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  1. Content type: Research article

    Lactobacilli play an important role in maintaining vaginal health and protection against bacterial infections in the genital tract. The aim of this study is to show the dynamics of changes of the vaginal and r...

    Authors: Anna Dobrut, Tomasz Gosiewski, Wojciech Pabian, Malgorzata Bodaszewska-Lubas, Dorota Ochonska, Małgorzata Bulanda and Monika Brzychczy-Wloch

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:350

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Choosing the optimal season for conception is a part of family planning since it can positively influence the pregnancy outcome. Changes in the monthly number of infants born with a birth defect can signal pre...

    Authors: Miroslav Peterka, Zbynek Likovsky, Ales Panczak and Renata Peterkova

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:348

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  3. Content type: Research article

    We performed a post-hoc subgroup analysis in Korean women who participated in the Phase III FER-ASAP (FERric carboxymaltose-Assessment of SAfety and efficacy in Pregnancy) study to compare the efficacy and saf...

    Authors: Jae-Yoon Shim, Moon Young Kim, Young Ju Kim, Young Lee, Jeong Jae Lee, Jong Kwan Jun, Jong Chul Shin, Yong Kyoon Cho, Keun Young Lee, Ahm Kim and Tae-Bok Song

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:349

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Fear of childbirth may reduce the womens’ pain tolerance during labour and may have impact on the mother-infant interaction. We aimed to assess (1) the association between fear of childbirth antepartum and sub...

    Authors: Sabine L. M. Logtenberg, Corine J. Verhoeven, Katrien Oude Rengerink, Anne-Marie Sluijs, Liv M. Freeman, François G. Schellevis and Ben Willem Mol

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:347

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Preeclampsia and eclampsia (PE/E) are major contributors to maternal and neonatal deaths in developing countries, associated with 10–15% of direct maternal deaths and nearly a quarter of stillbirths and newbor...

    Authors: Barbara Rawlins, Marya Plotkin, Jean Pierre Rakotovao, Ashebir Getachew, Maria Vaz, Jim Ricca, Pam Lynam, Frank Kagema and Patricia Gomez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:346

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Increasing evidence shows that antibiotic use in pregnancy may increase the risk of childhood asthma but epidemiologic studies are still limited and findings are inconsistent. Meanwhile, exclusive and prolonge...

    Authors: Xiaona Huo, Shuyuan Chu, Li Hua, Yixiao Bao, Li Du, Jian Xu and Jun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:341

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The perinatal period precipitates significant intra- and inter- personal changes. How heterosexual couples understand and account for such changes, however, has received relatively little attention.

    Authors: Damien W. Riggs, Anna Worth and Clare Bartholomaeus

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:342

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) are the most common medical disorders in pregnancy and the greatest single cause of maternal mortality worldwide. Ethnicity appears to be a significant risk factor for...

    Authors: Fatima Ouasmani, Bernice Engeltjes, Bouchra Haddou Rahou, Ouafae Belayachi and Corine Verhoeven

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:344

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies suggested associations between prenatal exposure to air pollution and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. We explored the associations between ambient concentrations of five major air polluta...

    Authors: Seung-Ah Choe, Yoon-Bae Jun and Sun-Young Kim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:340

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy at advanced maternal age has become more common in both developed and developing countries over the last decades. The association between adverse perinatal outcomes and advanced maternal age has been...

    Authors: Bekir Kahveci, Rauf Melekoglu, Ismail Cuneyt Evruke and Cihan Cetin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:343

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Presence of maternal near-miss conditions in women is strongly associated with the occurrence of adverse perinatal outcomes, but not well-understood in low-income countries. The study aimed to ascertain the ef...

    Authors: Ewnetu Firdawek Liyew, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Mesganaw Fantahun Afework and Birgitta Essén

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:345

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  12. Content type: Research article

    A considerable amount of qualitative evidence reporting abusive treatment of women during delivery by health providers is available. However, there is a dearth of information regarding the actual prevalence an...

    Authors: Shreeporna Bhattacharya and T. K. Sundari Ravindran

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:338

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The primary objective of this comparative, cross-sectional study was to identify factors affecting delays in accessing emergency obstetric care and clinical consequences of delays among preeclamptic and non-pr...

