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Table 3 Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis of factors associated with postpartum fever/hypothermia among all study participants

From: Incidence of postpartum infection, outcomes and associated risk factors at Mbarara regional referral hospital in Uganda

  Univariable Multivariable
Characteristic OR (95% CI) P-value* OR (95% CI) P-value*
History of STI during pregnancy 1.5 (0.7–3.3) 0.29 4.0 (1.7–9.6) 0.002
Cesarean delivery 4.8 (3.3–7.0) < 0.001 2.9 (1.8–4.8) < 0.001
Number of days admitted to hospital 1.4 (1.3–1.5) < 0.001 1.2 (1.1–1.4) < 0.001
Formal employment 0.5 (0.3–0.7) < 0.001 0.5 (0.3–0.8) 0.002
Multiparous 0.6 (0.4–0.7) < 0.001 0.5 (0.3–0.7) 0.001
Residence in Mbarara municipality 0.6 (0.4–0.8) 0.001 0.7 (0.5–1.1) 0.11
Number of vaginal exams in labor 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 1.0 0.9 (0.8–1.0) 0.06
HIV-infected 1.0 (0.6–1.6) 1.0 1.0 (0.5–1.9) 0.94
Age 0.9 (0.9–1.0) < 0.001 1.0 (0.9–1.0) 0.40
Number of hours in labor 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 0.08 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 0.95
Referred from an outside facility 2.6 (1.8–3.7) < 0.001 1.5 (0.9–2.4) 0.10
  1. CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio, STI sexually transmitted infection, HIV human immunodeficiency virus
  2. *Tests of association between cohort characteristics and the presence or absence of postpartum fever or hypothermia were performed using univariable or multivariable logistic regression analysis