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  1. Content type: Research article

    Although interventions in childbirth are important in order to prevent neonatal and maternal morbidity and mortality, non-indicated use may cause avoidable harm. Regional variations in intervention rates, whic...

    Authors: A. E. Seijmonsbergen-Schermers, D. C. Zondag, M. Nieuwenhuijze, T. Van den Akker, C. J. Verhoeven, C. Geerts, F. Schellevis and A. De Jonge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:192

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy is a time of high risk for excessive weight gain, leading to health-related consequences for mothers and offspring. Theory-based obesity interventions that target proposed mechanisms of biobehavioral...

    Authors: Cassandra Vieten, Barbara A. Laraia, Jean Kristeller, Nancy Adler, Kimberly Coleman-Phox, Nicole R. Bush, Helané Wahbeh, Larissa G. Duncan and Elissa Epel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:201

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  3. Content type: Research article

    A shortage of skilled birth attendants and low quality of care in health facilities along with unattended home deliveries contribute to the high maternal and neonatal mortality in sub Saharan Africa. Identifyi...

    Authors: Tamara Mulenga, Misinzo Moono, Martha Mwendafilumba, Albert Manasyan and Anjali Sharma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:203

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  4. Content type: Research article

    There is limited information on the determinants of infant mortality outcomes for the children of women prisoners. This study aimed to explore determinants of infant mortality for Indigenous and non-Indigenous...

    Authors: Caitlin McMillen Dowell, Gloria C. Mejia, David B. Preen and Leonie Segal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:202

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Preeclampsia, a multisystem disorder in pregnancies complicates with maternal and fetal morbidity. Early- and late-onset preeclampsia, defined as preeclampsia developed before and after 34 weeks of gestation, ...

    Authors: Shu-Han You, Po-Jen Cheng, Ting-Ting Chung, Chang-Fu Kuo, Hsien-Ming Wu and Pao-Hsien Chu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:199

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Many women are not prepared for changes to their sexual health after childbirth. The aim of this paper is to report on the prevalence of and the potential risk factors (pre-pregnancy dyspareunia, mode of birth...

    Authors: Deirdre O’Malley, Agnes Higgins, Cecily Begley, Deirdre Daly and Valerie Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:196

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  7. Content type: Research article

    High parity is associated with greater cardiovascular disease (CVD) among mid-life and older women. Prospective studies of arterial change throughout pregnancy are needed to provide insight into potential mech...

    Authors: Nancy Anderson Niemczyk, Marianne Bertolet, Janet M. Catov, Mansi Desai, Candace K. McClure, James M. Roberts, Akira Sekikawa, Ping Guo Tepper and Emma J. Barinas-Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:195

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Stillbirth and neonatal mortality are very high in many low-income countries, including Malawi. Use of family planning to encourage birth spacing may optimize outcomes for subsequent pregnancies. However, repr...

    Authors: Dawn M. Kopp, Agatha Bula, Suzanne Maman, Lameck Chinula, Mercy Tsidya, Mwawi Mwale and Jennifer H. Tang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:197

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Adequate nutrition is essential during pregnancy and lactation to provide sufficient energy and nutrients to meet the nutritional requirements of the mother, fetus and infant. The primary objective of this stu...

    Authors: Jacinto Mantaring, Jalil Benyacoub, Raul Destura, Sophie Pecquet, Karine Vidal, Sheri Volger and Valerie Guinto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:193

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Ensuring equitable access to maternal health care including antenatal, delivery, postnatal services and fertility control methods, is one of the most critical challenges for public health sector. There are sig...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Olalekan A. Uthman, Agbessi Amouzou, Michael Ekholuenetale and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:194

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Episiotomy and perineal tears remain common in vaginal deliveries. This study estimated the frequency of and factors associated with perineal tears, episiotomies, and postnatal infections among women in two pr...

