Skip to main content



Page 3 of 69

  1. Content type: Research article

    The maternal mortality rate in Lao PDR (Laos) is still the highest in Southeast Asia, at 197 per 100,000 live births. Antenatal care (ANC) could contribute to maternal and child mortality reduction. The qualit...

    Authors: Sysavanh Phommachanh, Dirk R. Essink, Maaike Jansen, Jacqueline E. W. Broerse, Pamela Wright and Mayfong Mayxay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:255

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. Screening for GDM and applying adequate interventions may reduce the risk of adverse outcomes. However, the diagnosis of GDM d...

    Authors: Tao Zheng, Weiping Ye, Xipeng Wang, Xiaoyong Li, Jun Zhang, Julian Little, Lixia Zhou and Lin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:252

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    The squatting birth position is widely used for “natural” birth or in countries where childbirth occurs in non-medical facilities. Squatting birth positions, like others, are roughly defined so a biomechanical...

    Authors: David Desseauve, Laetitia Fradet, Patrick Lacouture and Fabrice Pierre

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:251

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    China has made remarkable progress in maternal and child health (MCH) over the last thirty years, but socio-economic inequalities persist. Ethnicity has become an important determinant of poor MCH outcomes, bu...

    Authors: Juying Zhang, Yuchan Mou, Jiaqiang Liao, Huaying Xiong, Zhanqi Duan, Yuan Huang and Carine Ronsmans

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:250

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    In April 2012 our institution chose to switch from a two- step criteria for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) screening, to the International Association of Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group (IADSPG) criteri...

    Authors: Elena Costa, Christine Kirckpartick, Colette Gerday, Aricia De Kempeneer, Sara Derisbourg, An Vercoutere, Sophie Haumont, Axelle Pintiaux and Caroline Daelemans

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:249

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Globally, prematurity is a major determinant of morbidity and mortality contributing 30–40% of neonatal mortality. The consequences of preterm deliveries are enormous with developmental and childhood complicat...

    Authors: Ernest Konadu Aseidu, Delia Akosua Bandoh, Donne Kofi Ameme, Priscilla Nortey, Patricia Akweongo, Samuel Oko Sackey, Edwin Afari, Kofi Mensah Nyarko and Ernest Kenu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:248

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Low back pain (LBP) and pelvic girdle pain (PGP) are commonly reported during pregnancy and are known to affect pregnant women’s well-being. Still, these conditions are often considered to be a normal part of ...

    Authors: Ranjeeta Shijagurumayum Acharya, Anne Therese Tveter, Margreth Grotle, Malin Eberhard-Gran and Britt Stuge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:247

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Fetal growth has been known to be associated with particulate matter (PM) air pollution during gestation. Given that regular working may deviate outdoor air pollution exposure, the association between air poll...

    Authors: Seung-Ah Choe, Jiyeong Jang, Min Jung Kim, Yoon-Bae Jun and Sun-Young Kim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:246

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    In England, 27.8% of all pregnant women undergo caesarean sections (CS) to deliver their babies. Women undergoing CS are at risk of developing sepsis and post-natal infections, which not only contribute signif...

    Authors: Annalise Weckesser, Nicola Farmer, Rinita Dam, Amie Wilson, Victoria Hodgetts Morton and R. Katie Morris

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:245

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to provide a German translation of the Body Image in Pregnancy Scale (BIPS) – a measure tailored to pregnancy-specific aspects of body image while being consistent to the multifaceted theoreti...

    Authors: Michaela Nagl, Lene Jepsen, Katja Linde and Anette Kersting

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:244

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Dien Bien Province in northwest Vietnam is predominantly populated with ethnic minority groups, who experience worse maternal and child health outcomes than the general population. Various factors are associat...

    Authors: Shannon McKinn, Duong Thuy Linh, Kirsty Foster and Kirsten McCaffery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:243

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy-related anxiety (PrA) has been identified as a construct distinct from general stress and anxiety with a negative impact on birth and child outcomes. Validated instruments with good psychometric prop...

    Authors: S. Mudra, A. Göbel, D. Barthel, K. Hecher, M. Schulte-Markwort, J. Goletzke, P. Arck and A. Diemert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:242

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Technical advance

    The prediction of preterm birth (PTB) is important in the management of symptomatic preterm labour women. We evaluated the effectiveness of the foetal fibronectin (fFN) test for predicting PTB in symptomatic p...

