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  1. Content type: Research

    To address the shortfall in human resources for health, Ethiopia launched the Health Extension Program (HEP) in 2004, establishing a health post with two female health extension workers (HEWs) in every kebele (co...

    Authors: Zufan Abera Damtew, Ali Mehryar Karim, Chala Tesfaye Chekagn, Nebreed Fesseha Zemichael, Bantalem Yihun, Barbara A. Willey and Wuleta Betemariam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18(Suppl 1):373

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  2. Content type: Research

    Maternal and newborn mortality rates in Ethiopia are among the highest in sub-Saharan Africa. The majority of deaths take place during childbirth or within the following 48 h. Therefore, ensuring facility deli...

    Authors: Dessalew Emaway Altaye, Ali Mehryar Karim, Wuleta Betemariam, Nebreed Fesseha Zemichael, Tesfaye Shigute and Pauline Scheelbeek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18(Suppl 1):372

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  3. Content type: Research

    Community participation and community health volunteer programs are an essential part of the health system so that health services are responsive and accountable to community needs. Information systems are nec...

    Authors: Ali Mehryar Karim, Nebreed Fesseha Zemichael, Tesfaye Shigute, Dessalew Emaway Altaye, Selamawit Dagnew, Firew Solomon, Mulu Hailu, Gizachew Tadele, Bantalem Yihun, Nebiyu Getachew and Wuleta Betemariam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18(Suppl 1):359

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  4. Content type: Research

    Maternal and newborn health care intervention coverage has increased in many low-income countries over the last decade, yet poor quality of care remains a challenge, limiting health gains. The World Health Org...

    Authors: Tewabech Wereta, Wuleta Betemariam, Ali Mehryar Karim, Nebreed Fesseha Zemichael, Selamawit Dagnew, Abera Wanboru and Antoinette Bhattacharya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18(Suppl 1):364

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  5. Content type: Research article

    The rates of caesarean section (CS) are increasing globally. CS rates are one of the most frequently used indicators of health care quality. Vaginal Birth After Caesarean (VBAC) could be considered a reasonabl...

    Authors: Paola Colais, Katia Bontempi, Luigi Pinnarelli, Carlo Piscicelli, Ilenia Mappa, Danilo Fusco and Marina Davoli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:383

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  6. Content type: Research article

    A key focus of the Closing the Gap campaign is to reduce low birthweight in Aboriginal babies. Limited research exists on factors affecting Aboriginal birthweight in urban areas.

    Authors: Elisa J. Ford, Thomas J. Cade, Lex W. Doyle and Mark P. Umstad

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:382

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    A Finnish joint research effort Kuopio Birth Cohort (KuBiCo) seeks to evaluate the effects of genetics, epigenetics and different risk factors (medication, nutrition, lifestyle factors and environmental aspect...

    Authors: Pasi Huuskonen, Leea Keski-Nisula, Seppo Heinonen, Sari Voutilainen, Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen, Juha Pekkanen, Jussi Lampi, Soili M Lehto, Hannariikka Haaparanta, Antti-Pekka Elomaa, Raimo Voutilainen, Katri Backman, Hannu Kokki, Kirsti Kumpulainen, Jussi Paananen, Kirsi Vähäkangas…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:381

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Late- and postterm pregnancy are associated with adverse perinatal outcomes, like perinatal death. We evaluated causes of death and substandard care factors (SSFs) in term and postterm perinatal death.

    Authors: Joep C. Kortekaas, Anke C. Scheuer, Esteriek de Miranda, Aimée E. van Dijk, Judit K. J. Keulen, Aafke Bruinsma, Ben W. J. Mol, Frank P. H. A. Vandenbussche and Jeroen van Dillen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:380

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Lactating women need to consume a high-quality diet to replete nutrient stores depleted during pregnancy and to ensure sufficient nutrition for breastfeeding. However, several studies reported suboptimal dieta...

    Authors: Kai Yu, Yong Xue, Wenzhi Zhao, Ai Zhao, Wenjun Li, Yumei Zhang and Peiyu Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:379

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Lifestyle interventions for obese pregnant women have been widely researched but little is known about predictors of low adherence or poor outcomes. This study evaluated the prospective associations between el...

    Authors: Emma Molyneaux, Shahina Begum, Annette L. Briley, Paul T. Seed, Louise M. Howard and Lucilla Poston

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:378

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Abortion is one of the leading causes of maternal death in low- and middle-income countries. In Nepal, abortion is reported to be the third leading cause of maternal death. We aimed to investigate the prevalen...

