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  1. Content type: Research article

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a risk factor for diabetes mellitus. The 75-g, 2-h oral glucose tolerance test is recommended for mothers with a history of GDM to screen for diabetes in the postnatal pe...

    Authors: Zhu-yun Liu, Juan-juan Zhao, Ling-ling Gao and Alex Y. Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:134

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  2. Content type: Research article

    There is a growing recognition that quality of care must improve in facility-based deliveries to achieve further global reductions in maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity. Better measurement of care qu...

    Authors: Vandana Tripathi, Cynthia Stanton, Donna Strobino and Linda Bartlett

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:133

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Cesarean section (CS) is an important intervention in complicated births when the safety of the mother or baby is compromised. Despite worldwide concerns about the overutilization of CS in recent years, many A...

    Authors: Emily B. Atuheire, Denis Nixon Opio, Daniel Kadobera, Alex R. Ario, Joseph K. B. Matovu, Julie Harris, Lilian Bulage, Blandina Nakiganda, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Bao-Ping Zhu and Frank Kaharuza

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:132

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Many countries offer screening programmes to unborn and newborn babies (antenatal and newborn screening) to identify those at risk of certain conditions to aid earlier diagnosis and treatment. Technological ad...

    Authors: Caroline M. Vass, Susanne Georgsson, Fiona Ulph and Katherine Payne

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:131

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  5. Content type: Research article

    There is high-quality evidence supporting induction of labour (IOL) for a number of maternal and fetal indications. However, one fifth of inductions fail to result in vaginal births, requiring cesarean deliver...

    Authors: Sepand Alavifard, Kennedy Meier, Yonatan Shulman, George Tomlinson and Rohan D’Souza

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:130

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy and infant loss has a pervasive impact on families, health systems, and communities. During and after loss, compassionate, individualized, and skilled support from professionals and organizations is ...

    Authors: Jo Watson, Anne Simmonds, Michelle La Fontaine and Megan E. Fockler

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:129

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  7. Content type: Research article

    There are controversies over the effects of Ramadan fasting on pregnancy outcomes, and women’s perspectives of fasting are diverse. This study aimed to assess the perspectives and pregnancy outcomes of materna...

    Authors: Kolsoom Safari, Tiran Jamil Piro and Hamdia Mirkhan Ahmad

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:128

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Previous research has shown that developing countries account for the majority of maternal deaths around the world. Relatively high maternal mortality in developing countries has been linked to high HIV preval...

    Authors: Choolwe Muzyamba, Wim Groot, Milena Pavlova and Sonila M. Tomini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:127

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Maternal obesity has a wide range of health effects on both the pregnant woman and developing fetus. The clinical significance of these disorders, combined with a dramatically increasing prevalence of obesity ...

    Authors: Abaigeal M. Thompson and James A. Thompson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:126

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Bonding refers to emotions and cognitions towards one’s infant. Breastfeeding is believed to facilitate bonding, yet only a handful of studies have empirically tested this assertion. This study aimed to confir...

    Authors: Ilana S. Hairston, Jonathan E. Handelzalts, Tamar Lehman-Inbar and Michal Kovo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:125

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Male involvement in maternal, newborn and child health contributes to better health outcomes for women and their children, especially in restrictive societies. There is evidence that when men have better under...

    Authors: Olugbenga Oguntunde, Jabulani Nyenwa, Farouk Musa Yusuf, Dauda Sulaiman Dauda, Abdulsamad Salihu and Irit Sinai

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:123

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Fetal weight estimation is of key importance in the decision-making process for obstetric planning and management. The literature is inconsistent on the accuracy of measurements with either ultrasound or clini...

    Authors: Oliver Preyer, Heinrich Husslein, Nicole Concin, Anna Ridder, Maciej Musielak, Christian Pfeifer, Willi Oberaigner and Peter Husslein

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:122

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Unintended pregnancies are associated with negative consequences to both mother and baby. Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are at high risk of unintended/unplanned pregnancies. However, prevalence of pregnancy planni...