    Authors: Katharine Hutchinson, Malcolm Bryant, Mary Bachman DeSilva, Deborah Price, Lora Sabin, Lindsay Bryson, Roger Jean Charles and Eugene Declercq

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:337

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Racial disparities in birth outcomes are mirrored in cardiovascular health. Recently there have been calls for more attention to preconception and interconceptional health in order to improve birth outcomes, i...

    Authors: Emily W. Harville, Leann Myers, Tian Shu, Maeve E. Wallace and Lydia A. Bazzano

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:339

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In Malawi there are too few maternity healthcare workers to enable delivery of high quality care to women. These staff are often overworked and have low job satisfaction. Skilled maternity healthcare workers a...

    Authors: Abi Merriel, Julia Hussein, Address Malata, Arri Coomarasamy and Michael Larkin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:336

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  16. Content type: Database

    Despite much research effort, there is a paucity of conclusive evidence in the field of preterm birth prediction and prevention. The methods of monitoring and prevention strategies offered to women at risk var...

    Authors: Jenny Carter, Rachel M. Tribe, Jane Sandall and Andrew H. Shennan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:335

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Recruitment of pregnant women to population health research can be challenging, especially if the research topic is sensitive. While many pregnant women may be inherently interested in research about pregnancy...

    Authors: Evelyne Muggli, Helen Curd, Cate Nagle, Della Forster and Jane Halliday

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:334

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  18. Content type: Research article

    While there is increasing interest in identifying pregnancies at risk for adverse outcome, existing prediction models have not adequately assessed population-based risks, and have been based on conventional re...

    Authors: Stefan Kuhle, Bryan Maguire, Hongqun Zhang, David Hamilton, Alexander C. Allen, K. S. Joseph and Victoria M. Allen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:333

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM), a potentially life-threatening condition in women, can have a profound impact on the family. Although structured support systems are developed, these systems tend to be based ...

    Authors: Harshida Patel, Marie Berg, Cecily Begley and Maria Schaufelberger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:330

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The Midwife-led maternity services have been implemented in China in response to the high rates of primiparous women and Caesarean Sections (CS) which may be related to China’s one-child policy. However, few s...

    Authors: Jing Hua, Liping Zhu, Li Du, Yu Li, Zhuochun Wu, Da Wo and Wenchong Du

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:329

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Third and fourth degree perineal tears, or obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASI), sustained during childbirth can result in anal incontinence and psychosocial problems which require ongoing treatment. Withi...

    Authors: Posy Bidwell, Ranee Thakar, Nick Sevdalis, Louise Silverton, Vivienne Novis, Alexandra Hellyer, Megan Kelsey, Jan van der Meulen and Ipek Gurol-Urganci

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:331

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Despite the increasing number of women with disability globally becoming pregnant, there is currently limited research about their experiences. A national survey of women’s experience of dignity and respect du...

    Authors: Jenny Hall, Vanora Hundley, Bethan Collins and Jillian Ireland

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:328

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Spontaneous preterm birth is commencement of labor with intact or pre labor rapture of membrane and birth before 37 weeks of gestation. The aim of this study was to identify common factors associated with spon...

    Authors: Ababe Tamirat Deressa, Amsale Cherie, Teshome Melese Belihu and Gemechu Ganfure Tasisa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:332

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Targeted clinical interventions have been associated with a decreased risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality. In conflict-affected countries such as South Sudan, however, implementation of lifesaving interve...

    Authors: Samira Sami, Ribka Amsalu, Alexander Dimiti, Debra Jackson, Solomon Kenyi, Janet Meyers, Luke C. Mullany, Elaine Scudder, Barbara Tomczyk and Kate Kerber

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:325

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Whether the delivery of a large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infant predicts future maternal metabolic syndrome (MetS) is not known. To this aim, we investigated the incidence of MetS and its components in women ...

    Authors: Heidi Hakkarainen, Hanna Huopio, Henna Cederberg, Raimo Voutilainen and Seppo Heinonen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:326

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  26. Content type: Research article

    World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) as the optimal way to feed infants below 6 months of age. The benefits of EBF are well documented. However, in Tanzania, EBF is still ra...

