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  1. The current study aimed to estimate the prevalence of alcohol use identified as a risk factor during pregnancies by the antenatal care providers, resulting in live births in British Columbia (BC) and to examin...

    Authors: Svetlana Popova, Danijela Dozet, Graham O’Hanlon, Valerie Temple and Jürgen Rehm

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:74

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Health literacy is a vital strategy to consider when designing health-promoting programs, and health literacy is a priority in Qatar’s national health agenda. In the context of pregnancy, inadequate health lit...

    Authors: Sarah Naja, Rowaida Elyamani, Abdullah Al Ibrahim, Noora Al Kubaisi, Rayan Itani and Palli AbdulRouf

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:73

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Traditional prenatal care includes up to 13 in person office visits, and the cost of this care is not well-described. Alternative models are being explored to better meet the needs of patients and providers. O...

    Authors: Regan N. Theiler, Yvonne Butler-Tobah, Matthew A. Hathcock and Abimbola Famuyide

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:71

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Previous studies have noted traditional physical, demographic, and obstetrical predictors of inadequate or excess gestational weight gain, but the roles of psychological and behavioral factors are not well est...

    Authors: Yu Yang Feng, Zhijie Michael Yu, Sherry van Blyderveen, Louis Schmidt, Wendy Sword, Meredith Vanstone, Anne Biringer, Helen McDonald, Joseph Beyene and Sarah Diana McDonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:70

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends that pregnant women engage in at least 20 to 30 min of moderate-intensity physical activity on most days of the week. Regular exercise ...

    Authors: Maria Koleilat, Nancy Vargas, Victoria vanTwist and Gergana Damianova Kodjebacheva

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:69

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Breastfeeding and wet nursing have been synonymous since ancient times. The practice of wet nursing of another woman’s child in Malaysia is on the rise due to the emergence of awareness among the public about ...

    Authors: C. A. R. Norsyamlina, H. Salasiah Hanin, A. M. Latifah, K. Zuliza, M. H. Nurhidayah, S. Rafeah, B. Nora’inan, I. Muhamad Zariff and A. Noor Ani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:68

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Investigation of the microbiome during early life has stimulated an increasing number of cohort studies in pregnant and breastfeeding women that require non-invasive biospecimen collection. The objective of th...

    Authors: Dominick J. Lemas, Lauren Wright, Elizabeth Flood-Grady, Magda Francois, Lynn Chen, Austen Hentschel, Xinsong Du, Chu J. Hsiao, Huan Chen, Josef Neu, Ryan P. Theis, Elizabeth Shenkman and Janice Krieger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:67

    Content type: Research article

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  8. This was a retrospective population-based study, utilizing the data of 601 247 singleton hospital deliveries collected from the Finnish Medical Birth Register (MBR) in 2006–2016. The aim of this study was to a...

    Authors: Riitta Vilkko, Sari Räisänen, Mika Gissler, Vedran Stefanovic and Seppo Heinonen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:66

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The aims of our research were as follows: First, to estimate the prevalence of female sexual dysfunction in early, middle, late stages of pregnancy, and postpartum 6 months after delivery. Second, to discuss r...

    Authors: Qiuxiang Zhang, Min Shen, Yaning Zheng, Shimei Jiao, Shangxiao Gao, Xiaoling Wang, Li Zou and Miao Shen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:65

    Content type: Research article

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  10. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Chang Xu, Wanting Zhong, Qiang Fu, Li Yi, Yuqing Deng, Zhaohui Cheng, Xiaojun Lin, Miao Cai, Shilin Zhong, Manli Wang, Hongbing Tao, Haoling Xiong, Xin Jiang and Yun Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:64

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:660

  11. Neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia is a physiologic phenomenon, but, when severe, may cause lifelong disability. Maternity care assistants (MCAs) play an important role in timely recognition of severe neonatal jaund...

    Authors: Berthe A. M. van der Geest, Imke M. Theeuwen, Irwin K. M. Reiss, Eric A. P. Steegers and Jasper V. Been

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:63

    Content type: Research article

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  12. We aimed to determine the associations between breastfeeding and children’s neurodevelopment indexed by intelligence quotient (IQ) and emotional and behavioural problems through mid-childhood adjusting for pre...

