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Table 2 Maternal placental mRNA expression of cytokines in 4 kinds of delivery modes (mean ± SE)

From: Placenta response of inflammation and oxidative stress in low-risk term childbirth: the implication of delivery mode

Cytokines VD CDMI CDMR UCD P Value
Pro-inflammatory cytokines
 IL-1β 0.98 ± 0.04 0.85 ± 0.07 0.77 ± 0.06 1.04 ± 0.22 0.042
 TNF-α 1.36 ± 0.05 1.47 ± 0.08 1.59 ± 0.06 1.84 ± 0.23 0.007
 IL-6 0.73 ± 0.04 0.85 ± 0.06 0.90 ± 0.06 1.02 ± 0.22 0.063
 IFN-γ 1.18 ± 0.06 1.12 ± 0.09 1.15 ± 0.07 1.59 ± 0.25 0.399
 IL-8 0.87 ± 0.04 0.65 ± 0.07 0.55 ± 0.06 0.96 ± 0.20 <0.001
Anti-inflammatory cytokines
 IL-4 0.93 ± 0.05 0.81 ± 0.08 0.89 ± 0.06 1.19 ± 0.22 0.354
 IL-10 1.07 ± 0.05 0.99 ± 0.08 0.96 ± 0.07 1.11 ± 0.23 0.538
Oxidative stress cytokines
 HO-1 0.91 ± 0.04 1.09 ± 0.08 1.15 ± 0.06 0.90 ± 0.16 0.009
  1. VD vaginal delivery, CDMI cesarean delivery with medical indication, CDMR cesarean deliveryon maternal request, UCD urgent cesarean delivery