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  1. Placenta previa, a serious obstetric issue, should be managed by experienced teams. The safe and appropriate mode of delivery for placenta previa is by cesarean delivery. However, no studies were found compari...

    Authors: Dazhi Fan, Huishan Zhang, Jiaming Rao, Dongxin Lin, Shuzhen Wu, Pengsheng Li, Gengdong Chen, Zixing Zhou, Juan Liu, Ting Chen, Fengying Chen, Xiaoling Guo and Zhengping Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:441

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Eclampsia, considered as serious complication of preeclampsia, remains a life-threatening condition among pregnant women. It accounts for 12% of maternal deaths and 16–31% of perinatal deaths worldwide. Most d...

    Authors: Koech Irene, Poli Philippe Amubuomombe, Richard Mogeni, Cheruiyot Andrew, Ann Mwangi and Orang’o Elkanah Omenge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:439

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The common use of singleton fetal growth standard to access twin growth might lead to over-monitoring and treatment. We aimed to develop fetal growth standards for Chinese twins based on ultrasound measurement...

    Authors: Jianping Chen, Jun Zhang, Yang Liu, Xing Wei, Yingjun Yang, Gang Zou, Yun Zhang, Tao Duan and Luming Sun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:436

    Content type: Research

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  4. Asthma is the most common respiratory disease among children, while atopic diseases such as atopic dermatitis affect about 20% of infants under 2 years of age. Studies suggested that these conditions might be ...

    Authors: Shuguang Chen and Sheng Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:435

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Assessing the likelihood of success of induction of labour using ultrasonically measured cervical volume is an important research question.

    Authors: S. R. Athulathmudali, M. Patabendige, S. K. Chandrasinghe and P. H. P. De Silva

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:433

    Content type: Research

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  6. The prevalence of neural tube defects (NTDs) in China declined during 2000–2017 with periconceptional folic acid (FA) supplementation, which is effective in reducing the risk of birth defects. We aimed to asse...

    Authors: Mingming Cui, Xiao-Lin Lu, Yan-Yu Lyu, Fang Wang, Xiao-Lu Xie, Xi-Yue Cheng and Ting Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:432

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Prenatal anxiety is one of the most prevalent mental disorders during pregnancy. This study assessed the prevalence of prenatal anxiety and examined whether resilience could play the mediating role in the asso...

    Authors: Ruqing Ma, Fengzhi Yang, Lijuan Zhang, Kristin K. Sznajder, Changqing Zou, Yajing Jia, Can Cui, Weiyu Zhang, Wenzhu Zhang, Ning Zou and Xiaoshi Yang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:430

    Content type: Research

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  8. Despite current efforts to improve hand hygiene in health care facilities, compliance among birth attendants remains low. Current improvement strategies are inadequate, largely focusing on a limited set of kno...

    Authors: Yolisa Nalule, Helen Buxton, Por Ir, Supheap Leang, Alison Macintyre, Ponnary Pors, Channa Samol and Robert Dreibelbis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:429

    Content type: Research

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  9. In Madagascar, maternal mortality remains stable and high (426 deaths per 100,000 live births). This situation is mainly due to a delay or lack of use of maternal healthcare services. Problems related to mater...

    Authors: Voahirana Tantely Andrianantoandro, Dolorès Pourette, Olivier Rakotomalala, Henintsoa Joyce Valentina Ramaroson, Rila Ratovoson and Feno M. Jacob Rakotoarimanana

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:428

    Content type: Research

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  10. Euglycaemic ketoacidosis (EKA) is an infrequent but serious condition which usually follows a period of starvation, severe vomiting or illness in individuals with or without diabetes. Ketoacidosis is associate...

    Authors: Margaret Pikovsky, Min Yi Tan, Amanda Ahmed, Lynne Sykes, Rochan Agha-Jaffar and Christina K. H. Yu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:427

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Neural tube defects (NTDs) are a group of disorders that arise from the failure of the neural tube close between 21 and 28 days after conception. About 90% of neural tube defects and 95% of death due to these ...

