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  1. The triple risk model for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been useful in understanding its pathogenesis. Risk factors for late stillbirth are well established, especially relating to maternal and fetal...

    Authors: Jane Warland and Edwin A Mitchell
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:142
  2. Several European countries report differences in risk of maternal mortality between immigrants from low- and middle-income countries and host country women. The present study identified suboptimal factors rela...

    Authors: Annika Esscher, Pauline Binder-Finnema, Birgit Bødker, Ulf Högberg, Ajlana Mulic-Lutvica and Birgitta Essén
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:141
  3. Contemporary obstetrics in sub-Saharan Africa is yet to meet the analgesic needs of most women during child birth for a satisfactory birth experience and expectedly, obstetricians have a major role to play in ...

    Authors: Lucky O Lawani, Justus N Eze, Okechukwu B Anozie, Chukwuemeka A Iyoke and Nduka N Ekem
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:140
  4. Reliable, timely information is the foundation of decision making for functioning health systems; the quality of decision making rests on quality data. Routine monitoring, reporting, and review of cesarean sec...

    Authors: Evelyn Landry, Celia Pett, Renee Fiorentino, Joseph Ruminjo and Cristina Mattison
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:139
  5. Maternal obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may independently influence offspring fat mass and metabolic disease susceptibility. In this pilot study, body composition and fat distribution in offsp...

    Authors: Kirsten Uebel, Karina Pusch, Kurt Gedrich, Karl-Theo M Schneider, Hans Hauner and Bernhard L Bader
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:138
  6. Evidence shows that the three delays, delay in 1) deciding to seek medical care, 2) reaching health facilities and 3) receiving adequate obstetric care, are still contributing to maternal deaths in low-income ...

    Authors: Tesfay Gebrehiwot, Miguel San Sebastian, Kerstin Edin and Isabel Goicolea
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:137
  7. In addition to increasing the risk of adverse birth outcomes, diabetes in pregnancy is thought to be an important driver of the epidemic of type 2 diabetes affecting Canada’s First Nations population. The rela...

    Authors: Richard T Oster, Malcolm King, Donald W Morrish, Maria J Mayan and Ellen L Toth
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:136
  8. The overall caesarean rate in France has increased from 14.3% in 1994–1996 to 21.0% in 2010. This increased rate is a concern in all developed countries: delivery by caesarean induces both short- and long-term...

    Authors: Françoise Vendittelli, Marie-Caroline Tassié, Laurent Gerbaud and Didier Lémery
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:135
  9. Preeclampsia and eclampsia, which are the most frequent hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, are associated with renal involvements. We aimed to assess the time trend in blood pressure levels, renal function a...

    Authors: Francois Folefack Kaze, Francis A Njukeng, Andre-Pascal Kengne, Gloria Ashuntantang, Robinson Mbu, Marie Patrice Halle and Tazoacha Asonganyi
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:134
  10. The incidence of severe maternal morbidity is increasing in high-income countries. However, little has been known about the impact on postnatal morbidity, particularly on psychological health outcomes. The obj...

    Authors: Marie Furuta, Jane Sandall, Derek Cooper and Debra Bick
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:133
  11. Although research has established the profound effects that intimate partner abuse can have on postpartum mental health, little is known regarding how this association may change as a function of the timing an...

    Authors: Sarah L Desmarais, Ashley Pritchard, Evan M Lowder and Patricia A Janssen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:132
  12. To address it's persistently high maternal mortality rate of 276/100,000 live births, the government of Pakistan created a new cadre of community based midwives (CMW). One expectation is that CMWs will improve...

    Authors: Zubia Mumtaz, Andrea Cutherell and Afshan Bhatti
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:131
  13. It is estimated that 18.5 million Caesarean Sections (CS) are conducted annually worldwide and about one-third of them are done without medical indications and described as “unnecessary”. Although developed co...

    Authors: Mamuda Aminu, Bettina Utz, Abdul Halim and Nynke van den Broek
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:130
  14. Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness (BPCR) interventions are widely promoted by governments and international agencies to reduce maternal and neonatal health risks in developing countries; however, t...

    Authors: Dieudonné Soubeiga, Lise Gauvin, Marie A Hatem and Mira Johri
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:129
  15. Babies born after midtrimester preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) are at risk to develop neonatal pulmonary hypoplasia. Perinatal mortality and morbidity after this complication is high. Oligohydra...

