Khan KS, Wojdyla D, Say L, Gülmezoglu AM, Van Look PF. WHO analysis of causes of maternal death: a systematic review. Lancet. 2006;367:1066–74.
Garovic VD, White WM, Vaughan L, Saiki M, Parashuram S, Garcia-Valencia O, Weissgerber TL, Milic N, Weaver A, Mielke MM. Incidence and long-term outcomes of Hypertensive Disorders of pregnancy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2020;75:2323–34.
Garovic VD, Dechend R, Easterling T, Karumanchi SA, McMurtry Baird S, Magee LA, Rana S, Vermunt JV, August P. Hypertension in pregnancy: diagnosis, blood pressure goals, and Pharmacotherapy: A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association. Hypertension. 2022;79:e21–41.
Li HT, Xue M, Hellerstein S, Cai Y, Gao Y, Zhang Y, Qiao J, Blustein J, Liu JM. Association of China’s universal two child policy with changes in births and birth related health factors: national, descriptive comparative study. BMJ. 2019;366:l4680.
Zhao W, Di J, Huang A, Yang Q, Hu H. Incidence and risk factors of Hypertensive Disorders of pregnancy – 8 provinces, China, 2014–2018. China CDC Wkly. 2021;3:476–82.
Ye C, Ruan Y, Zou L, Li G, Li C, Chen Y, Jia C, Megson IL, Wei J, Zhang W. The 2011 survey on hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) in China: prevalence, risk factors, complications, pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. PLoS ONE. 2014;9:e100180.
Report of the National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on High. Blood pressure in pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2000;183:1-s22.
Heimberger S, Perdigao JL, Mueller A, Shahul S, Naseem H, Minhas R, Chintala S, Rana S. Effect of blood pressure control in early pregnancy and clinical outcomes in african american women with chronic hypertension. Pregnancy Hypertens. 2020;20:102–7.
Lyu X, Zhang W, Zhang J, Wei Y, Guo X, Cui S, Yan J, Zhang X, Qiao C, Zhou R, Gu W, Chen X, Zi Y, Li X, Song Y, Lin J. Morbidity and maternal and infant outcomes of hypertensive disorder in pregnancy in China in 2018. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2021;23:1194–204.
Xiong T, Mu Y, Liang J, Zhu J, Li X, Li J, Liu Z, Qu Y, Wang Y, Mu D. Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy and stillbirth rates: a facility-based study in China. Bull World Health Organ. 2018;96:531–9.
Casagrande L, Rezende GP, Guida JP, Costa RS, Parpinelli MA, Surita FG, Costa ML. Maternal and perinatal outcomes related to superimposed pre-eclampsia in a brazilian cohort of women with chronic hypertension. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2020;149:148–53.
Ankumah NE, Sibai BM. Chronic hypertension in pregnancy: diagnosis, management, and outcomes. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2017;60:206–14.
Magee LA, von Dadelszen P, Singer J, Lee T, Rey E, Ross S, Asztalos E, Murphy KE, Menzies J, Sanchez J, Gafni A, Helewa M, Hutton E, Koren G, Lee SK, Logan AG, Ganzevoort W, Welch R, Thornton JG, Moutquin JM. The CHIPS randomized controlled trial (control of hypertension in pregnancy study): is severe hypertension just an elevated blood pressure? Hypertension. 2016;68:1153–9.
Chahine KM, Sibai BM. Chronic hypertension in pregnancy: New Concepts for classification and management. Am J Perinatol. 2019;36:161–8.
Hypertension in pregnancy. Report of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists’ Task Force on hypertension in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 2013;122:1122–31.
Brown MA, Magee LA, Kenny LC, Karumanchi SA, McCarthy FP, Saito S, Hall DR, Warren CE, Adoyi G, Ishaku S. Hypertensive Disorders of pregnancy: ISSHP classification, diagnosis, and Management Recommendations for International Practice. Hypertension. 2018;72:24–43.
Butalia S, Audibert F, Côté AM, Firoz T, Logan AG, Magee LA, Mundle W, Rey E, Rabi DM. Daskalopoulou SS and Nerenberg KA. Hypertension Canada’s 2018 guidelines for the management of hypertension in pregnancy. Can J Cardiol. 2018;34:526–31.