    Authors: Daniel Atlaw, Yohannes Tekalegn, Biniyam Sahiledengle, Kenbon Seyoum, Damtew Solomon, Habtamu Gezahegn, Zerihun Tariku, Yared Tekle and Vijay Kumar Chattu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:426

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Global disparities in maternal mortality could be reduced by universal facility delivery. Yet, deficiencies in the quality of care prevent some mothers from seeking facility-based obstetric care. Obstetric car...

    Authors: Kirsten Austad, Michel Juarez, Hannah Shryer, Patricia L. Hibberd, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Peter Rohloff and Anita Chary

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:425

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is very commonly-seen in clinical settings, and GDM patients may have higher levels of anxiety. It’s necessary to evaluate the anxiety level and potentially influencing fact...

    Authors: Feng Fu, Ping Yan, Shuping You, Xinmin Mao, Tingting Qiao, Li Fu, Yanni Wang, Yali Dai and Palida Maimaiti

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:424

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Most studies on the effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection have been conducted with adults and non-pregnant women. Thus, its impacts on maternal health are not yet fully established. This study aimed to verify the re...

    Authors: Rita de Cássia Oliveira de Carvalho-Sauer, Maria da Conceição N. Costa, Maria Gloria Teixeira, Estela Maria Ramos do Nascimento, Ediane Maria Filardi Silva, Mariana Luiza Almeida Barbosa, Géssica Rodrigues da Silva, Thaissa Piedade Santos and Enny S. Paixao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:423

    Content type: Research

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  15. The rate of neonatal mortality has declined but lesser than the infant mortality rate and remains a major public health challenge in low- and middle-income countries. There is an urgent need to focus on newbor...

    Authors: Rajbanshi Sushma, Mohd Noor Norhayati and Nik Hussain Nik Hazlina

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:422

    Content type: Research article

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  16. While breastfeeding self-efficacy (BSES) is an important modifiable determinant of breastfeeding, a structured assessment is not standard practice in Cyprus. We assessed the Greek version of the Breastfeeding ...

    Authors: Mary Economou, Ourania Kolokotroni, Irene Paphiti-Demetriou, Christiana Kouta, Ekaterini Lambrinou, Eleni Hadjigeorgiou, Vasiliki Hadjiona and Nicos Middleton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:421

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Activity monitoring devices may be used to facilitate goal-setting, self-monitoring, and feedback towards a step-based physical activity (PA) goal. This study examined the performance of the wrist-worn Fitbit ...

    Authors: Samantha F. Ehrlich, Jill M. Maples, Cristina S. Barroso, Kathleen C. Brown, David R. Bassett Jr, Nikki B. Zite and Kimberly B. Fortner

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:420

    Content type: Research

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  18. Prenatal alcohol consumption is a serious public health concern that is considered as one of the preventable risk factors for neonatal and childhood morbidity and several adverse pregnancy outcomes. This study...

    Authors: Alemu Earsido Addila, Telake Azale, Yigzaw Kebede Gete and Mezgebu Yitayal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:419

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is characterized by impairment of ovarian function on a continuum before the age of 40 years. POI is affected by multiple factors. Considering new insights from recent gut...

    Authors: Jiaman Wu, Yuanyuan Zhuo, Yulei Liu, Yan Chen, Yan Ning and Jilong Yao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:418

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Malawi implemented a Results Based Financing (RBF) model for Maternal and Newborn Health, “RBF4MNH” at public hospitals in four Districts, with the aim of improving health outcomes. We used this context to see...

    Authors: Regina Makuluni and William Stones

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:417

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:440

  21. On the 27th of March 2020 the Zimbabwean government declared the Covid-19 pandemic a ‘national disaster’. Travel restrictions and emergency regulations have had significant impacts on maternity services, includin...

    Authors: Clare Shakespeare, Handsome Dube, Sikhangezile Moyo and Solwayo Ngwenya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:416

    Content type: Research article

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  22. There are few epidemiological studies on the relation between temperature changes and adverse pregnancy outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the relation between Physiological Equivalent Temper...