    Authors: Augustinus S P van Teeffelen, David P van der Ham, Christine Willekes, Salwan Al Nasiry, Jan G Nijhuis, Sander van Kuijk, Ewoud Schuyt, Twan L M Mulder, Maureen T M Franssen, Dick Oepkes, Fenna A R Jansen, Mallory D Woiski, Mireille N Bekker, Caroline J Bax, Martina M Porath, Monique W M de Laat…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:128
  16. Maternal self-reports, used for the detection of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), may lack validity, necessitating the use of an objective biomarker. The detection of fatty acid ethyl esters (products of non-o...

    Authors: Shannon Lange, Kevin Shield, Gideon Koren, Jürgen Rehm and Svetlana Popova
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:127
  17. To study pregnancy and delivery outcomes in nulliparous women with severe FOC (fear of childbirth), all of whom had received routine treatment for their FOC and to make comparisons with a healthy reference gro...

    Authors: Gunilla Sydsjö, Marie Bladh, Caroline Lilliecreutz, Anna-Maria Persson, Hanna Vyöni and Ann Josefsson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:126
  18. Guidelines recommend that, in the absence of compelling medical indications (low risk) elective caesarean section should occur after 38 completed weeks gestation. However, implementation of these guidelines wi...

    Authors: Christine L Roberts, Michael C Nicholl, Charles S Algert, Jane B Ford, Jonathan M Morris and Jian Sheng Chen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:125
  19. In vitro and in vivo analyses differ between the number of milk ducts found in the lactating breast, and there is a lack of knowledge as to whether or not external factors in the mother or the child affect the...

    Authors: Julia Jütte, Ariane Hohoff, Cristina Sauerland, Dirk Wiechmann and Thomas Stamm
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:124
  20. The overarching goal of this study was to qualitatively assess baseline knowledge and perceptions regarding preterm birth (PTB) and oral health in an at-risk, low resource setting surrounding Lilongwe, Malawi....

    Authors: Judy Levison, Debora Nanthuru, Grace Chiudzu, Peter N Kazembe, Henry Phiri, Susan M Ramin and Kjersti M Aagaard
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:123
  21. The Brazilian Network for Surveillance of Severe Maternal Morbidity was established in 27 centers in different regions of Brazil to investigate the frequency of severe maternal morbidity (near-miss and potenti...

    Authors: Adriana Gomes Luz, Maria José Duarte Osis, Meire Ribeiro, José Guilherme Cecatti and Eliana Amaral
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:122
  22. The number of routine antenatal visits provided to low risk nulliparous women has been reduced in the UK, acknowledging this change in care may result in women being less satisfied with their care and having p...

    Authors: Vikki J Snaith, Jenny Hewison, Ian N Steen and Stephen C Robson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:121
  23. Caesarean section (CS) rates especially without medical indication are rising worldwide. Most of indications for CS are relative and CS rates for various indications vary widely. There is an increasing tendency t...

    Authors: Sari Räisänen, Mika Gissler, Michael R Kramer and Seppo Heinonen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:120
  24. Recent studies suggest that excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) leads to adverse maternal and fetal outcomes including weight retention in the mother and an increased risk of childhood obesity in the offsp...

    Authors: Kathrin Rauh, Julia Kunath, Eva Rosenfeld, Luzia Kick, Kurt Ulm and Hans Hauner
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:119
  25. Health workforce shortages are key obstacles to the achievement of the health-related Millennium Development Goals. Task shifting is seen as a way to improve access to pregnancy and childbirth care. However, t...

    Authors: Onikepe Oluwadamilola Owolabi, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin and Neil Pakenham-Walsh
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:118
  26. The literature shows a variable and inconsistent relationship between socioeconomic position and preterm birth. We examined risk factors for spontaneous and iatrogenic preterm birth, with a focus on socioecono...

    Authors: KS Joseph, John Fahey, Ketan Shankardass, Victoria M Allen, Patricia O’Campo, Linda Dodds, Robert M Liston and Alexander C Allen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:117
  27. Neonatal deaths account for over 40% of all under-5 year deaths; their reduction is increasingly critical for achieving Millennium Development Goal 4. An estimated 3 million newborns die annually during their ...