    Authors: Abinath Yogi, Prakash K.C and Subas Neupane

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:376

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Rising rates of caesarean section (CS) are a concern in many countries, yet Sweden has managed to maintain low CS rates. Exploring the multifactorial and complex reasons behind the rising trend in CS has becom...

    Authors: Sunita Panda, Deirdre Daly, Cecily Begley, Annika Karlström, Birgitta Larsson, Lena Bäck and Ingegerd Hildingsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:377

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with adverse health outcomes in both the mother and child. Many previous lifestyle interventions in women with excess weight during pregnancy encouraging a...

    Authors: Michael W. Seward, Denise Simon, Martha Richardson, Emily Oken, Matthew W. Gillman and Marie-France Hivert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:375

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Depression during pregnancy has far-reaching adverse consequences on mothers, children and the whole family. The magnitude and determinants of prenatal depressive symptoms in low-resource countries are not wel...

    Authors: Yitbarek Kidane Woldetensay, Tefera Belachew, Hans Konrad Biesalski, Shibani Ghosh, Maria Elena Lacruz, Veronika Scherbaum and Eva Johanna Kantelhardt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:374

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Non-invasive fetal electrocardiogram (NIFECG) is an evolving technology in fetal surveillance which is attracting increasing research interest. There is however, only limited data outlining the reference range...

    Authors: Vinayak Smith, Senthuran Arunthavanathan, Amrish Nair, Diane Ansermet, Fabricio da Silva Costa and Euan Morrison Wallace

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:370

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean section is a lifesaving surgical intervention for women and their newborns, though overutilization is a public health concern. The caesarean rate in Bangladesh is approximately 23% overall, and in pr...

    Authors: Tahmina Begum, Cathryn Ellis, Malabika Sarker, Jean-Francois Rostoker, Aminur Rahman, Iqbal Anwar and Laura Reichenbach

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:368

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal mortality comprises an increasing proportion of childhood deaths in the developing world. Essential newborn care practices as recommended by the WHO may improve neonatal outcomes in resource limited s...

    Authors: Krystle Perez, Jacquelyn Patterson, Jessica Hinshaw, Carlos Escobar, David Parajon, Laura Parajon and Carl Bose

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:371

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Cohort studies have public health importance as they effectively provide evidence on determinants of health from a life course perspective. Researchers often confront the poor follow-up rates as a major challe...

    Authors: Giridhara R Babu, Maithili Karthik, Deepa Ravi, Yamuna Ana, Prafulla Shriyan, Kiran Kumar Hasige, Keerti Deshpande, Lokesh Bangalore Siddlingaiah, Sanjay Kinra and Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:369

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most frequent complication during pregnancy. Untreated GDM is a severe threat to maternal and neonatal health. Based on recent evidence, up to 15% of all pregnancies ...

    Authors: Grzegorz Domanski, Anja Erika Lange, Till Ittermann, Heike Allenberg, Robert Andreas Spoo, Marek Zygmunt and Matthias Heckmann

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:367

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  20. Content type: Research article

    For first-time mothers, not knowing how to interact with newborn infants increases anxiety and decreases the quality of the parent–infant interactions. A substantial lack of interactional knowledge can ultimat...

    Authors: Fen-Fang Chung, Gwo-Hwa Wan, Su-Chen Kuo, Kuan-Chia Lin and Hsueh-Erh Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:365

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Fear of childbirth (FOC) could have significant impact on women’s childbearing choices and experience. Culture affects the way women conceptualize childbirth, influencing the fears and expectations they may ho...

    Authors: Heidi Preis, Yael Benyamini, Malin Eberhard-Gran and Susan Garthus-Niegel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:362

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Disrespectful and abusive maternity care is a complex phenomenon. In Namibia, HIV and high maternal mortality ratios make it vital to understand factors affecting maternity care quality. We report on two studi...

    Authors: Jennifer Wesson, Ndapewa Hamunime, Claire Viadro, Martha Carlough, Puumue Katjiuanjo, Pamela McQuide and Pearl Kalimugogo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:363

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  23. Content type: Research article

    To assess the impact of 10 years of simulation-based shoulder dystocia training on clinical outcomes, staff confidence, management, and to scrutinize the characteristics of the pedagogical practice of the simu...

    Authors: Johanna Dahlberg, Marie Nelson, Madeleine Abrandt Dahlgren and Marie Blomberg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:361

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Progesterone is a critical hormone in early pregnancy. A low level of serum progesterone is associated with threatened miscarriage. We aim to establish the distribution of maternal serum progesterone in normal...