    Authors: Maryam Dastoorpoor, Narges Khanjani and Narges Khodadadi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:415

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Stillbirth is the most frequently reported adverse pregnancy outcome worldwide, which imposes significant psychological and economic consequences to mothers and affected families. East African countries accoun...

    Authors: Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema, Zemenu Tadesse Tessema, Koku Sisay Tamirat and Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:414

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In the African region, 5.6% of pregnancies are estimated to be complicated by preeclampsia and 2.9% by eclampsia, with almost one in ten maternal deaths being associated with hypertensive disorders. In Sierra ...

    Authors: N. Stitterich, J. Shepherd, M. M. Koroma and S. Theuring

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:413

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Home postpartum care is a major part of midwifery care in Germany. The user perspective plays an increasingly important role in the evaluation of health services, but there is a lack of valid and theoretically...

    Authors: Mirjam Peters, Petra Kolip and Rainhild Schäfers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:412

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Provision of contraception to women in the immediate postnatal period has been endorsed by professional bodies, to reduce the incidence of short inter-pregnancy intervals. This study examined the views of post...

    Authors: Susan H. Walker, Claire Hooks and Diane Blake

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:411

    Content type: Research

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  27. Cambodia has achieved significant progress in maternal health, yet remains in the group of countries with the highest maternal mortality ratio in South-East Asia. Extra efforts are needed to improve maternal h...

    Authors: Savina Chham, Emma Radovich, Veerle Buffel, Por Ir and Edwin Wouters

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:410

    Content type: Research

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  28. Being born small for gestational age is a strong predictor of the short- and long-term health of the neonate, child, and adult. Variation in the rates of small for gestational age have been identified across p...

    Authors: Sarah Grundy, Patricia Lee, Kirsten Small and Faruk Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:409

    Content type: Research

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  29. Countries in Africa progressively implement performance-based financing schemes to improve the quality of care provided by maternal, newborn and child health services. Beyond its direct effects on service prov...

    Authors: Stephan Brenner, Caterina Favaretti, Julia Lohmann, Jobiba Chinkhumba, Adamson S. Muula and Manuela De Allegri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:408

    Content type: Research

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  30. Ethiopia’s high neonatal mortality rate led to the government’s 2013 introduction of Community-Based Newborn Care (CBNC) to bring critical prevention and treatment interventions closer to communities in need. ...

    Authors: William T. Story, Yared Amare, Lara M.E. Vaz, Heather Gardner, Halkeno Tura, Gail Snetro, Mary V. Kinney, Steve Wall and Abeba Bekele

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:407

    Content type: Research

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  31. There were inconsistent findings in the literature regarding the associations of physical activity and sleep duration during pregnancy with caesarean delivery for different reasons. It was also unknown whether...

    Authors: Yingzi Yang, Weiqin Li, Wen Yang, Leishen Wang, Jinnan Liu, Junhong Leng, Wei Li, Shuo Wang, Jing Li, Gang Hu, Zhijie Yu and Xilin Yang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:406

    Content type: Research

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  32. The postnatal period is associated with new needs for mothers. Four categories of needs were highlighted in a previous study: for information, for psychological support, for the sharing of experiences and for ...

    Authors: Justine Slomian, Jean-Yves Reginster, Patrick Emonts and Olivier Bruyère

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:405

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Partographs should be used universally to monitor the mother and fetus’s conditions during delivery. However, its application in different parts of the world, including Ethiopia, is inconsistent. Moreover, its...

    Authors: Abel Girma Tilahun, Dawit Getachew Gebeyehu, Yayehyirad Yemaneh Adinew and Fekede Woldekidan Mengstu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:404

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Placental malaria (PM) poses life-threatening complications to pregnant women as they are at increased risk of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality associated with malaria. This study examined the fa...

    Authors: Pascal Kingsley Mwin, Afreh Kuffuor, Kaamel Nuhu, Rafiq Okine, Chrysantus Kubio, Frederick Wurapa, Francis Adjei Osei and Edwin Afari

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:403

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Nigeria has unimpressive maternal and child health indicators. Compliance with the WHO guidelines on the minimum number of antenatal care (ANC) contacts could improve these indicators. We assessed the complian...

