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  1. Although specialised clinics for multiple pregnancies are recommended by several Obstetrics and Gynaecology governing bodies, studies examining outcome before and after introduction of such clinics remain few,...

    Authors: Amanda Henry, Nicole Lees, Kendall J. Bein, Beverley Hall, Veronica Lim, Katie Qiao Chen, Alec W Welsh, Lisa Hui and Antonia W. Shand
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:217
  2. Despite the policy change stopping traditional birth attendants (TBAs) from conducting deliveries at home and encouraging all women to give birth at the clinic under skilled care, many women still give birth a...

    Authors: Cephas Sialubanje, Karlijn Massar, Davidson H. Hamer and Robert AC Ruiter
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:216
  3. Perinatal audit is an established method for improving the quality of perinatal care. In audit meetings substandard factors (SSF) are identified in cases of perinatal mortality and morbidity. To our knowledge ...

    Authors: Mariet Th. van Diem, Albertus Timmer, Sanne J. Gordijn, Klasien A. Bergman, Fleurisca J. Korteweg, Joke Ravise, Ellen Vreugdenhil and Jan Jaap H.M. Erwich
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:215
  4. The Every Newborn Action Plan (ENAP), launched in 2014, aims to end preventable newborn deaths and stillbirths, with national targets of ≤12 neonatal deaths per 1000 live births and ≤12 stillbirths per 1000 total...

    Authors: Sarah G Moxon, Harriet Ruysen, Kate J Kerber, Agbessi Amouzou, Suzanne Fournier, John Grove, Allisyn C Moran, Lara ME Vaz, Hannah Blencowe, Niall Conroy, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Joshua P Vogel, Barbara Rawlins, Rubayet Sayed, Kathleen Hill, Donna Vivio…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15(Suppl 2):S8

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  5. Around one-third of the world's 2.8 million neonatal deaths are caused by infections. Most of these deaths are preventable, but occur due to delays in care-seeking, and access to effective antibiotic treatment...

    Authors: Aline Simen-Kapeu, Anna C Seale, Steve Wall, Christabel Nyange, Shamim A Qazi, Sarah G Moxon, Mark Young, Grace Liu, Gary L Darmstadt, Kim E Dickson and Joy E Lawn
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15(Suppl 2):S6

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  6. An estimated two-thirds of the world's 2.7 million newborn deaths could be prevented with quality care at birth and during the postnatal period. Basic Newborn Care (BNC) is part of the solution and includes hy...

    Authors: Christabel Enweronu-Laryea, Kim E Dickson, Sarah G Moxon, Aline Simen-Kapeu, Christabel Nyange, Susan Niermeyer, France Bégin, Howard L Sobel, Anne CC Lee, Severin Ritter von Xylander and Joy E Lawn
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15(Suppl 2):S4

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  7. The quality of antenatal care is recognized as critical to the effectiveness of care in optimizing maternal and child health outcomes. However, research has been hindered by the lack of a theoretically-grounde...

    Authors: Wendy Sword, Maureen Heaman, Mary Anne Biro, Caroline Homer, Jane Yelland, Noori Akhtar-Danesh and Amanda Bradford-Janke
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:214
  8. Eclampsia and pre-eclampsia are well-recognized causes of maternal and neonatal mortality in low income countries, but are never studied in a district hospital. In order to get reliable data to facilitate the ...

    Authors: Rob Mooij, Joseph Lugumila, Masumbuko Y. Mwashambwa, Ipyana H. Mwampagatwa, Jeroen van Dillen and Jelle Stekelenburg
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:213
  9. Disparity in utilization of reproductive healthcare services between the urban poor and the urban non-poor households in the developing nations is well known. However, disparity may also exist within urban poo...

    Authors: Niveditha Devasenapathy, Suparna Ghosh Jerath, Elizebeth Allen, Saket Sharma, Anuraj H. Shankar and Sanjay Zodpey
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:212
  10. Timor-Leste is a young country in the Asia-Pacific region with a high maternal mortality rate of 557 per 100,000 live births. As most maternal deaths can be prevented by providing quality antenatal care (ANC) ...