    Authors: Soo Yeun Jun, Ji Young Lee, Hyun-Mi Kim, Mi Ju Kim, Hyun-Hwa Cha and Won Joon Seong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:241

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Ragged placental membranes is a distinct entity from retained placenta and not uncommonly reported in midwifery texts. Although the incidence of postpartum endometritis is merely 1–5% after vaginal births, it ...

    Authors: Hian Yan Voon, Jun Yan Pow, Lee Na Tan, Haris Njoo Suharjono and Wan Sim Teo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:240

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    In Mexico, obesity is a major public health problem; 71% of adults are overweight or obese. The proportion of deliveries by cesarean is also very high (45%). Women of reproductive age with overweight or obesit...

    Authors: Alexander Brenes-Monge, Biani Saavedra-Avendaño, Jacqueline Alcalde-Rabanal and Blair G. Darney

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:239

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    There are several international guidelines on oxytocin regimens for induction and augmentation of labour, but no agreement on a standardised regimen in Germany. This study collated and reviewed the oxytocin re...

    Authors: Sonja Helbig, Antje Petersen, Erika Sitter, Deirdre Daly and Mechthild M. Gross

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:238

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Abnormalities of blood cell counts and of cytokine profiles in women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) have been reported in several studies. Although their cause-effect relationships to HDP are n...

    Authors: Yohana Silas Mtali, Magdalena Amani Lyimo, Lucio Luzzatto and Siriel Nanzia Massawe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:237

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean sections (CSs) are associated with increased maternal and perinatal morbidity, yet rates continue to increase within most countries. Effective interventions are required to reduce the number of non-m...

    Authors: Anna Chapman, Cate Nagle, Debra Bick, Rebecca Lindberg, Bridie Kent, Justin Calache and Alison M. Hutchinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:206

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Malaria in pregnancy increases the risk of adverse birth outcomes such as low birth weight (LBW), maternal and foetal anemia. In Tanzania, some areas have attained low malaria transmission. However, data on th...

    Authors: Wigilya P. Mikomangwa, Minzi OMS, Eleni Aklillu and Appolinary A. R. Kamuhabwa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:236

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of post cesarean intra-abdominal infection (IAI) and the independent risk factors associated with it were retrospectively studied at a tertiary referral hospital in Egypt.

    Authors: Ahmed R. Abdelraheim, Khaled Gomaa, Emad M. Ibrahim, Mo’men M. Mohammed, Eissa M. Khalifa, Ayman M. Youssef, Ahmed K. Abdelhakeem, Heba Hassan, Ahmed Abd Alghany and Saad El Gelany

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:234

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    Grand multiparity is a major public health concern especially among developing countries and has been associated with higher risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes compared with women of lesser parity. Th...

    Authors: Atem Bethel Ajong, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Larissa Pone Simo, Jean Jacques Noubiap and Tsi Njim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:233

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    We examined whether inferior thyroid artery peak systolic velocity (ITA-PSV) predicts an increase in levothyroxine (LT4) dosage in pregnant women with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

    Authors: Masafumi Kurajoh, Akiyo Yamasaki, Toshiki Nagasaki, Yuki Nagata, Shinsuke Yamada, Yasuo Imanishi, Masanori Emoto, Kanae Takahashi, Kouji Yamamoto, Ayumi Shintani and Masaaki Inaba

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:232

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    While there has been a trend for greater number of women to deliver at health facilities across Tanzania, mothers and their family members continue to face mistreatment with respectful maternity care during ch...

    Authors: Lilian T. Mselle, Thecla W. Kohi and Justine Dol

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:231

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    Non-invasive electrophysiological assessment (NIEA) is an evolving area in fetal surveillance and is attracting increasing research interest. There is however, limited data outlining its utility in evaluating ...

    Authors: Vinayak Smith, Amrish Nair, Ritesh Warty, Joel Arun Sursas, Fabricio da Silva Costa and Euan Morrison Wallace

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:230

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    An understanding of the association between adolescent nutrition, adolescent pregnancy and their quest for healthcare services may elucidate a basis for intervention and formulation of programs that enhance po...

