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Table 4 The duration of the third stage of labour, postpartum blood loss, pain, and anxiety after birth between the two groups

From: Effectiveness of early essential newborn care on breastfeeding and maternal outcomes: a nonrandomized controlled study

  Intervention group (n = 91) Mean ± SD Control group (n = 91) Mean ± SD pa
Duration of the third stage of labour (min), mean ± SD 5.25 ± 5.66 6.10 ± 2.92  < 0.001
Postpartum blood loss within 2 h after birth (ml), mean ± SD 234.64 ± 63.65 281.37 ± 72.29  < 0.001
VAS at 30 min, mean ± SD 1.73 ± 0.94 2.64 ± 1.67  < 0.001
VAS at the first hour, mean ± SD 0.79 ± 0.88 1.46 ± 1.34  < 0.001
VAS at the second hour, mean ± SD 0.41 ± 0.76 0.79 ± 0.91 0.002
STAI-S*, mean ± SD 25.62 ± 3.88 29.35 ± 5.88  < 0.001
  1. a the two-tailed t test was used for comparisons between the intervention group and the control group
  2. *VAS Visual Analogue Scale, STAI-S the state form of State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, min minute, ml millilitre