    Authors: Justine Nnakate Bukenya, Rhoda K. Wanyenze, Geraldine Barrett, Jennifer Hall, Fredrick Makumbi and David Guwatudde

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:121

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) is associated with several infant outcomes, but it is unclear whether these associations reflect causal relationships. We conducted a study of interpregnancy change ...

    Authors: Renata H. Benjamin, Sarah Littlejohn, Mark A. Canfield, Mary K. Ethen, Fei Hua and Laura E. Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:119

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Pregnant women infected with brucellosis have been shown to have higher odds of having been exposed to goats and raw goat products and adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, information on these associations in ...

    Authors: Kan Kledmanee, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul and Somporn Sretrirutchai

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:118

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Secondary hypertension is a rare complication in pregnancy that causes poor outcomes, such as preeclampsia, premature delivery, intrauterine growth retardation, stillbirths, spontaneous abortion or intrauterin...

    Authors: Xin Zhang, Hang Liao, Xiaojiang Zhu, Di Shi and Xiaoping Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:116

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Utilization of antenatal care (ANC) in Ethiopia was low. There was also a variation of this underutilization of ANC service from region to region in the country. Therefore, this study aimed at providing a comp...

    Authors: Kassahun Tiruaynet and Kindie Fentahun Muchie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:115

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Antenatal corticosteroids have been proven to prevent adverse outcomes including respiratory morbidities in preterm neonates before 34 weeks of gestation. Recently, it has been suggested that antenatal cortico...

    Authors: Subeen Hong, Seung Mi Lee, Dong Wook Kwak, Joongyub Lee, So Yeon Kim, Jeong Won Oh, Sohee Oh, Chan-Wook Park, Joong Shin Park, Jin Hoon Chung and Jong Kwan Jun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:114

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Iron-deficiency anemia during pregnancy is an underlying cause of maternal deaths, and reducing risk through routine iron supplementation is a key component of antenatal care (ANC) programs in most low- and mi...

    Authors: Mufaro Kanyangarara, Joanne Katz, Melinda K. Munos, Subarna K. Khatry, Luke C. Mullany and Neff Walker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:113

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The role of vitamin D in placental functions and fetal growth had been addressed in many reports with conflicting results. However, such report is limited for Indonesian population. The aim of this study was t...

    Authors: Raden Tina Dewi Judistiani, Tita Husnitawati Madjid, Setyorini Irianti, Yessika Adelwin Natalia, Agnes Rengga Indrati, Mohammad Ghozali, Yunia Sribudiani, Tetty Yuniati, Rizky Abdulah and Budi Setiabudiawan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:112

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency is a growing public health problem, with pregnant women being particularly vulnerable due to its influences on maternal and neonatal outcomes. However, there are limited data published abo...

    Authors: Natalie L. Burke, Emily W. Harville, Jeffrey K. Wickliffe, Arti Shankar, Maureen Y. Lichtveld and Michael L. McCaskill

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:111

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Aboriginal infants have poorer birth outcomes than non-Aboriginal infants. Harmful use of tobacco, alcohol, and other substances is higher among Aboriginal women, as is violence, due to factors such as interge...

    Authors: Alison J. Gibberd, Judy M. Simpson, Jocelyn Jones, Robyn Williams, Fiona Stanley and Sandra J. Eades

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:110

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Operative vaginal birth is a common procedure used to expedite birth after full cervical dilatation where there is a clinical need to do so (15% of births in the UK in 2016). The acquisition of skills for oper...

    Authors: Stephen O’Brien, Erik Lenguerrand, Sharon Jordan, Katie Cornthwaite, Christy Burden, Laura Timlin and Dimitrios Siassakos

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:109

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Benshangul Gumuze region is one of the regional states in Ethiopia, with highest rate of neonatal mortality rate. The trend increased at alarming rate from 42/1000 live birth in 2005 to 62/ 1000 live birth in ...

