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Table 1 Demographic characteristics across data collection wave

From: Perinatal health care access, childbirth concerns, and birthing decision-making among pregnant people in California during COVID-19

Characteristic June–July 2020
n = 433
N (%)
December 2020–January 2021
n = 387
N (%)
Maternal age
 18–24 53 (12.2) 27 (7.0)
 25–34 255 (58.9) 224 (57.9)
 35+ 125 (28.9) 136 (35.1)
Participant is essential worker
 Yes 103 (23.8) 149 (38.5)
 No 112 (25.9) 84 (21.7)
 Not currently employed / no answer 218 (50.3) 154 (39.8)
Ethnicity
 Hispanic 149 (34.4) 151 (39.0)
 Not Hispanic 280 (64.7) 236 (61.0)
Race
 White 233 (53.8) 199 (51.4)
 Black / African American 20 (4.6) 18 (4.7)
 Indigenous / First Nations 4 (.9) 2 (.5)
 Asian / Pacific Island / Native Hawaiian 36 (8.3) 37 (9.6)
 Other race 37 (8.6) 42 (10.9)
 Multiracial 82 (18.9) 64 (16.5)
Urbanicity
 Rural 22 (5.1) 14 (3.7)
 Semi-rural 51 (11.8) 33 (8.6)
 Suburban 191 (44.1) 162 (42.3)
 Urban 99 (22.9) 85 (22.2)
 Major metropolitan 63 (14.6) 89 (23.2)
Trimester of pregnancy
 1st (0–13 weeks+ 6 days) 96 (22.2) 121 (31.3)
 2nd (14–27 weeks+ 6 day) 188 (43.4) 172 (44.4)
 3rd (28–42 weeks) 142 (32.8) 94 (24.2)
 No answer / unsure 7 (1.6) 0 (.0)
Parity
 Primipara 206 (47.6) 183 (47.4)
 Multipara 227 (52.4) 203 (52.6)
  1. Every participant did not respond to every item; therefore Ns do not necessarily sum to total analytic sample size