: Madeline Edwards, Emily K. Kobernik, Shriya Suresh and Carolyn W. Swenson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:225

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The objective of this survey was to explore the association between pregnancy complications and perinatal outcome from regionally total birth population.

    Authors: Xiaoqin Zhu, Huiyuan Niu, Hui Wang, Xiaoqiong Li, Tingting Qi, Weijie Ding, Liangrong Han, Muling Zhang, Honghua Guan, Shouzhong Li, Chunhong Tang, Yaodong Yin, Xihui Cao, Hong Liu, Cui Gao, Hongni Yue…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:224

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Around 12% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), which is associated with increased health risks for both mother and child and pre- and postpartum depression. Little is known about the...

    Authors: Charlotte B. Schmidt, Ilse Voorhorst, Vital H. W. van de Gaar, Anne Keukens, Bert Jan Potter van Loon, Frank J. Snoek and Adriaan Honig

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:223

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Grand multiparity has been associated with increased risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as post-partum hemorrhage,gestational hypertension, gestationaldiabetes mellitus and high perinatal mortality.There...

    Authors: Zainab Muniro, Clifford Silver Tarimo, Michael J. Mahande, Eusebious Maro and Bariki Mchome

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:222

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Globally, anxiety and depression are the most common complications of the perinatal period (conception to 1 year postpartum). It is now recognised that anxiety and depression are more commonly found antenatall...

    Authors: Sarah Khanlari, Bryanne Barnett AM, Felix Akpojene Ogbo and John Eastwood

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:221

    Content type: Debate

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  19. Low birthweight (LBW) remains the most important risk factor which attributed to mortality of 15–20% of newborns across the globe. An infant with low birthweight is more likely to have stunting in childhood an...

    Authors: Shimelis Girma, Teshale Fikadu, Eskeziyaw Agdew, Desta Haftu, Genet Gedamu, Zeritu Dewana and Bereket Getachew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:220

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Despite an increased number of infants born with macrosomia globally, low birth weight infants have currently attracted more attention. Macrosomia is a growing problem in most developing countries and it direc...

    Authors: Freweini Gebrearegay Tela, Afework Mulugeta Bezabih, Amaha Kahsay Adhanu and Kidanemariam Berhe Tekola

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:219

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The importance of vitamin D in bone health and calcium homeostasis has been well documented. However, emerging evidence supports the role of vitamin D beyond its recognised traditional roles. In pregnancy, vit...

    Authors: Raylton P. Chikwati, Cuthbert Musarurwa, Kerina Duri, Kudakwashe Mhandire, Tracy Snyman and Jaya A. George

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:218

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In many Western countries, higher rates of cesarean have been described among migrant women compared to natives of receiving countries. We aimed to estimate this difference comparing women originating from Fra...

    Authors: Morgane Linard, Catherine Deneux-Tharaux, Dominique Luton, Thomas Schmitz, Laurent Mandelbrot, Candice Estellat, Priscille Sauvegrain and Elie Azria

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:217

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Small for gestational age (SGA) is frequently used to define fetal growth restriction (FGR). However, FGR describes a slowdown in fetal growth and is not synonymous with SGA, which may introduce misclassificat...

    Authors: Zoe A. Broere-Brown, Sarah Schalekamp-Timmermans, Vincent W. V. Jaddoe and Eric A. P. Steegers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:216

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Following a miscarriage many women report feeling guilty and culpable for what has happened particularly when aspects of societal blame and stigma are involved. This research investigated the impact of cultura...

    Authors: Nadia Omar, Stella Major, Mona Mohsen, Halima Al Tamimi, Faten El Taher and Susie Kilshaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:215

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Ethiopia has been expanding maternity waiting homes to bridge geographical gaps between health facilities and communities in order to improve access to skilled care. In 2015, the Ministry of Health revised its...

    Authors: Gizachew Tadele Tiruneh, Yayeh Negash Getu, Mahbub Ali Abdukie, Geremew Gonfa Eba, Emily Keyes and Patricia E. Bailey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:214

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Early life microflora is an important determinant of immune and metabolic development and may have lasting consequences. However, the mode of delivery and the effect of povidone iodine disinfection on neonatal...