    Authors: Vishnu Khanal, Jonia Lourenca Nunes Brites da Cruz, Shiva Raj Mishra, Rajendra Karkee and Andy H. Lee
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:211
  11. Maternal near miss (MNM) investigation is a useful tool for monitoring standards for obstetric care. This study evaluated the prevalence and the determinants of severe maternal morbidity (SMM) and MNM in a ter...

    Authors: Alberto Pereira Madeiro, Andréa Cronemberger Rufino, Érica Zânia Gonçalves Lacerda and Laís Gonçalves Brasil
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:210
  12. Anxiety and depression are common in the perinatal period. Telephone interventions, including telephone peer support and counselling, have been developed to support those experiencing perinatal mental illness....

    Authors: Laura J. Biggs, Touran Shafiei, Della A. Forster, Rhonda Small and Helen L. McLachlan
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:209
  13. Sex ratio is an important indicator of development. Despite all the measures undertaken for improvement, it remains an issue of concern in India, with Haryana having a very low sex ratio in the country. Studie...

    Authors: Sutapa Bandyopadhyay Neogi, Preeti H. Negandhi, Abhijit Ganguli, Sapna Chopra, Navraj Sandhu, Ravi Kant Gupta, Sanjay Zodpey, Amarjeet Singh, Arun Singh and Rakesh Gupta
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:208
  14. Pregnant women were excluded from clinical trials until the 1990s, but the Food and Drug Administration nowadays allows - and even encourages - responsible inclusion of pregnant women in trials with adequate s...

    Authors: Katrien Oude Rengerink, Sabine Logtenberg, Lotty Hooft, Patrick M. Bossuyt and Ben Willem Mol
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:207
  15. Caesarean section is rising in the developed world and vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC) is declining. There are increased reports of women seeking a homebirth following a caesarean section (HBAC) in Austra...

    Authors: Hazel Keedle, Virginia Schmied, Elaine Burns and Hannah G Dahlen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:206
  16. Alcohol can be harmful to the development of the foetus. In most developed countries, pregnant women are recommended to abstain from alcohol, however in developing countries, women are less likely to receive t...

    Authors: Alexander Blaauw Isaksen, Truls Østbye, Blandina Theophil Mmbaga and Anne Kjersti Daltveit
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:205
  17. Preterm birth remains a major obstetrical problem and identification of risk factors for preterm birth continues to be a priority in providing adequate care. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to elucida...

    Authors: R. Jeanne Ruiz, Alok Kumar Dwivedi, Indika Mallawaarachichi, Hector G. Balcazar, Raymond P. Stowe, Kimberly S. Ayers and Rita Pickler
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:204
  18. The present study aimed to investigate risk factors for expulsion in immediate postplacental IUD insertion. We specifically sought to determine whether cesarean delivery before or during labor have an impact o...

    Authors: Ayhan Sucak, Sarp Ozcan, Şevki Çelen, Turhan Çağlar, Gonca Göksu and Nuri Danışman
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:202
  19. In a national perinatal health programme, we observed striking heterogeneity in the explanation of the most prominent risks across municipalities. Therefore we explored the separate contribution of several soc...

    Authors: Amber A. Vos, Semiha Denktaş, Gerard JJM Borsboom, Gouke J. Bonsel and Eric AP Steegers
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:201
  20. Maternal mortality remains a daunting problem in Mozambique and many other low-resource countries. High quality antenatal care (ANC) services can improve maternal and newborn health outcomes and increase the l...

    Authors: Adriano Biza, Ingeborg Jille-Traas, Mercedes Colomar, Maria Belizan, Jennifer Requejo Harris, Beatrice Crahay, Mario Merialdi, My Huong Nguyen, Fernando Althabe, Alicia Aleman, Eduardo Bergel, Alicia Carbonell, Leonardo Chavane, Therese Delvaux, Diederike Geelhoed, Metin Gülmezoglu…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:200
  21. Despite the non-invasive nature of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), there is still a need for a separate informed consent process before testing. The objectives of this study are to assess (a) knowledge a...

    Authors: Kam On Kou, Chung Fan Poon, Wai Ching Tse, Shui Lam Mak and Kwok Yin Leung
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:199
  22. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a common and serious disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops during sleep, is associated with excess weight and obesity. Little is known about the co-occurrence of OSA among...