    Authors: Rita Amiel Castro, Vivette Glover, Ulrike Ehlert and Thomas G. O’Connor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:62

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Heterotopic pregnancy (HP) is a rare condition when at least two pregnancies are present simultaneously at different implantation sites and only one located in the uterine cavity. The majority of cases are dia...

    Authors: Anna Kajdy, Katarzyna Muzyka-Placzyńska, Dagmara Filipecka-Tyczka, Jan Modzelewski, Marek Stańczyk and Michał Rabijewski

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:61

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Pruritus is one of the most common side effects of epidural morphine administered for post-surgery analgesia, and pregnant women tend to be highly susceptible. The relative contributions of morphine concentrat...

    Authors: Xinyi Tian, Kaifan Niu, Hong Cao, Gonghao Zhan, Yan Zhang, Feng Xu, Wangning Shangguan and Ye Gao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:60

    Content type: Research article

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  15. COVID-19 caused some worries among pregnant women. Worries during pregnancy can affect women’s well-being. We investigated worry and well-being and associated factors among pregnant women during the COVID-19 p...

    Authors: Forough Mortazavi, Maryam Mehrabadi and Roya KiaeeTabar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:59

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Cesarean section (CS) is a rising public health issue globally, and is particularly serious in China. Numerous studies have suggested that gestational weight gain (GWG) control may be an effective way to reduc...

    Authors: Lujiao Huang, Ju Zhang, Hong Sun, Hongli Dong, Run Li, Congjie Cai, Yan Gao, Cheng Wu, Xi Lan and Guo Zeng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:57

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Referral and clinical decision-making support are important for reducing delays in reaching and receiving appropriate and quality care. This paper presents analysis of the use of a pilot referral and decision ...

    Authors: Ebenezer Oduro-Mensah, Irene Akua Agyepong, Edith Frimpong, Marjolein Zweekhorst and Linda Amarkai Vanotoo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:56

    Content type: Research article

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  18. A study was done to explore the attitudes of relevant health care professionals (HCP) towards the provision of intensive care for periviable and extremely premature babies.

    Authors: Susan Ireland, Robin Ray, Sarah Larkins and Lynn Woodward

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:55

    Content type: Research article

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  19. In the near future, developments in non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) may offer couples the opportunity to expand the range of genetic conditions tested with this technology. This possibility raises a host ...

    Authors: Hazar Haidar, Jessica Le Clerc-Blain, Meredith Vanstone, Anne-Marie Laberge, Gilles Bibeau, Labib Ghulmiyyah and Vardit Ravitsky

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:54

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The goal of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is to provide optimal care for preterm and sick infants while supporting their growth and development. The NICU environment can be stressful for preterm infa...

    Authors: Sarah Coutts, Alix Woldring, Ann Pederson, Julie De Salaberry, Horacio Osiovich and Lori A. Brotto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:52

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Severe early onset (less than 34 weeks gestation) intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) affects 0.1% of pregnant women in Australia and is associated with a 3-fold increased risk of stillbirth, fetal hyp...

    Authors: William M. Hague, Leonie Callaway, Jennifer Chambers, Lucy Chappell, Suzette Coat, Jiska de Haan-Jebbink, Marloes Dekker, Peter Dixon, Jodie Dodd, Maria Fuller, Sanne Gordijn, Dorothy Graham, Oskari Heikinheimo, Annemarie Hennessy, Risto Kaaja, Teck Yee Khong…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:51

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) treatment is critical to support survival and lung maturation in preterm infants, however, its effect on feeding and growth is unclear. Prior preterm delivery, it remains uncert...

    Authors: Jiajia Jing, Yiheng Dai, Yanqi Li, Ping Zhou, Xiaodong Li, Jiaping Mei, Chunyi Zhang, Per Trop Sangild, Zhaoxie Tang, Suhua Xu, Yanbin Su, Xiaoying He and Yanna Zhu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:50

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Vaginal seeding is the administration of maternal vaginal bacteria to babies following birth by caesarean section (CS), intended to mimic the microbial exposure that occurs during vaginal birth. Appropriate de...

    Authors: Éadaoin M. Butler, Abigail J. Reynolds, José G. B. Derraik, Brooke C. Wilson, Wayne S. Cutfield and Celia P. Grigg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:49

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Having a preterm newborn and the experience of staying in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) has the potential to impact a mother’s mental health and overall quality of life. However, currently there are ...

    Authors: Kameelah Gateau, Ashley Song, Douglas L. Vanderbilt, Cynthia Gong, Philippe Friedlich, Michele Kipke and Ashwini Lakshmanan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:48

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To examine the association between the Apgar score and neonatal mortality over gestational age in China and to explore whether this association changed when Apgar scores were combined at 1 and 5 min.

    Authors: Yi Mu, Mingrong Li, Jun Zhu, Yanping Wang, Aiyun Xing, Zheng Liu, Yanxia Xie, Xiaodong Wang and Juan Liang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:47

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In recent years, first-trimester intrauterine hematoma (IUH) has become increasingly common in twin pregnancy. The majority of studies on IUH have excluded twin pregnancies, and others did not differentiate be...

    Authors: Wanqing Ji, Bo Hou, Weidong Li, Fang Guo, Ping He and Jie Zheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:46

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Shoulder dystocia is an unpredictable and potentially catastrophic complication of vertex vaginal delivery. Posterior axilla sling traction (PAST) has recently been proposed as a method to resolve severe shoul...

    Authors: Allison R. McCarter, Regan N. Theiler and Enid Y. Rivera-Chiauzzi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:45

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Sub-Saharan Africa, as opposed to other regions, has the highest under-five mortality rates yet makes the least improvement in reducing under-five mortality. Despite the decline, Ethiopia is among the top ten ...

    Authors: Samuel Oduse, Temesgen Zewotir and Delia North

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:44

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Gestational weight gain (GWG) can have implications for the health of both mother and child. However, the contributing factors remain unclear. Despite the advantages of using a biopsychosocial approach, this a...

    Authors: S. M. Garay, L. A. Sumption, R. M. Pearson and R. M. John

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:43

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Suicidal behaviors cover a range or continuum of acts from suicidal ideations to a series of actions, commonly known as suicidal attempts or deliberate self-harms. Though different mental disorders related stu...

    Authors: Leul Belachew Zewdu, Mebratu Mitiku Reta, Niguse Yigzaw and Koku Sisay Tamirat

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:42

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is recommended to prevent potential neurological injury or intrauterine foetal death (IUFD) of the co-twin(s) in complicated monochorionic (MC) pregnancies. However, the impacts o...

    Authors: Hongmei Wang, Qian Zhou, Xietong Wang, Jia Song, Pengzheng Chen, Yanyun Wang, Lei Li and Hongyan Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:41

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Maternal admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) during pregnancy or in the postpartum period is a marker of severe acute maternal morbidity. Mechanical ventilation is an important and basic method of maint...

    Authors: Huiying Zhao, Guangjie Wang, Jie Lyu, Xiaohong Zhang and Youzhong An

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:40

    Content type: Research article

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  33. To examine differences in the maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of Chinese women with various causes of infertility who underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF) with embryonic cryopreservation trea...

    Authors: Jingxue Wang, Qiwei Liu, Boer Deng, Fang Chen, Xiaowei Liu and Jiumei Cheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:39

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The complexity of fetal medicine (FM) referrals that can be managed within obstetric units is dependent on the availability of specialist ultrasound expertise. Telemedicine can effectively transfer real-time u...

    Authors: V. J. Smith, A. Marshall, M.L.S Lie, E. Bidmead, B. Beckwith, E. Van Oudgaarden and S. C. Robson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:38

    Content type: Research article

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  35. From 2014 to 2016, the largest Ebola outbreak in history threatened Sierra Leone and its neighbouring countries, Guinea and Liberia. The Ebola outbreak impacted pregnant adolescent girl’s access to prenatal ca...

    Authors: Hamida Massaquoi, Catherine Atuhaire, Gorgeous Sarah Chinkonono, Betty Nyawira Christensen, Hannah Bradby and Samuel Nambile Cumber

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:37

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Fragile and conflict-affected states contribute with more than 60% of the global burden of maternal mortality. There is an alarming need for research exploring maternal health service access and quality and ad...

