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  1. Whilst there has been increasing research interest in interventions which promote physical activity during pregnancy few studies have yielded detailed insights into the views and experiences of overweight and ...

    Authors: Zoe Weir, Judith Bush, Stephen C Robson, Catherine McParlin, Judith Rankin and Ruth Bell
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:18
  2. It has been shown that plasma carnitine concentrations decrease markedly during gestation. A recent study performed with a low number of subjects suggested that this effect could be due to a low iron status wh...

    Authors: Robert Ringseis, Nicole Hanisch, Gregor Seliger and Klaus Eder
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:17
  3. Maternal weight and maternal weight gain during pregnancy exert a significant influence on infant birth weight and the incidence of macrosomia. Fetal macrosomia is associated with an increase in both adverse o...

    Authors: Jennifer Walsh, Rhona Mahony, Michael Foley and Fionnuala Mc Auliffe
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:16
  4. Most women use some method of pain relief during labour. There is extensive research evidence available of pharmacological pain relief during labour; however this evidence is not readily available to pregnant ...

    Authors: Camille H Raynes-Greenow, Natasha Nassar, Siranda Torvaldsen, Lyndal Trevena and Christine L Roberts
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:15
  5. In Tanzania, maternal mortality ratio remains unacceptably high at 578/100,000 live births. Despite a high coverage of antenatal care (96%), only 44% of deliveries take place within the formal health services....

    Authors: Declare Mushi, Rose Mpembeni and Albrecht Jahn
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:14
  6. In Tanzania, more than 90% of all pregnant women attend antenatal care at least once and approximately 62% four times or more, yet less than five in ten receive skilled delivery care at available health units....

    Authors: Moke Magoma, Jennifer Requejo, Oona MR Campbell, Simon Cousens and Veronique Filippi
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:13
  7. Women with severe pre-eclampsia/eclampsia are at risk of developing chronic hypertension in future. Chronic hypertension may manifest initially as persistent hypertension at the end of the puerperium. The obje...

    Authors: Emmanuel B Ndayambagye, Miriam Nakalembe and Dan K Kaye
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:12
  8. Activated Protein C Resistance (APCR), a poor anticoagulant response of APC in haemostasis, is the commonest heritable thrombophilia. Adverse outcomes during pregnancy have been linked to APCR. This study dete...

    Authors: Sara Sedano-Balbás, Mark Lyons, Brendan Cleary, Margaret Murray, Geraldine Gaffney and Majella Maher
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:11
  9. The Perineal Assessment and Repair Longitudinal Study (PEARLS) is a national clinical quality improvement initiative designed to improve the assessment and management of perineal trauma. Perineal trauma affects a...

    Authors: Debra E Bick, Christine Kettle, Sue Macdonald, Peter W Thomas, Robert K Hills and Khaled MK Ismail
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:10
  10. Four million neonatal deaths are estimated to occur each year and almost all in low income countries, especially among the poorest. There is a paucity of data on newborn health from sub-Saharan Africa and few ...

    Authors: Peter Waiswa, Stefan Peterson, Goran Tomson and George W Pariyo
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:9
  11. Preterm birth and stillbirth are complex local and global health problems requiring an interdisciplinary approach and an international commitment. Stakeholders developed recommendations for a Global Action Age...

    Authors: Craig E Rubens, Michael G Gravett, Cesar G Victora and Toni M Nunes
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10(Suppl 1):S7

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  12. Despite the substantial global burden of preterm and stillbirth, little attention has been given to the ethical considerations related to research and interventions in the global context. Ethical dilemmas surr...

    Authors: Maureen Kelley and Craig E Rubens
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10(Suppl 1):S6

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  13. Efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to improve maternal and child health can be accelerated by addressing preterm birth and stillbirth. However, most global health stakeholders are unawa...

    Authors: Megan Sather, Anne-Véronique Fajon, Rachel Zaentz and Craig E Rubens
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10(Suppl 1):S5

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  14. The efficacious interventions identified in the previous article of this report will fail unless they are delivered at high and equitable coverage. This article discusses critical delivery constraints and stra...