    Authors: Abraham de Jesús-García, Sergio Paredes-Solís, Geovani Valtierra-Gil, Felipe Rene Serrano-de los Santos, Belén Madeline Sánchez-Gervacio, Robert J. Ledogar, Neil Andersson and Anne Cockcroft

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:198

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Maternal predictors of folic acid (FA) supplementation use to reduce offspring risk of neural tube defects are well known, while paternal determinants for maternal FA use are less known. Such knowledge is impo...

    Authors: Jan Helge Seglem Mortensen, Nina Øyen, Roy M. Nilsen, Tatiana Fomina, Steinar Tretli and Tone Bjørge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:188

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Although low birthweight (LBW) babies represent only 15.5% of global births, it is the leading underlying cause of deaths among newborns in countries where neonatal mortality rates are high. In Uganda, like ma...

    Authors: Malachi Ochieng Arunda, Anette Agardh and Benedict Oppong Asamoah

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:189

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  14. Content type: Research article

    With an aim to prevent adverse pregnancy outcomes, ‘birth preparedness and complication readiness’ (BP/CR) promotes timely access to skilled maternal and neonatal services. Objective of this study was to asses...

    Authors: Patrick Smeele, Richard Kalisa, Marianne van Elteren, Jos van Roosmalen and Thomas van den Akker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:190

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  15. Content type: Case report

    HELLP syndrome is a rare disease in China, and 20% of patients with severe preeclampsia have been accompanied with HELLP syndrome, which is characterized by the presence of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes an...

    Authors: Qinyue Guo, Zhengfei Yang, Jian Guo, Lei Zhang, Lan Gao, Bo Zhou and Qindong Shi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:191

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Prior studies reported that exposure to antidepressants during pregnancy may be associated with gestational hypertension. The aim of this study is to assess the association between the use of antidepressants d...

    Authors: Neily Zakiyah, Loes F. ter Heijne, Jens H. Bos, Eelko Hak, Maarten J. Postma and Catharina C. M. Schuiling-Veninga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:187

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  17. Content type: Research article

    When used judiciously, cesarean sections can save lives; but in the United States, prior research indicates that cesarean birth rates have risen beyond the threshold to help women and infants and become a cont...

    Authors: Emily White VanGompel, Elliott K. Main, Daniel Tancredi and Joy Melnikow

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:184

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Peripartum hysterectomy can cause significant morbidity and mortality. Most studies of peripartum hysterectomy are from high income countries. This cohort study examined risk factors for peripartum hysterectom...

    Authors: Sumaya Huque, Ian Roberts, Bukola Fawole, Rizwana Chaudhri, Sabaratnam Arulkumaran and Haleema Shakur-Still

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:186

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The reported long-term effects of poor maternal nutrition and uptake of recommended supplements before and during pregnancy was the impetus behind this study. Our objectives were to investigate and understand ...

    Authors: Gillian Funnell, Kevin Naicker, John Chang, Natasha Hill and Reem Kayyali

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:182

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common intrauterine infection. The only way to protect against congenital CMV infection is to practice CMV prevention behaviors. CMV seroprevalence rates ...

    Authors: Rosemary Thackeray, Brianna M. Magnusson, Erica Bennion, Natalia N. Nielsen and Ryan J. Bailey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:181

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Congenital malformations contribute significantly to the disease burden among children globally. A study conducted in Kenya on understanding the burden of surgical congenital anomalies, highlights the need for...

    Authors: Callen Kwamboka Onyambu and Norah Mukiri Tharamba

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:180

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Economic evaluations of interventions for postnatal depression (PND) are essential to ensure optimal healthcare decision-making. Due to the wide-ranging effects of PND on the mother, baby and whole family, the...

    Authors: Binu Gurung, Louise J. Jackson, Mark Monahan, Ruth Butterworth and Tracy E. Roberts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:179

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Obesity during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and other complications. Physical activity is a modifiable lifestyle factor that may help to prevent these comp...

