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  1. The importance of vitamin D in bone health and calcium homeostasis has been well documented. However, emerging evidence supports the role of vitamin D beyond its recognised traditional roles. In pregnancy, vit...

    Authors: Raylton P. Chikwati, Cuthbert Musarurwa, Kerina Duri, Kudakwashe Mhandire, Tracy Snyman and Jaya A. George

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:218

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In many Western countries, higher rates of cesarean have been described among migrant women compared to natives of receiving countries. We aimed to estimate this difference comparing women originating from Fra...

    Authors: Morgane Linard, Catherine Deneux-Tharaux, Dominique Luton, Thomas Schmitz, Laurent Mandelbrot, Candice Estellat, Priscille Sauvegrain and Elie Azria

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:217

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Small for gestational age (SGA) is frequently used to define fetal growth restriction (FGR). However, FGR describes a slowdown in fetal growth and is not synonymous with SGA, which may introduce misclassificat...

    Authors: Zoe A. Broere-Brown, Sarah Schalekamp-Timmermans, Vincent W. V. Jaddoe and Eric A. P. Steegers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:216

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Following a miscarriage many women report feeling guilty and culpable for what has happened particularly when aspects of societal blame and stigma are involved. This research investigated the impact of cultura...

    Authors: Nadia Omar, Stella Major, Mona Mohsen, Halima Al Tamimi, Faten El Taher and Susie Kilshaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:215

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Ethiopia has been expanding maternity waiting homes to bridge geographical gaps between health facilities and communities in order to improve access to skilled care. In 2015, the Ministry of Health revised its...

    Authors: Gizachew Tadele Tiruneh, Yayeh Negash Getu, Mahbub Ali Abdukie, Geremew Gonfa Eba, Emily Keyes and Patricia E. Bailey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:214

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Early life microflora is an important determinant of immune and metabolic development and may have lasting consequences. However, the mode of delivery and the effect of povidone iodine disinfection on neonatal...

    Authors: Hongping Li, Shaoyun Chen, Lijuan Wu, Huilin Wang, Kelin Xiao, Yanling Gao, Yao Li, Huiqin Li, Bin Xiao and Yuanfang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:213

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Specific dietary factors contribute to greater risks of prenatal and postpartum anxiety and depression. This study aimed to systematically review and assess the evidence regarding the association between dieta...

    Authors: David Franciole Oliveira Silva, Ricardo Ney Cobucci, Ana Katherine Gonçalves and Severina Carla Vieira Cunha Lima

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:212

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Teenage pregnancy is a serious public health and social problem, with 95% occurring in developing countries. The aim of the study was to investigate the behavioural, familial and social factors associated with...

    Authors: Anthony Mark Ochen, Primus Che Chi and Stephen Lawoko

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:211

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are those born small for their gestational age, with weight below the 10th percentile. Not only do SGA infants suffer growth issues after birth, they have elevated risk ...

    Authors: Alexandra D. George, Melvin C. L. Gay, Mary E. Wlodek and Donna T. Geddes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:210

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy carries potential threat to fetal well being. Natural conversion of vitamin D in the skin can be facilitated by direct ultra violet B (UVB) radiation, but the effect is re...

    Authors: Raden Tina Dewi Judistiani, Sefita Aryuti Nirmala, Meilia Rahmawati, Reni Ghrahani, Yessika Adelwin Natalia, Adhi Kristianto Sugianli, Agnes Rengga Indrati, Oki Suwarsa and Budi Setiabudiawan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:209

    Content type: Research article

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  11. This study aims to determine reported prevalence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) and maternal and neonatal outcomes associated with these disorders among women delivering at selected hospitals acr...

    Authors: Matthew Bridwell, Endang Handzel, Michelle Hynes, Reginald Jean-Louis, David Fitter, Carol Hogue, Reynold Grand-Pierre, Hedwige Pierre and Bradley Pearce

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:208

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The objectives of this study were to explore the course of labor and the risk of obstetric anal sphincter injury at the first vaginal birth after cesarean section (fVBAC) in comparison to primiparous vaginal b...

