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  1. The expansion of primary health care services in Ethiopia made basic health services available and accessible. The Last Ten Kilometers (L10K) project has strengthened the primary health care system through imp...

    Authors: Gizachew Tadele Tiruneh, Alemayehu Worku, Yemane Berhane, Wuleta Betemariam and Meaza Demissie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:549

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Caesarean section (CS) rates are increasing and there are wide variations in rates internationally and nationally. There is evidence that women who attend their obstetrician privately have a higher incidence o...

    Authors: Michael J. Turner, Ciara M. E. Reynolds, Léan E. McMahon, Eimer G. O’Malley, Michael P. O’Connell and Sharon R. Sheehan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:548

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has lifelong implications for the woman and her infant. Treatment reduces adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes although uncertainty remains about the optimal diagnostic c...

    Authors: Caroline A. Crowther, Lesley M. E. McCowan, Janet A. Rowan, Richard Edlin and Christopher J. D. McKinlay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:547

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Maternal and neonatal mortality remain a significant problem across much of the developing world, especially in sub-Saharan Africa countries. In Ethiopia, most maternal and neonatal deaths occur during the pos...

    Authors: Markos Manote and Tsegaye Gebremedhin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:546

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Nausea and vomiting are experienced by a majority of pregnant women worldwide. Previous studies have yielded conflicting results regarding their impact on birth outcomes and few studies have examined this rela...

    Authors: Amanda Regodón Wallin, James M Tielsch, Subarna K Khatry, Luke C Mullany, Janet A Englund, Helen Chu, Steven C LeClerq and Joanne Katz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:545

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is characterized by pruritus and cholestasis in late pregnancy and results in adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preterm delivery and birth weight, which are affe...

    Authors: Xianxian Liu, Hua Lai, Xiaoming Zeng, Siming Xin, Liju Nie, Zhenyi Liang, Meiling Wu, Yu Chen, Jiusheng Zheng and Yang Zou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:544

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Sustainable Development Goal 3 aims at reducing global neonatal mortality to at least 12 per 1000 livebirths, under-five mortality to at least 25 per 1000 livebirths and maternal mortality ratio to less than 7...

    Authors: Robert Kaba Alhassan, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Evelyn Korkor Ansah, Margaret Gyapong, Anthony Ashinyo, Mary Eyram Ashinyo, Edward Nketiah-Amponsah, Edem Akorli-Adzimah and Edith Ekpor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:543

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Heterotopic pregnancy occurred after frozen embryo transfer with two D3 embryos, and the case had a history of bilateral salpingectomy due to salpingocyesis. An ectopic heterotopic pregnancy was implanted in t...

    Authors: Xianping Wang, Ding Ma, Yangang Zhang, Yanhua Chen, Yuxia Zhang, Zhongyu Liu, Xingyu Bi, Xueqing Wu and Junmei Fan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:542

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Maternal influenza and pertussis vaccinations have been proven safe and effective in reducing maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. Though recommended, not all pregnant women receive these important vac...

    Authors: David Drezner, Michal Youngster, Hodaya Klainer and Ilan Youngster

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:541

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Despite recent improvements in child survival, neonatal mortality continues to decline at a slower rate and now represents 47% of under-five deaths globally. The World Health Organization developed core indica...

    Authors: Emily Bryce, Luke C. Mullany, Subarna K. Khatry, James M. Tielsch, Steven C. LeClerq and Joanne Katz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:540

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Haemolytic disease of the foetus and newborn (HDFN) is the most common aetiology of haemolytic anaemia and hyperbilirubinaemia in foetuses and neonates. Studies on the distribution of antibodies that cause hae...

    Authors: Si Li, Zhiming He, Yanmin Luo, Yanli Ji, Guangping Luo, Qun Fang and Yu Gao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:539

    Content type: Research article

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  12. We aimed to develop and validate a nomogram for effective prediction of vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) and guide future clinical application.