    Authors: David Omondi Okeyo, Sussy Gumo, Elly O. Munde, Charles O. Opiyo, Zablon O. Omungo, Maureen Olyaro, Rachel K. Ndirangu, Nanlop Ogbureke, Sophie Efange and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:229

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Increased encounters with the healthcare system at multiple levels have the potential to improve maternal and newborn outcomes. The literature is replete with evidence on the impact of antenatal care and postn...

    Authors: Jody R. Lori, Joseph Perosky, Michelle L. Munro-Kramer, Phil Veliz, Gertrude Musonda, Jameson Kaunda, Carol J. Boyd, Rachael Bonawitz, Godfrey Biemba, Thandiwe Ngoma and Nancy Scott

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:228

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    Preterm birth is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children under five and often requires a newborn to have an extended stay in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Maternal engagement, such as v...

    Authors: Todd P. Lewis, Kathryn G. Andrews, Elyse Shenberger, Theresa S. Betancourt, Günther Fink, Sunita Pereira and Margaret McConnell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:227

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    There is global concern for the overuse of obstetric interventions during labour and birth. Of particular concern is the increasing amount of mothers and babies experiencing morbidity and mortality associated ...

    Authors: Haylee Fox, Emily Callander, Daniel Lindsay and Stephanie Topp

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:226

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Most women choose to have another vaginal delivery following one complicated by an obstetrical anal sphincter injury (OASIS). However, little is known about patient satisfaction or regret with this decision. T...

    Authors: Madeline Edwards, Emily K. Kobernik, Shriya Suresh and Carolyn W. Swenson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:225

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this survey was to explore the association between pregnancy complications and perinatal outcome from regionally total birth population.

    Authors: Xiaoqin Zhu, Huiyuan Niu, Hui Wang, Xiaoqiong Li, Tingting Qi, Weijie Ding, Liangrong Han, Muling Zhang, Honghua Guan, Shouzhong Li, Chunhong Tang, Yaodong Yin, Xihui Cao, Hong Liu, Cui Gao, Hongni Yue…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:224

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    Around 12% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), which is associated with increased health risks for both mother and child and pre- and postpartum depression. Little is known about the...

    Authors: Charlotte B. Schmidt, Ilse Voorhorst, Vital H. W. van de Gaar, Anne Keukens, Bert Jan Potter van Loon, Frank J. Snoek and Adriaan Honig

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:223

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Grand multiparity has been associated with increased risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as post-partum hemorrhage,gestational hypertension, gestationaldiabetes mellitus and high perinatal mortality.There...

    Authors: Zainab Muniro, Clifford Silver Tarimo, Michael J. Mahande, Eusebious Maro and Bariki Mchome

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:222

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Debate

    Globally, anxiety and depression are the most common complications of the perinatal period (conception to 1 year postpartum). It is now recognised that anxiety and depression are more commonly found antenatall...

    Authors: Sarah Khanlari, Bryanne Barnett AM, Felix Akpojene Ogbo and John Eastwood

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:221

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    Low birthweight (LBW) remains the most important risk factor which attributed to mortality of 15–20% of newborns across the globe. An infant with low birthweight is more likely to have stunting in childhood an...

    Authors: Shimelis Girma, Teshale Fikadu, Eskeziyaw Agdew, Desta Haftu, Genet Gedamu, Zeritu Dewana and Bereket Getachew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:220

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Despite an increased number of infants born with macrosomia globally, low birth weight infants have currently attracted more attention. Macrosomia is a growing problem in most developing countries and it direc...

    Authors: Freweini Gebrearegay Tela, Afework Mulugeta Bezabih, Amaha Kahsay Adhanu and Kidanemariam Berhe Tekola

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:219

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    The importance of vitamin D in bone health and calcium homeostasis has been well documented. However, emerging evidence supports the role of vitamin D beyond its recognised traditional roles. In pregnancy, vit...

    Authors: Raylton P. Chikwati, Cuthbert Musarurwa, Kerina Duri, Kudakwashe Mhandire, Tracy Snyman and Jaya A. George

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:218

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    In many Western countries, higher rates of cesarean have been described among migrant women compared to natives of receiving countries. We aimed to estimate this difference comparing women originating from Fra...

    Authors: Morgane Linard, Catherine Deneux-Tharaux, Dominique Luton, Thomas Schmitz, Laurent Mandelbrot, Candice Estellat, Priscille Sauvegrain and Elie Azria

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:217

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    Small for gestational age (SGA) is frequently used to define fetal growth restriction (FGR). However, FGR describes a slowdown in fetal growth and is not synonymous with SGA, which may introduce misclassificat...

