Yaya S, Ghose B. Global inequality in maternal health care service utilization: implications for sustainable development goals. Health Equity. 2019;3(1):145–54.
Aabakke AJM, Mortensen LH, Krebs L. Socioeconomic inequality affects pregnancy and birth outcomes in Denmark. Ugeskr Laeger. 2019;181(13):2–5.
Adegbosin AE, Zhou H, Wang S, Stantic B, Sun J. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between dimensions of inequality and a selection of indicators of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH). J Glob Health. 2019;9(1):010429.
Chinn D. Critical health literacy: a review and critical analysis. Soc Sci Med. 2011;73(1):60–7.
Nutbeam D. Health literacy as a public health goal: a challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies into the 21st century. Health Promot Int. 2000;15(3):259–67.
Nutbeam D, Kickbusch I. Advancing health literacy: a global challenge for the 21st century. Health Promot Int. 2000;15(3):183–4.
Rootman I, Gordon-El-Bihbety D. A vision for a health literate Canada. Report of the expert panel on health. Literacy. 2007;2.
Sørensen K, Van den Broucke S, Fullam J, Doyle G, Pelikan J, Slonska Z, et al. Health literacy and public health: a systematic review and integration of definitions and models. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:80.
Solhi M, Abbasi K, Ebadi Fard Azar F, Hosseini A. Effect of health literacy education on self-care in pregnant women: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Int J Community Based Nurs Midwifery. 2019;7(1):2–12.
Shieh C, Mays R, McDaniel A, Yu J. Health literacy and its association with the use of information sources and with barriers to information seeking in clinic-based pregnant women. Health Care Women Int. 2009;30(11):971–88.
Yee LM, Niznik CM, Simon MA. Examining the role of health literacy in optimizing the Care of Pregnant Women with diabetes. Am J Perinatol. 2016;33(13):1242–9.
Hales CM, Carroll MD, Fryar CD, Ogden CL. Prevalence of obesity and severe obesity among adults: United States, 2017-2018. NCHS Data Brief. 2020;(360):1–8.
Sundhedsstyrelsen. Danskernes sundhed: Den Nationale Sundhedsprofil 2017. www.sst.dk 2018.
O'Brien CM, Cramp C, Dodd JM. Delivery of dietary and lifestyle interventions in pregnancy: is it time to promote the use of electronic and Mobile health technologies? Semin Reprod Med. 2016;34(2):e22–7.
Chu SY, Kim SY, Bish CL. Prepregnancy obesity prevalence in the United States, 2004-2005. Matern Child Health J. 2009;13(5):614–20.
Ovesen P, Rasmussen S, Kesmodel U. Effect of prepregnancy maternal overweight and obesity on pregnancy outcome. Obstet Gynecol. 2011;118(2, Part 1):305–12.
Visscher TL, Seidell JC. The public health impact of obesity. Annu Rev Public Health. 2001;22:355–75.
Doherty DA, Magann EF, Francis J, Morrison JC, Newnham JP. Pre-pregnancy body mass index and pregnancy outcomes. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2006;95(3):242–7.
Boney CM, Verma A, Tucker R, Vohr BR. Metabolic syndrome in childhood: association with birth weight, maternal obesity, and gestational diabetes mellitus. Pediatrics. 2005;115(3):e290–6.
Aune D, Saugstad OD, Henriksen T, Tonstad S. Maternal body mass index and the risk of fetal death, stillbirth, and infant death: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA. 2014;311(15):1536–46.
Al-Ruthia YS, Balkhi B, AlGhadeer S, Mansy W, AlSanawi H, AlGasem R, et al. Relationship between health literacy and body mass index among Arab women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Saudi Pharm J. 2017;25(7):1015–8.
Arabin B, Timmesfeld N, Noever K, Behnam S, Ellermann C, Jenny MA. How to improve health literacy to reduce short- and long-term consequences of maternal obesity? J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2019;32(17):2935–42.
Sanders LM, Shaw JS, Guez G, Baur C, Rudd R. Health literacy and child health promotion: implications for research, clinical care, and public policy. Pediatrics. 2009;124(Suppl 3):S306–14.
Phelan S. Pregnancy: a “teachable moment” for weight control and obesity prevention. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010;202(2):135.e1–8.
Vamos CA, Merrell L, Detman L, Louis J, Daley E. Exploring Women's experiences in accessing, understanding, appraising, and applying health information during pregnancy. J Midwifery Women’s Health. 2019;64(4):472–80.
Kuh D, Ben-Shlomo Y, Lynch J, Hallqvist J, Power C. Life course epidemiology. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2003;57(10):778–83.
Sally ET. In: Thorne SE, editor. Interpretive description : qualitative research for applied practice. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge; 2016.
Thompson Burdine J, Thorne S, Sandhu G. Interpretive description: a flexible qualitative methodology for medical education research. Med Educ. 2021;55:341–8. https://doiorg.ez.statsbiblioteket.dk:12048/10.1111/medu.14380.
Maindal HT, Kayser L, Norgaard O, Bo A, Elsworth GR, Osborne RH. Cultural adaptation and validation of the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ): robust nine-dimension Danish language confirmatory factor model; 2016. p. 1232. Available from: https://ph.au.dk/healthliteracy/projekter-og-aktiviteter. PMC4971008. 2016/08/19
Creswell JW. Qualitative inquiry and research design : choosing among five approaches. 3rd ed. Los Angeles: Sage Publications; 2013.
Malterud K, Siersma VD, Guassora AD. Sample size in qualitative interview studies: guided by information Power. Qual Health Res. 2016;26(13):1753–60.
Garnweidner LM, Sverre Pettersen K, Mosdøl A. Experiences with nutrition-related information during antenatal care of pregnant women of different ethnic backgrounds residing in the area of Oslo, Norway. Midwifery. 2013;29(12):e130–7.
You WB, Wolf M, Bailey SC, Pandit AU, Waite KR, Sobel RM, et al. Factors associated with patient understanding of preeclampsia. Hypertens Pregnancy. 2012;31(3):341–9.
Cho RN, Plunkett BA, Wolf MS, Simon CE, Grobman WA. Health literacy and patient understanding of screening tests for aneuploidy and neural tube defects. Prenat Diagn. 2007;27(5):463–7.
Guler DS, Sahin S, Ozdemir K, Unsal A, Uslu YH. Health literacy and knowledge of antenatal care among pregnant women. Health Soc Care Community. 2021;29:1815–23. https://doi.org.ez.statsbiblioteket.dk:12048/10.1111/hsc.13291.
Kululanga LI, Kadango A, Lungu G, Jere D, Ngwale M, Kumbani LC. Knowledge deficit on health promotion activities during pregnancy: the case for adolescent pregnant women at Chiladzulu District, Malawi. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2020;20(1):699.
Wilhelmova R, Hruba D, Vesela L. Key determinants influencing the health literacy of pregnant women in the Czech Republic. Zdravstveno varstvo. 2015;54(1):27–36.
Poorman E, Gazmararian J, Elon L, Parker R. Is health literacy related to health behaviors and cell phone usage patterns among the text4baby target population? Arch Public Health = Archives belges de sante publique. 2014;72(1):13.
Dayyani I, Terkildsen Maindal H, Rowlands G, Lou S. A qualitative study about the experiences of ethnic minority pregnant women with gestational diabetes. Scand J Caring Sci. 2019;33(3):621–31.
Sahin E, Yesilcinar I, Geris R, Pasalak SI, Seven M. The impact of pregnant women's health literacy on their health-promoting lifestyle and teratogenic risk perception. Health Care Women Int. 2021;42:4–6, 598–610. https://doi.org/10.1080/07399332.2020.1797036.
Norman CD, Skinner HA. eHealth literacy: essential skills for consumer health in a networked world. J Med Internet Res. 2006;8(2):e9.
Brusniak K, Arndt HM, Feisst M, Haßdenteufel K, Matthies LM, Deutsch TM, et al. Challenges in acceptance and compliance in digital health assessments during pregnancy: prospective cohort study. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2020;8(10):e17377.
Vickery M, van Teijlingen E, Hundley V, Smith GB, Way S, Westwood G. Midwives’ views towards women using mHealth and eHealth to self-monitor their pregnancy: a systematic review of the literature. Eur J Midwifery. 2020;4:36.
Hämeen-Anttila K, Nordeng H, Kokki E, Jyrkkä J, Lupattelli A, Vainio K, et al. Multiple information sources and consequences of conflicting information about medicine use during pregnancy: a multinational internet-based survey. J Med Internet Res. 2014;16(2):e60.
Pullon S, Ballantyne A, Macdonald L, Barthow C, Wickens K, Crane J. Daily decision-making about food during pregnancy: a New Zealand study. Health Promot Int. 2019;34(3):469–78.
Findley A, Smith DM, Hesketh K, Keyworth C. Exploring womens’ experiences and decision making about physical activity during pregnancy and following birth: a qualitative study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2020;20(1):54.
Sanders RA, Crozier K. How do informal information sources influence women's decision-making for birth? A meta-synthesis of qualitative studies. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2018;18(1):21.
Clarke RM, Sirota M, Paterson P. Do previously held vaccine attitudes dictate the extent and influence of vaccine information-seeking behavior during pregnancy? Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2019;15(9):2081–9.
Glanz JM, Wagner NM, Narwaney KJ, Shoup JA, McClure DL, McCormick EV, et al. A mixed methods study of parental vaccine decision making and parent-provider trust. Acad Pediatr. 2013;13(5):481–8.
Wang EW, Parchem JG, Atmar RL, Clark EH. SARS-CoV-2 vaccination during pregnancy: a complex decision. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2021;8(5):ofab180.
Edwards M, Wood F, Davies M, Edwards A. ‘Distributed health literacy’: longitudinal qualitative analysis of the roles of health literacy mediators and social networks of people living with a long-term health condition. Health Expect. 2015;18(5):1180–93.
Sandall J, Soltani H, Gates S, Shennan A, Devane D. Midwife-led continuity models versus other models of care for childbearing women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016;4:Cd004667.
Sundhedsstyrelsen. Anbefalinger for svangreomsorgen www.sst.dk; 2013.
Sundhedsstyrelsen. Health Literacy - begrebet, konsekvenser og mulige interventioner. www.sst.dk; 2009.
Boland J, Banks S, Krabbe R, Lawrence S, Murray T, Henning T, Vandenberg M. A COVID-19-era rapid review: using Zoom and Skype for qualitative group research. Public Health Res Pract. 2022;32(2):e31232112. First published 22 July 2021.
Gazmararian JA, Yang B, Elon L, Graham M, Parker R. Successful enrollment in Text4Baby more likely with higher health literacy. J Health Commun. 2012;17(Suppl 3):303–11.
Whitaker C, Stevelink S, Fear N. The use of Facebook in recruiting participants for Health Research purposes: a systematic review. J Med Internet Res. 2017;19(8):e290.
World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki. Ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. JAMA. 2013;310(20):2191–4.