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  1. Previous studies have demonstrated that prenatal care (PNC) has an effect on women’s breastfeeding practices. This study aims to examine the influence of adequacy of PNC initiation and services use on breastfe...

    Authors: Christy Costanian, Alison K. Macpherson and Hala Tamim
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:100
  2. Malaria in pregnancy (MIP) has serious consequences for the woman, unborn child and newborn. The use of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for the intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (SP-IPTp) is ...

    Authors: Soter Ameh, Eme Owoaje, Angela Oyo-Ita, Caroline W. Kabiru, Obaji E. O. Akpet, Aniekan Etokidem, Okokon Enembe and Nnette Ekpenyong
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:99
  3. The Middle East and North Africa region harbors significant proportions of stunting and wasting coupled with surging rates of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Recent evidence identified nutrition during the f...

    Authors: Farah Naja, Lara Nasreddine, Al Anoud Al Thani, Khaled Yunis, Michael Clinton, Anwar Nassar, Sara Farhat Jarrar, Patricia Moghames, Ghina Ghazeeri, Sajjad Rahman, Walaa Al-Chetachi, Eman Sadoun, Nibal Lubbad, Zelaikha Bashwar, Hiba Bawadi and Nahla Hwalla
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:98
  4. Being an adolescent mother and cohabiting with the maternal grandmother have been shown to be risk factors for a shorter breastfeeding duration. The objective of this study was to assess whether the positive e...

    Authors: Cristiano Francisco da Silva, Leandro Meirelles Nunes, Renata Schwartz and Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:97
  5. Stress fractures are classified as insufficiency and fatigue fractures. Insufficiency fractures occur when normal stresses are placed on bone with decreased mineralization and elastic resistance; whereas fatig...

    Authors: Nadeen Hilal and Anwar H. Nassar
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:96
  6. The ability to act on and justify clinical decisions as autonomous accountable midwifery practitioners, is encompassed within many international regulatory frameworks, yet decision-making within midwifery is p...

    Authors: Elaine Jefford, Julie Jomeen and Colin R. Martin
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:95
  7. Over 3500 HIV-positive women give birth annually in Ukraine, a setting with high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections. Herpes simplex virus Type 2 (HSV-2) co-infection may increase HIV mother-to-child...

    Authors: Karoline Aebi-Popp, Heather Bailey, Ruslan Malyuta, Alla Volokha and Claire Thorne
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:94
  8. The incidence of both gestational diabetes mellitus and preeclampsia is on the rise; however, these pregnancy complications may not be systematically reported. This study aimed to examine differences in report...

    Authors: Nekisa Haghighat, Maogui Hu, Olivier Laurent, Judith Chung, Peter Nguyen and Jun Wu
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:93
  9. The impact of elective induction of labour at term on the increasing caesarean section (CS) rate is unclear. A Cochrane Systematic Review that concluded that elective induction was associated with a reduction ...

    Authors: Mary-Ann Davey and James King
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:92
  10. Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of an infant’s life has enormous potential to reduce mortality and morbidity. The older generation, particularly the infant’s grandmothers, play a central role ...

    Authors: Joel Negin, Jenna Coffman, Pavle Vizintin and Camille Raynes-Greenow
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:91
  11. The caesarean section (c-section) rate in Canada is 27.1 %, well above the 5–15 % of deliveries suggested by the World Health Organization in 2009. Emergency and planned c-sections may adversely affect breastf...

    Authors: Amy J. Hobbs, Cynthia A. Mannion, Sheila W. McDonald, Meredith Brockway and Suzanne C. Tough
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:90
  12. The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has a high rate of perinatal mortality (PMR), and health measures that could reduce this high rate of mortality are not accessible to all women. Where they are in place, ...

    Authors: Abel Mukengeshayi Ntambue, Françoise Kaj Malonga, Michele Dramaix-Wilmet, Roger Nlandu Ngatu and Philippe Donnen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:89
  13. Around 6 % of births in Australia are to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women are 2–3 times more likely to experience adverse maternal and perinatal outco...

    Authors: Donna Weetra, Karen Glover, Mary Buckskin, Jackie Ah Kit, Cathy Leane, Amanda Mitchell, Deanna Stuart-Butler, May Turner, Jane Yelland, Deirdre Gartland and Stephanie J Brown
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:88
  14. Infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) in pregnant women may be a threat for both mothers and fetuses. This study was performed to explore the impact of maternal HBV carrier status on pregnancy outcomes.

    Authors: Ai-Ming Cui, Xiao-Yan Cheng, Jian-Guo Shao, Hai-Bo Li, Xu-Lin Wang, Yi Shen, Li-Jing Mao, Sheng Zhang, Hai-Yun Liu, Lei Zhang and Gang Qin
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:87
  15. The 2005 report of United Nations Millennium Project of Transforming Health Systems for women and children concluded that universal access to Emergency Obstetric and New born Care could reduce maternal deaths ...

    Authors: Alemayehu Kumsa, Gurmessa Tura, Aderajew Nigusse and Getahun Kebede
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:85
  16. Burkina Faso, like many low and middle income countries, has been taking a range of actions to address its poor maternal and neonatal health indicators. In 2006 the government introduced an innovative national...

