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  1. Despite the effort to reduce stillbirth, Ethiopia remains one of the countries with the highest rate in the world. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the trends of stillbirth among births from reproductive...

    Authors: Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema, Lemma Derseh Gezie and Solomon Gedlu Nigatu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

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  2. A considerable number of previous studies have examined the trends, correlates, and consequences of premarital childbearing among adolescents and young women in Africa. However, very little is known about whet...

    Authors: Clifford O. Odimegwu, Emmanuel O. Olamijuwon, Vesper H. Chisumpa, Joshua O. Akinyemi, Mwiza G. Singini and Oluwaseyi D. Somefun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:185

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Victimisation of women is encountered in all countries across the world, it damages the mental and physical health of women. During pregnancy and the postpartum period, women are at a greater risk of experienc...

    Authors: Hafrún Finnbogadóttir, Kathleen Baird and Li Thies-Lagergren

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:183

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Cesarean delivery rates are increasing globally with almost half of them occurring due to a previous Cesarean delivery. A trial of labor after Cesarean (TOLAC) is considered a safe procedure, but most eligible...

    Authors: Kaname Uno, Michinori Mayama, Masato Yoshihara, Takehiko Takeda, Sho Tano, Teppei Suzuki, Yasuyuki Kishigami and Hidenori Oguchi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:170

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Anemia though is a major risk factor for unfavorable pregnancy outcomes; no previous studies have yet described the hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations and anemia prevalence among pregnant women of remote mid weste...

    Authors: Deepak Sharma, Kapil Amgain, Prem Prasad Panta and Bishal Pokhrel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:182

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The study was conducted in public health centers of East Gojjam Zone, Amhara region, Ethiopia. The purpose of this study was to assess knowledge, and use of labour pain relief methods and associated factors among...

    Authors: Keralem Anteneh Bishaw, Endalew Gemechu Sendo and Workinesh Sinshaw Abebe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:180

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Frequently observed sleep/wake problems among pregnant women need comprehensive evaluation. This study was conducted to clarify the sleep/wake problems among pregnant women without gestational complications du...

    Authors: Shiho Umeno, Chiho Kato, Yuki Nagaura, Hideaki Kondo and Hiromi Eto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:179

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Opioid use disorder (OUD) is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality for women, especially during the perinatal period. Opioid overdose has become a significant cause of maternal death in the Unite...

    Authors: Daisy J. Goodman, Elizabeth C. Saunders and Kristina B. Wolff

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:178

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Aortic dissection is a rare and emergent condition. Aortic dissection during pregnancy is not much known but it is quite lethal to both mother and infant. Earlier reports published show that clinicians conduct...

    Authors: Lu Zhang, Bin Yan, Xue Cui, Jinghong Liu and Fangxin Shi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:177

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Hyperhomocysteinemia may be a risk factor for endothelial dysfunction. Folate and vitamin B12 regulate the homocysteine metabolic process. This study aimed to evaluate the associations between subsequent event...

    Authors: Chenggui Liu, Dan Luo, Qin Wang, Yan Ma, Longyu Ping, Ting Wu, Jian Tang, Duanliang Peng and PingZhao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:176

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Best practice in perinatal bereavement care suggests offering parents the opportunity to spend time with their baby. Cold cots facilitate this purpose by reducing the deterioration of the body and evidence ind...

    Authors: Paula Smith, Konstantina Vasileiou and Abbie Jordan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:175

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Mild to moderate iodine deficiency in pregnant women may expose them to the increased risk of the development of goiter and thyroid disorder. There is a relationship between low maternal UIC (Urinary iodine co...

    Authors: Soraya Saleh Gargari, Reyhaneh Fateh, Mina Bakhshali-bakhtiari, Masoumeh Saleh, Masoumeh Mirzamoradi and Mahmood Bakhtiyari

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:174

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Labor induction is among the common and widely practiced obstetric interventions aiming at achieving vaginal delivery. However, cesarean section (CS) delivery incidences have been reported following its use. T...

    Authors: Clifford Silver Tarimo, Michael J. Mahande and Joseph Obure

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:173

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a preventable complication, however, it remains being the leading cause of maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide including Thailand.

    Authors: Phat Prapawichar, Ameporn Ratinthorn, Ketsarin Utriyaprasit and Chukiat Viwatwongkasem

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:172

    Content type: Research article

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  15. An accurate assessment of the adequacy of prenatal care utilization is critical to inform the relationship between prenatal care and pregnancy outcomes. This systematic review critically appraises the evidence...

    Authors: Stewart Rowe, Zahra Karkhaneh, Isaiah MacDonald, Thane Chambers, Sana Amjad, Alvaro Osornio-Vargas, Radha Chari, Manoj Kumar and Maria B. Ospina

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:171

    Content type: Research article

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  16. To improve the utilization of maternal and newborn health (MNH) care and to improve the quality of care, the World Health Organization (WHO) has strongly recommended men’s involvement in pregnancy, childbirth,...