    Authors: Hua-Le Zhang, Liang-Hui Zheng, Li-Chun Cheng, Zhao-Dong Liu, Lu Yu, Qin Han, Geng-Yun Miao and Jian-Ying Yan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:538

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Post-partum depression (PPD) is a growing mental health concern worldwide. There is little evidence in the Chinese context of the relationship between paternal PPD and maternal PPD. Given the growing global co...

    Authors: Zhizhou Duan, Yuanyuan Wang, Ping Jiang, Amanda Wilson, Yan Guo, Yongliang Lv, Xiaonan Yang, Renjie Yu, Shuilan Wang, Zhengyan Wu, Mengqing Xia, Guosheng Wang, Ye Tao, L Xiaohong, Ling Ma, Hong Shen…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:537

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Factors associated with low birth weight at term (TLBW), a proxy for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), are not well-elucidated in socioeconomically vulnerable populations. This study aimed to identify th...

    Authors: Ila R. Falcão, Rita de Cássia Ribeiro-Silva, Marcia F. de Almeida, Rosemeire L. Fiaccone, Aline dos S. Rocha, Naiá Ortelan, Natanael J. Silva, Enny S. Paixao, Maria Yury Ichihara, Laura C. Rodrigues and Mauricio L. Barreto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:536

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Globally, the prevalence of anemia among women of reproductive age is about 29.4%, and anemia impacts about 40% of pregnant women and more than 20% of non-pregnant women. We conducted a longitudinal observatio...

    Authors: Yu Wu, Hanfeng Ye, Jihong Liu, Qiuyue Ma, Yanling Yuan, Qian Pang, Jue Liu, Cai Kong and Min Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:535

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Nigeria is the largest country in sub-Saharan Africa, with one of the highest neonatal mortality rates and the second highest number of neonatal deaths in the world. There is broad international consensus on w...

    Authors: Jamie Perin, Alain K. Koffi, Henry D. Kalter, Joseph Monehin, Adeyinka Adewemimo, John Quinley and Robert E. Black

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:534

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Accurately determining the normal range of early pregnancy markers can help to predict adverse pregnancy outcomes. The variance in ovulation days leads to uncertain accuracy of reference intervals for natural ...

    Authors: Yan Ouyang, Jiabi Qin, Ge Lin, Shuanglin Xiang and Xihong Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:533

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The use of obstetric early-warning-systems (EWS) has been recommended to improve timely recognition, management and early referral of women who have or are developing a critical illness. Development of such pr...

    Authors: Aminu Umar, Alexander Manu, Matthews Mathai and Charles Ameh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:531

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Accurately estimating gestational age is essential to the provision of time-sensitive maternal and neonatal interventions, including lifesaving measures for imminent preterm birth and trimester-specific health...

    Authors: K. Scott, S. Gupta, E. Williams, M. Arthur, U. V. Somayajulu and L. Noguchi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:529

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Ethiopia is one of the sub-Saharan African country with high maternal mortality ratio (MMR). According to Ethiopian demographic health survey (EDHS) 2016 report, MMR is 420 among 100,000 live births. Antenatal...

    Authors: Berhan Tsegaye and Mohammed Ayalew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:528

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Displacement of the window of implantation (WOI) has been proposed as an important factor contributing to repeated implantation failure (RIF). However, the use of histologic endometrial dating as a diagnostic ...

    Authors: Yuan Li, Xiao feng Li, Jing nan Liao, Xiang xiu Fan, Yong bin Hu, Runxin Gan, Guangxiu Lu, Ge Lin and Fei Gong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:527

    Content type: Research article

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  22. A prerequisite to the interventions for well-being improvement in high-risk pregnancy (HRP) is to make the concept clear, objective, and measurable. Despite the wealth of studies into the concept of well-being...

    Authors: Kobra Mirzakhani, Abbas Ebadi, Farhad Faridhosseini and Talaat Khadivzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:526

    Content type: Research article

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  23. There is a growing body of evidence regarding the association between Adiponectin and mental disorders. We aim to evaluate the association between serum level of Adiponectin hormone and postpartum depression a...