    Authors: Rasmané Ganaba, Patrick G. C. Ilboudo, Jenny A. Cresswell, Maurice Yaogo, Cheick Omar Diallo, Fabienne Richard, Nadia Cunden, Veronique Filippi and Sophie Witter
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:84
  17. Vaginal fistula (VF) is one of the most severe maternal morbidities with the immediate consequence of chronic urinary and/or fecal incontinence. The epidemiological evidence regarding risk factors for VF is do...

    Authors: Mathieu Maheu-Giroux, Véronique Filippi, Nathalie Maulet, Sékou Samadoulougou, Marcia C. Castro, Nicolas Meda, Mariève Pouliot and Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:82
  18. Collection and storage of an infant’s cord blood at birth is an option available to many new parents. Antenatal health care providers have an important role in providing non-biased and evidence based informati...

    Authors: Lisa Peberdy, Jeanine Young and Lauren Kearney
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:81
  19. Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a common obstetric complication. Rates of PPH are increasing in a number of developed countries. This is concerning as PPH is recognised as a leading cause of maternal morbidity...

    Authors: T. Dunning, J. M. Harris and J. Sandall
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:80
  20. There are few valid predictors for preterm delivery after cerclage. Experience with a screening program that included four sequential cervical length measurements in singleton pregnancies after cerclage is rev...

    Authors: Sophie Pils, Wolfgang Eppel, Regina Promberger, Max-Paul Winter, Rudolf Seemann and Johannes Ott
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:79
  21. The “Mackey Childbirth Satisfaction Rating Scale” (MCSRS) is a complete non-validated scale which includes the most important factors associated with maternal satisfaction. Our primary purpose was to describe ...

    Authors: Pablo Caballero, Beatriz E. Delgado-García, Isabel Orts-Cortes, Joaquin Moncho, Pamela Pereyra-Zamora and Andreu Nolasco
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:78
  22. Midwifery-led care during labour and birth in the UK is increasingly important given national commitments to choice of place of birth, reduction of unnecessary intervention and improving women’s experience of ...

    Authors: Rachel E Rowe, Jennifer J Kurinczuk, Jennifer Hollowell and Marian Knight
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:77
  23. Anaemia is a public health problem affecting over 1.62 billion people globally. It affects all age groups of people and is particularly more prevalent in pregnant women. Africa carries a high burden of anaemia...

    Authors: Gerald Obai, Pancras Odongo and Ronald Wanyama
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:76
  24. Increasing studies show that immigrants have different perinatal health outcomes compared to native women. Nevertheless, we lack a systematic examination of the combined effects of immigrant status and socioec...

    Authors: Judith Racape, Claudia Schoenborn, Mouctar Sow, Sophie Alexander and Myriam De Spiegelaere
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:75
  25. To study the natural history of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) during pregnancy and to compare the rates of persistence, progression and regression of CIN by colposcopically guided biopsy (CGB) durin...

    Authors: Mariella Mailath-Pokorny, Richard Schwameis, Christoph Grimm, Alexander Reinthaller and Stephan Polterauer
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:74
  26. Ethiopia is one of the countries with the highest maternal mortality ratio 676/100,000 LB and the lowest skilled delivery at birth (10 %) in 2011. Skilled delivery care and provision of emergency obstetric car...

    Authors: Semere Sileshi Belda and Mulugeta Betre Gebremariam
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:73
  27. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), originally developed in Britain, is one of the most widely used screening instruments for assessing symptoms of the Perinatal Common Mental Disorders (PCMDs) of...

    Authors: Sumitra Devi Shrestha, Rina Pradhan, Thach D. Tran, Rosa C. Gualano and Jane R. W. Fisher
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:72
  28. The diagnosis of labor onset has been described as one of the most important judgments in maternity care. There is compelling evidence that the duration of both latent and active phase labor are clinically imp...

    Authors: Gillian E. Hanley, Sarah Munro, Devon Greyson, Mechthild M. Gross, Vanora Hundley, Helen Spiby and Patricia A. Janssen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:71
  29. Vesicoureteral reflux is thought to predispose to urinary tract infection and renal scarring, and ureteral reimplantation in childhood remains the gold standard for its treatment. It has been reported that the...

    Authors: Yutaka Yoneoka, Shoji Kaku, Shunichiro Tsuji, Hiroto Yamashita, Takashi Inoue, Fuminori Kimura and Takashi Murakami
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:70
  30. Pharmaceutical uterotonics are effective for preventing postpartum hemorrhage and complications related to unsafe abortion. In Madagascar, however, traditional birth attendants (Matrones) commonly administer m...

    Authors: Lillian Collins, Kristin Mmari, Luke C. Mullany, Christian W. Gruber and Rachel Favero
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:69
  31. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a hyperglycemic state detected during pregnancy, is an established risk factor for diabetes. However, treatment during pregnancy in and of itself is not able to eliminate t...

