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Table 3 Attitudes towards antibiotic use of women during pregnancy and after birth for their children (six months follow up)

From: Antibiotic knowledge, attitudes and reported practice during pregnancy and six months after birth: a follow- up study in Lao PDR

Attitude Questions Woman during pregnancy Woman after birth (six months follow up) p value
Q1 When ill e.g., having a runny nose, sore throat, fever or cough but without difficulties in breathing I would use antibiotics to get better quickly    < 0.01
 Disagree 411 (76.2) 366 (67.9)  
 Agree 92 (17.0) 156 (28.9)  
 I don’t know 36 (6.6) 17 (3.1)  
Q2. If one of my family members is ill with the above symptoms I would advise them to take antibiotics without seeing a healthcare provider    < 0.01
 Disagree 282 (52.3) 341 (63.2)  
 Agree 225 (41.7) 181 (33.5)  
 I don’t know 32 (5.9) 17 (3.1)  
Q3. I expect antibiotics being prescribed by the doctor/ assistant doctor when suffering from a common cold    < 0.01
 Disagree 341 (63.2) 316 (58.6)  
 Agree 141 (26.1) 192 (35.6)  
 I don’t know 57 (10.5) 31 (5.7)  
Q4. I prefer to be able to buy antibiotics directly from a pharmacy without prescription    < 0.01
 Disagree 396 (73.4) 445 (82.5)  
 Agree 119 (22.0) 84 (15.5)  
 I don’t know 24 (4.4) 10 (1.8)  
Q5. If I would have left over antibiotics, I would prefer to store them at home, just in case I need them later    < 0.01
 Disagree 384 (71.2) 452 (83.8)  
 Agree 137 (25.4) 77 (14.2)  
 I don’t know 18 (3.3) 10 (1.8)  
Q6. I would use leftover antibiotic from previous prescription for treating similar symptoms    < 0.01
 Disagree 428 (79.4) 471 (87.5)  
 Agree 90 (16.7) 59 (10.9)  
 I don’t know 21 (3.9) 8 (1.4)  
Q7. When getting a cold I will use antibiotics to prevent symptoms from getting worse    < 0.01
 Disagree 382 (70.8) 404 (74.9)  
 Agree 116 (21.5) 124 (23.0)  
 I don’t know 41 (7.6) 11 (2.0)  
Q8. I think it is good to be able to acquire antibiotics from relatives or acquaintances without seen by a healthcare provider    0.13
 Disagree 458 (84.9) 480 (89.0)  
 Agree 62 (11.5) 46 (8.5)  
 I don’t know 19 (3.5) 13 (2.4)  
Q9. I would change the doctor/assistant doctor if according to my opinion they do not prescribe antibiotics enough    0.03
 Disagree 402 (74.5) 428 (79.5)  
 Agree 95 (17.6) 88 (16.3)  
 I don’t know 42 (7.7) 22 (4.0)  
Q10. Doctor/assistant doctor always conduct an examination regardless if patient needs antibiotic or not    0.29
 Disagree 41 (7.6) 32 (5.9)  
 Agree 485 (89.9) 499 (92.5)  
 I don’t know 13 (2.4) 8 (1.4)  
Q11. Doctor/assistant doctor prescribe antibiotics when patient expects it    < 0.01
 Disagree 337 (62.5) 335 (62.1)  
 Agree 161 (29.8) 192 (35.6)  
 I don’t know 41 (7.6) 12 (2.2)  
Q12. When antibiotics are prescribed, the doctor/assistant doctor takes time to provide information on how they should be used, in an understandable manner    0.08
 Disagree 28 (5.2) 18 (3.3)  
 Agree 500 (92.9) 517 (95.9)  
 I don’t know 10 (1.8) 4 (0.7)  
Q13. Pharmacy staff take their time to inform me on how antibiotics should be used    0.12
 Disagree 27 (5.0) 14 (2.6)  
 Agree 505 (93.8) 519 (96.2)  
 I don’t know 6 (1.1) 6 (1.1)  
Q14. A doctor/assistant doctor who does not prescribe antibiotics when patient thinks that they are needed, is not a good doctor    < 0.01
 Disagree 388 (71.9) 381 (70.6)  
 Agree 102 (18.9) 135 (25.0)  
 I don’t know 49 (9.0) 23 (4.2)  
Q15. I am confident in a doctor’s/assistant doctor’s decision if she/he does not prescribe antibiotics    < 0.01
 Disagree 38 (7.0) 60 (11.1)  
 Agree 480 (89.0) 471 (87.3)  
 I don’t know 21 (3.9) 8 (1.4)