    Authors: Melina Mgongo, Tamara H. Hussein, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Siri Vangen, Sia E. Msuya and Margareta Wandel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:323

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Effects of depression on parenting and on cognitive development of newborns are augmented when symptoms continue throughout the first postnatal year. Current classification systems recognize maternal depressio...

    Authors: Dina Sami Khalifa, Kari Glavin, Espen Bjertness and Lars Lien

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:324

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Sexual violence is prevalent in conflict-affected settings and may result in sexual violence-related pregnancies (SVRPs). There are limited data on how women with SVRPs make decisions about pregnancy continuat...

    Authors: Jennifer Scott, Monica A. Onyango, Gillian Burkhardt, Colleen Mullen, Shada Rouhani, Sadia Haider, Katherine Albutt, Ashley Greiner, Michael VanRooyen and Susan Bartels

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:322

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  29. Content type: Research article

    We previously reported that fetal plasma erythropoietin (EPO) concentrations are significantly increased in growth-restricted fetuses with abnormal umbilical artery (UA) Doppler. During hypoxia in an ovine mod...

    Authors: Yao-Lung Chang, An-Shine Chao, Hsiu-Huei Peng, Shuenn-Dyh Chang, Kuan-Ju Chen, Po-Jen Cheng and Tzu-Hao Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:321

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  30. Content type: Research article

    While their incidence is on the rise, twin pregnancies are associated with risks to the mothers and their babies. This study aims to investigate the likelihood of adverse neonatal outcomes of twins following a...

    Authors: Alex Y. Wang, Nadom Safi, Fathalla Ali, Kei Lui, Zhuoyang Li, Mark P. Umstad and Elizabeth A. Sullivan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:320

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Household food insecurity through influencing the quality and sufficiency of nutrition can have considerable effects on individuals’ health. Previous studies have shown the relationship between household food ...

    Authors: Farnoosh Moafi, Farideh Kazemi, Fatemeh Samiei Siboni and Zainab Alimoradi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:319

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The Midlands and North of England Stillbirth Study (MiNESS) was a case-control study of women who had a stillbirth or who had an ongoing pregnancy. During the set up phase questions were raised about whether i...

    Authors: Jayne Budd, Tomasina Stacey, Bill Martin, Devender Roberts and Alexander E. P. Heazell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:317

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Many socioecological and structural factors affect women’s diets, physical activity, and her access and receptivity to perinatal care. We sought to explore women’s and providers’ perceptions and experiences of...

    Authors: Maira Quintanilha, Maria J. Mayan, Kim D. Raine and Rhonda C. Bell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:314

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Pakistan has one of the highest rates of maternal and neonatal mortality in the world. It is assumed that employed mothers in paid work will be more empowered to opt for safer institutional deliveries. There i...

    Authors: Sara Rizvi Jafree, Rubeena Zakar, Mudasir Mustafa and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:316

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  35. Content type: Research article

    There is limited evidence about husbands’ roles on women’s utilization of skilled maternity care in Ethiopia, a country with low utilization coverage of skilled birth attendants and high maternal mortality. Th...

    Authors: Wondwosen Teklesilasie and Wakgari Deressa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:315

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Zhejiang has achieved the goal of elimination of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) via the implementation of universal salt iodization (USI) since 2011. Iodine content in household table salt decreased from th...

    Authors: Guangming Mao, Wenming Zhu, Zhe Mo, Yuanyang Wang, Xiaofeng Wang, Xiaoming Lou and Zhifang Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:313

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Excessive weight gain during pregnancy increases the risk for negative effects on mother and child during pregnancy, delivery, and also postnatally. Excessive weight gain can be partially compensated by being ...

    Authors: Paul M. C. Lemmens, Francesco Sartor, Lieke G. E. Cox, Sebastiaan V. den Boer and Joyce H. D. M. Westerink

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:312

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  38. Content type: Study protocol

    Becoming the parent of a new baby comes with a range of challenges including difficulties with emotional adjustment, couple relationship issues and difficulty managing common infant behaviors, such as crying a...