    Authors: Josephine Obel, Antonio Isidro Carrion Martin, Abdul Wasay Mullahzada, Ronald Kremer and Nanna Maaløe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:36

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Preterm birth is defined as the birth of a baby before 37 completed weeks of gestation. Worldwide, prematurity is the second foremost cause of death in children under the age of 5 years. Preterm birth also giv...

    Authors: Negeso Gebeyehu Gejo, Melaku Tesfaye W/mariam, Biruk Assefa Kebede, Ritbano Ahmed Abdo, Abebe Alemu Anshebo, Hassen Mosa Halil, Biruktawit Fekade Woldu and Nuradin Abusha Katiso

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:35

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Although uterine fibroids are a common gynecologic neoplasm, uterine diverticulum accompanied by a uterine fibroid is unique. In addition, pregnancy complicated with uterine diverticulum is extremely rare. We ...

    Authors: Erina Akashi, Tatsuya Ishiguro, Taro Nonaka, Akiko Kobayashi, Koichi Takakuwa and Takayuki Enomoto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:34

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) has been reported to play a key role in placental development during normal pregnancy. However, the question of whether endometrial IDO expression affects in vitro fertilizati...

    Authors: Su Liu, Ling Hong, Yuye Li, Ruochun Lian, Xiaohui Wang and Yong Zeng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:33

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Underweight and overweight may affect reproduction and interfere with treatment of infertility. In the present retrospective analysis, we sought to evaluate the effect of low body mass index (BMI) on pregnancy...

    Authors: Shengluan Tang, Jialyu Huang, Jiaying Lin and Yanping Kuang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:32

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Pregnancy associated cancer (PAC) may lead to adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes. This study aims to assess the association between PACs and adverse perinatal outcomes [i.e. labor induction, iatrogenic de...

    Authors: Giovanna Esposito, Matteo Franchi, Michela Dalmartello, Giovanna Scarfone, Eva Negri, Fabio Parazzini, Carlo La Vecchia and Giovanni Corrao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:31

    Content type: Research article

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  42. This paper reports the development of a co-produced e-resource to support those who have experienced childhood sexual abuse through pregnancy, birth, and parenthood. These are times of major transition for any...

    Authors: Elsa Montgomery, Julia S. Seng and Yan-Shing Chang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:30

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Historically, men’s experiences of grief following pregnancy loss and neonatal death have been under-explored in comparison to women. However, investigating men’s perspectives is important, given potential gen...

    Authors: Kate Louise Obst, Melissa Oxlad, Clemence Due and Philippa Middleton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:29

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Most previous studies conducted in non-Middle Eastern populations have suggested that an increase in the number of parity/live birth(s) leads to cardiovascular disease (CVD) development, although their finding...

    Authors: Seyyed Saeed Moazzeni, Hossein Toreyhi, Samaneh Asgari, Fereidoun Azizi, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani and Farzad Hadaegh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:28

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Disseminated tuberculosis (TB) is a fatal disease resulting from hematogenous dissemination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Spontaneous pregnancy rate of women with TB is low; furthermore, live birth, spontaneous ...

    Authors: Ming Cheng, Tao Yuan and Ying Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:27

    Content type: Case report

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  46. Maternal mortality is high in Ghana, averaging 310 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 2017. This is partly due to inadequate postnatal care especially among rural communities. Ghana can avert the high ...

    Authors: Francis Appiah, Tarif Salihu, Justice Ofosu Darko Fenteng, Andrews Ohene Darteh, Patience Kannor, Patience Ansomah Ayerakwah and Edward Kwabena Ameyaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:26

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Globally, approximately 15 million babies are born preterm every year. Complications of prematurity are the leading cause of under-five mortality. There is overwhelming evidence from low, middle, and high-inco...

    Authors: Selamawit Mengesha Bilal, Henok Tadele, Teshome Abuka Abebo, Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse, Mekonnen Muleta, Fitsum W/Gebriel, Akalewold Alemayehu, Yusuf Haji, Dejene Hailu Kassa, Ayalew Astatkie, Anteneh Asefa, Million Teshome, Aknaw Kawza, Shemels Wangoro, Thomas Brune, Nalini Singhal…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:25

    Content type: Research article

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