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  1. Repeat caesarean sections make a substantial contribution to the overall caesarean section rate. It is important to understand what influences women to choose this option when the alternative of attempting vag...

    Authors: Natalie Whitelaw, Siladitya Bhattacharya, David McLernon and Mairead Black
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:361
  2. Emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC) is a high impact priority intervention highly recommended for improving maternal and neonatal health outcomes. In 2008, Ethiopia conducted a national EmONC survey ...

    Authors: Alemnesh H Mirkuzie, Mitike Molla Sisay, Alemnesh Tekelebirhan Reta and Mulu Muleta Bedane
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:354
  3. Despite a gradual increase in breastfeeding rates, overall in the UK there are wide variations, with a trend towards breastfeeding rates at 6–8 weeks remaining below 40% in less affluent areas. While financial...

    Authors: Barbara Whelan, Kate J Thomas, Patrice Van Cleemput, Heather Whitford, Mark Strong, Mary J Renfrew, Elaine Scott and Clare Relton
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:355
  4. Low maternal awareness of fetal movements is associated with negative birth outcomes. Knowledge regarding pregnant women’s compliance with programs of systematic self-assessment of fetal movements is needed. T...

    Authors: Mari-Cristin Malm, Ingela Rådestad, Christine Rubertsson, Ingegerd Hildingsson and Helena Lindgren
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:349
  5. Refugees have poor mental, social and physical health related to experiences of trauma and stresses associated with settlement, however little is known about how refugee families experience maternity and early...

    Authors: Jane Yelland, Elisha Riggs, Sayed Wahidi, Fatema Fouladi, Sue Casey, Josef Szwarc, Philippa Duell-Piening, Donna Chesters and Stephanie Brown
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:348
  6. In rural Bangladesh, more than 75% of all births occur at home in the absence of skilled birth attendants. Population-based data are lacking on the burden and risk factors for obstetric complications in settin...

    Authors: Shegufta S Sikder, Alain B Labrique, Abu A Shamim, Hasmot Ali, Sucheta Mehra, Lee Wu, Saijuddin Shaikh, Keith P West Jr and Parul Christian
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:347
  7. Breastfeeding is associated with significant positive health outcomes for mothers and infants. However, despite recommendations from the World Health Organization, exclusive breastfeeding for six months is unc...

    Authors: Helen L McLachlan, Della A Forster, Lisa H Amir, Rhonda Small, Meabh Cullinane, Lyndsey F Watson and Touran Shafiei
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:346
  8. Universal and high-risk screening for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has been widely studied and debated. Few studies have assessed GDM screening in Asian populations and even fewer have compared Asian et...

    Authors: Yap-Seng Chong, Shirong Cai, Harvard Lin, Shu E Soh, Yung-Seng Lee, Melvin Khee-Shing Leow, Yiong-Huak Chan, Li Chen, Joanna D Holbrook, Kok-Hian Tan, Victor Samuel Rajadurai, George Seow-Heong Yeo, Michael S Kramer, Seang-Mei Saw, Peter D Gluckman, Keith M Godfrey…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:345
  9. In Pakistan, 51% of women are anaemic in pregnancy yet only 44% of women use antenatal iron-folic acid (IFA) supplements. Little information exits on the perception and barriers to the use of IFA supplements d...

    Authors: Yasir Bin Nisar, Ashraful Alam, Brekhna Aurangzeb and Michael J Dibley
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:344
  10. In Sweden, midwives play prominent supportive role in antenatal care by counselling and promoting healthy lifestyles. This study aimed to explore how Swedish midwives experience the counselling of pregnant wom...

    Authors: Maria Lindqvist, Ingrid Mogren, Eva Eurenius, Kristina Edvardsson and Margareta Persson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:343
  11. Cultural practice have often overlooked when providing maternal and child health care services. Low birth weight is the second cause of neonatal mortality in the world but it is a major factor in a developing ...

    Authors: Rosnah Sutan and Satrinawati Berkat
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:342
  12. Nigeria’s high perinatal mortality rate (PNMR) could be most effectively reduced by targeting factors that are associated with increased newborn deaths. Low access to skilled birth attendants (SBAs) and weak h...