    Authors: Zdenek Rusavy, Erika Francova, Lenka Paymova, Khaled M. Ismail and Vladimir Kalis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:207

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is one of the most frequent pathogens for congenital infections. Most cases of congenital CMV infection (cCMV) are asymptomatic at birth, but sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) or neurodev...

    Authors: Yuka Torii, Shigeru Yoshida, Yoichiro Yanase, Takashi Mitsui, Kazuhiro Horiba, Toshihiko Okumura, Suguru Takeuchi, Takako Suzuki, Jun-ichi Kawada, Tomomi Kotani, Mamoru Yamashita and Yoshinori Ito

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:205

    Content type: Research article

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  14. No study has revealed the effectiveness of long-term tocolysis for patients diagnosed with threatened preterm birth, and the use of betamimetics in these patients has not been recommended in the United States ...

    Authors: Daisuke Shigemi, Shotaro Aso and Hideo Yasunaga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:204

    Content type: Research article

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  15. An adequate number of prenatal consultations is beneficial to the health of the mother and fetus. Guidelines recommend an average of 5–14 consultations. Daily practice, however, shows that some women attend th...

    Authors: Janneke T. Gitsels – van der Wal, Lisanne A. Gitsels, Angelo Hooker, Britte van Weert, Linda Martin and Esther I. Feijen – de Jong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:203

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The aim of the study was to identify trajectories of perinatal depressive symptoms and their predictors among women living in a low-resource setting in South Africa, and who present with a risk of depression d...

    Authors: Emily C. Garman, Marguerite Schneider and Crick Lund

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:202

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Antepartum depressive and anxiety symptoms (ADS and AAS) are prevalent in Malaysia. Prior evidence linking maternal ADS and AAS with adverse birth outcomes and caesarean section (CS) or instrumental delivery i...

    Authors: Hashima E. Nasreen, Hafizah Binti Pasi, Sakinah Md Rifin, Mohd Aznan Md Aris, Jamalludin Ab Rahman, Razman Mohd Rus and Maigun Edhborg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:201

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Despite many guidelines for the management of gestational diabetes available internationally, little work has been done to summarize and assess the content of existing guidelines. A paucity of analysis guideli...

    Authors: Mengxing Zhang, Yingfeng Zhou, Jie Zhong, Kairong Wang, Yan Ding and Li Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:200

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Commonly used drugs in pregnant women include antihypertensives, hypoglycemic agents, analgesics, antimicrobials, antiemetics and antispasmodics but the use of medicines during pregnancy, especially in high-ris.....

    Authors: Kathlen Dayanne Lopes da Silva, Flávia Evelyn Medeiros Fernandes, Thiago de Lima Pessoa, Sara Iasmin Vieira Cunha Lima, Antônio Gouveia Oliveira and Rand Randall Martins

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:199

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Measuring care processes is an important component of any effort to improve care quality, however knowing the appropriate metrics to measure is a challenge both in Ireland and other countries. Quality of midwi...

    Authors: Declan Devane, Nora Barrett, Anne Gallen, Mary Frances O’Reilly, Margaret Nadin, Gillian Conway, Linda Biesty and Valerie Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:198

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a rare complication of pregnancy that involves persistent nausea and extreme vomiting to an intensity that differentiates HG from nausea and vomiting commonly experienced during ...

    Authors: Danielle Groleau, Jessica Benady-Chorney, Alexandra Panaitoiu and Vania Jimenez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:197

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Sexual violence in marital relationship is higher among women married at young age. Although sexual violence has been found to increase risk for unintended pregnancy, there is a limited published data from Nep...

    Authors: Kiran Acharya, Yuba Raj Paudel and Pramita Silwal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:196

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Increasing skilled attendance during childbirth is well established in literature to play a significant role in averting the many preventable maternal deaths that occur in developing countries such as Ghana. I...

    Authors: Peter Adatara, Johanita Strumpher and Esmeralda Ricks

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:195

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Studies have shown differences in the risk of caesarean section (CS) between ethnic minority groups. This could be a marker of unequal health care. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in the r...

    Authors: Trine Damsted Rasmussen, Sarah Fredsted Villadsen, Per Kragh Andersen, Tine Dalsgaard Clausen and Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:194

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The effects of conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs on maternal and child health (MCH) service use in conflicted affected countries such as Afghanistan are not known.

