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  1. Despite the well-documented associations between poor maternal oral health and increased risk for adverse birth outcomes and dental caries in children after birth, prenatal oral health care is under-utilized, ...

    Authors: Jin Xiao, Colleen Fogarty, Tong Tong Wu, Naemah Alkhers, Yan Zeng, Marie Thomas, Moustafa Youssef, Lin Wang, Lauren Cowen, Hossam Abdelsalam and Anna Nikitkova

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:480

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Antenatal depression affects 10–20% of pregnant women. Around 2–4% of European pregnant women use antidepressant treatment, most commonly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Poor pregnancy outcome...

    Authors: Åsa Edvinsson, Charlotte Hellgren, Theodora Kunovac Kallak, Helena Åkerud, Alkistis Skalkidou, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Romina Fornes, Olav Spigset, Susanne Lager, Jocelien Olivier and Inger Sundström-Poromaa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:479

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Several societies and associations have produced and disseminated clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). However, the quality of such guidelines has not been appraised so ...

    Authors: Mengxing Zhang, Yingfeng Zhou, Jie Zhong, Kairong Wang, Yan Ding, Li Li and Xiuhong Pan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:478

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Obstetric hemorrhage is one of the most common causes of obstetrical morbidity and mortality, and transfusion is the most important management for hemorrhage. The aim of our study was to investigate the pre-pr...

    Authors: Yung-Taek Ouh, Kyu-Min Lee, Ki Hoon Ahn, Soon-Cheol Hong, Min-Jeong Oh, Hai-Joong Kim, Sung Won Han and Geum Joon Cho

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:477

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Hypothyroidism in pregnancy is an arena of ongoing research, with international conflicts regarding screening, management, and outcomes. Various studies have described the outcomes depending on geographical an...

    Authors: Zareen Kiran, Aisha Sheikh, Sarwar Malik, Areeba Meraj, Maha Masood, Safana Ismail, Muhammad Owais Rashid, Quratulain Shaikh, Numan Majeed, Luman Sheikh and Najmul Islam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:476

    Content type: Research article

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  6. A series of interventions are required to prevent mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) starting from HIV testing of pregnant women, initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART)...

    Authors: Khine Wut Yee Kyaw, Aye Aye Mon, Khaing Hnin Phyo, Nang Thu Thu Kyaw, Ajay M. V. Kumar, Than Than Lwin, Zaw Zaw Aung, Thet Ko Aung, Myo Minn Oo, Thurain Htun, Sai Soe Thu Ya, Srinath Satyanarayana and Htun Nyunt Oo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:475

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Improving maternal health by reducing maternal mortality/morbidity relates to Goal 3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. Achieving this goal is supported by antenatal care (ANC), health facility delivery, an...

    Authors: James Orwa, Michaela Mantel, Micheal Mugerwa, Sharon Brownie, Eunice Siaity Pallangyo, Loveluck Mwasha, Kahabi Isangula, Leonard Subi, Secilia Mrema, Grace Edwards, David Siso, Edna Selestine, Tumbwene Mwansisya, Columba Mbekenga and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:474

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Less evidence exists regarding the association of social determinants and delivery mode in Jiangsu, and if the trend is influenced by the type of residence. This study aims to identify the significant social d...

    Authors: Hong Fan, Hai Gu, Hua You, Xinpeng Xu, Yun Kou and Nichao Yang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:473

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preventable alcohol-related developmental disability fetal alcohol syndrome. In Zambia, alcohol use and associated ris...

    Authors: Imelda K. Moise

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:472

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Congenital malformations of the central nervous system (CNS) consist of a wide range of birth defects of multifactorial origin.

    Authors: Jacopo Troisi, Luigi Giugliano, Laura Sarno, Annamaria Landolfi, Sean Richards, Steven Symes, Angelo Colucci, Giuseppe Maruotti, David Adair, Marco Guida, Pasquale Martinelli and Maurizio Guida

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:471

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Every year, an estimated 2.6 million stillbirths occur worldwide, with up to 98% occurring in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). There is a paucity of primary data on cause of stillbirth from LMIC, and p...