    Authors: Peter Onubiwe Nkwo, Lucky Osaheni Lawani, Euzebus Chinonye Ezugwu, Chukwuemeka Anthony Iyoke, Agozie C Ubesie and Robinson Chukwudi Onoh
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:341
  13. This study tested if second trimester amniotic fluid cytokine levels, Ureaplasma sp. colonisation and sexual activity predict preterm birth and explain the differential preterm birth rates in Chinese compared to ...

    Authors: Matthew S Payne, Zhenhua Feng, Shaofu Li, Dorota A Doherty, Biyun Xu, Jie Li, Lenan Liu, Jeffrey A Keelan, Yi Hua Zhou, Jan E Dickinson, Yali Hu and John P Newnham
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:340
  14. Suboptimal weight gain during pregnancy may result in adverse outcomes for both the mother and child, including increased risk of pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes, delivery of low birth weight and small-...

    Authors: Sarah Hanieh, Tran T Ha, Julie A Simpson, Tran T Thuy, Nguyen C Khuong, Dang D Thoang, Thach D Tran, Tran Tuan, Jane Fisher and Beverley-Ann Biggs
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:339
  15. Neonatal mortality reduction in China over past two decades was reported from nationwide sampling surveys, however, how high risk pregnancy affected neonatal outcome is unknown. The objective of this study was...

    Authors: Libo Sun, Hongni Yue, Bo Sun, Liangrong Han, Zhaofang Tian, Meihua Qi, Shuyan Lu, Chunming Shan, Jianxin Luo, Yujing Fan, Shouzhong Li, Maotian Dong, Xiaofeng Zuo, Yixing Zhang, Wenlong Lin, Jinzhong Xu…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:338
  16. Preterm birth is a leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide, resulting in a pressing need to identify risk factors leading to effective interventions. Limited evidence suggests potential re...

    Authors: Sandhya Kajeepeta, Sixto E Sanchez, Bizu Gelaye, Chunfang Qiu, Yasmin V Barrios, Daniel A Enquobahrie and Michelle A Williams
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:337
  17. Perinatal mental health problems are common complications of pregnancy that can go undetected and untreated. Research indicated that mental health complications are more prevalent in women from disadvantaged c...

    Authors: Nancy C Raymond, Rebekah J Pratt, Amy Godecker, Patricia A Harrison, Helen Kim, Jesse Kuendig and Jennifer M O’Brien
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:336
  18. Observing the fast during the holy month of Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam. Although pregnant women and those with pre-existing illness are exempted from fasting many still choose to fast during t...

    Authors: Emily S Petherick, Derek Tuffnell and John Wright
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:335
  19. Group prenatal care (GPC) originated in 1994 as an innovative model of prenatal care delivery. In GPC, eight to twelve pregnant women of similar gestational age meet with a health care provider to receive thei...

    Authors: Sarah D McDonald, Wendy Sword, Leyla E Eryuzlu and Anne B Biringer
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:334
  20. Previous studies suggest a possible association between maternal use of selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during early pregnancy and congenital heart defects (CHD). The purpose of this study was ...

    Authors: Tanja Majbrit Knudsen, Anne Vinkel Hansen, Ester Garne and Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:333
  21. Preference for sons in India has resulted in a skewed sex ratio at live birth, probably as a consequence of female feticide. However, it is unclear if these cultural preferences are also currently present in c...

    Authors: Cameron Smith and Andrew Fogarty
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:332
  22. The objectives of this study were to assess the efficacy of lifestyle intervention on gestational weight gain in pregnant women with normal and above normal body mass index (BMI) in a randomized controlled trial.

    Authors: Amy Leung Hui, Lisa Back, Sora Ludwig, Phillip Gardiner, Gustaaf Sevenhuysen, Heather J Dean, Elisabeth Sellers, Jonathan McGavock, Margaret Morris, Depeng Jiang and Garry X Shen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:331
  23. Pregnancy-related physical changes can have a significant impact on a woman’s body image. There is no synthesis of existing literature to describe the intricacies of women’s experiences of their body, and rele...

    Authors: Emma L Hodgkinson, Debbie M Smith and Anja Wittkowski
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:330
  24. Health professionals and public health experts in maternal and newborn health encourage women to deliver at health facilities in an effort to reduce maternal and newborn mortality. In the existing literature, ...

