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Table 1 Baseline characteristics for Western and ethnic minority women

From: A prospective cohort study of depression in pregnancy, prevalence and risk factors in a multi-ethnic population

  Total n =749 Western Europe n = 305 Ethnic Minority Group n = 444 South Asia n = 189 Middle East n = 113 Other Minorities n = 142
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n(%)
Age, mean (SD) 29.9 (4.84) 30.9 (4.50) 29.2 (4.93) 28.7 (4.46) 29.6 (5.46) 29.4 (5.07)
Week of inclusion, mean (SD) 15.1 (3.39) 14.2 (2.25) 15.7 (3.87) 15.6 (3.86) 15.1 (3.27) 16.2 (4.26)
Nulliparous 344 (45.9) 157 (51.5) 187 (42.1) 78 (41.3) 40 (35.4) 69 (48.6)
Single parenthood1 40 (5.3) 13 (4.3) 27 (6.1) 2 (1.1) 5 (4.4) 20 (14.1)
Education
  <10 years of education 120 (16.1) 9 (3.0) 111 (25.2) 34 (18.1) 42 (37.5) 35 (24.8)
  10-12 years 295 (39.7) 95 (31.4) 200 (45.4) 93 (49.5) 51 (45.5) 56 (39.7)
  13-16 years 229 (30.8) 126 (41.6) 103 (23.4) 48 (25.5) 16 (14.3) 39 (27.7)
  university/college 100(13.5) 73 (24.1) 27 (6.1) 13 (6.9) 3 (2.7) 11 (7.8)
Unemployed in pre-pregnancy 219 (29.5) 36 (11.9) 183 (41.7) 71 (38.0) 59 (52.2) 53 (38.1)
Proportion with low score for socioeconomic position 294 (39.3) 61 (20) 233 (52.5) 88 (46.6) 72 (63.7) 73 (51.4)
Proportion with low score for social integration 300 (40.1) 17(5.6) 283 (63.7) 122 (64.6) 73 (64.6) 88 (62.0)
Self-reported adverse life events at inclusion2
  ≥2 events 66 (9.1) 23 (7.8) 43 (10.0) 16 (8.6) 16 (14.5) 11 (8.2)
Self-reported adverse life events after inclusion3
  ≥2 events 45 (6.1) 16 (5.4) 29 (6.5) 14 (7.4) 10 (8.8) 5 (3.6)
Poor subjective health 3 months before pregnancy 77 (10.4) 17 (5.6) 60 (13.7) 30 (16.0) 18 (16.2) 12 (8.7)
Previous history of depression3 114 (18.2) 61 (23.1) 53 (14.6) 21 (13.5) 15 (16.5) 17 (14.8)
  1. 1Living without a partner.
  2. 2Past six months.
  3. 3Data collected postpartum.
  4. Values are n (%) if not stated otherwise.