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  1. Caesarean section rates are higher among pregnancies conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART) compared to spontaneous conceptions (SC), implying an increase in neonatal and maternal morbidity. We ai...

    Authors: Nakeisha A. Lodge-Tulloch, Flavia T. S. Elias, Jessica Pudwell, Laura Gaudet, Mark Walker, Graeme N. Smith and Maria P. Velez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:244

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The aim of the study was a retrospective comparison of the differences in maternal-foetal outcomes between women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1DM and T2DM).

    Authors: Valentina Guarnotta, Mariagrazia Irene Mineo, Emanuela Giacchetto, Maria Pia Imbergamo and Carla Giordano

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:243

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Induction of labor is an artificial initiation of uterine contractions after fetal viability with the aim of vaginal delivery prior to the onset of spontaneous labor. Prevalence of induction of labor is increa...

    Authors: Tibeb Zena Debele, Endeshaw Admassu Cherkos, Marta Berta Badi, Kiber Temesgen Anteneh, Fitsum Wolde Demssie, Abdella Amano Abdo and Muhabaw Shumye Mihret

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:225

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Emergency cesarean section is a commonly performed surgical procedure in pregnant women with life-threatening conditions of the mother and/or fetus. According to the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologis...

    Authors: Tebabere Moltot Kitaw, Simachew Kassa Limenh, Fantahun Alemnew Chekole, Simegnew Asmer Getie, Belete Negese Gemeda and Abayneh Shewangzaw Engda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:224

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by reproductive disorder and increased risk of metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to assess the metabolic parameters in the cord blood of neonate of mothers wit...

    Authors: Sanaz Alizadeh, Shahideh Jahanian Sadatmahalleh, Fatemeh Razavinia, Mahnaz Bahri Khomami, Malihe Nasiri, Ashraf Moini and Saeideh Ziaei

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:223

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Fear of childbirth is reported in 13% of fathers, and it may have adverse consequences for the fathers’ health as well as their families. To reduce the fear of childbirth in the expectant fathers, an appropria...

    Authors: Seyedeh Fatemeh Ghaffari, Hamid Sharif Nia, Forouzan Elyasi, Zohreh Shahhosseini and Zohre Mohammadpoorsaravimozafar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:222

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:319

  7. Domestic violence during pregnancy as one of the most common social problems and major challenges of health systems can affect the health of the mother and fetus. The study aimed to compare the two groups of i...

    Authors: Sepideh Dinmohammadi, Mohsen Dadashi, Elahe Ahmadnia, Leila Janani and Roghieh Kharaghani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:221

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Free maternal healthcare financing schemes play an essential role in the quality of services rendered to clients during antenatal care in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, healthcare managers’ and providers’ ...

    Authors: Monica Ansu-Mensah, Frederick Inkum Danquah, Vitalis Bawontuo, Peter Ansu-Mensah, Tahiru Mohammed, Roseline H. Udoh and Desmond Kuupiel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:220

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Lumbopelvic pain (LPP) is common during pregnancy and can have long-lasting negative consequences in terms of disability and reduced quality of life. Therefore, it is crucial to identify women at risk of havin...

    Authors: Nina Goossens, Inge Geraerts, Lizelotte Vandenplas, Zahra Van Veldhoven, Anne Asnong and Lotte Janssens

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:219

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Providing high quality and respectful care during pregnancy and birth is one of the ways to reduce complications in women. Respectful care is a type of care that requires a valid instrument to measure. This st...

    Authors: Mina Esmkhani, Masoumeh Namadian, Ali Nooroozy and Jeffrey E. Korte

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:218

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Most post-licensure vaccine pharmacovigilance in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are passive reporting systems. These have limited utility for maternal immunization pharmacovigilance in LMIC settings ...

    Authors: Mabel Berrueta, Agustin Ciapponi, Ariel Bardach, Federico Rodriguez Cairoli, Fabricio J. Castellano, Xu Xiong, Andy Stergachis, Sabra Zaraa, Ajoke Sobanjo-ter Meulen and Pierre Buekens

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:217

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and excessive body weight are two key risk factors for adverse perinatal outcomes. However, it is not clear whether restricted gestational weight gain (GWG) is favorable to ...