    Authors: Mandy Mihelic, Alina Morawska and Ania Filus

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:311

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  39. Content type: Research article

    This is a facility-based study designed to assess perceived quality of care and satisfaction of reproductive health services under the output-based approach (OBA) services in Kenya from clients’ perspective.

    Authors: Boniface Oyugi, Urbanus Kioko, Stephen Mbugua Kaboro, Clarice Okumu, Sarah Ogola-Munene, Shaminder Kalsi, Simon Thiani, Shadrack Gikonyo, Julius Korir, Billy Baltazar and Moses Ranji

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:310

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Research shows that continuity of midwifery carer in pregnancy improves maternal and neonatal outcomes. This study examines whether midwifery group practice (MGP) care during pregnancy affects infant neurodeve...

    Authors: Gabrielle Simcock, Sue Kildea, Sue Kruske, David P. Laplante, Guillaume Elgbeili and Suzanne King

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:309

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Adequate nutrition during pregnancy is important to ensure optimal birth outcomes, maternal health and offspring development. However, little is known about the dietary intake and nutritional status of pregnan...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Symington, Jeannine Baumgartner, Linda Malan, Lizelle Zandberg, Cristian Ricci and Cornelius M. Smuts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:308

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) has been associated with lower risk of stillbirth. We hypothesized that such an association would differ by rac...

    Authors: Meghan Angley, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Carolyn Drews-Botsch, Donald J. Dudley, Robert L. Goldenberg, Robert M. Silver, Barbara J. Stoll, Halit Pinar and Carol J. R. Hogue

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:306

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Among the non-invasive screening methods for the identification of fetal aneuploidy, NIPT (non-invasive prenatal testing) shows the highest sensitivity and specificity in high-risk pregnancies. Due to the low ...

    Authors: So Yeon Kim, Seung Mi Lee, Jong Kwan Jun, You Jung Han, Min Hyoung Kim, Jae-Yoon Shim, Mi-Young Lee, Soo-young Oh, JoonHo Lee, Soo Hyun Kim, Dong Hyun Cha, Geum Joon Cho, Han-Sung Kwon, Byoung Jae Kim, Mi Hye Park, Hee Young Cho…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:307

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  44. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopia, female genital mutilation (FGM) remains a serious concern and has affected 23.8 million women and girls, with the highest prevalence in Somali regional state. Even though FGM is reported to be ass...

    Authors: Kiros Gebremicheal, Fisehaye Alemseged, Haimanot Ewunetu, Daniel Tolossa, Abdibari Ma’alin, Mahlet Yewondwessen and Samuel Melaku

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:305

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a global public health concern with potential implications for the health of a mother and her offspring. However, data on the prevalence and risk factors of GDM in Latin ...

    Authors: Gloria T. Larrabure-Torrealva, Stephanie Martinez, Miguel Angel Luque-Fernandez, Sixto E. Sanchez, Pedro A. Mascaro, Hugo Ingar, Walter Castillo, Rina Zumaeta, Mirtha Grande, Vicky Motta, Percy Pacora, Bizu Gelaye and Michelle A. Williams

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:303

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Purpose of this study was to investigate differences between primiparous term pregnancies, one leading to vaginal delivery (VD) and the other to acute cesarean section (CS) due to labor dystocia in the first s...

    Authors: Tuija Hautakangas, Outi Palomäki, Karoliina Eidstø, Heini Huhtala and Jukka Uotila

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:304

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Pakistan has the highest rate of stillbirths globally. Not much attention has been given so far to exploring the sociocultural factors hindering the reportage of stillbirths and the causes of death. Therefore,...

    Authors: Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Rubeena Zakar, Mudasir Mustafa, Aisha Jalil and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:302

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  48. Content type: Research article

    There is a very large population of internal migrants in China, and the majority of migrant women are of childbearing age. Little is known about their utilization of prenatal care and factors that influence th...

    Authors: Zhanhong Zong, Jianyuan Huang, Xiaoming Sun, Jingshu Mao, Xingyu Shu and Norman Hearst

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:301

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