    Authors: Fillmon Kidus, Kifle Woldemichael and Desta Hiko

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:108

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes is the most common medical condition in pregnant women and its complications affect both mother and fetus. The beneficial effects of vitamin D on gestational diabetes have been shown, though data on t...

    Authors: Mehri Jamilian, Naghmeh Mirhosseini, Masoumeh Eslahi, Fereshteh Bahmani, Maryam Shokrpour, Maryam Chamani and Zatollah Asemi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:107

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Controlling massive haemorrhage from morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) at caesarean section is a major surgical challenge to obstetricians. This study compares different intra-operative interventions to control...

    Authors: Saad El Gelany, Emad M. Ibrahim, Mo’men Mohammed, Ahmed R. Abdelraheim, Eissa M. Khalifa, Ahmed K. Abdelhakium, Ayman M. Yousef, Heba Hassan, Khaled Goma and Mohammed Khairy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:106

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Maternal body mass index is linked to short- and long-term unfavorable health outcomes both for child and mother. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of population-based cohort studies to evalua...

    Authors: Lei Liu, Yanan Ma, Ningning Wang, Wenjing Lin, Yang Liu and Deliang Wen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:105

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Maternal Death Surveillance and Response (MDSR) system was established to provide information that effectively guides actions to eliminate preventable maternal mortality. In 2016, Hwange district sent six mate...

    Authors: Mpumelelo Maphosa, Tsitsi P. Juru, Nyasha Masuka, More Mungati, Notion Gombe, Peter Nsubuga and Mufuta Tshimanga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:103

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Pregnant women who request a cesarean section in the absence of obstetric indication have become a highly debated issue in academic as well as popular literature. In order to find adequate, targeted treatment ...

    Authors: Kristiane Tislevoll Eide, Nils-Halvdan Morken and Kristine Bærøe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:102

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Clinical team training has been advocated as a means to improve delivery care, and failed extractions is a suggested variable for clinical audit in instrumental vaginal delivery.

    Authors: Kristina Pettersson, Magnus Westgren, Rebecca Götze-Eriksson and Gunilla Ajne

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:101

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Abdominal ectopic pregnancies are rare category of ectopic pregnancies.We describe a ectopic pregnancy implanted on the surface of diaphragm and highlight the difficult clinical course of an abdominal ectopic ...

    Authors: Lifeng Chen, Jinwei Liu, Jing Shu, Wenjie Zeng and Xiaofeng Zhao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:99

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean section with extraction of a deeply impacted fetal head is technically challenging and is associated with serious maternal and neonatal complications. The purpose of the study was to identify risks a...

    Authors: Franziska Lenz, Nina Kimmich, Roland Zimmermann and Martina Kreft

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:98

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In clinical trials, pregnant women are potentially vulnerable, and the fetus is exposed to the intervention. This study aimed to identify the reasons that led pregnant women at a high risk of premature deliver...

    Authors: Thaís M. Monteiro, Leila Katz, Silvana F. Bento, Melania M. Amorim, Patrícia C. Moriel and Rodolfo C. Pacagnella

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:97

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Fear of childbirth (FOC) can have a negative impact on a woman’s psychological wellbeing during pregnancy and her experience of birth. It has also been associated with adverse obstetric outcomes and postpartum...

    Authors: P. Slade, K. Balling, K. Sheen and G. Houghton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:96

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Puerperal sepsis is an infection of the genital tract, which occurs from rupture of amniotic sacs and within 42ndday after delivery. It happens mainly after discharge in the 1st 24 h of parturition. It is the thi...

    Authors: Getu Alemu Demisse, Samuel Dessau Sifer, Buseraseman Kedir, Daniel Belema Fekene and Gizachew Abdissa Bulto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:95

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) is one of the most severe obstetrical complications. Although risk factors for OASI have been identified, little is known about various parameters that can influence symp...