    Authors: Wei Zheng, Wenyu Huang, Cheng Liu, Qi Yan, Li Zhang, Zhihong Tian, Xianxian Yuan and Guanghui Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:216

    Content type: Research article

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  13. China has one of the highest caesarean section (C-Section) rates in the world. In recent years, China has been experiencing a massive flow of migration due to rapid urbanization. In this study, we aimed to dif...

    Authors: Ming Liu, Mengqi Xue, Qing Yang, Wenchong Du, Xiaoling Yan, Jing Tan, Tao Duan and Jing Hua

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:215

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Prevalence of neonatal microcephaly in populations without Zika-epidemics is sparse. The study aimed to report baseline prevalence of congenital microcephaly and its relationship with prenatal factors in an ar...

    Authors: Songying Shen, Wanqing Xiao, Lifang Zhang, Jinhua Lu, Anna Funk, Jianrong He, Si Tu, Jia Yu, Li Yang, Arnaud Fontanet, Wei Bao, Kar Keung Cheng and Xiu Qiu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:214

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest neonatal mortality rate, with Uganda reporting 20 deaths per 1000 live births. The Uganda Clinical Guidelines (UCG) from 2016 have detailed descriptions on car...

    Authors: Marte Bodil Roed, Ingunn Marie Stadskleiv Engebretsen and Robert Mangeni

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:213

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Asymptomatic carriage of COVID-19 in pregnant women has been reported and could lead to outbreaks in maternity units. We sought to ascertain the impact of rapid isothernal nucleic acid based testing for COVID-...

    Authors: Ruiling Xu, Tara Alicia Pauley, Hannah Missfelder-Lobos, Richard John Haddon, Ravindra Kumar Gupta and Hsu Phern Chong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:212

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Umbilical cord may insert abnormally i.e. marginal insertion to a placenta which can cause different birth and perinatal complications. Despite the increased effort taken by different responsible bodies, the p...

    Authors: Hailu Aragie and Mohammed Oumer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:211

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and macrosomia are associated with several adverse outcomes including diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases, however, the relationship between GDM/macrosomia with in...

    Authors: Mohammad Vahidi, Samaneh Asgari, Maryam Tohidi, Fereidoun Azizi and Farzad Hadaegh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:210

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Antenatal care (ANC) provides an opportunity to prevent, identify and intervene maternal health problems. Maternal near miss (MNM), as an indicator of maternal health, is increasingly gaining global attention ...

    Authors: Tayue Tateke Kebede, Wanzahun Godana, Mesfin Mamo Utaile and Yemisirach Berhanu Sebsibe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:209

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Pregnancy is a risk factor for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Pregnant women suffer from varying levels of pregnancy-related anxiety (PRA) which can negatively affect pregnancy outcomes. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Shabnam Omidvar, Arman Asadi Amoli and Mojgan Firouzbakht

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:208

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Along with progress in embryo cryopreservation, especially the vitrification, freeze all strategy has become more acceptable than ever. Some studies have found comparable or higher live birth rate with frozen ...

    Authors: Xiaoyan Ding, Jingwei Yang, Lan Li, Na Yang, Ling Lan, Guoning Huang and Hong Ye

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:207

    Content type: Research article

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  22. China had the second largest proportion of preterm birth (PTB) internationally. However, only 11% of pregnant women in China meet international guidelines for maternal physical activity, a significantly lower ...

    Authors: Miao Cai, Bin Zhang, Rong Yang, Tongzhang Zheng, Guanghui Dong, Hualiang Lin, Steven E. Rigdon, Hong Xian, Leslie Hinyard, Pamela K. Xaverius, Echu Liu, Thomas E. Burroughs, Daire R. Jansson, Morgan H. LeBaige, Shaoping Yang and Zhengmin Qian

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:206

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Recent UK maternity policy changes recommend that a named midwife supports women throughout their pregnancy, birth and postnatal care. Whilst many studies report high levels of satisfaction amongst women recei...

    Authors: N. Dharni, H. Essex, M. J. Bryant, A. Cronin de Chavez, K. Willan, D. Farrar, T. Bywater and J. Dickerson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:205

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Premature delivery is among the leading causes of perinatal mortality and morbidity in developed societies, which is an important obstetrics problem. Maternal periodontitis is a prevalent condition that has be...