    Authors: Jayne R. Rice, Gloria T. Larrabure-Torrealva, Miguel Angel Luque Fernandez, Mirtha Grande, Vicky Motta, Yasmin V. Barrios, Sixto Sanchez, Bizu Gelaye and Michelle A. Williams
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:198
  23. Compared to other pregnancy-related events, the full cost of stillbirth remains poorly described. In the UK one in every 200 births ends in stillbirth. As a follow-up to a recent study which explored the direc...

    Authors: Chidubem B. Ogwulu, Louise J. Jackson, Alexander E.P. Heazell and Tracy E. Roberts
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:188
  24. The Afghan community is a priority population for many health and social services within the southeast region of Melbourne, which is home to the largest population of Afghanistan-born people within the state o...

    Authors: Alana Russo, Belinda Lewis, Andrew Joyce, Belinda Crockett and Stanley Luchters
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:197
  25. The most common reason for caesarean section (CS) is repeat CS following previous CS. Vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC) rates vary widely in different healthcare settings and countries. Obtaining de...

    Authors: Ingela Lundgren, Evelien van Limbeek, Katri Vehvilainen-Julkunen and Christina Nilsson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:196
  26. Ultrasound is a tool of increasing importance in maternity care. Midwives have a central position in the care of pregnant women. However, studies regarding their experiences of the use of ultrasound in this co...

    Authors: Kristina Edvardsson, Ingrid Mogren, Ann Lalos, Margareta Persson and Rhonda Small
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:195
  27. Obstetric fistula (OF) is a serious consequence of prolonged, obstructed labor in settings where emergency obstetric care is limited, but there are few reliable, population-based estimates of the rate of OF. S...

    Authors: Karen D. Cowgill, Jennifer Bishop, Amanda K. Norgaard, Craig E. Rubens and Michael G. Gravett
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:193
  28. We sought to identify and characterize predictors of poor fetal growth among variables extracted from perinatal medical records to gain insight into potential etiologic mechanisms. In this process we reevaluat...

    Authors: Timothy H. Ciesielski, Carmen J. Marsit and Scott M. Williams
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:192
  29. Early assessment before the establishment of placental dysfunction has the potential to improve treatment and prognosis for clinical practice.The objective of the study is to investigate the accuracy of serum ...

    Authors: Yan Zhong, Fufan Zhu and Yiling Ding
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:191
  30. It is important to know the decay of knowledge, skills, and confidence over time to provide evidence-based guidance on timing of follow-up training. Studies addressing retention of simulation-based education r...

    Authors: Ellen Nelissen, Hege Ersdal, Estomih Mduma, Bjørg Evjen-Olsen, Jacqueline Broerse, Jos van Roosmalen and Jelle Stekelenburg
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:190
  31. Gestational hypertension (GH) and Preeclampsia, (PE) are the most complicated amongst hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. The mechanism that links hypertension in pregnancy to adverse maternal outcomes is not...

    Authors: Cornelius A. Turpin, Samuel A. Sakyi, William KBA Owiredu, Richard KD. Ephraim and Enoch O. Anto
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:189
  32. Ectopic pregnancy (EP) is the leading cause of maternal death during the first trimester of pregnancy. A better understanding of EP risk can help prevent its occurrence. We carried out a multi-center, large-sa...

    Authors: Cheng Li, Wei-Hong Zhao, Qian Zhu, Shu-Jun Cao, Hua Ping, Xiaowei Xi, Guo-Juan Qin, Ming-Xing Yan, Duo Zhang, Jun Qiu and Jian Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:187
  33. Normal pregnancy is associated with marked changes in haemodynamic function, however the influence and potential benefits of antenatal physical exercise at different stages of pregnancy and postpartum remain u...

    Authors: Rhiannon Emma Carpenter, Simon J. Emery, Orhan Uzun, Lindsay A. D’Silva and Michael J. Lewis
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:186
  34. The recently promulgated 2010 constitution of Kenya permits abortion when the life or health of the woman is in danger. Yet broad uncertainty remains about the interpretation of the law. Unsafe abortion remain...