    Authors: Adeniyi Francis Fagbamigbe, Olugbenga Olaseinde and Vincent Setlhare

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:402

    Content type: Research

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  36. Reasons for admission to intensive care units (ICUs) for obstetric patients vary from one setting to another. Outcomes from ICU and prediction models are not well explored in Rwanda owing to lack of appropriat...

    Authors: Alcade Rudakemwa, Amyl Lucille Cassidy and Théogène Twagirumugabe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:401

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) has become one of the leading causes of maternal mortality. Thromboprophylaxis is recommended for the prevention of this condition; however, its use appears to be insufficient. The...

    Authors: Zhekun Zhao, Qiongjie Zhou and Xiaotian Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:400

    Content type: Research

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  38. This observational clinical study evaluated the expression levels and predictive values of some apoptosis-related genes in granulosa cells (GCs) and follicular fluid (FF) of women undergoing in vitro fertiliza...

    Authors: József Bódis, Endre Sulyok, Ákos Várnagy, Viktória Prémusz, Krisztina Gödöny, Alexandra Makai, Ágnes Szenczi and Timea Varjas

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:399

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Caesarean sections without medical indication cause substantial maternal and perinatal ill-health, particularly in low-income countries where surgery is often less safe. In presence of adequate labour monitori...

    Authors: Wouter Bakker, Elisabeth van Dorp, Misheck Kazembe, Alfred Nkotola, Jos van Roosmalen and Thomas van den Akker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:398

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Coronavirus disease is now a global concern with the non-availability of antiviral treatment and attacks all groups of the population. Hence, applying preventive measures is the most critical intervention to c...

    Authors: Alemu Degu Ayele, Gedefaye Nibret Mihretie, Habtamu Gebrehana Belay, Adanech Getie Teffera, Bekalu Getnet Kassa and Bedemariam Tadesse Amsalu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:397

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Pregnant women in Japan express various reasons for limiting gestational weight gain (GWG). We aimed to identify and characterise groups where the women share common reasons to limit GWG and to examine how the...

    Authors: Naw Awn J-P, Marina Minami, Masamitsu Eitoku, Nagamasa Maeda, Mikiya Fujieda and Narufumi Suganuma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:396

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Preterm delivery is the birth of a baby before 37 weeks of gestation. This global phenomenon is a critical issue of concern especially in developing countries that are resource-constrained when it comes to the...

    Authors: Isabella Garti, Elorm Donkor, Nafisatu Musah, Evans Osei Appiah, Sandra Gyekye, Awube Menlah and Cynthia Pomaa Akuoko

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:395

    Content type: Research

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  43. Stillbirth is a global public health priority. Within the United Kingdom, perinatal mortality disproportionately impacts Black, Asian and minority ethnic women, and in particular migrant women. Although the ex...

    Authors: Tomasina Stacey, Melanie Haith-Cooper, Nisa Almas and Charlotte Kenyon

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:394

    Content type: Research

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  44. Cardiac ventricular aneurysms affect 1 in 200,000 live births. To the best of our knowledge, no reported cases of a left ventricular pseudoaneurym and in utero rupture exist to guide optimal management.

    Authors: Sarah Heland, Sarah Hope, Andrew Edwards, Rebecca Chalmers, Alice Stewart, Annie Kroushev, Bennett Sheridan, Stuart Hooper and Kirsten R. Palmer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:393

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  45. Ductus venosus (DV) abnormalities may be associated with intracardiac or extracardiac deformities, chromosomal anomalies, and/or congestive heart failure. Aberrant DV connecting with the coronary sinus (CS) is...

    Authors: Yu Wang, Ying Zhang and Meilian Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:392

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  46. How the application of evidence to planned birth practices, induction of labour (IOL) and prelabour caesarean (CS), differs between Australian maternity units remains poorly understood. Perceptions of readines...

    Authors: Dominiek Coates, Natasha Donnolley, Maralyn Foureur and Amanda Henry

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:391

    Content type: Research

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