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  1. The maternal use of paracetamol during pregnancy has been associated with the development of preeclampsia. This study aims to clarify whether the connection is causal or whether it is due to reverse causation.

    Authors: Hetti von Hellens, Leea Keski-Nisula and Heidi Sahlman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:24

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Increasing worldwide rates of cesarean section are of global concern. In recent years, cesarean births upon maternal request have become a hotly debated issue. Hence, this study aimed to explore maternal reaso...

    Authors: Chitkasaem Suwanrath, Sopen Chunuan, Phawat Matemanosak and Sutham Pinjaroen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:23

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Postnatal care (PNC) visits provide a huge benefit for ensuring appropriate breastfeeding practices, to monitor the overall health status of the newborn, to timely diagnose and intervene birth-related complica...

    Authors: Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale, Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema, Yigizie Yeshaw, Ayenew Kassie Tesema, Adugnaw Zeleke Alem and Alemneh Mekuriaw Liyew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:22

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The association between gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and childhood body weight remains controversial, and additional study is needed, especially in Asian populations.

    Authors: Jiajin Hu, Yilin Liu, Xiaotong Wei, Lin Li, Ming Gao, Yang Liu, Yanan Ma and Deliang Wen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:21

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The uptake of skilled pregnancy care in rural areas of Nigeria remains a challenge amid the various strategies aimed at improving access to skilled care. The low use of skilled health care during pregnancy, ch...

    Authors: Ogochukwu Udenigwe, Friday E. Okonofua, Lorretta F. C. Ntoimo, Wilson Imongan, Brian Igboin and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:20

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Many maternal factors are known to be associated with adverse birth outcomes, but studies about paternal factors yielded inconsistent conclusions. The study was to assess whether paternal factors are associate...

    Authors: Jing Li, Jie Qiu, Ling Lv, Baohong Mao, Lei Huang, Tao Yang, Cheng Wang and Qing Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:19

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Postpartum depression (PPD) is a highly prevalent mental health problem that affects parental health with implications for child health in infancy, childhood, adolescence and beyond. The primary aim of this st...

    Authors: Ryan Chow, Eileen Huang, Allen Li, Sophie Li, Sarah Y. Fu, Jin S. Son and Warren G. Foster

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:18

    Content type: Research article

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  8. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the induction of labour in mid-trimester pregnancy using a double-balloon catheter (DBC) within 12 h versus within 12–24 h.

    Authors: Jing Peng, Ruobing Li, Shuguo Du, Heng Yin, Min Li, Xuan Zheng, Shiyao Wu and Yun Zhao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:17

    Content type: Research article

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  9. This study aimed at determining the predictive value of human chorionic gonadotropin and progesterone levels on pregnancy outcomes in patients receiving in vitro fertilization due to fallopian tube associated inf...

    Authors: Wenjia Bo, Ning Zhang, Ling Wang, Ying Guo and Haicui Wu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:16

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Mental health in China is a significant issue, and perinatal depression has been recognized as a concern, as it may affect pregnancy outcomes. There are growing calls to address China’s mental health system ca...

    Authors: Shahirose Sadrudin Premji, Keith S. Dobson, Anupa Prashad, Shelby Yamamoto, Fangbiao Tao, Beibei Zhu, Xiaoyan Wu, Mengjuan Lu and Shanshan Shao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:15

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Low birth weight rates are increasing in both developed and developing countries. Although several maternal factors have been identified as associated with low birth weight, little is known of economic or orga...

    Authors: Diego Erasun, Jéssica Alonso-Molero, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, Javier Llorca and José Schneider

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:13

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Unlike infant and child mortality, neonatal mortality has declined steadily in Ethiopia. Despite the large-scale investment made by Ethiopia to improve the health of newborns and infants, it is among the regio...

    Authors: Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema and Misganaw Gebrie Worku

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:12

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:109

  13. Trial of labor after a previous cesarean delivery (TOLAC) has reduced the rate of cesarean sections (CS). Nevertheless, the widespread use of TOLAC has been limited by an increase in adverse outcomes, the most...

    Authors: Huan ZHANG, Haiyan LIU, Shouling LUO and Weirong GU

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:11

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Nausea and vomiting are experienced by most women during pregnancy. The onset is usually related to Last Menstrual Period (LMP) the date of which is often unreliable. This study describes the time to onset of ...

    Authors: Roger Gadsby, Diana Ivanova, Emma Trevelyan, Jane L. Hutton and Sarah Johnson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:10

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Racial disparities in adverse perinatal outcomes have been studied in other countries, but little has been done for the Canadian population. In this study, we sought to examine the disparities in adverse perin...

    Authors: Na Zeng, Erica Erwin, Wendy Wen, Daniel J. Corsi, Shi Wu Wen and Yanfang Guo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:9

    Content type: Research article

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  16. There are fundamental and rapid changes in body shape during pregnancy, some of which persist for an extended time after delivery and may cause dissatisfaction with body shape. Therefore, we conducted this stu...