    Authors: Karen M. Edmond, Abo Ishmael Foshanji, Malalai Naziri, Ariel Higgins-Steele, Jane Machlin Burke, Natalie Strobel and Farhad Farewar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:193

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Children born after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) are at increased risk of specific major birth defects compared with children born after in vitro fertilization (IVF). However, whether this risk is d...

    Authors: Seung Chik Jwa, Junna Jwa, Akira Kuwahara, Minoru Irahara, Osamu Ishihara and Hidekazu Saito

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:192

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme in Zimbabwe has had remarkable success despite the country’s economic challenges. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges fac...

    Authors: Zibusiso Nyati-Jokomo, Inam Chitsike, Elizabeth Mbizvo and James January

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:191

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Most of the maternal and newborn deaths occur at birth or within 24 h of birth. Provision of quality Basic Emergency Obstetric and Neonatal Care (BEmONC) is very crucial and the current recommended interventio...

    Authors: Betell Berhane, Haftom Gebrehiwot, Solomon Weldemariam, Berhane Fisseha, Samson Kahsay and Alem Gebremariam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:190

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The burden of childhood and adult obesity disproportionally affects Hispanic and African-American populations in the US, and these groups as well as populations with lower income and education levels are dispr...

    Authors: Theresa M. Bastain, Thomas Chavez, Rima Habre, Mariam S. Girguis, Brendan Grubbs, Claudia Toledo-Corral, Milena Amadeus, Shohreh F. Farzan, Laila Al-Marayati, Deborah Lerner, David Noya, Alyssa Quimby, Sara Twogood, Melissa Wilson, Leda Chatzi, Michael Cousineau…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:189

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. Previous studies have reported an intergenerational association between maternal and offspring preterm birth (PTB) but the nature of the association remains unclear. We assessed the association between materna...

    Authors: Marcelo L. Urquia, Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Chelsea A. Ruth, Xiaoqing Liu and Leslie L. Roos

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:157

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Preeclampsia is associated with chronic inflammation. The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway regulates systemic inflammation through activating α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (α7nAChR) expressed in mo...

    Authors: Hongmei Xu, Qingyang Shi, Yanxiang Mo, Linlin Wu, Jishuang Gu and Ying Xu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:188

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Pregnancy-associated stroke is a rare but life-threatening event, with an estimated incidence of 30/100000 deliveries. Data on the risk of stroke recurrence and the risk of other adverse pregnancy outcomes are...

    Authors: Liisa Karjalainen, Minna Tikkanen, Kirsi Rantanen, Hannele Laivuori, Mika Gissler and Petra Ijäs

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:187

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Gestational hemodynamic adaptations, including lowered blood pressure (BP) until mid-gestation, might benefit placental function. We hypothesized that elevated BP from early to mid-gestation increases risks of...

    Authors: J. Gunnarsdottir, T. Akhter, U. Högberg, S. Cnattingius and A. K. Wikström

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:186

    Content type: Research article

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  34. In countries where the proportion of births attended by skilled providers is low, maternal mortality is high. According to the 2016 EDHS report, the proportion of births attended by skilled providers was only ...

    Authors: Ahmed Siraj, Woubishet Teka and Habtemu Hebo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:185

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Adolescents are especially vulnerable due to increased biological, social and economic risks associated with early pregnancy and childbirth, yet most pregnancy and childbirth-related complications are preventa...

    Authors: Kristy Hackett, Lindsey Lenters, Ashley Vandermorris, Curtis LaFleur, Sam Newton, Sidney Ndeki and Stanley Zlotkin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:184

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is a common problem in reproductive-aged women and has become a major public health problem worldwide. The effect of VDD in pregnancy has been associated with several adverse pregnan...

    Authors: Arif Sabta Aji, E. Erwinda, Y. Yusrawati, Safarina G. Malik and Nur Indrawaty Lipoeto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:183

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Traumatic birth experience has undesirable effects on the life of the mother, child, family, and society. The identification of predictive factors can be useful in improving birth experiences among women. This...

