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Table 3 Association between antenatal depression and infant outcomes

From: Perinatal depression and its impact on infant outcomes and maternal-nurse SMS communication in a cohort of Kenyan women

Outcome (n) Proportion with Outcome (n; %) Relative Risk (95% CI) p-value Adjusted Relative Risk (95% CI)a p-value
Infant Morbidity   271 (47.4%)    
 Antenatal depression (n = 163) 84 (51.5%) 1.12 (1.11, 1.13) < 0.0001* 1.03 (1.03, 1.03)b < 0.0001*
 No antenatal depression (n = 409) 187 (45.7%)     
Preterm Birth   142 (25.0%)    
 Antenatal depression (n = 162) 41 (25.3%) 1.22 (0.75, 1.99) 0.42 1.32 (0.89, 1.97) 0.17
 No antenatal depression (n = 406) 101 (24.9%)     
Infant Mortality   18 (3.1%)    
 Antenatal depression (n = 163) 5 (3.1%) 0.77 (0.65, 0.91) 0.002*
 No antenatal depression (n = 409) 13 (3.2%)     
  1. aAdjusted for adolescence, marital status, education level, employment status, abuse during pregnancy, HIV status, monthly income, primigravida status, distance from clinic, type of delivery, location of delivery, complications during pregnancy, and complications during delivery
  2. bTaken to thousandth place, the adjusted relative risk and corresponding CI is 1.030 (1.029, 1.031)