    Authors: Mehrri Tavakoli, Seyedeh Batool Hasanpoor-Azghady and Leila Amiri Farahani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:8

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Numerous changes occur in different aspects of women’s lives in the postpartum period. Women’s adjusting with problems and taking advantage of this opportunity can develop their personality. In this regard, ac...

    Authors: Mahboobeh Asadi, Mahnaz Noroozi and Mousa Alavi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:7

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Premature birth can affect maternal mental health. Considering that the mental health disorder in mothers may play a vital role in the growth and development of their children, therefore, this study was conduc...

    Authors: Leila Seiiedi-Biarag, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Khalil Esmaeilpour and Shirin Hasanpour

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:6

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The rate at which mothers experience a cesarean section in the absence of medical signs is growing worldwide. Women’s beliefs and intentions play an essential role in the request or choice of a delivery method...

    Authors: Seyed Abolhassan Naghibi, Maryam Khazaee-Pool and Mahmood Moosazadeh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:5

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Per UNICEF’s Nurturing Care Framework, early childhood development (ECD) begins during pregnancy and many lower-resource settings need data to inform their programs for optimal child development. The maternal-...

    Authors: Jessica Mackness, John A. Gallis, Raymond Kofi Owusu, Mohammed Ali, Safiyatu Abubakr-Bibilazu, Haliq Adam, Raymond Aborigo, John Koku Awoonor-Williams, Margaret Lillie, Elena McEwan, John Hembling, Lavanya Vasudevan and Joy Noel Baumgartner

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:4

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Women’s empowerment, and maternal and neonatal health are important targets of the Sustainable Development Goals. Our objective is to examine the relationship between women’s empowerment and elective cesarean ...

    Authors: Myriam de Loenzien, Quoc Nhu Hung Mac and Alexandre Dumont

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:3

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Globally, maternal health remains a major priority. Most of maternal deaths globally occur in sub-Saharan Africa, with most of these deaths linked to lack of access to antenatal care and skilled assistance dur...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Ebenezer Agbaglo, Collins Adu, Eugene Budu, John Elvis Hagan Jr, Thomas Schack and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:2

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Maternal and child health care services are available in both public and private facilities in Nepal. Studies have not yet looked at trends in maternal and child health service use over time in Nepal. This pap...

    Authors: Ramesh Prasad Adhikari, Manisha Laxmi Shrestha, Emily N. Satinsky and Nawaraj Upadhaya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:1

    Content type: Research article

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  24. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Carla Tatiana Garcia Barreto, Felipe Guimarães Tavares, Mariza Theme-Filha, Yasmin Nascimento Farias, Lídia de Nazaré Pantoja and Andrey Moreira Cardoso

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:781

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:748

  25. Maternal feeding anxiety (FA) was prevalent during puerperium and might affect infant feeding practices. This study was aimed to investigate the FA status in Chinese postpartum women and its relationship with ...

    Authors: Jing Sun, Yimin Zhu, Yongjin Li, Niuniu Li, Tan Liu, Xiao Su, Zhiyong Dai, Yanchun Zhang, Lina Pan, Wei Jiang and Wenli Zhu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:780

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Both genetic susceptibility and dysregulated lipid metabolism are important susceptibilities to preeclampsia. In the study, we devote to investigate the associations of FOXO3 and TLR7 genetic polymorphisms wit...

    Authors: Xuefeng Pan, Benjie Wei, Hong Wang, Lingyu Ma, Zhaoli Du and Ying Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:779

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Despite the extensive research on fertility desires among women the world over, there is a relative dearth of literature on the desire for more children in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This study, therefore, exam...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Ebenezer Kwesi Armah-Ansah, Eugene Budu, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Ebenezer Agbaglo and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:778

    Content type: Research article

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  28. To determine whether advanced maternal age (AMA) causes changes in the maternal serum markers of Trisomy 21, 18 and open neural tube defects (ONTD) during the second trimester of pregnancy. Our research aims t...

    Authors: Yiming Chen, Xue Wang, Liyao Li, Sha Lu and Zhifen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:776

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In contrast to severe gestational hypertension, it is questioned whether antihypertensive medication for mild to moderate gestational hypertension prevents adverse maternal and offspring outcomes. Hypertensive...

    Authors: Eva Mulder, Chahinda Ghossein-Doha, Evine Appelman, Sander van Kuijk, Luc Smits, Rogier van der Zanden, Joris van Drongelen and Marc Spaanderman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:775

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. The fetal adrenal gland is a highly vascularized organs and develops two recognizable distinct zones in uetro, inner fetal zone (FZ) and outer definitive zone (DZ). Based on the region supplied, middle adrenal...

    Authors: Ran Xu, Ziling Zhu, Wenjuan Tang, Qichang Zhou and Shi Zeng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:774

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The decision to initiate pharmacotherapy is integral in the care for pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We sought to compare pregnancy outcomes between two threshold percentages of elevat...

    Authors: Rachel K. Harrison, Meredith Cruz, Ashley Wong, Caroline Davitt and Anna Palatnik

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:773

    Content type: Research article

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  32. May-Hegglin anomaly is an autosomal dominant inherited condition, characterized by thrombocytopenia, giant platelets and Dohle-like bodies. Incidence is unknown and affected individuals can show from mild to m...