Sinkey RG, Battarbee AN, Bello NA, Ives CW, Oparil S, Tita ATN. Prevention. Diagnosis, and management of Hypertensive Disorders of pregnancy: a comparison of International Guidelines. Curr Hypertens Rep. 2020;22:66.
Lawn JE, Blencowe H, Pattinson R, Cousens S, Kumar R, Ibiebele I, Gardosi J. Day LT and Stanton C. Stillbirths: where? When? Why? How to make the data count? Lancet. 2011;377:1448–63.
Mu Y, Li M, Zhu J, Wang Y, Xing A, Liu Z, Xie Y, Wang X, Liang J. Apgar score and neonatal mortality in China: an observational study from a national surveillance system. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2021;21:47.
Dai L, Deng C, Li Y, Zhu J, Mu Y, Deng Y, Mao M, Wang Y, Li Q, Ma S, Ma X, Zhang Y. Birth weight reference percentiles for chinese. PLoS ONE. 2014;9:e104779.
Whelton PK, Carey RM, Aronow WS, Casey DE Jr, Collins KJ, Dennison Himmelfarb C, DePalma SM, Gidding S, Jamerson KA, Jones DW, MacLaughlin EJ, Muntner P, Ovbiagele B, Smith SC Jr, Spencer CC, Stafford RS, Taler SJ, Thomas RJ, Williams KA, Sr., Williamson JD, Wright JT Jr. 2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA Guideline for the Prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of high blood pressure in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines. Hypertension. 2018;71:e13-15.
Lin YW, Lin MH, Pai LW, Fang JW, Mou CH, Sung FC, Tzeng YL. Population-based study on birth outcomes among women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and gestational diabetes mellitus. Sci Rep. 2021;11:17391.
Poudel K, Kobayashi S, Miyashita C, Ikeda-Araki A, Tamura N, Ait Bamai Y, Itoh S, Yamazaki K, Masuda H, Itoh M. Ito K and Kishi R. Hypertensive Disorders during pregnancy (HDP), maternal characteristics, and birth outcomes among japanese women: a Hokkaido Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(7):3342.
Rezk M, Gamal A, Emara M. Maternal and fetal outcome in de novo preeclampsia in comparison to superimposed preeclampsia: a two-year observational study. Hypertens Pregnancy. 2015;34:137–44.
Chappell LC, Enye S, Seed P, Briley AL, Poston L, Shennan AH. Adverse perinatal outcomes and risk factors for preeclampsia in women with chronic hypertension: a prospective study. Hypertension. 2008;51:1002–9.
Lecarpentier E, Tsatsaris V, Goffinet F, Cabrol D, Sibai B, Haddad B. Risk factors of superimposed preeclampsia in women with essential chronic hypertension treated before pregnancy. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e62140.
Krielessi V, Papantoniou N, Papageorgiou I, Chatzipapas I, Manios E, Zakopoulos N, Antsaklis A. Placental Pathology and blood pressure’s level in women with Hypertensive Disorders in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol Int. 2012;2012:684083.
Ferrazzani S, Luciano R, Garofalo S, D’Andrea V, De Carolis S, De Carolis MP, Paolucci V, Romagnoli C, Caruso A. Neonatal outcome in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Early Hum Dev. 2011;87:445–9.
Women’s Heart Health Group CSoC and Hypertension Group CSoC. Expert Consensus on blood pressure management of Hypertensive Diseases in pregnancy (2019). Chin J Cardiovasc Disease. 2020;48:10.
Lu J, Lu Y, Wang X, Li X, Linderman GC, Wu C, Cheng X, Mu L, Zhang H, Liu J, Su M, Zhao H, Spatz ES, Spertus JA, Masoudi FA, Krumholz HM, Jiang L. Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in China: data from 1·7 million adults in a population-based screening study (China PEACE million persons project). Lancet. 2017;390:2549–58.
van der Loo B, Koppensteiner R. And Lüscher TF. [How do blood vessels age? Mechanisms and clinical implications]. Vasa. 2004;33:3–11.
ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 203: chronic hypertension in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 2019;133:e26–50.
ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 202: gestational hypertension and Preeclampsia. Obstet Gynecol. 2019;133:1.
Ahmad AS, Samuelsen SO. Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy and fetal death at different gestational lengths: a population study of 2 121 371 pregnancies. BJOG. 2012;119:1521–8.