    Authors: Francis Levira, Lauren Gaydosh and Astha Ramaiya
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:329
  25. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remains the major source of HIV infection in young children. Targeting pregnant women attending antenatal clinics provide a unique oppo...

    Authors: Wakgari Deressa, Assefa Seme, Anteneh Asefa, Getachew Teshome and Fikre Enqusellassie
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:328
  26. Ninety-six percent of the world’s 3 million neonatal deaths occur in developing countries where the majority of births occur outside of a facility. Community-based approaches to the identification and manageme...

    Authors: Anna Hedstrom, Tove Ryman, Christine Otai, James Nyonyintono, Ryan M McAdams, Deborah Lester and Maneesh Batra
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:327
  27. Ethiopia’s population policy specifically aims to reduce TFR from 7.7 to 4.0 and to increase contraceptive use from 4.0% to 44.0% between 1990 and 2015. In 2011, the use of contraceptive methods increased seve...

    Authors: Yibeltal Tebekaw, Bezuhan Aemro and Charles Teller
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:326
  28. Drug use during pregnancy may be dangerous to the fetus. There is high consumption of prescribed drugs among pregnant women. This condition may be much higher in developing countries. There is no sufficient ev...

    Authors: Chanie Admasie, Belaynew Wasie and Gedefaw Abeje
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:325
  29. Preeclampsia is defined as new onset of hypertension and proteinuria at gestational week 20 or after. However, use of these measures to predict preeclampsia before its clinical onset is unreliable, and evidenc...

    Authors: Martin Hund, Deirdre Allegranza, Maria Schoedl, Peter Dilba, Wilma Verhagen-Kamerbeek and Holger Stepan
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:324
  30. Maternal mortality remains high in sub-Saharan Africa. Health facility intra-partum strategies with skilled birth attendance have been shown to be most effective to address maternal mortality. In Zambia, the h...

    Authors: Selia Ng’anjo Phiri, Knut Fylkesnes, Ana Lorena Ruano and Karen Marie Moland
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:323
  31. There is limited safety information on most drugs used during pregnancy. This is especially true for medication against tropical diseases because pharmacovigilance systems are not much developed in these setti...

    Authors: Dominic Mosha, Festo Mazuguni, Sigilbert Mrema, Salim Abdulla and Blaise Genton
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:322
  32. While international variations in overall cesarean delivery rates are well documented, less information is available for clinical sub-groups. Cesarean data presented by subgroups can be used to evaluate uptake...

    Authors: Marie Delnord, Béatrice Blondel, Nicolas Drewniak, Kari Klungsøyr, Francisco Bolumar, Ashna Mohangoo, Mika Gissler, Katarzyna Szamotulska, Nicholas Lack, Jan Nijhuis, Petr Velebil, Luule Sakkeus, James Chalmers and Jennifer Zeitlin
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:321
  33. Improving maternal health is one of the eight millennium development goals adopted at the millennium summit in the year 2000. Within this frame work, the international community is committed to reduce the mate...

    Authors: Andrea B Pembe, Chetto Paulo, Brenda S D’mello and Jos van Roosmalen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:320
  34. Post-partum weight retention contributes to the risk of chronic obesity and metabolic alterations. We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effect of post-partum nutrition...

    Authors: Alexander Arkin Berger, Rachel Peragallo-Urrutia and Wanda K Nicholson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:319
  35. Vasa praevia (VP) is an obstetric condition that is associated with significant perinatal mortality and morbidity. Although the incidence of VP is low, it is one of the few causes of perinatal death that can b...

    Authors: Nasrin Javid, Elizabeth A Sullivan, Lesley E Halliday, Greg Duncombe and Caroline SE Homer
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:318
  36. Gestational diabetes (GDM) affects a substantial proportion of women in pregnancy and is associated with increased risk of adverse perinatal and long term outcomes. Treatment seems to improve perinatal outcome...

    Authors: Diane Farrar, Lesley Fairley, John Wright, Derek Tuffnell, Donald Whitelaw and Debbie A Lawlor
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:317
  37. Postpartum depression (PPD) has detrimental consequences to the women, their infants and families. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between adult abuse and PPD.

