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Table 6 Multivariate regression analyses predicting parenting stressors and parental role strain for breastfeeding women in Finland and the UK

From: Parenting stress in the early years – a survey of the impact of breastfeeding and social support for women in Finland and the UK

  Parenting stress Parental role strain
Model 1 Demographics β1 p (95%CI) β1 p (95%CI)
Country (Finland/UK) -.03 .341 (-.88,.30) .37 < .001 (2.6,3.6)
Single parent -.04 .170 (-5.1,.91) -.03 .342 (-2.8,-0.9)
Income -.28  < .001 (-1.5,-.92) -.10 < .001 (-.58, -.17)
Education .06 .040 (.06,.53) .05 .005 (.01,.47)
R2adj. = 10, F(4,857) = 27.77, p < .001 R2adj = .14, F(4,,1110) = 50.4, p < .001
Model 2 Breastfeeding
 Breastfeeding stress .11 .004 (.03,.16) .20 < .001 (.11,.21)
 Breastfeeding self-efficacy -.07 .065 (-.22,.03) -.07 .040 (-.17, -.01)
R2adj = .13, F (2,855) = 15.72, p < .001 R2adj = .21, F(2,1108) = 43.9, p < .001
Model 3 Social Support
 Professional support (CARE) -.15 < .001 (-.12,-.05) -.08 < .005 (-.06, -.01)
 Shared parenting .01 .903 (-.09,.10) .02 .604 (-.06,.09)
 How helpful -.15 < .001 (-1.6 -.64) -.10 < .001 (-1.1,-.32)
R2adj = .17, F(3,852) = 15.73, p < .001 R2adj = .23, F (3,1105) = 7.6, p < .001
Model 4 Interactions β2    β2   
BFStress x CARE -.23 .162 (-.01,.002) .01 .870 (-.006, .006)
BFStress x helpful .12 .710 (-.09,.13) .37 .172 (-.02,14)
R2adj = .17, F (2,850) = 1.0, p = .364 R2adj = .23,F(2,1103) = .94, p = .395
  1. Coefficients reported from Model 3
  2. Coefficients reported from Model 4