    Authors: Cesar G Victora and Craig E Rubens
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10(Suppl 1):S4

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  15. Interventions directed toward mothers before and during pregnancy and childbirth may help reduce preterm births and stillbirths. Survival of preterm newborns may also be improved with interventions given durin...

    Authors: Fernando C Barros, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Maneesh Batra, Thomas N Hansen, Cesar G Victora and Craig E Rubens
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10(Suppl 1):S3

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  16. Normal and abnormal processes of pregnancy and childbirth are poorly understood. This second article in a global report explains what is known about the etiologies of preterm births and stillbirths and identif...

    Authors: Michael G Gravett, Craig E Rubens and Toni M Nunes
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10(Suppl 1):S2

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  17. This is the first of seven articles from a preterm birth and stillbirth report. Presented here is an overview of the burden, an assessment of the quality of current estimates, review of trends, and recommendat...

    Authors: Joy E Lawn, Michael G Gravett, Toni M Nunes, Craig E Rubens and Cynthia Stanton
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10(Suppl 1):S1

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  18. Hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy is associated with development of cerebral palsy and cognitive disability later in life and is therefore one of the fundamental problems in perinatal medicine. The xanthine-oxi...

    Authors: Joepe J Kaandorp, Manon JNL Benders, Carin MA Rademaker, Helen L Torrance, Martijn A Oudijk, Timo R de Haan, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Monique Rijken, Maria G van Pampus, Arie F Bos, Martina M Porath, Sidarto Bambang Oetomo, Christine Willekes, AW Danilo Gavilanes, Maurice GAJ Wouters, Ruurd M van Elburg…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:8
  19. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. GDM is a well known risk factor for foetal overgrowth, termed macrosomia which is influenced by maternal hypergycemia and...

    Authors: Oussama Grissa, Akadiri Yessoufou, Inès Mrisak, Aziz Hichami, Daniel Amoussou-Guenou, Abir Grissa, François Djrolo, Kabir Moutairou, Abdelhedi Miled, Hédi Khairi, Monia Zaouali, Iheb Bougmiza, Aabdelkarim Zbidi, Zouheir Tabka and Naim A Khan
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:7
  20. One of the most important causes of maternal mortality and severe morbidity worldwide is post partum haemorrhage (PPH). Factors as substandard care are frequently reported in the international literature and t...

    Authors: Mallory D Woiski, Rosella PMG Hermens, Johanna M Middeldorp, Jan A Kremer, Marco A Marcus, Maurice GAJ Wouters, Richard P Grol, Fred K Lotgering and Hubertina CJ Scheepers
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:5
  21. Relatively little is known about current practice during the third stage of labour in low and middle income countries. We conducted a survey of attitudes and an audit of practice in a large maternity hospital ...

    Authors: Astrit Bimbashi, Eriseida Ndoni, Anika Dokle and Lelia Duley
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:4
  22. External cephalic version (ECV) is recommended by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists to convert a breech fetus to vertex position and reduce the need for cesarean delivery. The goal of thi...

    Authors: Jonathan M Tan, Alex Macario, Brendan Carvalho, Maurice L Druzin and Yasser Y El-Sayed
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:3
  23. In many developing countries, the maternal mortality ratio remains high with huge poor-rich inequalities. Programmes aimed at improving maternal health and preventing maternal mortality often fail to reach poo...

    Authors: Por Ir, Dirk Horemans, Narin Souk and Wim Van Damme
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:1
  24. The use of tocolytic hospitalization in antenatal care is controversial and worthy of more research. We investigated individual, institutional, and area factors that affect the use of tocolytic hospitalization...

    Authors: Ke-Zong Michelle Ma, Edward C Norton, Eing-Mei Tsai and Shoou-Yih Daniel Lee
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:59
  25. Stillbirths need to count. They constitute the majority of the world's perinatal deaths and yet, they are largely invisible. Simply counting stillbirths is only the first step in analysis and prevention. From ...

    Authors: J Frederik Frøen, Sanne J Gordijn, Hany Abdel-Aleem, Per Bergsjø, Ana Betran, Charles W Duke, Vincent Fauveau, Vicki Flenady, Sven Gudmund Hinderaker, G Justus Hofmeyr, Abdul Hakeem Jokhio, Joy Lawn, Pisake Lumbiganon, Mario Merialdi, Robert Pattinson and Anuraj Shankar
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:58
  26. The purpose of this article was to describe effective strategies for recruitment of Hispanic women into a prospective cohort study of modifiable risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Although H...

    Authors: Lisa Chasan-Taber, Renée T Fortner, Valerie Hastings and Glenn Markenson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:57
  27. Preterm delivery (PTD) is a significant public health problem associated with greater risk of mortality and morbidity in infants and mothers. Pathophysiologic processes that may lead to PTD start early in preg...

    Authors: Daniel A Enquobahrie, Michelle A Williams, Chunfang Qiu, Seid Y Muhie, Kimberly Slentz-Kesler, Zhaoping Ge and Tanya Sorenson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:56
  28. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide. Several recent publications have noted an increasing trend in incidence over time. The international PPH collaboratio...

    Authors: Marian Knight, William M Callaghan, Cynthia Berg, Sophie Alexander, Marie-Helene Bouvier-Colle, Jane B Ford, KS Joseph, Gwyneth Lewis, Robert M Liston, Christine L Roberts, Jeremy Oats and James Walker
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:55
  29. Urbanization is occurring at a rapid pace, especially in low-income countries. Dhaka, Bangladesh, is estimated to grow to 50 million by 2015, with 21 million living in urban slums. Although health services are...

    Authors: Allisyn C Moran, Nuzhat Choudhury, Nazib Uz Zaman Khan, Zunaid Ahsan Karar, Tasnuva Wahed, Sabina Faiz Rashid and M Ashraful Alam
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:54
  30. Screening for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is routine during pregnancy in many countries in the world. The screening programs are either based on general screening offered to all pregnant women or risk ...

    Authors: Margareta Persson, Anna Winkvist and Ingrid Mogren
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:53
  31. Many epidemiological studies assign exposure to an individual's residence at a single time point, such as birth or death. This approach makes no allowance for migration and may result in exposure error, leadin...

    Authors: Susan Hodgson, Mark Shirley, Mary Bythell and Judith Rankin
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:52
  32. In sub-Saharan Africa, few services specifically address the needs of women in the first year after childbirth. By assessing the health status of women in this period, key interventions to improve maternal hea...

    Authors: Matthew F Chersich, Nicole Kley, Stanley MF Luchters, Carol Njeru, Elodie Yard, Mary J Othigo and Marleen Temmerman
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:51
  33. The rate of caesarean sections is increasing worldwide, yet medical literature informing women with uncomplicated pregnancies about relative risks and benefits of elective caesarean section (CS) compared with ...

    Authors: Jill Milne, Amiram Gafni, Diane Lu, Stephen Wood, Reg Sauve and Sue Ross
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:50
  34. Events before birth, condition at birth, events immediately following birth, and condition in early childhood are linked together, and have implications for health and disease in adulthood. At present, there i...

    Authors: Gemma L Malin, Rachel K Morris and Khalid S Khan
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:49
  35. Retained placenta is one of the common causes of maternal mortality in developing countries where access to appropriate obstetrical care is limited. Current treatment of retained placenta is manual removal of ...

    Authors: Heleen J van Beekhuizen, Andrea B Pembe, Heiner Fauteck and Fred K Lotgering
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:48
  36. The policy drive for the UK National Health Service (NHS) has focused on the need for high quality services informed by evidence of best practice. The introduction of care pathways and protocols to standardise...

    Authors: Debra E Bick, Jo Rycroft-Malone and Marina Fontenla
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:47
  37. Economic theory provides the philosophical foundation for valuing costs in judging medical and public health interventions. When evaluating smoking cessation interventions, accurate data on costs are essential...

