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  1. Comparisons of birth outcomes between Australian Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations show marked inequalities. These comparisons obscure Indigenous disparities. There is much variation in terms of cultur...

    Authors: Malinda Steenkamp, Alice Rumbold, Lesley Barclay and Sue Kildea
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:44
  2. Intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) is a serious incidence that has been shown to impact mothers’ psychological well-being in the short-term. Long-term quality of life (QOL) and depression after IUFD is not known....

    Authors: Ida Kathrine Gravensteen, Linda Bjørk Helgadottir, Eva-Marie Jacobsen, Per Morten Sandset and Øivind Ekeberg
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:43
  3. Hemorrhage is the leading direct cause of maternal death globally. While oxytocin is the drug of choice for postpartum hemorrhage prevention, its use has generally been limited to health facilities. This trial...

    Authors: Cynthia K Stanton, Samuel Newton, Luke C Mullany, Patience Cofie, Charlotte Tawiah Agyemang, Edward Adiibokah, Niamh Darcy, Sadaf Khan, Alice Levisay, John Gyapong, Deborah Armbruster and Seth Owusu-Agyei
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:42
  4. Most women in the UK give birth in a hospital labour ward, following which they are transferred to a postnatal ward and discharged home within 24 to 48 hours of the birth. Despite policy and guideline recommen...

    Authors: Debra Bick, Trevor Murrells, Annette Weavers, Val Rose, Julie Wray and Sarah Beake
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:41
  5. Pregnant women with prior venous thromboembolism (VTE) are at risk of recurrence. Low molecular weight heparin (LWMH) reduces the risk of pregnancy-related VTE. LMWH prophylaxis is, however, inconvenient, unco...

    Authors: Pablo Alonso-Coello, Shanil Ebrahim, Gordon H Guyatt, Kari AO Tikkinen, Mark H Eckman, Ignacio Neumann, Sarah D McDonald, Elie A Akl and Shannon M Bates
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:40
  6. Three million babies are stillborn each year and 3.6 million die in the first month of life. In India, early neonatal deaths make up four-fifths of neonatal deaths and infant mortality three-quarters of under-...

    Authors: Ujwala Bapat, Glyn Alcock, Neena Shah More, Sushmita Das, Wasundhara Joshi and David Osrin
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:39
  7. First trimester growth restriction is associated with an increased risk of adverse birth outcomes (preterm birth, low birth weight and small for gestational age at birth). The differences between normal and ab...

    Authors: Nicol AC Smeets, Marc Prudon, Bjorn Winkens and S Guid Oei
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:38
  8. Authors: Sophie MS Liem, Dick J Bekedam, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Anneke Kwee, Dimitri NM Papatsonis, Joris AM van der Post, Arianne C Lim, Hubertina CJ Scheepers, Christine Willekes, Johannes J Duvekot, Marc Spaanderman, Martina Porath, Jim van Eyck, Monique C Haak, Marielle G van Pampus, Hein W Bruinse…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:37

    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:44

  9. A father’s experience of the birth of his first child is important not only for his birth-giving partner but also for the father himself, his relationship with the mother and the newborn. No validated question...

    Authors: Åsa Premberg, Charles Taft, Anna-Lena Hellström and Marie Berg
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:35
  10. Nearly half the world’s babies are born at home. We sought to evaluate the training, knowledge, skills, and access to medical equipment and testing for home birth attendants across 7 international sites.

    Authors: Ana Garces, Elizabeth M McClure, Elwyn Chomba, Archana Patel, Omrana Pasha, Antoinette Tshefu, Fabian Esamai, Shivaprasad Goudar, Adrien Lokangaka, K Michael Hambidge, Linda L Wright, Marion Koso-Thomas, Carl Bose, Waldemar A Carlo, Edward A Liechty, Patricia L Hibberd…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:34
  11. 39% of neonatal deaths in India occur on the first day of life, and 57% during the first three days of births. However, the association between postnatal care (PNC) for newborns and neonatal mortality has not ...