    Authors: Marie Flem Sørbø, Hilde Grimstad, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard, Mirjam Lukasse and Berit Schei
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:316
  38. Worldwide, an estimated 2.9 million neonatal deaths occurred in 2012, accounting for 44% of all under-five deaths. In Pakistan, more than 200,000 newborns die annually and neonatal mortality rates are higher t...

    Authors: Ali Turab, Lisa G Pell, Diego G Bassani, Sajid Soofi, Shabina Ariff, Zulfiqar A Bhutta and Shaun K Morris
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:315
  39. Long-term obesity after pregnancy is associated with obesity prior to pregnancy and retention of weight postpartum. This study aims to identify socioeconomic differences in prepregnancy body mass index, quanti...

    Authors: Shu-Kay Ng, Cate M Cameron, Andrew P Hills, Roderick J McClure and Paul A Scuffham
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:314
  40. The mother-child interaction after delivery may be hampered when the newborn baby is hospitalized. The objective of the study was to understand perceptions and actions of healthcare professionals (HCPs), worki...

    Authors: Camila Fleury, Mary A Parpinelli and Maria Y Makuch
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:313
  41. The HAPPY study is a large prospective longitudinal cohort study in which pregnant women (N ≈ 2,500) are followed during the entire pregnancy and the whole first year postpartum. The study collects a substanti...

    Authors: Sophie EM Truijens, Margreet Meems, Simone MI Kuppens, Maarten AC Broeren, Karin CAM Nabbe, Hennie A Wijnen, S Guid Oei, Maarten JM van Son and Victor JM Pop
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:312
  42. Skilled birth attendance is critical in the provision of child birth related services. Yet, literature is scanty on the outcomes of child birth related complications in situations where majority of women deliv...

    Authors: Wilson N Liambila and Shiphrah N Kuria
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:311
  43. While seasonality of birth outcomes has been documented in a variety of settings, data from rural South Asia are lacking. We report a descriptive study of the seasonality of prematurity, low birth weight, smal...

    Authors: Michelle M Hughes, Joanne Katz, Luke C Mullany, Subarna K Khatry, Steven C LeClerq, Gary L Darmstadt and James M Tielsch
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:310
  44. Although studies have shown an association between air pollutants from anthropogenic sources and pregnancy outcomes, little is known regarding the association between low birth weight (LBW) and exposure to emi...

    Authors: Ageo Mário Cândido da Silva, Gisele Pedroso Moi, Inês Echenique Mattos and Sandra de Souza Hacon
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:309
  45. Between 40,000 and 80,000 pregnant women die annually from pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Although magnesium sulphate and anti-hypertensive therapies can reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with pre-ec...

    Authors: Hillary Bracken, Shuchita Mundle, Brian Faragher, Thomas Easterling, Alan Haycox, Mark Turner, Zarko Alfirevic, Beverly Winikoff and Andrew Weeks
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:308
  46. The use of assisted conception (AC) has been associated with higher risk of adverse perinatal outcome. Few data are available on the outcome of AC-neonates when pregnancy ends before 32 weeks of gestational age.

    Authors: Carlo Corchia, Monica Da Frè, Domenico Di Lallo, Luigi Gagliardi, Franco Macagno, Virgilio Carnielli, Silvana Miniaci and Marina Cuttini
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:307
  47. B7 costimulatory molecules are expressed on antigen presenting cells (APCs) and are important regulators of T cell activation. We investigated the role of the B7 family of costimulatory molecules in the develo...

    Authors: Enikő Grozdics, László Berta, Anna Bajnok, Gábor Veres, István Ilisz, Péter Klivényi, János Rigó Jr, László Vécsei, Tivadar Tulassay and Gergely Toldi
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:306
  48. The maternal mortality ratio in India has been declining over the past decade, but remains unacceptably high at 212 per 100,000 live births. Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and pre- eclampsia/eclampsia contribute...

    Authors: Krishnamurthy Jayanna, Prem Mony, Ramesh BM, Annamma Thomas, Ajay Gaikwad, Mohan HL, James F Blanchard, Stephen Moses and Lisa Avery
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:304
  49. International studies on the association between maternal body mass index (BMI) and spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) yield controversial results warranting large studies from other settings. The aim of this art...

    Authors: Ekaterina E Sharashova, Erik E Anda and Andrej M Grjibovski
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:303

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