    Authors: C. Flannery, S. McHugh, A. E. Anaba, E. Clifford, M. O’Riordan, L. C. Kenny, F. M. McAuliffe, P. M. Kearney and M. Byrne

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:178

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Data on the prevalence of persistent symptoms in the first year after preeclampsia are limited. Furthermore, possible risk factors for these sequelae are poorly defined. We investigated kidney function, blood ...

    Authors: Michael Girsberger, Catherine Muff, Irene Hösli and Michael Jan Dickenmann

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:177

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Spontaneous vaginal twin delivery after 32nd week of gestation is safe when first twin presenting cephalic. Aim of this study is to identify obstetric factors influencing the condition of second twin and to ve...

    Authors: Gerhard Bogner, Valentina Wallner, Claudius Fazelnia, Martina Strobl, Birgit Volgger, Thorsten Fischer and Volker R. Jacobs

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:176

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) lowers the risk for all-cause mortality in babies, including those with low birth weight. However, rates of neonatal mortality and delayed initiation of breastfeeding r...

    Authors: M. N. Ndirangu, S. M. Gatimu, H. M. Mwinyi and D. C. Kibiwott

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:171

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  27. Content type: Debate

    Globally, complications of prematurity are the leading cause of death in children under five. Preterm infants who survive their first month of life are at greater risk for various diseases and impairments in i...

    Authors: Adriano Cattaneo, Adidja Amani, Nathalie Charpak, Socorro De Leon-Mendoza, Sarah Moxon, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Giorgio Tamburlini, Julieta Villegas and Anne-Marie Bergh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:170

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The postpartum period provides an important opportunity to address unmet need for contraception and reduce short birth intervals. This study aims to assess the association between skilled maternal healthcare a...

    Authors: Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Tensae Tadesse Mekonnen, Zelalem Birhanu Mengesha and Katherine Tumlinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:172

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Examining skilled attendance throughout pregnancy, delivery and immediate postnatal period is proxy indicator on the progress towards reduction of maternal and neonatal mortality in developing countries.

    Authors: Winfred Mwangi, Onesmus Gachuno, Meghna Desai, David Obor, Vincent Were, Frank Odhiambo, Amek Nyaguara and Kayla F. Laserson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:175

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Delay on timely initiation of antenatal care has a great impact on adverse pregnancy out comes. However, evidences in Ethiopia revealed that majority of pregnant mothers did not start their first visit as reco...

    Authors: Atsede Alle Ewunetie, Alemtsehay Mekonnen Munea, Belsity Temesgen Meselu, Muluye Molla Simeneh and Bekele Tesfaye Meteku

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:173

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  31. Content type: Research article

    In recent years, determination of personalized risk for fetal chromosomal anomalies emerged as an important component of prenatal genetic counseling. Women in whom fetal risk for chromosomal aberrations is ele...

    Authors: Pawel Sadlecki, Marek Grabiec, Pawel Walentowicz and Malgorzata Walentowicz-Sadlecka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:174

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Prenatal tests are important for prevention of vertical transmission of various infectious agents. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-lymp...

    Authors: Aubaneide Batista Guerra, Leonardo Quintão Siravenha, Rogério Valois Laurentino, Rosimar Neris Martins Feitosa, Vânia Nakauth Azevedo, Antonio Carlos Rosário Vallinoto, Ricardo Ishak and Luiz Fernando Almeida Machado

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:169

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Eating Disorders (ED) are mental health disorders that typically effect women of childbearing age and are associated with adverse maternal and infant outcomes. UK healthcare guidance recommends routine enquiry...

    Authors: Amanda Bye, Jill Shawe, Debra Bick, Abigail Easter, Megan Kash-Macdonald and Nadia Micali

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:114

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Iodine deficiency is a major public health problem affecting people worldwide, particularly pregnant women. Iodine requirements increase substantially during pregnancy making pregnant women vulnerable to iodin...

    Authors: Daniel Gyamfi, Yaw Amo Wiafe, Kwabena Owusu Danquah, Ernest Adankwah, Gertrude Akua Amissah and Angela Odame

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:166

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Residential instability during pregnancy has been linked to poor health outcomes. As a first step toward providing better health care to pregnant migrant women, the size and characteristics of this population ...