    Authors: Fattaneh Pahlavan, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Fatemeh Razavinia, Seyedeh Razieh Fazeli Daryasari and Najmeh Tahranian

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:525

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Person-centered maternity care is providing care that is respectful and responsive to individual women’s preferences, needs, and values and ensuring that their values guide all clinical decisions during childb...

    Authors: Fentaw Teshome Dagnaw, Sofonyas Abebaw Tiruneh, Melkalem Mamuye Azanaw, Aragaw Tesfaw Desale and Melaku Tadege Engdaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:524

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Previous studies in pregnancy have not focused in evaluating the effect of walking during pregnancy and prevention of insomnia. Our general objective is to determine the effect of a walking program in preventi...

    Authors: C. Amezcua-Prieto, M. Naveiro-Fuentes, N. Arco-Jiménez, R. Olmedo-Requena, R. Barrios-Rodríguez, I. Vico-Zúñiga, S. Manzanares Galán, J. Mozas-Moreno, J. J. Jiménez-Moleón and J. L. Gallo-Vallejo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:521

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Studies show that childbirth fear is a common problem among Iranian women. Therefore, most Iranian women prefer caesarean section for giving birth. This study investigated the effectiveness of a psychoeducatio...

    Authors: Laya Firouzan, Roghieh Kharaghani, Saeedeh Zenoozian, Reza Moloodi and Elham Jafari

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:522

    Content type: Research article

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  27. There is no definitive evidence about the suitable timing to transfer blastocysts formed and cryopreserved on day 6 (D6 blastocysts) in frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles. This study aimed to investiga...

    Authors: Huiling Xu, Shumin Qiu, Xiaojing Chen, Suqin Zhu, Yan Sun and Beihong Zheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:519

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The World Health Organization’s definition of maternal morbidity refers to “a negative impact on the woman’s wellbeing and/or functioning. Many studies have documented the, mostly negative, effects of maternal i...

    Authors: Jenny A. Cresswell, Kelli D. Barbour, Doris Chou, Affette McCaw-Binns, Veronique Filippi, Jose Guilherme Cecatti, Maria Barreix, Max Petzold, Nenad Kostanjsek, Sara Cottler-Casanova and Lale Say

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:518

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The maternity care system in the Netherlands is well known for its support of community-based midwifery. However, regular midwifery practices typically do not offer caseload midwifery care – one-to-one continu...

    Authors: Pien Offerhaus, Suze Jans, Chantal Hukkelhoven, Raymond de Vries and Marianne Nieuwenhuijze

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:517

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Concerns about reduced milk transfer with nipple shield (NS) use are based on evidence from studies with methodological flaws. Milk removal during breastfeeding can be impacted by infant and maternal factors o...

    Authors: Viviane Silva Coentro, Sharon Lisa Perrella, Ching Tat Lai, Alethea Rea, Kevin Murray and Donna Tracy Geddes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:516

    Content type: Research article

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  31. In recent years it has become clear that fetal anomalies can already be detected at the end of the first trimester of pregnancy by two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound. This is why increasingly in developed countri...

    Authors: C. S. Pietersma, A. G. M. G. J. Mulders, L. M. Moolenaar, M. G. M. Hunink, A. H. J. Koning, S. P. Willemsen, A. T. J. I. Go, E. A. P. Steegers and M. Rousian

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:515

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Skilled attendance at delivery is a key marker for reducing maternal mortality. Effective community engagement strategies complemented by community health worker (CHW) services can improve access to maternal h...

    Authors: Anbrasi Edward, Aparna Krishnan, Grace Ettyang, Younghee Jung, Henry B. Perry, Annette E. Ghee and Jane Chege

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:514

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Good quality antenatal care visits are crucial to reduce maternal mortality and improve overall maternal and neonatal health outcomes. A previous study on antenatal care visits analyzed the nationally represen...

    Authors: Mukesh Adhikari, Binaya Chalise, Bihungum Bista, Achyut Raj Pandey and Dipak Prasad Upadhyaya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:513

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Metformin use in pregnancy is controversial because metformin crosses the placenta and the safety on the fetus has not been well-established. This retrospective study aimed to compare pregnancy outcomes in wom...