    Authors: Abhishek Singh, Awadhesh Yadav and Ashish Singh
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:33
  12. When an ultrasound-based estimate of gestational age (GA) is less (greater) than an estimate based on a definite last menstrual period, the fetus may grow slower (faster) than average. While the association be...

    Authors: Jagteshwar Grewal, Meghan Wernicke and Jun Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:32
  13. Maternity services should take into account the needs of all women, including those related to disability. No reliable information, however, exists on the extent and characteristics of disability in this popul...

    Authors: Dana Šumilo, Jennifer J Kurinczuk, Maggie E Redshaw and Ron Gray
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:31
  14. Much attention has been given to the adequacy of prenatal care use in promoting healthy outcomes for women and their infants. Adequacy of use takes into account the timing of initiation of prenatal care and th...

    Authors: Wendy Sword, Maureen I Heaman, Sandy Brooks, Suzanne Tough, Patricia A Janssen, David Young, Dawn Kingston, Michael E Helewa, Noori Akhtar-Danesh and Eileen Hutton
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:29
  15. A primary cause of high maternal mortality in Bangladesh is lack of access to professional delivery care. Examining the role of the family, particularly the husband, during pregnancy and childbirth is importan...

    Authors: William T Story, Sarah A Burgard, Jody R Lori, Fahmida Taleb, Nabeel Ashraf Ali and DM Emdadul Hoque
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:28
  16. Eating a diet that is high in fat and sugar and having a sedentary lifestyle during pregnancy is understood to increase the risk of excessive gestational weight gain and obesity following the birth of the baby...

    Authors: Lucie Warren, Jaynie Rance and Billie Hunter
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:27
  17. Over the last few years a decreasing trend in smoking has occurred not only in the general population but also during pregnancy. Several countries have implemented laws requiring all enclosed workplace and pub...

    Authors: Carme Puig, Oriol Vall, Óscar García-Algar, Esther Papaseit, Simona Pichini, Esteve Saltó and Joan R Villalbí
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:26
  18. In the last twenty years, retrospective studies have shown that perinatal events may impact the individual health in the medium and long term. However, only a few prospective studies were designed to address t...

    Authors: Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Charles Francisco Ferreira, Marina Nunes, Clécio Homrich da Silva, Vera Lúcia Bosa, Patrícia Pelufo Silveira and Marcelo Zubaran Goldani
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:25
  19. Financial incentives appear to be effective in promoting smoking cessation in pregnancy. The mechanisms by which they might operate however, are poorly understood. The present study examines how financial ince...

    Authors: Eleni Mantzari, Florian Vogt and Theresa M Marteau
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:24
  20. Two criteria based on a 2 h 75 g OGTT are being used for the diagnosis of gestational diabetes (GDM), those recommended over the years by the World Health Organization (WHO), and those recently recommended by ...

    Authors: Eliana M Wendland, Maria Regina Torloni, Maicon Falavigna, Janet Trujillo, Maria Alice Dode, Maria Amélia Campos, Bruce B Duncan and Maria Inês Schmidt
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:23
  21. Incentive or reward schemes are becoming increasingly popular to motivate healthy lifestyle behaviours. In this paper, insights from a qualitative and descriptive study to investigate the uptake, impact and me...

    Authors: Gill Thomson, Fiona Dykes, Margaret A Hurley and Pat Hoddinott
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:22
  22. Pregnant women are susceptible to symptomatic malaria due to invasion of the placenta by plasmodium. Malaria increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes for mothers, the foetuses and newborns. The effecti...

    Authors: Joel O Aluko and Abimbola O Oluwatosin
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:21
  23. Maternal mortality is a major public health problem worldwide especially in low income countries. Most causes of maternal deaths are due to direct obstetric complications. Maternal mortality ratio remains high...

    Authors: Simon Ogwang, Robinah Najjemba, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye and Christopher Garimoi Orach
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:20
  24. This paper reports the findings of a study of how midwifery students responded to a simulated post partum haemorrhage (PPH). Internationally, 25% of maternal deaths are attributed to severe haemorrhage. Althou...