    Authors: Peace Uwambaye, Cyprien Munyanshongore, Stephen Rulisa, Harlan Shiau, Assuman Nuhu and Michael S. Kerr

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:204

    Content type: Research article

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  25. It is well known that recruitment is a challenging aspect of any study involving human subjects. This challenge is exacerbated when the population sought is reticent to participate in research as is the case w...

    Authors: Rebecca Smith, Crystal Alvarez, Sylvia Crixell and Michelle A. Lane

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:203

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Stillbirth is defined as fetal loss in pregnancy beyond 28 weeks by WHO. In this study, a machine-learning based method is proposed to predict stillbirth from livebirth and discriminate stillbirth before and d...

    Authors: Toktam Khatibi, Elham Hanifi, Mohammad Mehdi Sepehri and Leila Allahqoli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:202

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Increasing the use of healthcare is a significant step in improving health outcomes in both the short and long term. However, the degree of the relationship between utilization of health services and health ou...

    Authors: Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Linus Baatiema and Abdul-Aziz Seidu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:201

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Maternal overweight is increasing, and it is associated with several risk factors for both the mother and child. Healthy lifestyle behaviors adopted during pregnancy are likely to impact women’s health positiv...

    Authors: Johanna Saarikko, Hannakaisa Niela-Vilén, Amir M. Rahmani and Anna Axelin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:200

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Assessments of cortical development and identifying factors that may result in a poor prognosis for fetuses with isolated mild ventriculomegaly (IMVM) is a hot research topic. We aimed to perform a constant, d...

    Authors: Rong Zhu, Jun Ya Chen, Xin Lin Hou, Li Li Liu and Guo Yu Sun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:199

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In November 2016, the WHO four-visit focused antenatal care (FANC) model adopted in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) was reverted to eight contacts or more as a response to reducing the global perinatal and maternal d...

    Authors: Yusuf Olushola Kareem, Imran Oludare Morhason-Bello, Funmilola M. OlaOlorun and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:198

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Raising awareness of the importance of fetal movements (FMs) and advising women on the appropriate action to take if they experience reduced FMs, is important for minimising or avoiding adverse perinatal outco...

    Authors: Valerie Smith, Kathryn Muldoon, Vivienne Brady and Hannah Delaney

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:197

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Despite the growing global application of mobile health (mHealth) technology in maternal and child health, contextual factors, and mechanisms by which interventional outcomes are generated, have not been subje...

    Authors: Eveline M. Kabongo, Ferdinand C. Mukumbang, Peter Delobelle and Edward Nicol

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:196

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Globally, 4 million infants die in their first 4weeks of life every year; above 8 million infants died before their first year of birthday, and nearly 10 million children died before their 5th birthday. Majori...

    Authors: Mesfin Wudu Kassaw, Ayele Mamo Abebe, Biruk Beletew Abate, Seteamlak Adane Masresha, Ayelign Mengesha Kassie and Molalign Aligaz Adisu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:195

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The prevalence of the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended infant feeding practices for HIV exposed infants is low in developing countries. There is no nationwide representative study was done in Ethiop...

    Authors: Amare Belachew Dagnew and Mulat Dagnew Teferi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:194

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Every day in 2017, approximately 810 women died from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth, with 99% of these maternal deaths occurring in low and lower-middle-income countries. Sub-Saharan Af...

    Authors: Zemenu Tadesse Tessema, Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale, Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema and Koku Sisay Tamirat

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:192

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Undocumented pregnant women constitute a vulnerable group of people who lack equal access to pregnancy care. Previous research has shown that undocumented migrants encounter difficulties in accessing health se...

    Authors: Janita Tasa, Ville Holmberg, Susanna Sainio, Päivi Kankkunen and Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:191

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Bedouin women in Israel confront a challenging circumstance between their traditional patriarchal society and transition to modernity. In terms of reproductive health, they face grave disparities as women, pre...

    Authors: Rachel Sharaby and Hagit Peres

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:190

    Content type: Research article

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  38. To evaluate the perinatal outcomes in women with complicated monochorionic diamniotic twins who underwent selective reduction using radiofrequency ablation (RFA).

    Authors: Fatemeh Rahimi-Sharbaf, Marjan Ghaemi, Ahmed A. Nassr, Alireza A. Shamshirsaz and Mahboobeh Shirazi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:189

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Prenatal corticosteroid administration is known to be an effective strategy in improving fetal pulmonary maturity. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of maternal betamethasone administration on fetal pulm...