    Authors: Ying Ji, Xiaoping Zhao, Zhili Wang, Shenglan Liu, Yang Shen and Chun Chang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:165

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  36. Content type: Research article

    We aim to examine the gendered contexts of poor perinatal survival in the remote mountain villages of Nepal. The study setting comprised two remote mountain villages from a mid-western mountain district of Nep...

    Authors: Mohan Paudel, Sara Javanparast, Gouranga Dasvarma and Lareen Newman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:163

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal mortality in low- and middle-income countries. While evidence on uterine balloon tamponade efficacy for severe hemorrhage is encouraging, little is known ...

    Authors: Aparna Ramanathan, Melody J. Eckardt, Brett D. Nelson, Moytrayee Guha, Monica Oguttu, Zaid Altawil and Thomas Burke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:168

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean section (CS) is often a life-saving procedure, but can also lead to serious complications, even more so in low-resource settings. Therefore unnecessary CS should be avoided and optimal circumstances ...

    Authors: Luuk Dekker, Tessa Houtzager, Omary Kilume, John Horogo, Jos van Roosmalen and Angelo Sadock Nyamtema

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:164

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Maternal and infant mortality remains high in Nigeria primarily due to low use of skilled birth attendants. Huge disparities exist between southern and northen Nigeria on use of skilled birth attendants with s...

    Authors: George I. Eluwa, Sylvia B. Adebajo, Kwasi Torpey, Oladapo Shittu, Shittu Abdu-Aguye, Daniel Pearlman, Umma Bawa, Aira Olorukooba, Hadiza Khamofu and Robert Chiegli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:158

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  40. Content type: Research article

    In low income countries, many low birth weight newborns often miss the chance for survival sooner or later. Others who survive would also face increased risks in later life. Though not adequately documented in...

    Authors: Samson Kastro, Tsegaye Demissie and Bereket Yohannes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:160

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  41. Content type: Research article

    We sought to determine if female community health volunteers (FCHVs) and literate women in Nepal can accurately determine success of medical abortion (MA) using a symptom checklist, compared to experienced abo...

    Authors: Kathryn L. Andersen, Mary Fjerstad, Indira Basnett, Shailes Neupane, Valerie Acre, Sharad Sharma and Emily Jackson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:161

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Ectopic pregnancy (EP) is a serious complication of early pregnancy. In low-income countries diagnosis of EP is difficult and it is a major contributor to maternal mortality. We aimed to assess and improve the...

    Authors: R. Mooij, G. C. Mgalega, I. H. Mwampagatwa, J. van Dillen and J. Stekelenburg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:159

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Pregnant women are vulnerable to a wide range of oral health conditions that could be harmful to their own health and future child. Despite the usefulness of regular dental service utilization in prevention an...

    Authors: Hoda Bahramian, Simin Z. Mohebbi, Mohammad Reza Khami and Rocio Beatriz Quinonez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:153

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  44. Content type: Research article

    We piloted a randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing pregnancy outcomes among women with booking gestational diabetes (GDM) receiving immediate or deferred treatment.

    Authors: David Simmons, Jodie Nema, Chloe Parton, Lisa Vizza, Annette Robertson, Rohit Rajagopal, Jane Ussher and Janette Perz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:151

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Misoprostol vaginal insert for induction of labor has been recently reported to be superior to dinoprostone vaginal insert in a phase III trial, but has never been compared to vaginal misoprostol in another ga...

    Authors: Daniele Bolla, Saskia Vanessa Weissleder, Anda-Petronela Radan, Maria Luisa Gasparri, Luigi Raio, Martin Müller and Daniel Surbek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:149

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  46. Content type: Research article

    The first child’s birth is for most mothers a profound experience carrying the potential to change life orientations and values. However, little is known of how becoming a mother influences the existential dim...

    Authors: Christina Prinds, Ole Mogensen, Niels Christian Hvidt and Mette Bliddal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:157

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