    Authors: Mamuda Aminu, Sarah Bar-Zeev, Sarah White, Matthews Mathai and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:470

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) exposes mothers and their offspring to short and long-term complications. The objective of this study was to identify the importance of potentially modifiable predictors of ...

    Authors: Maria-Christina Antoniou, Leah Gilbert, Justine Gross, Jean-Benoît Rossel, Céline J. Fischer Fumeaux, Yvan Vial and Jardena J. Puder

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:469

    Content type: Research article

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  13. During pregnancy, a mother’s nutritional needs increase to meet the added nutrient demands for fetal growth and development. An enhanced understanding of adequate nutrition and sufficient weight gain during pr...

    Authors: Nga Thuy Tran, Lam Thi Nguyen, Yatin Berde, Yen Ling Low, Siew Ling Tey and Dieu Thi Thu Huynh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:468

    Content type: Research article

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  14. It is believed that giving birth in an upright position is beneficial for both mother and the infant for several physiologic reasons. An upright positioning helps the uterus to contract more strongly and effic...

    Authors: Marta Berta, Helena Lindgren, Kyllike Christensson, Sollomon Mekonnen and Mulat Adefris

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:466

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Assessing women’s childbirth experiences is a crucial indicator in maternity services because negative childbirth experiences are associated with maternal mortalities and morbidities. Due to the high caesarean...

    Authors: Solmaz Ghanbari-Homayi, Anna Dencker, Zahra Fardiazar, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Shahla Meedya, Eesa Mohammadi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:465

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Preeclampsia (PE) is a leading cause of maternal and perinatal mortality. There are controversial findings regarding the prediction of PE through the assessment of the Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein A (PA...

    Authors: Maryam Honarjoo, Shahnaz Kohan, Elahe Zarean and Mohammad Javad Tarrahi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:464

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Nutritional status of women during pregnancy has been considered an important prognostic indicator of pregnancy outcomes.

    Authors: Mona Hashim, Hadia Radwan, Hayder Hasan, Reyad Shaker Obaid, Hessa Al Ghazal, Marwa Al Hilali, Rana Rayess, Noor Chehayber, Hamid Jan Jan Mohamed and Farah Naja

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:463

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The antenatal period is associated with a decline in physical activity among women. Midwives are viewed central to the dissemination of information during pregnancy, however, there is little research relating ...

    Authors: Marlize De Vivo and Hayley Mills

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:462

    Content type: Research article

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  19. In an effort to mitigate missed opportunities to provide high-quality care, the World Health Organization (WHO) has developed the Safe Childbirth Checklist (SCC) to support health providers perform essential t...

    Authors: Siobhan Doria, Farah Diba, Suryane S. Susanti, Sebastian Vollmer and Ida G. Monfared

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:461

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Prediction of preeclampsia is a challenge to overcome. The vast majority of prospective studies in large general obstetric populations have failed in the purpose of obtain a useful and effective model of predi...

    Authors: Jussara Mayrink, Renato T. Souza, Francisco E. Feitosa, Edilberto A. Rocha Filho, Débora F. Leite, Janete Vettorazzi, Iracema M. Calderon, Maria L. Costa, Louise Kenny, Philip Baker and Jose G. Cecatti

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:460

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Medication safety during pregnancy has drawn global attention, little of which has been reported about the Chinese population. This study aims to describe patterns and risks of medication use among pregnant wo...

    Authors: Jingyuan Zhang, Carolina Oi Lam Ung, Xiaodong Guan and Luwen Shi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:459

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy complicate around 6% of pregnancies and accounts for 19% of maternal death in Ethiopia. The current review aimed to assess maternal and perinatal outcomes of pregnancies com...

    Authors: Amanual Getnet Mersha, Tadesse Melaku Abegaz and Mohammed Assen Seid

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:458

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Malaria in pregnancy has adverse effects on maternal and child health. Intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp) with three doses of Sulfadoxine/Pyrimethamine is an effective preventive measure for malaria in p...

    Authors: Christian Obasi Akpa, Joshua Odunayo Akinyemi, Chukwuma David Umeokonkwo, Eniola Adetola Bamgboye, Tukur Dahiru, Ayo Stephen Adebowale and IkeOluwapo Oyeneye Ajayi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:457

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Pre-eclampsia (PE) is one of the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality globally. Adequate knowledge about a disorder contributes greatly to its prevention, control and management. This study asses...