    Authors: Ahmed Ehsanur Rahman, Janet Perkins, Shumona Sharmin Salam, Shema Mhajabin, Aniqa Tasnim Hossain, Tapas Mazumder and Shams EL Arifeen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:169

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Various forms of life stressors have been implicated as causes of antenatal depression. However, there is a lack of understanding of which forms of stress lead to antenatal depression and through what mechanis...

    Authors: Abel Fekadu Dadi, Emma R. Miller, Richard Woodman, Telake Azale Bisetegn and Lillian Mwanri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:168

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Postpartum febrile morbidity is relatively common, occurring in approximately 5–7% of births. Differentiating between potentially serious and benign causes of postpartum pyrexia (PP) is fundamental in curbing ...

    Authors: Yannick Lechedem Ngunyi, Gregory Halle-Ekane, Nicholas Tendongfor, Etheldreda Leinyuy Mbivnjo, Armel Evouna Mbarga, Derick Nembulefack, Clifford Abonge Lo-oh and Thomas Obinchemti Egbe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:167

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The northern part of the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan experienced armed conflict since September 2007 till the autumn of 2011. Conflict involved widespread insurgency activity and military interv...

    Authors: Haroon Ur Rashid, Muhammad Naseem Khan, Ayesha Imtiaz, Naeem Ullah, Mukesh Dherani and Atif Rahman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:166

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Trichorionic triplet pregnancy reduction to twin pregnancy is associated with a lower risk of preterm delivery but not with a lower risk of miscarriage. However, data on dichorionic triamniotic (DCTA) triplet ...

    Authors: Pei Cai, Yan Ouyang, Fei Gong and Xihong Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:165

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Category-1 emergency caesarean section delivery is the commonly performed surgical procedure in pregnant women associated with significant mortality and morbidity both in the mother and fetus. The decision to ...

    Authors: Mamaru Mollalign Temesgen, Amare Hailekirose Gebregzi, Habtamu Getinet Kasahun, Seid Adem Ahmed and Yophtahe Berhe Woldegerima

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:164

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The first 2 days after childbirth present the highest risk of dying for a mother. Providing postnatal care within the first 2 days after childbirth can help avert maternal mortality because it allows early det...

    Authors: Patricia Ndugga, Noor Kassim Namiyonga and Deogratious Sebuwufu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:163

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Adverse obstetric outcomes are correlated with altered circulating hormone levels at the time implantation by the trophectoderm. What’ more, embryo freezing process may also have adverse effect on perinatal ou...

    Authors: Shiqiao Hu, Bei Xu, Rui Long and Lei Jin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:161

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Geophagia although pleasurable and somewhat a necessity among pregnant women, also comes along with its own attendant problems such as exposure to potentially hazardous substances like bacteria, fungi, helmint...

    Authors: Nii Korley Kortei, Alice Koryo-Dabrah, Papa Toah Akonor, Nana Yaw Barimah Manaphraim, Matilda Ayim-Akonor, Nathaniel Owusu Boadi, Edward Ken Essuman and Clement Tettey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:160

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Psychological distress during pregnancy is common: up to 20% of the childbearing women experience symptoms of depression and anxiety. Apart from the adverse effects on the woman herself, pregnancy distress can...

    Authors: Lianne P. Hulsbosch, Ivan Nyklíček, Eva S. Potharst, Margreet Meems, Myrthe G. B. M. Boekhorst and Victor J. M. Pop

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:159

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Immigrants in Germany exhibit higher levels of social disadvantage when compared to the non-immigrated population. Turkish-origin immigrants constitute an important immigrant group in Germany and show disparit...

    Authors: Jacob Spallek, Laura Scholaske, Medlin Kurt, Denise Lindner-Matthes and Sonja Entringer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:158

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. The use of herbal medicine among pregnant women is increasing in many low- and high-income countries due to their cost-effectiveness in treatment and ease of access. Research findings across Ethiopia on the pr...

    Authors: Fentahun Adane, Girma Seyoum, Yoseph Merkeb Alamneh, Worku Abie, Melaku Desta and Bihonegn Sisay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:157

    Content type: Research article

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  28. There is ample evidence of associations between short birth interval and adverse maternal and child health outcomes, including infant and maternal mortality. Short birth interval is more common among women in ...

    Authors: Juan Pimentel, Umaira Ansari, Khalid Omer, Yagana Gidado, Muhd Chadi Baba, Neil Andersson and Anne Cockcroft

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:156

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Despite significant research, the reasons for racial health disparities among adverse birth outcomes (ABO) remain largely unknown. The bulk of research into racial health disparities among ABO in the United St...

    Authors: James A. Thompson and Melissa A. Suter

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:155

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Preeclampsia is a relatively frequent condition during pregnancy and childbirth. The administration of magnesium sulphate as a prophylactic and treatment measure is an evidence-based practice for eclampsia; ho...

    Authors: Zenewton André da Silva Gama, Wilton Rodrigues Medeiros, Pedro Jesus Saturno-Hernández, Kelienny de Meneses Sousa, Matheus Silva Mello, Érico de Lima Vale, Tatyana Maria Silva de Souza Rosendo, Edna Marta Mendes da Silva and Marise Reis de Freitas

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:154

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Sub-optimal maternal lipid levels during pregnancy may be implicated in the pathophysiological mechanisms leading to low birth weight (LBW) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA). We aimed to determine whether ma...

    Authors: Sandra G. Okala, Ebrima A. Sise, Fatou Sosseh, Andrew M. Prentice, Laura A. Woollett and Sophie E. Moore

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:153

    Content type: Research article

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  32. To evaluate the role of the quality improvement course (QIC) to reduce the caesarean section (CS) rate among nulliparas (Robson groups 1 and 2) and to find out which group of women have reduced the CS rate fol...

    Authors: Justina Kacerauskiene, Meile Minkauskiene, Tahir Mahmood, Egle Bartuseviciene, Dalia R. Railaite, Arnoldas Bartusevicius, Mindaugas Kliucinskas, Laima Maleckiene, Jonas Ulevicius, Laura Liubiniene, Kastytis Smigelskas, Kornelija Maciuliene, Grazina Drasutiene, Diana Ramasauskaite and Ruta J. Nadisauskiene

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:152

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Intravenous remifentanil patient-controlled analgesia (RPCA) is an alternative for epidural analgesia (EA) in labor pain relief. However, it remains unknown whether RPCA is superior to EA in decreasing the ris...

    Authors: Guolin Lu, Wenshui Yao, Xiaofen Chen, Sujing Zhang and Min Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:151

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Globally, birth asphyxia is one of the leading causes of neonatal death. In Tanzania, neonatal deaths are estimated to be 25 deaths per 1000 live births and birth asphyxia accounts for 31% of those deaths.

    Authors: Angelina A. Joho, Stephen M. Kibusi and Ipyana Mwampagatwa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:150

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Birth preparedness and complication readiness are broadly endorsed by governments and international agencies to reduce maternal and neonatal health threats in low income countries. Maternal education is broadl...

    Authors: Daniel Bekele Ketema, Cheru Tesema Leshargie, Getiye Dejenu Kibret, Moges Agazhe Assemie, Pammla Petrucka and Animut Alebel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:149

    Content type: Research article

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  36. As the rate of cesarean section delivery has increased, the incidence of severe maternal morbidity continues to increase. Severe maternal morbidity is associated with high medical costs, extended length of hos...

    Authors: Jin Young Nam and Eun-Cheol Park

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:148

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Most studies have showed that maternal depression is associated with pregnancy complications. However, there were limited evidences in Chinese population. We examined the associations of antenatal depression s...

    Authors: Xiuxiu Li, Rui Gao, Xiaowei Dai, Hong Liu, Jinxin Zhang, Xuemei Liu, Dongmei Si, Te Deng and Wei Xia

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:147

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Preventing unintended pregnancies among HIV positive women is one component of HIV prevention strategies. However, programs to prevent mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV started in antenatal care. The...

    Authors: Zebideru Zewdie, Mezgebu Yitayal, Yigzaw Kebede and Abebaw Gebeyehu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:145

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Globally, male involvement has been identified as a priority target area to be strengthened in the prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. However, there are limited studies on husband invol...

    Authors: Haimanot Abebe Adane, Nega Assefa, Bizatu Mengistie and Asmamaw Demis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:144

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Despite evidence supporting the safety of vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC), rates are low in many countries.

    Authors: Mike Clarke, Declan Devane, Mechthild M. Gross, Sandra Morano, Ingela Lundgren, Marlene Sinclair, Koen Putman, Beverley Beech, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Marianne Nieuwenhuijze, Hugh Wiseman, Valerie Smith, Deirdre Daly, Gerard Savage, John Newell, Andrew Simpkin…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:143

    Content type: Research article

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  41. This study investigated the effectiveness of brief midwife-led counseling based on Gamble and colleagues’ approach in decreasing post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety symptoms among a group o...

    Authors: Leila Asadzadeh, Elham Jafari, Roghieh Kharaghani and Farhad Taremian

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:142

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Domestic violence is a leading cause of social morbidity and may increase during and after pregnancy. In high-income countries screening, referral and management interventions are available as part of standard...

    Authors: Diandra Daley, Mary McCauley and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:141

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Afghanistan has one of the world’s highest maternal mortality ratios, with more than 60% of women having no access to a skilled birth attendant in some areas. The main challenges for childbearing Afghan women ...

    Authors: Trude Thommesen, Hallgeir Kismul, Ian Kaplan, Khadija Safi and Graziella Van den Bergh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:140

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Despite the supplementation of iron-folic acid is the recommended strategy during the antenatal period; iron deficiency anemia is the commonest hematologic complication during pregnancy. Therefore, this system...

    Authors: Fikadu Waltengus Sendeku, Getnet Gedefaw Azeze and Selamawit Lake Fenta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:138

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Antenatal care (ANC) is essential to improve maternal and newborn health and wellbeing. Antenatal care coverage is improving in Africa since over two-thirds of pregnant women have at least one ANC contact. How...

    Authors: Zemenu Tadesse Tessema and Yaregal Animut

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:137

    Content type: Research article

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