    Authors: Akash Bang, Roopa Bellad, Peter Gisore, Patricia Hibberd, Archana Patel, Shivaprasad Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Norman Goco, Sreelatha Meleth, Richard J Derman, Edward A Liechty, Elizabeth McClure, Waldemar A Carlo and Linda L Wright
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:116
  28. Iron deficiency is a common nutritional deficiency amongst women of childbearing age. Peri-partum iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) is associated with significant maternal, fetal and infant morbidity. Current opti...

    Authors: Bernd Froessler, Joshua Collingwood, Nicolette A Hodyl and Gustaaf Dekker
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:115
  29. Neonatal mortality has remained resistant to change in the wake of declining child mortality. Suboptimal newborn care practices are predisposing factors to neonatal mortality. Adherence to four ANC consultatio...

    Authors: Richard Mangwi Ayiasi, Simon Kasasa, Bart Criel, Christopher Garimoi Orach and Patrick Kolsteren
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:114
  30. Cardiovascular adaptions, such as cardiac and uterine spiral arterial remodeling, and aortic arterial stiffening during pregnancy have been extensively investigated, while the interactions between the elastic ...

    Authors: Li-Jun Yuan, Yun-You Duan, Dan Xue, Tie-Sheng Cao and Ning Zhou
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:113
  31. Congenital malformations occur in 3-4% of live births. Their prenatal detection is performed by ultrasound screening. Any announcement about a suspected malformation is a source of stress for the parents, and ...

    Authors: Anne Debost-Legrand, Hélène Laurichesse-Delmas, Christine Francannet, Isabelle Perthus, Didier Lémery, Denis Gallot and Françoise Vendittelli
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:112
  32. Research directed to optimizing maternal nutrition commencing prior to conception remains very limited, despite suggestive evidence of its importance in addition to ensuring an optimal nutrition environment in...

    Authors: K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Jamie E Westcott, Ana Garces, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Balachandra S Kodkany, Omrana Pasha, Antoinette Tshefu, Carl L Bose, Lester Figueroa, Robert L Goldenberg, Richard J Derman, Jacob E Friedman, Daniel N Frank, Elizabeth M McClure, Kristen Stolka…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:111
  33. Nepal is on track to achieve MDG 5 but there is a huge sub-national disparity with existing high maternal mortality in western and hilly regions. The national priority is to reduce this disparity to achieve th...

    Authors: Gajananda P Bhandari, Narayan Subedi, Janak Thapa, Bishnu Choulagai, Mahesh K Maskey and Sharad R Onta
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:109
  34. Provision of quality emergency obstetric care relies upon the presence of skilled health attendants working in an environment where drugs and medical supplies are available when needed and in adequate quantity...

    Authors: Dickson Ally Mkoka, Isabel Goicolea, Angwara Kiwara, Mughwira Mwangu and Anna-Karin Hurtig
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:108
  35. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) increases the risk of spontaneous preterm deliveries (PD) in developed countries. Its prevalence varies with ethnicity, socioeconomic conditions and gestational age. Aerobic vaginitis ...

    Authors: Leticia Krauss-Silva, Antonio Almada-Horta, Mariane B Alves, Karla G Camacho, Maria Elizabeth L Moreira and Alcione Braga
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:107
  36. Overweight and obese women are known to be at increased risk of caesarean birth. This study estimates the contribution of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) to caesarean birth...

    Authors: Susie Dzakpasu, John Fahey, Russell S Kirby, Suzanne C Tough, Beverley Chalmers, Maureen I Heaman, Sharon Bartholomew, Anne Biringer, Elizabeth K Darling, Lily S Lee and Sarah D McDonald
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:106
  37. Information tracking changes of birthweight is scarce in China. To examine trends of low birthweight (birthweight < 2500 g) and macrosomia (birthweight ≥ 4000 g) and potential risk factors in Beijing, hospital...

    Authors: Xiaoyi Shan, Fangfang Chen, Wenpeng Wang, Juan Zhao, Yue Teng, Minghui Wu, Honghong Teng, Xue Zhang, Hong Qi, Xiaohong Liu, Chunying Tan and Jie Mi
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:105
  38. To assess the association of maternal hyperuricemia with adverse pregnancy outcome and neonatal metabolic, neurologic and respiratory disturbances in normotensive singleton pregnant women.