    Authors: Linda A. Fondjo, Vivian E. Boamah, Adelaide Fierti, Dorcas Gyesi and Eddie-Williams Owiredu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:456

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To determine the risk of cesarean delivery after labor induction among patients with prior placenta-mediated pregnancy complications (pre-eclampsia, late pregnancy loss, placental abruption or intrauterine gro...

    Authors: Leslie Skeith, Grégoire Le Gal, Johanna I. P. de Vries, Saskia Middeldorp, Mariëtte Goddijn, Risto Kaaja, Jean-Christophe Gris, Ida Martinelli, Ekkehard Schleußner, David Petroff, Nicole Langlois and Marc A. Rodger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:455

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Gestational diabetes mellitus carries serious risks to mother and fetus and causes social, mental, and psychological consequences which can affect mothers’ quality of life. Accordingly, this study aims to deve...

    Authors: S. Mokhlesi, M. Simbar, F. Ramezani Tehrani, N. Kariman and H. Alavi Majd

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:454

    Content type: Research article

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  27. We sought to determine whether prenatal supplementation with the omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) would increase markers of insulin sensitivity in maternal or cord ...

    Authors: Joey A. England, Joses Jain, Bradley D. Holbrook, Ronald Schrader, Clifford Qualls and Ellen Mozurkewich

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:452

    Content type: Technical advance

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  28. There is limited information on potentially modifiable risk factors for stillbirth, such as gestational weight gain (GWG). Our purpose was to explore the association between GWG and stillbirth using the GWG z−...

    Authors: Cassandra M. Pickens, Carol J. Hogue, Penelope P. Howards, Michael R. Kramer, Martina L. Badell, Donald J. Dudley, Robert M. Silver, Robert L. Goldenberg, Halit Pinar, George R. Saade, Michael W. Varner and Barbara J. Stoll

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:451

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The burden, determinants and outcomes of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in sub-Saharan Africa are not known. We summarized existing evidence on the prevalence, risk factors and complications of GDM in the...

    Authors: Barnabas Kahiira Natamba, Arthur Araali Namara and Moffat Joha Nyirenda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:450

    Content type: Research article

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  30. High rates of psychological-distress, trauma and social complexity are reported among young pregnant women. At the Royal Women’s Hospital, Australia, young pregnant women acknowledge wanting tools to improve m...

    Authors: Amanda Styles, Virginia Loftus, Susan Nicolson and Louise Harms

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:449

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Preeclampsia (PE) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are both associated with increased risk of future cardiovascular disease (CVD). Knowledge of the relationship between these pregnancy complications and...

    Authors: Heidi L. Sandsæter, Julie Horn, Janet W. Rich-Edwards and Hege S. Haugdahl

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:448

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) is a life-threating complication in the field of obstetrics. Sometimes we face with unexpected PAS cases which is potentially higher maternal mortality and morbidity compared wi...

    Authors: Hyo Kyozuka, Akiko Yamaguchi, Daisuke Suzuki, Keiya Fujimori, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Seiji Yasumura, Tadahiko Yokoyama, Akiko Sato and Koichi Hashimoto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:447

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Pregnancy crisis mismanagement has contributed to maternal deaths and illnesses globally and in Ghana due to absence/inadequate pregnancy options counselling for clients to make informed decisions. This study ...

    Authors: Evans Kofi Agbeno, Fred Yao Gbagbo, E. S. K. Morhe, Soale Issah Maltima and Kwadwo Sarbeng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:446

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The delivery mode for pregnant women with uteruses scarred by prior caesarean section (CS) is a controversial issue, even though the CS rate has risen in the past 20 years. We performed this retrospective stud...

    Authors: Zhifen Hua and Fadwa El Oualja

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:445

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The sleep quality of pregnant women in the third trimester is related to mental health. However, there is still a lack of large-scale cohort research exploring this relationship in the second trimester. Thus, ...