    Authors: Hongping Li, Shaoyun Chen, Lijuan Wu, Huilin Wang, Kelin Xiao, Yanling Gao, Yao Li, Huiqin Li, Bin Xiao and Yuanfang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:213

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Specific dietary factors contribute to greater risks of prenatal and postpartum anxiety and depression. This study aimed to systematically review and assess the evidence regarding the association between dieta...

    Authors: David Franciole Oliveira Silva, Ricardo Ney Cobucci, Ana Katherine Gonçalves and Severina Carla Vieira Cunha Lima

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:212

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Teenage pregnancy is a serious public health and social problem, with 95% occurring in developing countries. The aim of the study was to investigate the behavioural, familial and social factors associated with...

    Authors: Anthony Mark Ochen, Primus Che Chi and Stephen Lawoko

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:211

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are those born small for their gestational age, with weight below the 10th percentile. Not only do SGA infants suffer growth issues after birth, they have elevated risk ...

    Authors: Alexandra D. George, Melvin C. L. Gay, Mary E. Wlodek and Donna T. Geddes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:210

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy carries potential threat to fetal well being. Natural conversion of vitamin D in the skin can be facilitated by direct ultra violet B (UVB) radiation, but the effect is re...

    Authors: Raden Tina Dewi Judistiani, Sefita Aryuti Nirmala, Meilia Rahmawati, Reni Ghrahani, Yessika Adelwin Natalia, Adhi Kristianto Sugianli, Agnes Rengga Indrati, Oki Suwarsa and Budi Setiabudiawan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:209

    Content type: Research article

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  31. This study aims to determine reported prevalence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) and maternal and neonatal outcomes associated with these disorders among women delivering at selected hospitals acr...

    Authors: Matthew Bridwell, Endang Handzel, Michelle Hynes, Reginald Jean-Louis, David Fitter, Carol Hogue, Reynold Grand-Pierre, Hedwige Pierre and Bradley Pearce

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:208

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The objectives of this study were to explore the course of labor and the risk of obstetric anal sphincter injury at the first vaginal birth after cesarean section (fVBAC) in comparison to primiparous vaginal b...

    Authors: Zdenek Rusavy, Erika Francova, Lenka Paymova, Khaled M. Ismail and Vladimir Kalis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:207

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is one of the most frequent pathogens for congenital infections. Most cases of congenital CMV infection (cCMV) are asymptomatic at birth, but sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) or neurodev...

    Authors: Yuka Torii, Shigeru Yoshida, Yoichiro Yanase, Takashi Mitsui, Kazuhiro Horiba, Toshihiko Okumura, Suguru Takeuchi, Takako Suzuki, Jun-ichi Kawada, Tomomi Kotani, Mamoru Yamashita and Yoshinori Ito

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:205

    Content type: Research article

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  34. No study has revealed the effectiveness of long-term tocolysis for patients diagnosed with threatened preterm birth, and the use of betamimetics in these patients has not been recommended in the United States ...

    Authors: Daisuke Shigemi, Shotaro Aso and Hideo Yasunaga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:204

    Content type: Research article

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  35. An adequate number of prenatal consultations is beneficial to the health of the mother and fetus. Guidelines recommend an average of 5–14 consultations. Daily practice, however, shows that some women attend th...

    Authors: Janneke T. Gitsels – van der Wal, Lisanne A. Gitsels, Angelo Hooker, Britte van Weert, Linda Martin and Esther I. Feijen – de Jong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:203

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The aim of the study was to identify trajectories of perinatal depressive symptoms and their predictors among women living in a low-resource setting in South Africa, and who present with a risk of depression d...

    Authors: Emily C. Garman, Marguerite Schneider and Crick Lund

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:202

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Antepartum depressive and anxiety symptoms (ADS and AAS) are prevalent in Malaysia. Prior evidence linking maternal ADS and AAS with adverse birth outcomes and caesarean section (CS) or instrumental delivery i...

