Selin H, Stone PK. Childbirth across cultures ideas and practices of pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum. New York: Springer; 2009.
Windau-Melmer, Tamara. A Guide for Advocating for Respectful Maternity Care. Washington, DC: Futures Group, Health Policy Project:; 2013.
World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, UNFPA. Women-friendly health services: experiences in maternal care. Mexico City: WHO/UNICEF/UNFPA; 1999.
Freedman LP, Kruk ME. Disrespect and abuse of women in childbirth: challenging the global qualityand accountability agendas. Lancet. 2014;384(9948):e42-4.
Lansky S, Souza KV, Peixoto ERM, Oliveira BJ, Diniz CSG, Vieira NF, et al. Obstetric violence: influences of the Senses of Birth exhibition in pregnant women childbirth experience. Cien Saude Colet. 2019;24(8):2811–24.
Rijnders M, Baston H, Schönbeck Y, Van Der Pal K, Prins M, Green J, et al. Perinatal factors related to negative or positive recall of birthexperience in women 3 years postpartum in the Netherlands. Birth. 2008;35(2):107–16.
Waldenström U, Hildingsson I, Rubertsson C, Rådestad I. A negative birth experience: prevalence and risk factors in a national sample. Birth. 2004;31(1):17–27.
Henriksen L, Grimsrud E, Schei B, Lukasse M. Bidens study group. Factors related to a negative birth experience–a mixed methods study. Midwifery. 2017;51:33–9.
Ghanbari-Homayi S, Fardiazar Z, Meedya S, Charandabi SMA, Asghari-Jafarabadi M, Mohammadi S, et al. Predictors of traumatic birth experience among a group of Iranian primipara women: a cross sectional study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2019;19:182.
Tani F, Castagna V. Maternal social support, quality of birth experience, and post-partum depression in primiparous women. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2017;30(6):689–92.
Smarandache A, Kim TH, Bohr Y, Tamim H. Predictors of a negative labour and birth experience based on a national survey of Canadian women. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2016;16(1):114.
Brown A, Jordan S. Impact of birth complications on breastfeeding duration: an internet survey. J Adv Nurs. 2013;69:828–39.
Garthus-Niegel S, Knoph C, von Soest T, Nielsen CS, Eberhard-Gran M. The role of labor pain and overall birth experience in the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms: a longitudinal cohort study. Birth. 2014;41(1):108–15.
Yeo JH, Chun N. Influence of childbirth experience and postpartum depression on quality of life in women after birth. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2013;43(1):11–9.
Schroll A, Kjrgaard H, Midtgaard J. Encountering abuse in health care;lifetimeexperiences in postnatal women - a qualitative study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2013;3:74.
Bowser D, Hill K. Exploring evidence for disrespect and abuse in facility based childbirth: report of a landscape analysis. Maryland: USAID-TRAction Project, Harvard School of Public Health and University Research Corporation, LLC;: Bethesda; 2010.
World Health Organization (WHO). The prevention and elimination of disrespect and abuse during facility-based childbirth: WHO statement. Geneva: WHO; 2014.
Ulla Waldenström U, Schytt E. A longitudinal study of women’s memory of labour pain—from 2 months to 5 years after the birth. BJOG. 2009;116(4):577–83.
World Health Organization. WHO recommendations: intrapartum care for a positive childbirth experience. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Abuya T, Warren CE, Miller N, et al. Exploring the prevalence of disrespect and abuse during childbirth in Kenya. PloS ONE. 2015;10(4):e0123606.
Sudhinaraset M, Treleaven E, Melo J, Singh K, Diamond-Smith N. Women’s status and experiences of mistreatment during childbirth in Uttar Pradesh: a mixed methods study using cultural health capital theory. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2016;16(1):332.
Lukasse M, Schroll AM, Karro H, et al. Prevalence of experienced abuse in healthcare and associated obstetric characteristics in six European countries. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2015;94(5):508–17.
Hajizadeh Kh, Vaezi M, Meedya Sh, Charandabi SMA, Mirghafourvand M. Respectful maternity care and its related factors in maternal units of public and private hospitals in Tabriz: a sequential explanatory mixed method study protocol. Reprod Health. 2020;17(1):1–7.
Sheferaw ED, Bazant E, Gibson H, Fenta HB, Ayalew F, Belay TB, et al. Respectful maternity care in Ethiopian public health facilities. Reprod health. 2017;14(1):60.
Sheferaw ED, Mengesha TZ, Wase SB. Development of a tool to measure women’s perception of respectful maternity care in public health facilities. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2016;16(1):67.
.Dencker A, Taft C, Bergqvist L, Lilja H, Berg M. Childbirth experience questionnaire (CEQ): development and evaluation of a multidimensional instrument. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2010;10(81):1–8.
Ghanbari-Homayi S, Denker A, Fardiazar Z, Asghari-Jafarabadi M, Charandabi SMA, Meedya S M,, et al. Validation of the Iranian version of the childbirth experience questionnaire 2.0. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2019;19:465.
Rasouli M, Keramat A, Khosravi A, Mohabatpour Z. Prevalence and factors associated with episiotomy in Shahroud City, northeast of Iran. Int J Womens Health Reprod Sci. 2016;4(3):125–9.
Mousa O, Oscar M. Turingan OM. Quality of care in the delivery room: Focusing on respectful maternal care practices. J Nurs Educ Pract. 2019;9(1):1–6.
Rosen HE, Lynam PF, Carr C, Reis V, Ricca J, Bazant ES, et al. Direct Observation of respectful maternity care in five countries: a cross-sectional study of health facilities in East and Southern Africa. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2015;15:306.
Bohren MA, Vogel JP, Hunter EC, et al. The Mistreatment of women during childbirth in health facilities globally: A mixed-methods systematic review. Plosmed. 2015;12(6):e1001847.
World Health Organization. WHO recommendations: intrapartum care for a positive childbirth experience. 2018. .
Della A. Forster DA, McLachlan HL, Davey MA, Biro MA, Farrell T, et al. Continuity of care by a primary midwife (caseload midwifery) increases women’s satisfaction with antenatal, intrapartum and postpartum care: results from the COSMOS randomised controlled trial. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2016;16:28.
Meedya S, Fahy K, Parratt JA. The Milky Way educational and support programme: Structure, content and strategies. Women Birth. 2016;29(4):388–93.
Moyer CA, Adongo PB, Aborigo RA, Hodgson A, Engmann CM. ‘They treat you like you are not a human being’: maltreatment during labour and delivery in rural northern Ghana. Midwifery. 2014;30:262–8.
Orpin J, Puthussery S, Davidson R, Burden B. Women’s experiences of disrespect and abuse in maternity care facilities in Benue State, Nigeria. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2018;18(1):213.
Balde MD, Bangoura A, Diallo BA, Sall O, Balde H, Niakate AS, et al. Aqualitative study of women’s and health providers’ attitudes and acceptability of mistreatment during childbirth in health facilities in Guinea. Reprod Health. 2017;14:4.
Bohren MA, Vogel JP, Tunçalp Ö, Fawole B, Titiloye MA, Olutayo AO, et al. “By slapping their laps, the patient will know that you truly care for her”: a qualitative study on social norms and acceptability of the mistreatment of women during childbirth in Abuja, Nigeria. SSM Popul Health. 2016;2:640–55.