    Authors: Chee Wai Ku, John C. Allen Jr, Sze Min Lek, Ming Li Chia, Nguan Soon Tan and Thiam Chye Tan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:360

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The outcomes for planned homebirth in Victoria are unknown. We aimed to compare the rates of outcomes for high risk and low risk women who planned to birth at home compared to those who planned to birth in hos...

    Authors: Miranda L. Davies-Tuck, Euan M. Wallace, Mary-Ann Davey, Vickie Veitch and Jeremy Oats

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:357

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Maternal obesity and rapid infant weight gain have been associated with increased risk of obesity in childhood. Breastfeeding is suggested to be protective against childhood obesity, but no previous study has ...

    Authors: Nashita Patel, Kathryn V. Dalrymple, Annette L. Briley, Dharmintra Pasupathy, Paul T. Seed, Angela C. Flynn and Lucilla Poston

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:355

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Zika virus (ZIKV) has recently emerged as a teratogenic infectious agent associated with severe fetal cerebral anomalies. Other microorganisms (TORCH agents) as well as genetic disorders and toxic agents may l...

    Authors: Manon Vouga, David Baud, Eugénie Jolivet, Fatiha Najioullah, Alice Monthieux and Bruno Schaub

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:356

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Fetal growth restriction is a disorder of placental dysfunction with three to four-fold increased risk of stillbirth. Fetal growth restriction has pathophysiological features in common with preeclampsia. We hy...

    Authors: Teresa M. MacDonald, Chuong Tran, Tu’uhevaha J. Kaitu’u-Lino, Shaun P. Brennecke, Richard J. Hiscock, Lisa Hui, Kirsten M. Dane, Anna L. Middleton, Ping Cannon, Susan P. Walker and Stephen Tong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:354

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Despite several decades of investment into family planning and maternal health systems strengthening, Indonesia’s maternal mortality ratio remains among the highest in Southeast Asia. Among postpartum women un...

    Authors: Belinda Rina Marie Spagnoletti, Linda Rae Bennett, Michelle Kermode and Siswanto Agus Wilopo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:353

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Tanzania has ratified and abides to legal treaties indicating the obligation of the state to provide essential maternal health care as a basic human right. Nevertheless, the quality of maternal health care is ...

    Authors: Thomas Wiswa John, Dickson Ally Mkoka, Gasto Frumence and Isabel Goicolea

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:352

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Lactobacilli play an important role in maintaining vaginal health and protection against bacterial infections in the genital tract. The aim of this study is to show the dynamics of changes of the vaginal and r...

    Authors: Anna Dobrut, Tomasz Gosiewski, Wojciech Pabian, Malgorzata Bodaszewska-Lubas, Dorota Ochonska, Małgorzata Bulanda and Monika Brzychczy-Wloch

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:350

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Placenta previa is major obstetric surgical risk as it is associated with higher percentage of intraoperative and postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), increased requirement of blood transfusion and further surgical pr...

    Authors: Ahmad Sameer Sanad, Ahmad E. Mahran, Mahmoud Elmorsi Aboulfotouh, Hany Hassan Kamel, Hashem Fares Mohammed, Haitham A. Bahaa, Reham R. Elkateeb, Alaa Gamal Abdelazim, Mohamed Ahmed Zeen El-Din and Hossam El-Din Shawki

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:351

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Choosing the optimal season for conception is a part of family planning since it can positively influence the pregnancy outcome. Changes in the monthly number of infants born with a birth defect can signal pre...

    Authors: Miroslav Peterka, Zbynek Likovsky, Ales Panczak and Renata Peterkova

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:348

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  34. Content type: Research article

    We performed a post-hoc subgroup analysis in Korean women who participated in the Phase III FER-ASAP (FERric carboxymaltose-Assessment of SAfety and efficacy in Pregnancy) study to compare the efficacy and saf...

    Authors: Jae-Yoon Shim, Moon Young Kim, Young Ju Kim, Young Lee, Jeong Jae Lee, Jong Kwan Jun, Jong Chul Shin, Yong Kyoon Cho, Keun Young Lee, Ahm Kim and Tae-Bok Song

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:349

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Fear of childbirth may reduce the womens’ pain tolerance during labour and may have impact on the mother-infant interaction. We aimed to assess (1) the association between fear of childbirth antepartum and sub...