    Authors: Elaheh Amini, Mahdi Sheikh, Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh, Mamak Shariat, Alireza Abdollahi and Maryam Kashanian
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:104
  39. Continuity of care during labour is important for women. Women with an intrapartum referral from primary to secondary care look back more negatively on their birh experience compared to those who are not refer...

    Authors: Ank de Jonge, Rosan Stuijt, Iva Eijke and Marjan J Westerman
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:103
  40. Adolescent pregnancies are a growing public health problem in Cameroon. We sought to study the outcome of such pregnancies, in order to inform public health action.

    Authors: Florent Ymele Fouelifack, Theodore Yangsi Tameh, Eta Ngole Mbong, Philip Njotang Nana, Jeanne Hortence Fouedjio, Jovanny Tsuala Fouogue and Robinson Enow Mbu
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:102
  41. Objective was to determine whether fear for external cephalic version (ECV) and depression are associated with the success rate of ECV in women with a breech presentation at term.

    Authors: Emily Ciliacus, Marieke van der Zalm, Sophie E Truijens, Tom H Hasaart, Victor J Pop and Simone M Kuppens
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:101
  42. Diabetes and obesity have reached epidemic proportions in the U.S. with rates consistently higher among Hispanics as compared to non-Hispanic whites. Among Hispanic women diagnosed with gestational diabetes me...

    Authors: Lisa Chasan-Taber, Bess H Marcus, Milagros C Rosal, Katherine L Tucker, Sheri J Hartman, Penelope Pekow, Barry Braun, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Caren G Solomon, JoAnn E Manson and Glenn Markenson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:100
  43. Provision of essential newborn care (ENC) can save many newborn lives in poor resource settings but coverage is far from universal and varies by country and place of delivery. Understanding gaps in current cov...

    Authors: Christina Pagel, Audrey Prost, Munir Hossen, Kishwar Azad, Abdul Kuddus, Swati Sarbani Roy, Nirmala Nair, Prasanta Tripathy, Naomi Saville, Aman Sen, Catherine Sikorski, Dharma S Manandhar, Anthony Costello and Sonya Crowe
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:99
  44. The aims were to evaluate the effect of pregnancy on carotid artery elasticity and determine the associations between maternal lipids, endothelial function and arterial elasticity during pregnancy.

    Authors: Henna Kärkkäinen, Heli Saarelainen, Pirjo Valtonen, Tiina Laitinen, Olli T Raitakari, Markus Juonala, Mika Kähönen, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Seppo Heinonen and Tomi Laitinen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:98
  45. South Africa has one of the world’s highest rates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and interpersonal trauma. These co-occurring public health problems raise the need to understand alcohol consumption ...

    Authors: Karmel W Choi, Laurie A Abler, Melissa H Watt, Lisa A Eaton, Seth C Kalichman, Donald Skinner, Desiree Pieterse and Kathleen J Sikkema
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:97
  46. To assess and compare multiple measurements of socioeconomic position (SEP) in order to determine the relationship with adverse perinatal outcomes across various contexts.

    Authors: Ketan Shankardass, Patricia O’Campo, Linda Dodds, John Fahey, KS Joseph, Julia Morinis and Victoria M Allen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:96
  47. Sero-positivity rates of the rubella virus among pregnant women vary widely throughout the world. In Tanzania, rubella vaccination is not included in the national immunization schedule and there is therefore n...

    Authors: Berno Mwambe, Mariam M Mirambo, Stephen E Mshana, Anthony N Massinde, Benson R Kidenya, Denna Michael, Domenica Morona, Charles Majinge and Uwe Groß
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:95
  48. Good quality antenatal care (ANC) reduces maternal and neonatal mortality and improves health outcomes, particularly in low-income countries. Quality of ANC is measured by three dimensions: number of visits, t...

    Authors: Chandni Joshi, Siranda Torvaldsen, Ray Hodgson and Andrew Hayen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:94
  49. Preterm birth is the most common cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Postponing delivery for 48 hours with tocolytics to allow for maternal steroid administration and antenatal transportation to a centr...

    Authors: Elvira OG van Vliet, Ewoud Schuit, Karst Y Heida, Brent C Opmeer, Marjolein Kok, Wilfried Gyselaers, Martina M Porath, Mallory Woiski, Caroline J Bax, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Hubertina CJ Scheepers, Yves Jaquemyn, Erik van Beek, Hans JJ Duvekot, Maureen TM Franssen, Bas N Bijvank…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:93

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