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Table 4 Comparison of parenting stressors, role strains, breastfeeding stress and self-efficacy for participants in Finland and the UK

From: Parenting stress in the early years – a survey of the impact of breastfeeding and social support for women in Finland and the UK

  Finland
Mean (SD)
UK
Mean (SD)
t (df) p ES1
Parenting Stressors 9.9 (4.4) 9.6 (4.3) 1.33 (1164) .092 .08
Parenting Role Strain 13.8 (3.8) 16.7 (3.4) -15.32(1184.33)2  < .001 -.79
Breastfeeding Stressors 15.0 (5.2) 14.3(4.2) 2.75(965.88) 2 .003 .16
Breastfeeding self-efficacy 18.0 (2.5) 17.3 (2.7) 4.65(835.49)2  < .001 .27
  1. Effect size: Cohen’s d
  2. Welch’s correction for heterogeneity of variance applied