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  1. Content type: Research article

    Institutional delivery is the cornerstone reducing maternal mortality. Community-based behavioral change interventions are increasing institutional delivery in developing countries. Yet, there is a dearth of i...

    Authors: Melash Belachew Asresie and Gizachew Worku Dagnew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:353

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The significant role of midwives in providing labor and delivery care underscores the necessity of the identification of attitudes and beliefs of these groups of maternity care providers toward physiological c...

    Authors: Narges Sadeghzadeh, Leila Amiri-Farahani, Shima Haghani and Syedeh Batool Hasanpoor-Azghady

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:352

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Breast stimulation is performed to self-induce labor. However, there are apparently no reports on hormonal evaluation during stimulation for consecutive days in relation to induction effect. We evaluated the s...

    Authors: Kaori Takahata, Shigeko Horiuchi, Yuriko Tadokoro, Erika Sawano and Kazuyuki Shinohara

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:351

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Maternal perceptions about caesarean section contribute to delayed presentation of women for emergency obstetric care. This increases the risks of perinatal and neonatal mortality and slows down the reductions...

    Authors: Barnabas B. Naa Gandau, Benjamin D. Nuertey, Nana Ayegua Hagan Seneadza, Dominic Akaateba, Emmanuel Azusong, Judith Y. Yirifere, Herta B. Kankpeyeng and Edem M. A. Tette

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:350

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  5. Content type: Research article

    It is well recognized that prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) varies depending on the population studied and the diagnostic criteria used. The data source used also can lead to substantial diffe...

    Authors: Robyn L. Lawrence, Clare R. Wall and Frank H. Bloomfield

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:349

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Breast milk is a natural and unique nutrient for optimum growth and development of the newborn. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of unpredictable drug residues in mothers’ milk and the rel...

    Authors: Ayşe Meltem Ergen and Sıddıka Songül Yalçın

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:348

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Adverse pregnancy outcomes remain a prevalent health problem in Ethiopia. Mothers’ use of preconception care service has the potential to avert many of the adverse outcomes. However, the use of this service an...

    Authors: Tsrity Tadese Asresu, Desta Hailu, Berhe Girmay, Mulugeta Woldu Abrha and Haftom Gebrehiwot Weldearegay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:347

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The process of entering motherhood is highly stressful for women, with 15–85% of new mothers experiencing postpartum blues or depression. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of a mindfulness-based...

    Authors: Wan-Lin Pan, Chiung-Wen Chang, Shin-Ming Chen and Meei-Ling Gau

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:346

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The benefits of family-centered care for the health and well-being of preterm infants and their families include increased parent-infant closeness, improved lactation, and positive mental health outcomes; howe...

    Authors: Sarah Holdren, Cynthia Fair and Liisa Lehtonen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:345

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The rate of cesarean section is increasing worldwide. Adiponectin is a hormone related to anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic effects; and it′s concentrations may change in response to inflammatory situatio...

    Authors: Seyedeh Razieh Fazeli Daryasari, Najmeh Tehranian, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Fatemeh Razavinia, Fatemeh Tork Tatari and Fattaneh Pahlavan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:344

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    Preeclampsia (PE) is a major cause of short and long-term morbidity for affected infants, including consequences of fetal growth restriction and iatrogenic prematurity. In Brazil, this is a special problem as ...

    Authors: Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Leandro De Oliveira, Arundhanthi Jeyabalan, Beth Payne, Christopher W. Redman, Laura Magee, Lucilla Poston, Lucy Chappell, Paul Seed, Peter von Dadelszen and James Michael Roberts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:343

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Risk perception in relation to pregnancy and birth is a complex process influenced by multiple personal, psychological and societal factors. Traditionally, the risk perception of healthcare professionals has b...

    Authors: Suzanne Lee, Des Holden, Rebecca Webb and Susan Ayers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:335

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Women of advanced maternal age (AMA) are a growing population, with higher obstetric risks. The Mediterranean population has specific characteristics different from other areas. Thus, the objective of this stu...

    Authors: Marta Claramonte Nieto, Eva Meler Barrabes, Sandra Garcia Martínez, Mireia Gutiérrez Prat and Bernat Serra Zantop

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:342

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Vaginal infections usually caused by Candida sp, organisms responsible for bacterial vaginosis and Trichomonas vaginalis are associated with considerable discomfort and adverse outcomes during pregnancy and child...

