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Table 6 Changes over time and between groups of scores for coping, social support, self-efficacy, emotions and accountability

From: Can a text message a week improve breastfeeding?

Variable name Intervention group (IG) time 1 (T1) mean (SD) Intervention group time 2 (T2) mean (SD) Change between T1 and T2 for IG Comparison group (CG) T1 mean (SD) Comparison group T2 mean (SD) Change T1 and T2 for CG CI (change between groups over time) P-value*
Active coping 3.51 (0.89) 3.78 (0.76) +0.33 3.76(0.65) 3.51(0.31) -0.25 -0.75, -0.23 0.01
Emotion- focussed coping 3.28 (0.74) 3.07 (0.85) -0.23 3.17(0.79) 2.32(0.46) -0.86 0.32,0.76 0.001
Perceived social support 3.64(1.05) 3.86(0.88) +.24 3.91(0.86) 3.89(0.68) -0.02 0.01,-0.28 <0.001
Self-efficacy 4.00 (0.74) 4.15 (0.72) +0.15 4.22(0.66) 4.29(0.67) +0.07 -0.24,0.06 0.25
Positive emotions 4.23 (0.58) 4.35 (0.61) +0.12 4.64(0.67) 4.73(0.51) +0.09 -0.07,0.22 0.31
Negative emotions 1.28 (0.65) 1.37 (0.78) +0.09 1.28(0.43) 1.30(0.46) +0.02 -0.01,0.28 0.07
Accountability 4.36 (0.67) 4.38 (0.69) +0.02 4.31(0.77) 4.49(0.71) +0.18 -0.07,0.37 0.17
  1. *significance of the difference in change over time between intervention and comparison group.