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Table 3 Summary of the final model of stepwise linear regression analyses of body image at T1

From: Course and prediction of body image dissatisfaction during pregnancy: a prospective study

  BIPS T1
Preoccupation with appearance Dissatisfaction with strength-related aspects Dissatisfaction with complexion Dissatisfaction with body parts Prioritization of appearance over function Concerns about sexual attractiveness
  β β β β β β
Sociodemographic variables
 Age    -.220**    
 School education (0 = low to middle; 1 = high)       
 Household income       
 Parity (0 = primiparous; 1 = multiparous)     .129*   
Pregnancy-related variables
 Pregnancy plans       
 Desire for Pregnancy      -.154* -.189**
Weight- and physical health-related variables
 Pre-pregnancy BMI     .168**   
 Weight gain (before pregnancy to T1) .148** .149*     
 Current physical disorders (0 = no; 1 = yes)    .163*    .117*
 Poor Sleep Quality (PSQI) .144*    .134*   
Eating- and activity-related variables
 Number of days with eating attacks (EDE-Q)     .201**   
 Number of days with uncontrolled eating (EDE-Q) .331***      .133*
 Moderate physical activity (IPAQ) .122*      
 Intense physical activity (IPAQ) .139* -.144*     
Psychological variables
 Social Support (BSSS)   -.153*     
 Mental disorders before pregnancy (0 = no; 1 = yes) .140*      
 Depression (EDPS)   .222**     
 Worry (CWS)    .164* .205**   
 Self-Esteem (RSE) -.237***      -.426***
F (df1, df2) 16.784*** (7, 214) 8.573*** (4, 217) 7.948***
(3, 218)
8.267***
(5, 216)
5.317*
(1, 220)
20.183
(4, 217)
R2 (adjusted R2) .345 (.333) .136 (.121) .099 (.086) .161 (.141) .024 (.019) .271 (.258)
  1. Independent and dependent variables were assessed at T1 (cross-sectional analyses). The final model of stepwise linear regression analyses is shown. Higher BSSS scores indicate higher levels of social support. Higher EPDS scores indicate more severe depressive symptomatology. Higher CWS scores indicates higher levels of pregnancy-specific worries. Higher RSE scores indicate higher levels of self-esteem
  2. β Standardized regression coefficient
  3. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001