    Authors: Homeira Vafaei, Fahimeh Kaveh Baghbahadorani, Nasrin Asadi, Maryam Kasraeian, Azam Faraji, Shohreh Roozmeh, Marjan Zare and Khadije Bazrafshan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:188

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Zinc is an essential element for normal embryogenesis and embryonic and neonatal development. Therefore, we compared the birth weights of neonates born to mothers who consumed zinc supplement during pregnancy ...

    Authors: Hassan Boskabadi, Gholamali Maamouri, Javad Akhondian, Farah Ashrafzadeh, Abbas Boskabadi, Raheleh Faramarzi, Elahe Heidar, Nafiseh Pourbadakhshan, Seyed Reza Habibzadeh Shojaei, Maryam Zakerihamidi, Atiyeh Mohammadzadeh Vatanchi, Mohammad Sokhtanloo, Naghmeh Razaghi, Farnaz Kalani, Hosein Ataei, Azadeh Darabi…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:187

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The age-specific definition of low anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) is lacking. This study aims to define an age-specific reference for low AMH and to evaluate the associated outcome in women undergoing IVF treatm...

    Authors: Depeng Zhao, Jing Fan, Ping Wang, Xuan Jiang, Jilong Yao and Xuemei Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:186

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Pregnancy loss is common and several factors (e.g. chromosomal anomalies, parental age) are known to increase the risk of occurrence. However, much existing research focuses on recurrent loss; comparatively li...

    Authors: Erin Strumpf, Ariella Lang, Nichole Austin, Shelley A. Derksen, James M. Bolton, Marni D. Brownell, Dan Chateau, Patricia Gregory and Maureen I. Heaman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:185

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Diagnosis of endometrial receptivity is still unclear and conflicting. Despite advances in embryo development during assisted reproductive technologies (ART) cycles, the intricate process of implantation is st...

    Authors: R. Silva Martins, A. Helio Oliani, D. Vaz Oliani and J. Martinez de Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:184

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Mental wellbeing during pregnancy and the year after birth is critical to a range of maternal and infant outcomes. Many mental health interventions fail to incorporate stakeholder perspectives. The Catalyst Pr...

    Authors: Tatiana Taylor Salisbury, Katie H Atmore, Inocencia Nhambongo, Muanacha Mintade, Luciana Massinga, Jak Spencer, Jonathan West and Flavio Mandlate

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:183

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Approximately one in five pregnant women have obesity. Obesity is associated with an increased risk of antenatal, intrapartum, and perinatal complications, but many women with obesity have uncomplicated pregna...

    Authors: Sophie Relph, Yanfang Guo, Alysha L. J. Harvey, Matias C. Vieira, Daniel J. Corsi, Laura M. Gaudet and Dharmintra Pasupathy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:182

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Since maternal mortality is a rare event, maternal near miss has been used as a proxy indicator for measuring maternal health. Maternal near miss (MNM) refers to a woman who nearly died but survived of complic...

    Authors: Shegaw Geze Tenaw, Nega Assefa, Teshale Mulatu and Abera Kenay Tura

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:181

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Women living with HIV are at increased risk of poor mental health and intimate partner violence (IPV). Mental health disorders have been consistently associated with suboptimal HIV-related outcomes. Little is ...

    Authors: Angela M. Parcesepe, Evette Cordoba, John A. Gallis, Jennifer Headley, Berenger Tchatchou, John Hembling, Claudian Soffo and Joy Noel Baumgartner

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:178

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Preeclampsia is characterized by an excessive inflammatory response. Recent studies have shown that vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) has anti-inflammatory properties in vivo. This study aims to investigate whethe...

    Authors: Linmei Zheng, Rong Tang, Lei Shi, Mei Zhong and Zhongyi Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:177

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Hospital-based kangaroo mother care can help reduce preventable newborn deaths and has been recommended by the World Health Organization in the care of low birthweight babies weighing 2000 g or less. However, ...

    Authors: Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Tamanda Hiwa, Kelly Pickerill, Marianne Vidler, Queen Dube, David Goldfarb, Alinane Linda Nyondo-Mipando and Kondwani Kawaza

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:176

    Content type: Research article

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