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Table 4 Results of multilevel regression models of treatment outcome predicted by measurement occasion (deviations from pre-test)

From: Mindful with your baby for mothers of infants with (parental) stress in a non-clinical setting: a wait-list controlled pilot trial

  Intercept Waitlist Posttest Follow-up
β (SE) F β (SE) F β (SE) F β (SE) F
Parental Stress (PSI-SF) .13 (.26) .26 .34 (.17) 3.98a -.47 (.17) 7.70b -.44 (.18) 6.09b
Stress, depression, and anxiety (DASS-21)
  Stress .28 (.26) 1.16 .23 (.24) .94 -.58 (.26) 5.13b -.62 (.26) 5.93b
  Depression .41 (.30) 1.85 .02 (.16) .02 -.64 (.19) 10.86c -.71 (.17) 18.18c
  Anxiety .26 (.28) .88 .32 (.15) 4.61a -.64 (.22) 8.41b -.42 (.19) 4.69a
Mindfulness (FFMQ-SF) -.37 (.24) 2.35 .20 (.24) .65 .95 (.21) 19.82c .58 (.21) 7.51b
Self-compassion (SCS-3) -.22 (.26) .73 .01 (.22)  < .01 .58 (.22) 6.78b .47 (.20) 5.38b
  1. Data are presented as parameter estimates (and standard errors) and F values of multilevel regression models
  2. β = Parameter estimate, which can be interpreted as Cohen’s d effect size of change
  3. PSI-SF short form of the Dutch Parenting Stress Index, DASS-21, 21-item version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales, FFMQ-SF short form of the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire, SCS-3 3-item version of the Self-Compassion Scale
  4. ap < .10. bp < .05. cp < .01