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Table 2 Snapshot of healthcare access, childbirth concerns, and childbirth decision-making across data collection wave

From: Perinatal health care access, childbirth concerns, and birthing decision-making among pregnant people in California during COVID-19

  June–July 2020
n = 433
N (%)
December 2020–January 2021
n = 387
N (%)
p-value Sig.
Prenatal healthcare access
 Provider has begun remote visits    0.10  
  Yes 190 (43.9) 148 (38.2)   
  No 191 (44.1) 175 (45.2)   
  Unsure / no answer 52 (12.0) 64 (16.5)   
 Provider has reduced number of prenatal visits    < 0.001 ***
  Yes 147 (34.0) 90 (23.3)   
  No 209 (48.3) 183 (47.3)   
  Unsure / no answer 77 (17.8) 114 (29.5)   
 I seek care for health issues outside pregnancy    0.02 *
  Always 46 (10.6) 43 (11.1)   
  Sometimes / Often 108 (24.9) 122 (31.5)   
  Rarely / Never 240 (55.4) 186 (48.1)   
  Does not apply / I don’t know 39 (9.0) 36 (9.3)   
 I schedule extra prenatal visits if concerned    0.06 t
  Always 60 (13.9) 57 (14.7)   
  Sometimes / Often 75 (17.3) 85 (22.0)   
  Rarely / Never 231 (53.4) 183 (47.3)   
  Does not apply / I don’t know 67 (15.5) 62 (16.0)   
Concerns about childbirth healthcare access
 I worry about missing support person during birth    < 0.001 ***
  Always 89 (20.6) 65 (16.8)   
  Sometimes / Often 208 (48.0) 143 (37.0)   
  Rarely / Never 130 (30.0) 169 (43.7)   
  Does not apply / I don’t know 6 (1.4) 10 (2.6)   
 I worry about provider being unavailable during birth    0.82  
  Always 19 (4.4) 19 (4.9)   
  Sometimes / Often 121 (27.9) 99 (25.6)   
  Rarely / Never 281 (64.9) 252 (65.1)   
  Does not apply / I don’t know 12 (2.8) 17 (4.4)   
 I worry provider won’t have resources during birth    0.82  
  Always 16 (3.7) 18 (4.7)   
  Sometimes / Often 90 (20.8) 80 (20.7)   
  Rarely / Never 320 (73.9) 276 (71.3)   
  Does not apply / I don’t know 7 (1.6) 13 (3.4)   
Childbirth decision-making
 I am thinking about not having my baby in a hospital    0.06 t
  Always 21 (4.9) 15 (3.9)   
  Sometimes / Often 52 (12.0) 33 (8.5)   
  Rarely / Never 338 (78.1) 319 (82.4)   
  Does not apply / I don’t know 22 (5.1) 20 (5.2)   
 Planned location of birth    0.35  
  Hospital 402 (92.8) 368 (95.6)   
  Birth center 19 (4.4) 12 (3.1)   
  Homebirth 6 (1.4) 3 (.8)   
  Unsure / no answer 6 (1.4) 2 (.5)   
 COVID-19 changed my plans for where to give birth a    1.00  
  Changed plans to birth center 2 (8.0) 2 (13.3)   
  Changed plan to a homebirth 3 (12.0) 1 (6.7)   
  COVID did not change planned place of birth 20 (80.0) 12 (80.0)   
  1. aOnly asked of those planning an out-of-hospital birth
  2. bp-value of univariate OLS regression for continuous variales, Chi-squared test for dichotomous variables
  3. tp < 0.10, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001