    Authors: Zoe A. Broere-Brown, Sarah Schalekamp-Timmermans, Vincent W. V. Jaddoe and Eric A. P. Steegers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:216

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Following a miscarriage many women report feeling guilty and culpable for what has happened particularly when aspects of societal blame and stigma are involved. This research investigated the impact of cultura...

    Authors: Nadia Omar, Stella Major, Mona Mohsen, Halima Al Tamimi, Faten El Taher and Susie Kilshaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:215

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia has been expanding maternity waiting homes to bridge geographical gaps between health facilities and communities in order to improve access to skilled care. In 2015, the Ministry of Health revised its...

    Authors: Gizachew Tadele Tiruneh, Yayeh Negash Getu, Mahbub Ali Abdukie, Geremew Gonfa Eba, Emily Keyes and Patricia E. Bailey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:214

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    Early life microflora is an important determinant of immune and metabolic development and may have lasting consequences. However, the mode of delivery and the effect of povidone iodine disinfection on neonatal...

    Authors: Hongping Li, Shaoyun Chen, Lijuan Wu, Huilin Wang, Kelin Xiao, Yanling Gao, Yao Li, Huiqin Li, Bin Xiao and Yuanfang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:213

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    Specific dietary factors contribute to greater risks of prenatal and postpartum anxiety and depression. This study aimed to systematically review and assess the evidence regarding the association between dieta...

    Authors: David Franciole Oliveira Silva, Ricardo Ney Cobucci, Ana Katherine Gonçalves and Severina Carla Vieira Cunha Lima

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:212

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Teenage pregnancy is a serious public health and social problem, with 95% occurring in developing countries. The aim of the study was to investigate the behavioural, familial and social factors associated with...

    Authors: Anthony Mark Ochen, Primus Che Chi and Stephen Lawoko

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:211

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Case report

    Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are those born small for their gestational age, with weight below the 10th percentile. Not only do SGA infants suffer growth issues after birth, they have elevated risk ...

    Authors: Alexandra D. George, Melvin C. L. Gay, Mary E. Wlodek and Donna T. Geddes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:210

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy carries potential threat to fetal well being. Natural conversion of vitamin D in the skin can be facilitated by direct ultra violet B (UVB) radiation, but the effect is re...

    Authors: Raden Tina Dewi Judistiani, Sefita Aryuti Nirmala, Meilia Rahmawati, Reni Ghrahani, Yessika Adelwin Natalia, Adhi Kristianto Sugianli, Agnes Rengga Indrati, Oki Suwarsa and Budi Setiabudiawan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:209

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to determine reported prevalence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) and maternal and neonatal outcomes associated with these disorders among women delivering at selected hospitals acr...

    Authors: Matthew Bridwell, Endang Handzel, Michelle Hynes, Reginald Jean-Louis, David Fitter, Carol Hogue, Reynold Grand-Pierre, Hedwige Pierre and Bradley Pearce

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:208

    Published on:

  47. Content type: Research article

    The objectives of this study were to explore the course of labor and the risk of obstetric anal sphincter injury at the first vaginal birth after cesarean section (fVBAC) in comparison to primiparous vaginal b...

    Authors: Zdenek Rusavy, Erika Francova, Lenka Paymova, Khaled M. Ismail and Vladimir Kalis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:207

    Published on:

  48. Content type: Research article

    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is one of the most frequent pathogens for congenital infections. Most cases of congenital CMV infection (cCMV) are asymptomatic at birth, but sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) or neurodev...

    Authors: Yuka Torii, Shigeru Yoshida, Yoichiro Yanase, Takashi Mitsui, Kazuhiro Horiba, Toshihiko Okumura, Suguru Takeuchi, Takako Suzuki, Jun-ichi Kawada, Tomomi Kotani, Mamoru Yamashita and Yoshinori Ito

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:205

    Published on:

  49. Content type: Research article

    No study has revealed the effectiveness of long-term tocolysis for patients diagnosed with threatened preterm birth, and the use of betamimetics in these patients has not been recommended in the United States ...

    Authors: Daisuke Shigemi, Shotaro Aso and Hideo Yasunaga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:204

    Published on: