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  1. Worldwide several studies have examined the associations of fetal sex, paternal age and maternal age with pregnancy outcomes, with the evidence regarding paternal age being less consistent. Although in Taiwan ...

    Authors: Tsung Yu, Ta-Sheng Chen, Fu-Wen Liang and Pao-Lin Kuo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:348

    Content type: Research article

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  2. It is discussed whether fetal scalp stimulation (FSS) test is a reliable complimentary tool to cardiotocography (CTG) to assess fetal wellbeing during labor. The test is based on the assumption that a well-oxy...

    Authors: Farzaneh Shakouri, Linda Iorizzo, Hellen Mc Kinnon Edwards, Christina Anne Vinter, Karl Kristensen, Per-Erik Isberg and Nana Wiberg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:347

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Preterm birth (PTB) is a leading cause of early childhood mortality and morbidity, including long-term physical and mental impairment. The risk factors for PTB are complex and include maternal nutritional stat...

    Authors: Etienne Nsereko, Aline Uwase, Assumpta Mukabutera, Claude Mambo Muvunyi, Stephen Rulisa, David Ntirushwa, Patricia Moreland, Elizabeth J. Corwin, Nicole Santos, Manasse Nzayirambaho and Janet M. Wojcicki

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:345

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Approximately 10% of all Graves’ disease cases are triiodothyronine (T3)-predominant. T3-predominance is characterized by higher T3 levels than thyroxine (T4) levels. Thyroid stimulating hormone receptor autoa...

    Authors: Akiko Fujishima, Akira Sato, Hiroshi Miura, Yuki Shimoda, Saeko Kameyama, Chika Ariake, Hiroyuki Adachi, Yuki Fukuoka and Yukihiro Terada

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:344

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Globally, between 2012 and 2017, 80% of live births occurred at health facilities assisted by skilled health personnel. In Ethiopia, in 2016 only 26% of live births attended by skilled health personal. This st...

    Authors: Zemenu Tadesse Tessema and Sofonyas Abebaw Tiruneh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:342

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Research investigating the wellbeing of term neonates in the United States is scarce. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of low birthweight (LBW) and neonatal intensive care unit (NIC...

    Authors: Anthony J. Kondracki

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:341

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Globally, every day, approximately 800 women die from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. The majority of these deaths occur after childbirth (post-partum period) mostly within 24 h. Raisin...

    Authors: Abayneh Desalegn Dangura

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:340

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The adverse pregnancy outcomes caused by teenage pregnancy are major public health problems with significant social impact. While China is the most populous country in the world, and 8.5% of the women aged 10–...

    Authors: Ting Zhang, Huien Wang, Xinling Wang, Yue Yang, Yingkui Zhang, Zengjun Tang and Li Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:339

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Women with congenital heart defects (CHDs) experiencing pregnancies require specialized delivery care and extensive monitoring that may not be available at all birthing hospitals. In this study, we examined pr...

    Authors: Lauren E. Schlichting, Tabassum Insaf, George Lui, Ali Zaidi and Alissa Van Zutphen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:338

    Content type: Research article

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  10. A high incidence of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) has been observed in women with eclampsia on imaging. However this association was documented mostly after convulsions occurred. This stu...

    Authors: An-Shine Chao, Yao-Liang Chen, Yao-Lung Chang, Angel Chao, Seng-Yuan Su and Tzu-Hao Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:336

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Over the past two decades, there has been a steady rise in the rate of Cesarean section delivery globally. As a result, short-term and long-term maternal and neonatal complications are rising. The objective of...

    Authors: Wasim Khasawneh, Nail Obeidat, Dawood Yusef and Jomana W. Alsulaiman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:335

    Content type: Research article

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  12. This study aimed to identify the utilization and factors associated with antenatal care, delivery, and postnatal care services in Tigray regional state, Ethiopia.

    Authors: Mussie Alemayehu, Tesfay Gebregzabher Gebrehiwot, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Alem Desta, Tesfu Alemu, Atakelti Abrha and Hagos Godefy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:334

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The effects of endometrial scratching (ES) on embryo implantation have been studied for many years. Several studies have shown better outcomes when performed on patients undergoing intrauterine insemination an...

    Authors: Alexandra Izquierdo, Laura de la Fuente, Katharina Spies, Jennifer Rayward, Lourdes López, David Lora and Alberto Galindo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:333

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Breastfeeding and caring for children demand time, energy and effort. Mothers with physical impairments in Ghana require special needs to be able to achieve optimal motherhood as society demands. Globally, lit...

    Authors: Angela Kwartemaa Acheampong, Lydia Aziato, Margaret Marfo and Philomena Amevor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:331

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Induction of labor (IoL) is an increasingly common obstetric procedure. Foley catheter IoL is recommended by WHO. It is associated with the lowest rate of uterine hyperstimulation syndrome and similar duration...

    Authors: Hang Min Chia, Peng Chiong Tan, Sze Ping Tan, Mukhri Hamdan and Siti Zawiah Omar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:330

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Unintended pregnancy has become a significant public health and reproductive health problem that has had a substantial and appreciable adverse impact on mother, child, and the general public. Despite the param...

    Authors: Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale and Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:329

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The UK does not currently have guidelines on gestational weight gain owing to gaps in the evidence base. Reintroducing routine weighing of women throughout pregnancy would begin to provide the evidence needed ...

    Authors: V. Allen-Walker, A. J. Hunter, V. A. Holmes and M. C. McKinley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:328

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In women with singleton pregnancies, maternal adaptation is considered a stress test for later life cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to assess maternal adaptation in women with twin pregnancie...

    Authors: Maria C. Adank, Zoe A. Broere-Brown, Romy Gonçalves, M. Kamran Ikram, Vincent W. V. Jaddoe, Eric A. P. Steegers and Sarah Schalekamp-Timmermans

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:327

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Adverse pregnancy outcomes can be prevented through the early detection and treatment of anaemia, HIV and syphilis during the antenatal period. Rates of testing for anaemia, HIV and syphilis among women attend...

    Authors: C. Baker, R. Limato, P. Tumbelaka, B. B. Rewari, S. Nasir, R. Ahmed and M. Taegtmeyer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:326

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Early initiation of breastfeeding (within an hour of birth) has benefits for newborn health and survival. Optimal breastfeeding supports growth, health, and development. Health facilities provide essential pre...

    Authors: Lindsay Mallick, Rukundo K. Benedict and Wenjuan Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:325

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In many low and medium human development index countries, the rate of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality is high. One factor which may influence this is the decision-to-delivery interval of emergenc...

    Authors: Noemi J. Hughes, Imelda Namagembe, Annettee Nakimuli, Musa Sekikubo, Ashley Moffett, Charlotte J. Patient and Catherine E. Aiken

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:324

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Studies have shown that women of reproductive age develop eating disorders (EDs). Few studies have examined EDs in women by performing long-term follow-ups during pregnancy and after delivery. Our study aimed ...

    Authors: Mariko Makino, Mitsuo Yasushi and Sueharu Tsutsui

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:323

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse. It affects approximately one in six couples seeking pregnancy in France or western countries. Many lifestyle fact...

    Authors: Charlotte Dupont, Philippe Aegerter, Aude-Marie Foucaut, Aymeric Reyre, François J. Lhuissier, Marie Bourgain, Nathalie Chabbert-Buffet, Isabelle Cédrin-Durnerin, Lise Selleret, Emmanuel Cosson and Rachel Lévy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:322

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. The provision of epidural analgesia during labor is ideally a shared decision between the woman and her health care provider. However, immigrant characteristics such as maternal birthplace could affect decisio...

    Authors: Åsa Henning Waldum, Anne Flem Jacobsen, Mirjam Lukasse, Anne Cathrine Staff, Ragnhild Sørum Falk, Siri Vangen and Ingvil Krarup Sørbye

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:321

    Content type: Research article

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  25. With more than 20,000 asylum seekers arriving every year, healthcare for this population has become an important issue. Pregnant asylum seekers seem to be at risk of poor pregnancy outcomes. This study aimed t...

    Authors: A. E. H. Verschuuren, I. R. Postma, Z. M. Riksen, R. L. Nott, E. I. Feijen-de Jong and J. Stekelenburg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:320

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Interventions to prevent excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) have had limited success This pilot study examined the effectiveness of a single goal (SG) high dietary fiber intervention to prevent excessive ...

    Authors: Holly R. Hull, Amy Herman, Heather Gibbs, Byron Gajewski, Kelli Krase, Susan E. Carlson, Debra K. Sullivan and Jeannine Goetz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:319

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Annually, 18 million babies are born to mothers 18 years or less. Two thirds of these births take place in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. Due to social and biological factors, adolescent mothers have a hig...

    Authors: Rejina Gurung, Mats Målqvist, Zhou Hong, Pragya Gautam Poudel, Avinash K. Sunny, Srijana Sharma, Sangeeta Mishra, Nisso Nurova and Ashish KC

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:318

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Previous community-based research shows that secondary prevention of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) with misoprostol only given to women with above-average measured blood loss produces similar clinical outcomes c...

    Authors: Holly A. Anger, Rasha Dabash, Nevine Hassanein, Emad Darwish, Mohamed Cherine Ramadan, Medhat Nawar, Dyanna Charles, Miral Breebaart and Beverly Winikoff

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:317

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa tend to have low adherence to antenatal and postnatal care regimens, contributing to high infant and child mortality rates. Despite low adherence figures and the high retur...

    Authors: Kristina Esopo, Lilly Derby and Johannes Haushofer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:316

    Content type: Research Article

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  30. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with an increased risk for a future type 2 diabetes mellitus in women and their children. As linkage between maternal health and non-communicable diseases, ant...

    Authors: Bettina Utz, Bouchra Assarag, Touria Lekhal, Wim Van Damme and Vincent De Brouwere

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:315

    Content type: Research article

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  31. It is known that environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) has adverse effects on pregnancy and birth outcomes. We aimed to assess the impact of ETS in pregnant women with and without asthma.

    Authors: Nasrin Fazel, Michael Kundi, Asghar Kazemzadeh, Habibollah Esmaily, Roya Akbarzadeh and Raheleh Ahmadi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:314

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Surgical site infection (SSI) affects nearly one third of patients who have undergone a surgical procedure. It is a significant and substantial cause of surgical patient morbidity and mortality later with huma...

    Authors: Temesgen Getaneh, Ayenew Negesse and Getenet Dessie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:311

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Many studies have demonstrated the benefits of the addition of growth hormone (GH) to the controlled ovarian stimulation protocol in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles in poor-respond patients, but the effect of...

    Authors: Jingyu Li, Qiaoli Chen, Jiang Wang, Guoning Huang and Hong Ye

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:310

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Incidences of unassisted home birthing practices have been increasing in Malaysia despite the accessibility to safe and affordable child birthing facilities. We aimed to explore the reasons for women to make s...

    Authors: Nur Amani Natasha Ahmad Tajuddin, Julia Suhaimi, Siti Nurkamilla Ramdzan, Khasnur Abd Malek, Ilham Ameera Ismail, Nurainul Hana Shamsuddin, Ahmad Ihsan Abu Bakar and Sajaratulnisah Othman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:309

    Content type: Research article

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  35. With the formulation of the National Safe Motherhood Policy in 1998, safe motherhood has forever been a priority program in Nepal. Under the safe motherhood program, every woman is provided with essential mate...

    Authors: Bidusha Neupane, Sujan Rijal, Srijana G.C. and Til Bahadur Basnet

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:308

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Fathers may affect expectant mothers’ daily living situations, which in turn might influence pregnancy outcomes. We investigated the association between paternal violent criminality and risk of preterm birth (...

    Authors: Can Liu, Niklas Långström, Cecilia Ekéus, Thomas Frisell, Sven Cnattingius and Anders Hjern

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:307

    Content type: Research article

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  37. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Kihinetu Gelaye Wudineh, Azezu Asres Nigusie, Shumiye Shiferaw Gesese, Azimeraw Arega Tesfu and Fentahun Yenealem Beyene

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:306

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:508

  38. In low-income countries like Ethiopia, where families have poor access to or do not utilize the services of formal health care systems, community health workers provide postnatal care services through home vis...

    Authors: Yemane Berhane Tesfau, Alemayehu Bayray Kahsay, Tesfay Gebregzabher Gebrehiwot, Araya Abrha Medhanyie and Hagos Godefay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:305

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Although compassion is considered to be of prime importance in nursing and midwifery, there is no clear understanding of what compassionate care in childbirth entails, and how midwives perceive compassionate c...

    Authors: Samantha Salome Krausé, Catharina Susanna Minnie and Siedine Knobloch Coetzee

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:304

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Mothers’ satisfaction with care during childbirth is indicators of the quality care which affects skilled birth attendance. Negative client’s experiences at health facilities cause them to delay or avoid seeki...

    Authors: Gizachew Abdissa Bulto, Dereje Bayissa Demissie, Tefera Likasa Tasu and Getu Alemu Demisse

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:303

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The data on the association between the microbiota-dependent metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) during pregnancy and risk of preeclampsia (PE) is limited.

    Authors: Xin Huang, Zuodong Li, Zhou Gao, Dapeng Wang, Xiaohui Li, Ying Li, Chunmei Mi and Jun Lei

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:302

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy is the second most common direct cause of maternal deaths accounting for 14% of maternal deaths worldwide. Severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are among the hypertensive diso...

    Authors: Jane R. Manyahi, Hans Mgaya and Ali Said

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:301

    Content type: Research article

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  43. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Geerte C. den Hollander and Erica W. M. Janszen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:300

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:257

  44. Infant mortality is one of the leading public health problems globally; the problem is even more staggering in low-income countries. In Ethiopia seven in ten child deaths occurred during infancy in 2016. Even ...

    Authors: Adhanom Gebreegziabher Baraki, Temesgen Yihunie Akalu, Haileab Fekadu Wolde, Ayenew Molla Lakew and Kedir Abdela Gonete

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:299

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Birth satisfaction represents a complex construct of implicit and profound relevance to a woman’s perceived birth experience. It correlates with the childbearing woman’s experience of the quality of care recei...

    Authors: Mohd Noor Norhayati, Adnan Fatin Imtithal and Mat Junoh Nor Akma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:295

    Content type: Research article

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