    Authors: Sabine L. M. Logtenberg, Corine J. Verhoeven, Katrien Oude Rengerink, Anne-Marie Sluijs, Liv M. Freeman, François G. Schellevis and Ben Willem Mol

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:347

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Preeclampsia and eclampsia (PE/E) are major contributors to maternal and neonatal deaths in developing countries, associated with 10–15% of direct maternal deaths and nearly a quarter of stillbirths and newbor...

    Authors: Barbara Rawlins, Marya Plotkin, Jean Pierre Rakotovao, Ashebir Getachew, Maria Vaz, Jim Ricca, Pam Lynam, Frank Kagema and Patricia Gomez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:346

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Increasing evidence shows that antibiotic use in pregnancy may increase the risk of childhood asthma but epidemiologic studies are still limited and findings are inconsistent. Meanwhile, exclusive and prolonge...

    Authors: Xiaona Huo, Shuyuan Chu, Li Hua, Yixiao Bao, Li Du, Jian Xu and Jun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:341

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The perinatal period precipitates significant intra- and inter- personal changes. How heterosexual couples understand and account for such changes, however, has received relatively little attention.

    Authors: Damien W. Riggs, Anna Worth and Clare Bartholomaeus

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:342

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) are the most common medical disorders in pregnancy and the greatest single cause of maternal mortality worldwide. Ethnicity appears to be a significant risk factor for...

    Authors: Fatima Ouasmani, Bernice Engeltjes, Bouchra Haddou Rahou, Ouafae Belayachi and Corine Verhoeven

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:344

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies suggested associations between prenatal exposure to air pollution and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. We explored the associations between ambient concentrations of five major air polluta...

    Authors: Seung-Ah Choe, Yoon-Bae Jun and Sun-Young Kim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:340

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy at advanced maternal age has become more common in both developed and developing countries over the last decades. The association between adverse perinatal outcomes and advanced maternal age has been...

    Authors: Bekir Kahveci, Rauf Melekoglu, Ismail Cuneyt Evruke and Cihan Cetin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:343

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Presence of maternal near-miss conditions in women is strongly associated with the occurrence of adverse perinatal outcomes, but not well-understood in low-income countries. The study aimed to ascertain the ef...

    Authors: Ewnetu Firdawek Liyew, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Mesganaw Fantahun Afework and Birgitta Essén

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:345

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  43. Content type: Research article

    A considerable amount of qualitative evidence reporting abusive treatment of women during delivery by health providers is available. However, there is a dearth of information regarding the actual prevalence an...

    Authors: Shreeporna Bhattacharya and T. K. Sundari Ravindran

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:338

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The primary objective of this comparative, cross-sectional study was to identify factors affecting delays in accessing emergency obstetric care and clinical consequences of delays among preeclamptic and non-pr...

    Authors: Katharine Hutchinson, Malcolm Bryant, Mary Bachman DeSilva, Deborah Price, Lora Sabin, Lindsay Bryson, Roger Jean Charles and Eugene Declercq

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:337

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Racial disparities in birth outcomes are mirrored in cardiovascular health. Recently there have been calls for more attention to preconception and interconceptional health in order to improve birth outcomes, i...

    Authors: Emily W. Harville, Leann Myers, Tian Shu, Maeve E. Wallace and Lydia A. Bazzano

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:339

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  46. Content type: Research article

    In Malawi there are too few maternity healthcare workers to enable delivery of high quality care to women. These staff are often overworked and have low job satisfaction. Skilled maternity healthcare workers a...

    Authors: Abi Merriel, Julia Hussein, Address Malata, Arri Coomarasamy and Michael Larkin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:336

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  47. Content type: Database

    Despite much research effort, there is a paucity of conclusive evidence in the field of preterm birth prediction and prevention. The methods of monitoring and prevention strategies offered to women at risk var...

    Authors: Jenny Carter, Rachel M. Tribe, Jane Sandall and Andrew H. Shennan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:335

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Recruitment of pregnant women to population health research can be challenging, especially if the research topic is sensitive. While many pregnant women may be inherently interested in research about pregnancy...

    Authors: Evelyne Muggli, Helen Curd, Cate Nagle, Della Forster and Jane Halliday

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:334

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  49. Content type: Research article

    While there is increasing interest in identifying pregnancies at risk for adverse outcome, existing prediction models have not adequately assessed population-based risks, and have been based on conventional re...

    Authors: Stefan Kuhle, Bryan Maguire, Hongqun Zhang, David Hamilton, Alexander C. Allen, K. S. Joseph and Victoria M. Allen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:333

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