    Authors: Shukri F. Mohamed, Chimaraoke Izugbara, Ann M. Moore, Michael Mutua, Elizabeth W. Kimani-Murage, Abdhalah K. Ziraba, Akinrinola Bankole, Susheela D. Singh and Caroline Egesa
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:185
  35. Maternal anemia, a common situation in developing countries, provokes impairment of nutrients/oxygen supply to the placenta-fetus unit that leads to Great obstetrical syndromes (GOS). In our setting, however, ...

    Authors: Barthélémy Tandu-Umba and Andy Muela Mbangama
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:183
  36. The Norwegian authorities monitor the quality of public health-care services, including from the patients’ perspective. The aim of this paper is to describe the development and psychometric properties of a pre...

    Authors: Ingeborg S. Sjetne, Hilde H. Iversen and Johanne G. Kjøllesdal
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:182
  37. Women and their babies are entitled to equal access to high quality maternity care. However, when women fit into two or more categories of vulnerability they can face multiple, compound barriers to accessing a...

    Authors: Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Jenna P. Breckenridge, John Devaney, Thilo Kroll, Anne Lazenbatt and Julie Taylor
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:181
  38. The United Kingdom (UK) caesarean section (CS) rate is largely determined by reluctance to augment trial of labour and vaginal birth. Choice between repeat CS and attempting vaginal birth after CS (VBAC) in th...

    Authors: Valerie L. Peddie, Natalie Whitelaw, Grant P. Cumming, Siladitya Bhattacharya and Mairead Black
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:180
  39. Internationally, repeat caesarean sections make the largest contribution to overall caesarean section rates and inter-hospital variation has been reported. The aim of this study was to determine if casemix and...

    Authors: Kathrin Schemann, Jillian A. Patterson, Tanya A. Nippita, Jane B. Ford and Christine L. Roberts
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:179
  40. Chewing areca nut (AN), also known as betel nut, is common in Asia and the South Pacific and the habit has been linked to a number of serious health problems including oral cancer. Use of AN in pregnancy has b...

    Authors: Maria Ome-Kaius, Holger W Unger, Dupain Singirok, Regina A Wangnapi, Sarah Hanieh, Alexandra J Umbers, Julie Elizah, Peter Siba, Ivo Mueller and Stephen J Rogerson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:177
  41. Strong evidence supports administration of magnesium sulphate prior to birth at less than 30 weeks’ gestation to prevent very preterm babies dying or developing cerebral palsy. This study was undertaken as par...

    Authors: Emily Bain, Tanya Bubner, Pat Ashwood, Emer Van Ryswyk, Lucy Simmonds, Sally Reid, Philippa Middleton and Caroline A. Crowther
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:176
  42. Maternal obesity before and during pregnancy predicts maternal and infant risks of obesity and its associated metabolic conditions. Dietary and physical activity recommendations during pregnancy as well as wei...

    Authors: Maria Luisa Garmendia, Camila Corvalan, Marcela Araya, Paola Casanello, Juan Pedro Kusanovic and Ricardo Uauy
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:175
  43. There is some evidence to suggest that within the household, family and community settings, women in sub-Saharan Africa often have limited autonomy and control over their reproductive health decisions. However...

    Authors: John Kuumuori Ganle, Bernard Obeng, Alexander Yao Segbefia, Vitalis Mwinyuri, Joseph Yaw Yeboah and Leonard Baatiema
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:173
  44. Prenatal screening for foetal cardiac abnormalities has been increasingly practiced in Sweden during the last 25 years. A prenatal diagnosis may have medical benefits but may also cause sustained parental psyc...

    Authors: Ewa-Lena Bratt, Stina Järvholm, Britt-Marie Ekman-Joelsson, Lars-Åke Mattson and Mats Mellander
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:171
  45. Increasing the coverage of skilled attendance at births in a health facility (facility delivery) is crucial for saving the lives of mothers and achieving Millennium Development Goal five. Cambodia has signific...

    Authors: Por Ir, Catherine Korachais, Kannarath Chheng, Dirk Horemans, Wim Van Damme and Bruno Meessen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:170

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