    Authors: Julie Scholes, Ruth Endacott, MaryAnne Biro, Bree Bulle, Simon Cooper, Maureen Miles, Carole Gilmour, Penny Buykx, Leigh Kinsman, Rosemarie Boland, Jan Jones and Fawzia Zaidi
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:19
  25. The concept of continuum of care has recently been highlighted as a core principle of maternal, newborn and child health initiatives, and as a means to save lives. However, evidence has consistently revealed that...

    Authors: Rose Nathan and Mathew Alexander Mwanyangala
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:18
  26. Pregnant women in Canada have traditionally received prenatal care individually from their physicians, with some women attending prenatal education classes. Group prenatal care is a departure from these practi...

    Authors: Deborah A McNeil, Monica Vekved, Siobhan M Dolan, Jodi Siever, Sarah Horn and Suzanne C Tough
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:17
  27. Early and frequent antenatal care attendance during pregnancy is important to identify and mitigate risk factors in pregnancy and to encourage women to have a skilled attendant at childbirth. However, many pre...

    Authors: Karin Gross, Sandra Alba, Tracy R Glass, Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg and Brigit Obrist
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:16
  28. Identifying every pregnancy, regardless of home or health facility delivery, is crucial to accurately estimating maternal and neonatal mortality. Furthermore, obtaining birth weights and other anthropometric m...

    Authors: Peter Gisore, Evelyn Shipala, Kevin Otieno, Betsy Rono, Irene Marete, Constance Tenge, Hillary Mabeya, Sherri Bucher, Janet Moore, Edward Liechty and Fabian Esamai
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:15
  29. Increasing appropriate use and documentation of caesarean section (CS) has the potential to decrease maternal and perinatal mortality in settings with low CS rates. We analyzed data collected as part of a comp...

    Authors: Young-Mi Kim, Hannah Tappis, Partamin Zainullah, Nasrat Ansari, Cherrie Evans, Linda Bartlett, Nabila Zaka and Willibald Zeck
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:14
  30. Preterm birth is the principal factor contributing to adverse outcomes in multiple pregnancies. Randomized controlled trials of progestogens to prevent preterm birth in twin pregnancies have shown no clear ben...

    Authors: Ewoud Schuit, Sarah Stock, Rolf HH Groenwold, Kimberly Maurel, C Andrew Combs, Thomas Garite, Cathy Y Spong, Elizabeth A Thom, Dwight J Rouse, Steve N Caritis, George R Saade, Julia M Zachary, Jane E Norman, Line Rode, Katharina Klein, Ann Tabor…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:13
  31. Violence by an intimate partner is increasingly recognized as an important public and reproductive health issue. The aim of this study is to investigate the extent to which physical and/or sexual intimate part...

    Authors: Heidi Stöckl, Veronique Filippi, Charlotte Watts and Jessie KK Mbwambo
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:12
  32. Maternal, neonatal and child health outcomes are worse in families from black and ethnic minority groups and disadvantaged backgrounds. There is little evidence on whether lay support improves maternal and inf...

    Authors: Sara Kenyon, Kate Jolly, Karla Hemming, Lucy Ingram, Nicola Gale, Sophie-Anna Dann, Jacky Chambers and Christine MacArthur
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:11
  33. Under-5 mortality is a major public health challenge in developing countries. It is essential to identify determinants of under-five mortality (U5M) childhood mortality because these will assist in formulating...

    Authors: Gbenga A Kayode, Victor T Adekanmbi and Olalekan A Uthman
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:10
  34. In September 2009, a folic acid fortification mandate (135 μg/100 g bread) was to be implemented in New Zealand. However, due to political and manufacturer objection, fortification was deferred until May 2012....

    Authors: Simonette R Mallard, Andrew R Gray and Lisa A Houghton
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:8
  35. Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare but severe complication of pregnancy. A recent systematic review highlighted apparent differences in the incidence, with studies estimating the incidence of AFE to be mo...