    Authors: France Joris, Irene Hoesli, Andre Kind, Jean Jacques Ries and Tilemachos Kavvadias

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:94

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Health facility delivery has been described as one of the major contributors to improved maternal and child health outcomes. In sub-Saharan Africa where 66% of the global maternal mortality occurred, only 56% ...

    Authors: Sulaimon T. Adedokun and Olalekan A. Uthman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:93

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Women of advanced age (40 years or older) are generally, at risk for pregnancy and delivery related problems. In addition, there is limited knowledge on being of advanced age and having been given Assisted Rep...

    Authors: Gunilla Sydsjö, Malin Lindell Pettersson, Marie Bladh, Agneta Skoog Svanberg, Claudia Lampic and Elizabeth Nedstrand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:92

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal morbidity and one of the leading causes of maternal mortality worldwide. Many medical treatments and interventions are available nowadays, but surgical...

    Authors: Pierre-Emmanuel Bouet, Hugo Madar, Alizée Froeliger, Hady El Hachem, Elsa Schinkel, Aurélien Mattuizi and Loïc Sentilhes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:91

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Globally, 2.6 million stillbirths occur every year. Of these, 98% occur in developing countries. According to the United Nations Children’s Fund, the neonatal mortality rate in Zambia in 2014 was 2.4%. In 2016...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Miyoshi, Keiichi Matsubara, Norimi Takata and Yasunori Oka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:90

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is rare in pregnancy and is characterized by left ventricular dysfunction with apical ballooning. This transient cardiac dysfunction may affect women of childbearing age in the antepar...

    Authors: Felix Mwembi Oindi, Evan Sequeira, Herman Ryan Sequeira and Steve Kyende Mutiso

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:89

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Perinatal mortality is a devastating pregnancy outcome affecting millions of families in many low and middle-income countries including Nepal. This paper examined the more distant factors associated with perin...

    Authors: Pramesh Raj Ghimire, Kingsley E. Agho, Andre M. N. Renzaho, Monjura K. Nisha, Michael Dibley and Camille Raynes-Greenow

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:88

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Transient donor hydrops (TDH) is defined as donor hydrops developed within days after laser therapy for twin–twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) followed by resolution later. The purpose of this study was to eval...

    Authors: Yao-Lung Chang, An-Shine Chao, Shuenn-Dyh Chang, Wen-Fang Li and Po-Jen Cheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:87

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Perinatal deaths account for 7% of the global burden of disease, with developing countries contributing about 98% of deaths. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and factors contributing to adv...

    Authors: Blessmore Vimbai Chaibva, Steve Olorunju, Simon Nyadundu and Andy Beke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:86

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  45. Content type: Study protocol

    Double-layer compared to single-layer closure of the uterus after a caesarean section (CS) leads to a thicker myometrial layer at the site of the CS scar, also called residual myometrium thickness (RMT). It po...

    Authors: S. I. Stegwee, I. P. M. Jordans, L. F. van der Voet, M. Y. Bongers, C. J. M. de Groot, C. B. Lambalk, R. A. de Leeuw, W. J. K. Hehenkamp, P. M. van de Ven, J. E. Bosmans, E. Pajkrt, E. A. Bakkum, C. M. Radder, M. Hemelaar, W. M. van Baal, H. Visser…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:85

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Adherence to Option B plus Antiretroviral Therapy plays a vital role in preventing mother to child transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and development of drug resistance. This study was aimed to asses...

    Authors: Dawit Jember Tesfaye, Desalegn Tsegaw Hibistu, Teshome Abuka Abebo, Feleke Tafesse Asfaw, Kaleegziabher Lukas, Tariku Laelago, Ermias Abera Turuse, Henok Gebreyohaness Kebede, Abraham Abate Altaye and Fanuel Belayneh Bekele

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:82

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