    Authors: Maria Inês Schmidt, Bruce B. Duncan, Cristina Castilhos, Eliana Márcia Wendland, Pedro C. Hallal, Beatriz D’Agord Schaan, Michele Drehmer, Adriana Costa e Forti, Cristina Façanha and Maria Angélica Nunes
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:68
  32. Maternal mortality continues to be the biggest challenge facing Ethiopia and other developing countries. Although progress has been made in making maternity services available closer to the community, the rate...

    Authors: Ephrem D. Sheferaw, Teka Z. Mengesha and Solomon B. Wase
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:67
  33. Male involvement during antenatal care is promoted to be an important intervention to increase positive maternal and new born health outcomes. Despite active promotion to stimulate male involvement during ante...

    Authors: E. Vermeulen, A. Solnes Miltenburg, J. Barras, N. Maselle, M. van Elteren and J. van Roosmalen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:66
  34. Birth weight centile curves are commonly used as a screening tool and to assess the position of a newborn on a given reference distribution. Birth weight of twins are known to be less than those of comparable ...

    Authors: Prasanna Premkumar, Belavendra Antonisamy, Jiji Mathews, Santhosh Benjamin, Annie Regi, Ruby Jose, Anil Kuruvilla and Mathews Mathai
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:64
  35. A multidisciplinary committee composed of a panel of experts, including a member of the American Academy of Pediatrics and American Institute of Architects, has suggested that the delivery room (DR) and the ne...

    Authors: Gianluca Terrin, Francesca Conte, Antonella Scipione, Vincenzo Aleandri, Maria Di Chiara, Erica Bacchio, Francesco Messina and Mario De Curtis
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:63
  36. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. In non-pregnant populations, low leptin levels stimulate positive energy balance. In pregnancy, both the placenta and adip...

    Authors: Marilyn Lacroix, Marie-Claude Battista, Myriam Doyon, Julie Moreau, Julie Patenaude, Laetitia Guillemette, Julie Ménard, Jean-Luc Ardilouze, Patrice Perron and Marie-France Hivert
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:62
  37. Birth defects are a leading cause of neonatal and infant mortality, and several studies have indicated an increase in the prevalence of birth defects; more recent investigations have suggested that the trends ...

    Authors: Dirga Kumar Lamichhane, Jong-Han Leem, Myungsook Park, Jung Ae Kim, Hwan Cheol Kim, Jin Hee Kim and Yun-Chul Hong
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:61
  38. Dyslipidemia in pregnancy are associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), preeclampsia, preterm birth and other adverse outcomes, which has been extensively studied in western countries. However, simi...

    Authors: Wen-Yuan Jin, Sheng-Liang Lin, Ruo-Lin Hou, Xiao-Yang Chen, Ting Han, Yan Jin, Li Tang, Zhi-Wei Zhu and Zheng-Yan Zhao
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:60
  39. Institution-based childbirth, with the ultimate goal of universal access to skilled birth attendance (SBA), has been selected as a key strategy to reduce the maternal mortality rate in many developing countrie...

    Authors: Hong Jiang, Xu Qian, Lili Chen, Jian Li, Erin Escobar, Mary Story and Shenglan Tang
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:58
  40. We assessed whether the reported decrease in fertility rates among 15 to 19 years old Brazilian adolescents has met with a parallel decrease in very young adolescent (10 to 14 years old) fertility rates. So we...

    Authors: Ana Luiza Vilela Borges, Christiane Borges do Nascimento Chofakian, Ana Paula Sayuri Sato, Elizabeth Fujimori, Luciane Simões Duarte and Murilo Novaes Gomes
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:57

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:204

  41. Hyperlipidemia and high fasting plasma glucose levels at the first prenatal visit (First Visit FPG) are both related to gestational diabetes mellitus, maternal obesity/overweight and fetal overgrowth. The purp...

    Authors: Bin Liu, Huizhen Geng, Juan Yang, Ying Zhang, Langhui Deng, Weiqing Chen and Zilian Wang
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:56
  42. Cardiotocography (CTG) has high sensitivity, but less specificity in detection of fetal hypoxia. There is need for adjunctive methods easy to apply during labor. Low fetal heart rate short term variation (STV)...

    Authors: Stina Wretler, Malin Holzmann, Sophie Graner, Pelle Lindqvist, Susanne Falck and Lennart Nordström
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:55
  43. Advances in diagnostic and therapeutic modalities for congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection have generated a mounting interest in identifying mothers susceptible to CMV. The objectives of this study were ...

    Authors: Sarah Wizman, Valérie Lamarre, Lena Coic, Fatima Kakkar, Jean-Baptiste Le Meur, Céline Rousseau, Marc Boucher and Bruce Tapiero
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:54
  44. Discussion of place of birth is important for women and maternity services, yet the detail, content and delivery of these discussions are unclear. The Birthplace Study found that for low risk, multiparous wome...

    Authors: Catherine Henshall, Beck Taylor and Sara Kenyon
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:53
  45. Retinol-binding protein-4 (RBP4) has been reported to be potentially involved in the pathogenesis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM); however, the findings are inconsistent. Our aims were to review the stu...

    Authors: Shimin Hu, Qian Liu, Xin Huang and Hongzhuan Tan
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:52

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