    Authors: Shu-Fu Lin, Shang-Hung Chang, Chang-Fu Kuo, Wan-Ting Lin, Meng-Jiun Chiou and Yu-Tung Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:512

    Content type: Research article

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  35. It has been proposed that pregnant women and their fetuses may be particularly at risk for poor outcomes due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. From the few case series that are available in the literatur...

    Authors: Louise Ronnje, John-Kalle Länsberg, Olga Vikhareva, Stefan R. Hansson, Andreas Herbst and Mehreen Zaigham

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:511

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Despite the widespread use of oxygen (O2) in intrauterine resuscitation, the obstetric scientists’ understanding of O2 therapy is full of contradictions. We tested the hypothesis that higher maternal arterial par...

    Authors: Yunhai Chuai, Wen Jiang, Xiaobin Xu, Aiming Wang, Yuanqing Yao and Lei Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:510

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In India, preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) remains one of the foremost challenge in community health. Countrywide MTCT of HIV is estimated to be > 10,000 an...

    Authors: Mihir Bhatta, Nalok Dutta, Srijita Nandi, Shanta Dutta and Malay Kumar Saha

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:509

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a rare complication of caesarean delivery and a special type of ectopic pregnancy. Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) is an uncommon complication of pregnancy. Early di...

    Authors: Lin-yu Zhou, Xiao-dan Zhu, Jian Jiang and Tian-an Jiang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:508

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Despite ample clinical evidence that gaining excess weight in pregnancy results in negative health outcomes for women and infants, more than half of women in Western industrialized nations gain in excess of na...

    Authors: Meredith Vanstone, Marina Sadik, Sherry Van Blyderveen, Anne Biringer, Wendy Sword, Louis Schmidt and Sarah D. Mcdonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:507

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Creatine (Cr), an amino acid derivative, is one of the most important sources of energy acting as both a spatial and temporal energy buffer through its phosphorylated analogue phosphocreatine (PCr) and creatin...

    Authors: Maria Grazia Alessandrì, Francesca Strigini, Giovanni Cioni and Roberta Battini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:506

    Content type: Case report

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  41. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends early initiation of breastfeeding within 1 h as it confers many benefits to the child and prevents neonatal mortality. This study aimed to determine the prevalenc...

    Authors: Frank Kiwango, Innocent B. Mboya, Beatrice John, Tamara Hashim, Sia E. Msuya and Melina Mgongo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:505

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Preconception care has the potential to reduce maternal and child morbidities and mortalities. It is a window of opportunity to timely alter or eliminate risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, d...

    Authors: Firanbon Teshome, Yohannes Kebede, Fira Abamecha and Zewdie Birhanu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:504

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 5 prioritizes women’s empowerment and gender equality, alone and as drivers of other SDGs. Efforts to validate universal measures of women’s empowerment have eclipsed efforts...

    Authors: Kathryn M. Yount, Laurie James-Hawkins and Hanan F. Abdul Rahim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:503

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Maternal obesity has severe physical impacts such as increased chances of pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes. However, mental health impacts are given less attention within antenatal care. Evidence suggest...

    Authors: Nafisa Insan, Emma Slack, Nicola Heslehurst and Judith Rankin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:502

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Travel time and healthcare financing are critical determinants of the provision of quality maternal health care in low resource settings. Despite the availability of pregnancy-related mHealth and smart travel ...

    Authors: Zibusiso Nyati-Jokomo, Israel Mbekezeli Dabengwa, Liberty Makacha, Newton Nyapwere, Yolisa Prudence Dube, Laurine Chikoko, Marianne Vidler and Prestige Tatenda Makanga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:501

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Skilled birth care during childbirth is reported in the literature as one critical strategy for reducing maternal morbidity and mortality. Despite the importance of birth care provided by skilled birth attenda...

    Authors: Peter Adatara, Johanita Strumpher and Esmeralda Ricks

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:500

    Content type: Research article

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