    Authors: Ming Gao, Jiajin Hu, Liu Yang, Ning Ding, Xiaotong Wei, Lin Li, Lei Liu, Yanan Ma and Deliang Wen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:444

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Early pregnancy failure (EPF) is a common complication of pregnancy. If women do not abort spontaneously, they will undergo medical or surgical treatment in order to remove the products of conception from the ...

    Authors: Joyce van den Berg, Charlotte C. Hamel, Marcus P. Snijders, Sjors F. Coppus and Frank P. Vandenbussche

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:443

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Preterm birth is the leading cause of mortality and disability in newborn and infants. Having a short cervix increases the risk of preterm birth, which can be accessed by a transvaginal ultrasound scan during ...

    Authors: Rodolfo C. Pacagnella, Ben W. Mol, Anderson Borovac-Pinheiro, Renato Passini Jr., Marcelo L. Nomura, Kleber Cursino Andrade, Nathalia Ellovitch, Karayna Gil Fernandes, Thaísa Guedes Bortoletto, Cynara Maria Pereira, Maria Julia Miele, Marcelo Santucci França and Jose G. Cecatti

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:442

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. As the prevalence of diabetes mellitus increases in the population, the exposure to antidiabetic drugs (ADDs) during pregnancies is expected to grow, as has been seen over the last decade. The objective of thi...

    Authors: Katrina Mott, Marsha E. Reichman, Sengwee Toh, Caren Kieswetter, Katherine Haffenreffer and Susan E. Andrade

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:441

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Tanzania adopted the revised World Health Organization policy in 2013 recommending a minimum of ≥3 doses of Intermittent Preventive Treatment during pregnancy with Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) to protec...

    Authors: Witness Mkalukwatage Mchwampaka, Donath Tarimo, Frank Chacky, Ahmed Mohamed, Rogath Kishimba and Angela Samwel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:440

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Partner infection is a significant factor in preventing mother-to-child syphilis transmission. We compared pregnancy outcomes between syphilis discordant and syphilis concordant couples.

    Authors: Xiao-hui Zhang, Yan-min Chen, Yu Sun, Li-qian Qiu and Dan-qing Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:439

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is an obstetric emergency caused by excessive blood loss that occurs most commonly after the placenta is delivered. PPH can lead to volume depletion, hypovolemic shock, anem...

    Authors: Derartu D. Tekela, Abeba G. Asmare, Birhan M. Gebremariam, Christian A. Assegahegn, Kidist D. Wami, Hundessa D. Nemomssa and Gizeaddis L. Simegn

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:438

    Content type: Technical advance

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  42. Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified that the name of the author two was spelled incorrectly as Oladimeji Olarewaju, when the correct spelling is Oladimeji, Olanrewaju.

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Olanrewaju Oladimeji, Kelechi Elizabeth Oladimeji and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:436

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:354

  43. Postpartum depression is the most common complication of childbearing age women and is a considerable public health problem. The transition into motherhood is a difficult period that involves significant chang...

    Authors: Solomon Shitu, Biftu Geda and Merga Dheresa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:435

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Preterm (< 37 weeks gestation) and post–term birth (≥42 weeks gestation) are associated with increased morbidity and mortality for mother and infant. Obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2) is increasing in wom...

    Authors: Emma Slack, Kate E. Best, Judith Rankin and Nicola Heslehurst

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:434

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Caesarean section (CS) delivery has a significant effect on maternal and neonatal health especially in a developing country like Bangladesh. The aim of the study was to determine the risk factors and their ind...

    Authors: Farhana Hasan, Md. Mesbahul Alam and Md. Golam Hossain

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:433

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. The risk of cardiovascular disease in women increases after menopause. It has been shown that women with lower pre-menopausal ovarian reserve may experience increased cardiovascular risk. We sought to determin...

    Authors: Hadi Erfani, Maryam Rahmati, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Fereidoun Azizi, Seyed Ali Montazeri, Alireza A. Shamshirsaz and Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:432

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Evidence based practice has been associated with better quality of care in many situations, but it has not been able to address increasing need and demand in healthcare globally and stagnant or decreasing heal...

    Authors: Ank De Jonge, Soo Downe, Lesley Page, Declan Devane, Helena Lindgren, Joke Klinkert, Muir Gray and Anant Jani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:428

    Content type: Debate

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