    Authors: Jennifer Prah Ruger, Karen M Emmons, Margaret H Kearney and Milton C Weinstein
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:46
  38. Perinatal death is a devastating experience for the mother and of concern in clinical practice. Regular perinatal audit may identify suboptimal care related to perinatal deaths and thus appropriate measures fo...

    Authors: Hussein L Kidanto, Ingrid Mogren, Jos van Roosmalen, Angela N Thomas, Siriel N Massawe, Lennarth Nystrom and Gunilla Lindmark
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:45
  39. Multiple pregnancies are at high risk for preterm birth, and therefore an important cause of infant mortality and morbidity. A pessary is a simple and potentially effective measure for the prevention of preter...

    Authors: Maud A Hegeman, Dick J Bekedam, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Anneke Kwee, Dimitri NM Papatsonis, Joris AM van der Post, Arianne C Lim, Hubertina CJ Scheepers, Christine Willekes, Johannes J Duvekot, Marc Spaanderman, Martina Porath, Jim van Eyck, Monique C Haak, Marielle G van Pampus, Hein W Bruinse…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:44

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:37

  40. Utilization of maternal health services is associated with improved maternal and neonatal health outcomes. Considering global and national interests in the Millennium Development Goal and Nigeria's high level ...

    Authors: Stella Babalola and Adesegun Fatusi
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:43
  41. Preterm labour is the main cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in the Western world. At present, there is evidence that tocolysis for 48 hours is useful in women with threatened preterm labour at least ...

    Authors: Carolien Roos, Liesbeth HCJ Scheepers, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Annemiek Bolte, Jerome Cornette, Jan B Derks, Hans JJ Duvekot, Jim van Eyck, Joke H Kok, Anneke Kwee, Ashley Merién, Brent C Opmeer, Mariëlle G van Pampus, Dimitri NM Papatsonis, Martina M Porath, Joris AM van der Post…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:42
  42. Emerging evidence from a recent pilot universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) programme suggests that the burden of obstetric complications associated with mode of delivery is not limited to maternal and pe...

    Authors: Bolajoko O Olusanya and Olumuyiwa A Solanke
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:41
  43. Previous work by us and others had suggested that cervical electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) may be predictive of the outcome of induced labour. We sought to determine which probe configuration of the EI...

    Authors: Roobin P Jokhi, Brian H Brown and Dilly OC Anumba
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:40
  44. Little is known about how optimism/pessimism and health-related quality of life compare across cultures.

    Authors: Cheryl A Moyer, Huixia Yang, Yao Kwawukume, Anu Gupta, YuChun Zhu, Isaac Koranteng, Yasmin Elsayed, YuMei Wei, Jonathan Greene, Cecilia Calhoun, Geraldine Ekpo, Megan Beems, Megan Ryan, Richard Adanu and Frank Anderson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:39
  45. At present, women with threatened preterm labor before 32 weeks of gestation are, after transfer to a perinatal center, treated with tocolytics and corticosteroids. Many of these women are treated unnecessaril...

    Authors: Jolande Y Vis, Femke F Wilms, Martijn A Oudijk, Martina M Porath, Hubertina CJ Scheepers, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Annemiek C Bolte, Jérôme Cornette, Jan B Derks, Johannes J Duvekot, Jim van Eyck, Anneke Kwee, Brent C Opmeer, Maria G van Pampus, Fred K Lotgering, Sicco A Scherjon…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:38
  46. The evidence of an association between neighbourhood deprivation and overweight is established for different populations. However no previous studies on neighbourhood variations in obesity in pregnant women we...

    Authors: Eva Sellström, Göran Arnoldsson, Marie Alricsson and Anders Hjern
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:37
  47. Caesarean section is one of the most commonly performed major operations in women throughout the world. Rates are escalating, with studies from the United States of America, the United Kingdom, China and the R...

    Authors: Deirdre J Murphy, Michael Carey, Alan A Montgomery and Sharon R Sheehan
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:36

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