    Authors: Dennis Gyasi Konadu, Alex Owusu-Ofori, Zuwera Yidana, Farrid Boadu, Louisa Fatahiya Iddrisu, Dennis Adu-Gyasi, David Dosoo, Robert Lartey Awuley, Seth Owusu-Agyei and Kwaku Poku Asante

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:341

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Timely initiation of antenatal care can avoid pregnancy related problems and save lives of mothers and babies. In developing nations, however, only half of the pregnant mothers receive the recommended number o...

    Authors: Berhanu Gebresilassie, Tilahun Belete, Weyzer Tilahun, Betell Berhane and Senait Gebresilassie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:340

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  16. Content type: Research article

    There is broad agreement that antenatal care (ANC) interventions, skilled attendance at birth and management of complications arising after delivery are key strategies that can tackle the high burden of matern...

    Authors: Caroline A. Ochieng and Aloyce S. Odhiambo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:339

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Pregnant women who are at risk of preterm birth are often stressed, anxious and depressed because of worries and fears related to the health of the unborn baby, their own health and uncertainty about the futur...

    Authors: Henrika Pulliainen, Hannakaisa Niela-Vilén, Eeva Ekholm and Sari Ahlqvist-Björkroth

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:338

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  18. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the trends and changes in the incidence and overall outcome of twin pregnancies in Finland, a retrospective study was conducted with emphasis on maternal complications, covering a 28-year study ...

    Authors: Annu-Riikka S. Rissanen, Riina M. Jernman, Mika Gissler, Irmeli Nupponen and Mika E. Nuutila

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:337

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Affecting approximately 10% of pregnancies, fetal growth restriction (FGR), is the most important cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Impaired placental function and consequent mal-perfusion of the pla...

    Authors: T. Groten, T. Lehmann and E. Schleußner

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:336

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Globally, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is rising, but it is a neglected health threat to mothers and their children in low resource countries. Although, GDM is known in Ethiopia, information regarding i...

    Authors: Achenef Asmamaw Muche, Oladapo O. Olayemi and Yigzaw Kebede Gete

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:334

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The place of birth has been rapidly changing from home to health facility in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) following the strategy to improve the maternal and neonatal mortality. This change in the...

    Authors: Tomomi Takayama, Khampheng Phongluxa, Daisuke Nonaka, Chika Sato, Ernesto R. Gregorio Jr, Nouhak Inthavong, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Sengchanh Kounnavong and Jun Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:333

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The North Eastern region in Kenya experiences challenges in the utilization of maternal and newborn health services. In this region, culture and religion play a major role in influencing healthcare seeking beh...

    Authors: Coralie N’Gbichi, Abdhalah Kasiira Ziraba, David Wainaina Wambui, Pauline Bakibinga, Isaac Kisiangani, Pauline Njoroge, Rumana Noor, Ngugi Njoroge, Raha Abdi Salah and Elmi Mohamed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:332

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In the United Kingdom, midwives will engage in discussions with the multidisciplinary team as to whether they can provide Obstetric High Dependency Care (OHDC) on the Delivery Suite or whether a woman’s care s...

    Authors: Alison James, Simon Cooper, Elizabeth Stenhouse and Ruth Endacott

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:331

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  24. Content type: Research article

    In a recent population-based study we reported excess risk of neonatal mortality associated with vaginal breech delivery. In this case-control study we examine whether deviations from Norwegian guidelines are ...

    Authors: Solveig Bjellmo, Sissel Hjelle, Lone Krebs, Elisabeth Magnussen and Torstein Vik

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:330

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Each year nearly 7.7 million children under five years die around the world; out of which approximately 3.1 million of the newborns die during the neonatal period and almost all these (99%) deaths occur in the...

    Authors: Javed Memon, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni, Reza Majdzadeh, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Owais Raza and Shahrzad Nematollahi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:329

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Spontaneous multiple pregnancies are rare, and the incidence of spontaneous triplet pregnancy is about 1/4000. TRAP (Twin Reversed Arterial Perfusion) sequence has acardiac foetus with non-viable multiple anom...

    Authors: Engin Yıldırım

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:328

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  27. Content type: Research article

    We examined the utilisation, equity and determinants of full antenatal care (ANC), defined as 4 or more antenatal visits, at least one tetanus toxoid (TT) injection and consumption of iron folic acid (IFA) for...

    Authors: Gunjan Kumar, Tarun Shankar Choudhary, Akanksha Srivastava, Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Sunita Taneja, Rajiv Bahl, Jose Martines, Maharaj Kishan Bhan, Nita Bhandari and Sarmila Mazumder

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:327

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Identifying and understanding the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) level of women at the periconceptional period has implications for formulating and measuring the adverse pregnancy outcomes for primary ...

    Authors: Danyang Li, Liyan Huang, Wenfang Yang, Cuifang Qi, Li Shang, Juan Xin, Lingxia Zeng, Min Zhang, Hui Song and Mei Chun Chung

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:326

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Women with cardiac disease are thought to be at increased risk of post-partum haemorrhage. We sought to assess the estimated blood loss (EBL) in our cohort of women with and without cardiac disease (CD) in a q...

    Authors: Hsu Phern Chong, James Hodson, Tara J. Selman, Lucy E. Hudsmith, Peter J. Thompson, Rachel Katherine Morris and Sara Thorne

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:325

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) educational program focuses on training of first-level birth attendants in neonatal resuscitation skills for the first minute of life (The Golden Minute). Pre-post studies of H...

    Authors: Archana Patel, Akash Bang, Kunal Kurhe, Savita Bhargav, Amber Prakash, Spoorthy Arramraj and Patricia L. Hibberd

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:324

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol screening and brief intervention (SBI) in antenatal care is internationally recommended to prevent harm caused by alcohol exposure during pregnancy. There is, however, limited understanding of how SBI ...

    Authors: Lisa Schölin and Niamh Fitzgerald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:316

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Peripartum depression is a leading cause of disease burden for women and yet there is little evidence as to how often peripartum depression does not respond to treatment and becomes treatment resistant depress...

    Authors: M. Soledad Cepeda, David M. Kern and Susan Nicholson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:323

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  33. Content type: Research article

    High Body Mass Index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) affect an increasing number of pregnancies. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) has issued recommendations on the optimal GWG for women according to the...

    Authors: Ewelina Rogozińska, Javier Zamora, Nadine Marlin, Ana Pilar Betrán, Arne Astrup, Annick Bogaerts, Jose G. Cecatti, Jodie M. Dodd, Fabio Facchinetti, Nina R. W. Geiker, Lene A. H. Haakstad, Hans Hauner, Dorte M. Jensen, Tarja I. Kinnunen, Ben W. J. Mol, Julie Owens…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:322

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In most countries in the world, promotion of maternal and child health is perceived as women’s role and men do not feel that they are responsible and see no reason to accompany their partners to Antenatal Care...

    Authors: Elizabeth Kabanga, Alfred Chibwae, Namanya Basinda and Domenica Morona

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:321

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    Oxytocin is an effective drug for induction of labour, but is associated with serious adverse effects of which uterine tachysystole, fetal distress and the need of immediate delivery are the most common. Disco...

    Authors: Sidsel Boie, Julie Glavind, Niels Uldbjerg, Jannet J. H. Bakker, Joris A. M. van der Post, Philip J. Steer and Pinar Bor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:320

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Studies showed that pregnant women generally value routine ultrasounds in the first two trimesters because these provide reassurance and a chance to see their unborn baby. This, in turn, might help to decrease...

    Authors: Myrte Westerneng, Mariëlle Diepeveen, Anke B. Witteveen, Marjan J. Westerman, Henriette E. van der Horst, Anneloes L. van Baar and Ank de Jonge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:319

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Cobalamin metabolism disorders are rare, inherited diseases which cause megaloblastic anaemia and other clinical manifestations. Early diagnosis of these conditions is essential, in order to allow appropriate ...

    Authors: Elvira Grandone, Pasquale Martinelli, Michela Villani, Gennaro Vecchione, Lucia Fischetti, Angelica Leccese, Rosa Santacroce, Gaetano Corso and Maurizio Margaglione

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:318

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Cesarean section rates have been increasing dramatically during the past three decades and surgical site infections are becoming a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among women undergoing cesarean deliv...

    Authors: Mihretu Molla, Kiber Temesgen, Tewodros Seyoum and Mengstu Melkamu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:317

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Hyperglycemia in pregnancy is a medical condition resulting from either pre-existing diabetes or insulin resistance developed during pregnancy. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hyperglycemia in ...

    Authors: Safiness Simon Msollo, Haikael David Martin, Akwilina Wendelin Mwanri and Pammla Petrucka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:315

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  40. Content type: Research article

    A disproportionately high proportion of maternal deaths (99 percent) in the world occur in low and middle income countries, of which 90 percent is contributed by Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. This study u...

    Authors: Md Illias Kanchan Sk, Balram Paswan, Ankit Anand and Nasim Ahamed Mondal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:314

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders have become a significant life-threatening issue due to its increased incidence, morbidity and mortality. Several studies have tried to identify the risk factors for P...

    Authors: Saad El Gelany, Mohammed H. Mosbeh, Emad M. Ibrahim, Mo’men Mohammed, Eissa M. Khalifa, Ahmed K. Abdelhakium, Ayman M. Yousef, Heba Hassan, Khaled Goma, Ahmed Abd Alghany, Hashem Fares Mohammed, Ahmed M. Azmy, Wegdan A. Ali and Ahmed R. Abdelraheim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:313

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  42. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to evaluate the curative effect and complications in cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) patients treated with a transvaginal injection of absolute ethanol (AE) around the gestation sac (GS) under ul...

    Authors: Fangfang Lu, Yuanming Liu and Wenjun Tang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:312

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  43. Content type: Case report

    Monochorionic multifetal pregnancies are at increased risk of adverse perinatal outcome because of placental vascular anastomoses. We present a case of multicystic encephalomalacia and gastrointestinal injury ...

    Authors: Po Lam So, Ka Wah Li, Tsz Wai Yeung and Wai Kuen Sin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:311

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Globally in 2017 neonatal death accounted for 46% of under-five deaths. Nepal is among the developing countries which has a high number of neonatal deaths. The rates are high among poor socio-economic groups, ...

    Authors: Keshab Sanjel, Sharad Raj Onta, Archana Amatya and Prem Basel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:310

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Induction of labor occurs in greater than 22% of all pregnancies in the United States. Previous studies have shown that misoprostol is more effective for induction than oxytocin or dinoprostone alone. The Worl...

    Authors: Elizabeth H. Harman Crowell, Alexander M. Crowell and Regan N. Theiler

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:309

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  46. Content type: Study protocol

    Preeclampsia is a major cause of maternal, fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality, particularly in developing countries. Considering the burden of preeclampsia and its associated complications, it is impor...

    Authors: Nisha S. Wadhwani, Deepali P. Sundrani, Girija N. Wagh, Savita S. Mehendale, Manish M. Tipnis, Priscilla C. Joshi, Arun S. Kinare, Sanjay K. Lalwani, Narayanan S. Mani, Nomita Chandhiok, Giriraj R. Chandak, Sanjay A. Gupte, Caroline H. D. Fall and Sadhana R. Joshi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:308

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Healthcare providers are the vital link between evidence-based policies and women receiving high quality maternity care. Explanations for suboptimal care often include poor working conditions for staff and a l...

    Authors: Rachel Arnold, Edwin van Teijlingen, Kath Ryan and Immy Holloway

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:307

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  48. Content type: Study protocol

    Continued progress in reducing maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality in low-income countries requires a renewed focus on quality of delivery care. Reliable electricity and lighting is a cornerstone of a...

    Authors: Slawa Rokicki, Brian Mwesigwa, Laura Schmucker and Jessica L. Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:306

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Pelvic alignment changes during pregnancy and post-childbirth. Pelvic belts exert external forces that compress and stabilize the joints, and therefore, could influence pelvic alignment. However, limited infor...

    Authors: Saori Morino, Mika Ishihara, Fumiko Umezaki, Hiroko Hatanaka, Mamoru Yamashita, Rika Kawabe and Tomoki Aoyama

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:305

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  50. Content type: Research article

    To assess whether the peri-conceptional or pregnancy exposure of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination would increase the risk of spontaneous abortion.

    Authors: Jing Tan, Yi-quan Xiong, Qiao He, Yan-mei Liu, Wen Wang, Meng Chen, Kang Zou, Xing-hui Liu and Xin Sun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:302

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