    Authors: Giulio Giordano, Giovanni L. Tiscia, Giovanni Favuzzi, Elena Chinni, Mariano Intrieri, Mario Mastroianno, Letizia Di Meglio, Maurizio Margaglione and Elvira Grandone

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:772

    Content type: Case report

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  33. As cannabis consumption is increasing globally, including among pregnant women, there is a critical need to understand the effects of cannabis on fetal development and birth outcomes. We had two objectives: to...

    Authors: Camilla A. Michalski, Rayjean J. Hung, Ryan A. Seeto, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Jennifer D. Brooks, Joanna Henderson, Robert Levitan, Stephen J. Lye, Stephen G. Matthews and Julia A. Knight

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:771

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Improvements in medical technologies have seen over-medicalization of childbirth. Caesarean section (CS) is a lifesaving procedure proven effective in reducing maternal and perinatal mortality across the globe...

    Authors: Valentina Laurita Longo, Emmanuel Nene Odjidja, Thierry Kamba Beia, Manuela Neri, Karina Kielmann, Irene Gittardi, Amanda Isabella Di Rosa, Michela Boldrini, Gian Benedetto Melis, Giovanni Scambia and Antonio Lanzone

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:770

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Pregnancy is a stress test of maternal thyroid function. The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in pregnant women is high. Subclinical hypothyroidism occurs in 10% of all pregnancies. Effects of hypothyroidism ...

    Authors: Kalpana Mahadik, Payal Choudhary and P. K. Roy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:769

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Cesarean section (CS) is an important indicator of access to, and quality of maternal health services. The World Health Organization recommends the Robson ten group classification system as a global standard f...

    Authors: Ferid A. Abubeker, Biruck Gashawbeza, Thomas Mekuria Gebre, Mekitie Wondafrash, Alula M. Teklu, Demis Degu and Delayehu Bekele

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:767

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Maternal wellbeing and quality of life (QOL) are increasingly being recognized as important for healthy pregnancies. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of a pharmacist consultation on pregnant...

    Authors: Maria Bich-Thuy Truong, Elin Ngo, Hilde Ariansen, Ross T. Tsuyuki and Hedvig Nordeng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:766

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Men’s participation in perinatal care is one of the key factors in promoting maternal and neonatal health. The effects of various methods of training on men’s knowledge and attitude about participation in peri...

    Authors: Vahideh Firouzan, Mahnaz Noroozi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand and Ziba Farajzadegan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:765

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Preterm birth (occurring before 37 completed weeks of gestation) affects 15 million infants annually, 7.5% of which die due to related complications. The detection and early diagnosis are therefore paramount i...

    Authors: Evangelia Elenis, Anna-Karin Wikström and Marija Simic

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:764

    Content type: Research article

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  40. There are unique challenges to parenting in residency and there is limited data to guide policy regarding lactation facilities and support for female physicians-in-training. We aimed to assess issues surroundi...

    Authors: Gabrielle W. Peters, Aleksandra Kuczmarska-Haas, Emma B. Holliday and Lindsay Puckett

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:762

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The absence of suitable care during the postpartum period might result in substantial ill-health and even the demise of newborns. So, identifying and intervening thus factors increase postnatal newborn care ut...

    Authors: Abdu Seid and Mohammed Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:761

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Maternal healthcare services in Indonesia have seen dramatic improvements over the past 25 years and yet there is still room for improvement. The perception, by the women, of the perinatal care provided, is a ...

    Authors: Kazuko Tanaka, Ni Made Dian Kurniasari, Desak Nyoman Widyanthini, Ni Luh Putu Suariyani, Rina Listyowati, Akimi Urayama, I. Made Ady Wirawan and Koichi Yoshimura

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:760

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a pregnancy-specific carbohydrate intolerance Which can cause a large number of perinatal and postpartum complications. The members of Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β...

    Authors: Yinglei Xu, Chunlian Wei, Cuijiao Wu, Mengmeng Han, Jingli Wang, Huabin Hou, Lu Zhang, Shiguo Liu and Ying Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:759

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Anxiety among women in the perinatal period is common. Assessing the severity of perinatal anxiety will help monitor the progress of the patient through the stages of anxiety and facilitated the treatment. Thi...

    Authors: Hoda Jradi, Thikrayat Alfarhan and Anas Alsuraimi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:758

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Global health policy recommends exclusive breastfeeding until infants are 6 months. Little is known about the cost-effectiveness of breastfeeding promotion strategies. This paper presents a systematic search a...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. Camacho and Hannah Hussain

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:757

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Simulation-based training in neonatal resuscitation is more effective when reinforced by both practice and continuous improvement processes. We aim to evaluate the effectiveness of a quality improvement progra...

    Authors: Rejina Gurung, Abhishek Gurung, Omkar Basnet, Joar Eilevstjønn, Helge Myklebust, Sakina Girnary, Shree Krishna Shrestha, Dela Singh, Laxman Bastola, Prajwal Paudel, Sandhya Baral and Ashish KC

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:756

    Content type: Study protocol

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