    Authors: Hashima E. Nasreen, Hafizah Binti Pasi, Sakinah Md Rifin, Mohd Aznan Md Aris, Jamalludin Ab Rahman, Razman Mohd Rus and Maigun Edhborg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:201

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Despite many guidelines for the management of gestational diabetes available internationally, little work has been done to summarize and assess the content of existing guidelines. A paucity of analysis guideli...

    Authors: Mengxing Zhang, Yingfeng Zhou, Jie Zhong, Kairong Wang, Yan Ding and Li Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:200

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Commonly used drugs in pregnant women include antihypertensives, hypoglycemic agents, analgesics, antimicrobials, antiemetics and antispasmodics but the use of medicines during pregnancy, especially in high-ris.....

    Authors: Kathlen Dayanne Lopes da Silva, Flávia Evelyn Medeiros Fernandes, Thiago de Lima Pessoa, Sara Iasmin Vieira Cunha Lima, Antônio Gouveia Oliveira and Rand Randall Martins

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:199

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Measuring care processes is an important component of any effort to improve care quality, however knowing the appropriate metrics to measure is a challenge both in Ireland and other countries. Quality of midwi...

    Authors: Declan Devane, Nora Barrett, Anne Gallen, Mary Frances O’Reilly, Margaret Nadin, Gillian Conway, Linda Biesty and Valerie Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:198

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a rare complication of pregnancy that involves persistent nausea and extreme vomiting to an intensity that differentiates HG from nausea and vomiting commonly experienced during ...

    Authors: Danielle Groleau, Jessica Benady-Chorney, Alexandra Panaitoiu and Vania Jimenez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:197

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Sexual violence in marital relationship is higher among women married at young age. Although sexual violence has been found to increase risk for unintended pregnancy, there is a limited published data from Nep...

    Authors: Kiran Acharya, Yuba Raj Paudel and Pramita Silwal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:196

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Increasing skilled attendance during childbirth is well established in literature to play a significant role in averting the many preventable maternal deaths that occur in developing countries such as Ghana. I...

    Authors: Peter Adatara, Johanita Strumpher and Esmeralda Ricks

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:195

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Studies have shown differences in the risk of caesarean section (CS) between ethnic minority groups. This could be a marker of unequal health care. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in the r...

    Authors: Trine Damsted Rasmussen, Sarah Fredsted Villadsen, Per Kragh Andersen, Tine Dalsgaard Clausen and Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:194

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The effects of conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs on maternal and child health (MCH) service use in conflicted affected countries such as Afghanistan are not known.

    Authors: Karen M. Edmond, Abo Ishmael Foshanji, Malalai Naziri, Ariel Higgins-Steele, Jane Machlin Burke, Natalie Strobel and Farhad Farewar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:193

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Children born after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) are at increased risk of specific major birth defects compared with children born after in vitro fertilization (IVF). However, whether this risk is d...

    Authors: Seung Chik Jwa, Junna Jwa, Akira Kuwahara, Minoru Irahara, Osamu Ishihara and Hidekazu Saito

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:192

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme in Zimbabwe has had remarkable success despite the country’s economic challenges. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges fac...

    Authors: Zibusiso Nyati-Jokomo, Inam Chitsike, Elizabeth Mbizvo and James January

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:191

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Most of the maternal and newborn deaths occur at birth or within 24 h of birth. Provision of quality Basic Emergency Obstetric and Neonatal Care (BEmONC) is very crucial and the current recommended interventio...

    Authors: Betell Berhane, Haftom Gebrehiwot, Solomon Weldemariam, Berhane Fisseha, Samson Kahsay and Alem Gebremariam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:190

    Content type: Research article

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  49. The burden of childhood and adult obesity disproportionally affects Hispanic and African-American populations in the US, and these groups as well as populations with lower income and education levels are dispr...

    Authors: Theresa M. Bastain, Thomas Chavez, Rima Habre, Mariam S. Girguis, Brendan Grubbs, Claudia Toledo-Corral, Milena Amadeus, Shohreh F. Farzan, Laila Al-Marayati, Deborah Lerner, David Noya, Alyssa Quimby, Sara Twogood, Melissa Wilson, Leda Chatzi, Michael Cousineau…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:189

    Content type: Study protocol

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