    Authors: Solmaz Ghanbari-Homayi, Zahra Fardiazar, Shahla Meedya, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Eesa Mohammadi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:182

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Worldwide, around 289,000 maternal mortalities occur each year from complications related to pregnancy and childbirth. In Ethiopia, the maternal mortality rate is among the highest in the world. This is mainly...

    Authors: Zeray Baraki, Fthi Wendem, Hadgu Gerensea and Hafte Teklay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:180

    Content type: Research article

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  39. It is well established that the risks of insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus are elevated in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. However, the relationship between SLE pregnancy and gestational di...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Dong, Ziwei Dai, Zhihui Wang, Hong Wang, Feifei Yuan, Ying Zhu, Dongqing Ye and Bin Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:179

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Majority of causes of maternal and newborn mortalities are preventable. However, poor access to and low utilization of health services remain major barriers to optimum health of the mothers and newborns. The o...

    Authors: Lelisa Sena Dadi, Melkamu Berhane, Yusuf Ahmed, Esayas Kebede Gudina, Tasew Berhanu, Kyung Hwan Kim, Masrie Getnet and Muluemabet Abera

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:178

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Little is known of the burden of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization among pregnant women in Jordan. We conducted a pilot study to determine the prevalence of GBS among pregnant women in Amman, Jordan, where...

    Authors: Kate Clouse, Asem Shehabi, Abel Mani Suleimat, Samir Faouri, Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Abeer Al Jammal, James Chappell, Kimberly B. Fortner, Anna B. Chamby, Tara M. Randis, Adam J. Ratner, David M. Aronoff and Natasha Halasa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:177

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The rates of cesarean section (CS) are increasing worldwide leading to an increased risk for maternal and neonatal complications in the subsequent pregnancy and labor. Previous studies have demonstrated that s...

    Authors: Katariina Place, Heidi Kruit, Aydin Tekay, Seppo Heinonen and Leena Rahkonen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:176

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Gaps in postnatal care use represent missed opportunities to prevent maternal and neonatal death in sub-Saharan Africa. As one in every three non-facility deliveries in Nigeria is assisted by a traditional bir...

    Authors: Adanna Chukwuma, Chinyere Mbachu, Margaret McConnell, Thomas J. Bossert and Jessica Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:150

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Because maternal depressive symptoms and stress during pregnancy are strongly associated with poor health of the mother and the developing child, understanding the predictors of women’s mental health problems ...

    Authors: Janina Eichler, Ricarda Schmidt, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess and Anja Hilbert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:175

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Each year, about 20 million Low Birth Weight (LBW) babies are born with very high proportion (96.5%) occuring in developing countries. In the last decade, the incidence of LBW in Ghana has not declined. Brong ...

    Authors: Zakariah Adam, Donne Kofi Ameme, Priscillia Nortey, Edwin Andrew Afari and Ernest Kenu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:174

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Monotonous and less diversified diets are associated with micronutrient deficiency. Evidence on maternal dietary intakes during pregnancy is essential to achieve the 2025 global nutrition target and reduce mat...

    Authors: Tebikew Yeneabat, Haweni Adugna, Tarekegn Asmamaw, Muluken Wubetu, Melaku Admas, Getachew Hailu, Asres Bedaso and Tadele Amare

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:173

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Pregnant and lactating women are at high risk of insufficient water intake. The cross-sectional study was mainly designed to evaluate the water intake, including total water intake (TWI), plain water intake, a...

    Authors: Yalin Zhou, Xiaoyu Zhu, Yong Qin, Yong Li, Minjia Zhang, Wei Liu, Hanming Huang and Yajun Xu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:172

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness (BP/CR) is the process of planning for normal birth and anticipating actions needed in case of emergency. Even though there is no adequate evidences on determinant...

    Authors: Miteku Andualem Limenih, Habitamu Gebrehana Belay and Habitamu Abie Tassew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:171

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Tubal pregnancy is recognized as one of the most common ectopic pregnancy types. Salpingitis may result in tubal pregnancy by causing fallopian tube occlusion and hydrosalpinx. B cell activation factor (BAFF) ...

    Authors: Jianying Xu, Xingguang Luo, Shihao Qu, Guiyan Yang and Nianchun Shen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:169

    Content type: Research article

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