    Authors: Marian Knight, Cynthia Berg, Peter Brocklehurst, Michael Kramer, Gwyneth Lewis, Jeremy Oats, Christine L Roberts, Catherine Spong, Elizabeth Sullivan, Jos van Roosmalen and Joost Zwart
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:7
  36. Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Sub-Saharan Africa. Total Fertility Rate of Ethiopia is 5.4 children per women, population growth rate is estimated to be 2.7% per year and contraceptive prevale...

    Authors: Mussie Alemayehu, Tefera Belachew and Tizta Tilahun
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:6
  37. Program coverage is likely to be an important determinant of the effectiveness of community interventions to reduce neonatal mortality. Rigorous examination and documentation of methods to scale-up interventio...

    Authors: Tasmin Nahar, Kishwar Azad, Bedowra Haq Aumon, Layla Younes, Sanjit Shaha, Abdul Kuddus, Audrey Prost, Tanja AJ Houweling, Anthony Costello and Edward Fottrell
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:5
  38. The fifth Millennium Development Goal target for 90% of births in low and middle income countries to have a skilled birth attendant (SBA) by 2015 will not be met. In response to this, policy has focused on inc...

    Authors: Sonya Crowe, Martin Utley, Anthony Costello and Christina Pagel
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:4
  39. As the rate of Caesarean sections (CS) continues to rise in Western countries, it is important to analyze the reasons for this trend and to unravel the underlying motives to perform CS. This research aims to a...

    Authors: Ilse Delbaere, Hendrik Cammu, Evelyne Martens, Inge Tency, Guy Martens and Marleen Temmerman
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:3
  40. Drug use during pregnancy is difficult to ascertain, and maternal reports are likely to be inaccurate. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of illicit drug use among pregnant women by using mat...

    Authors: Xavier Joya, Mario Gomez-Culebras, Alicia Callejón, Bibiana Friguls, Carme Puig, Sandra Ortigosa, Luca Morini, Oscar Garcia-Algar and Oriol Vall
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:2
  41. Healthy infants typically regain their birth weight by 21 days of age; however, failure to do so may be due to medical, nutritional or environmental factors. Globally, the incidence of low birth weight deliver...

    Authors: Flavia B Namiiro, Jamiir Mugalu, Ryan M McAdams and Grace Ndeezi
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:1
  42. Diabetes in pregnancy, which includes gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), is associated with poor outcomes for both mother and infant during pregnancy, at birth and in the ...

    Authors: Catherine Chamberlain, Daniel Yore, Hang Li, Emily Williams, Brian Oldenburg, Jeremy Oats, Bridgette McNamara and Sandra Eades
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:104
  43. Pregnancy and childbirth are associated with weight gain in women, and retention of weight gained during pregnancy can lead to obesity in later life. Diet and physical activity are factors that can influence t...

    Authors: Masumeh S Maturi, Pourandokht Afshary and Parvin Abedi
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:103
  44. The maternal mortality ratio in Sudan was estimated at 750/100,000 live births. Sudan was one of eleven countries that are responsible for 65% of global maternal deaths according to a recent World Health Organ...

    Authors: Abdalla A Mohammed, Mahgoub H Elnour, Eltayeb E Mohammed, Samah A Ahmed and Ahmed I Abdelfattah
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:102
  45. Carbon monoxide (CO) is produced endogenously, and can also be acquired from many exogenous sources: ie. cigarette smoking, automobile exhaust. Although toxic at high levels, low level production or exposure l...

    Authors: Carolina C Venditti, Richard Casselman and Graeme N Smith
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:101
  46. Facilitating the provision of appropriate health care for immigrant and Aboriginal populations in Canada is critical for maximizing health potential and well-being. Numerous reports describe heightened risks o...

    Authors: Gina MA Higginbottom, Helen Vallianatos, Joan Forgeron, Donna Gibbons, Rebecca Malhi and Fabiana Mamede
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:100
  47. The practice of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is life saving in babies weighing less than 2000 g. Little is known about mothers' continued unsupervised practice after discharge from hospitals. This study aimed to...

    Authors: Samuel B Nguah, Priscilla NL Wobil, Regina Obeng, Ayi Yakubu, Kate J Kerber, Joy E Lawn and Gyikua Plange-Rhule
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:99

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