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Table 2 Maternal, obstetric, lifestyle, psychosocial and infant characteristics of participant by their depressive status in Ibadan, Nigeria

From: Prevalence, associated factors and perinatal outcomes of antepartum depression in Ibadan Nigeria

Characteristics Total Antepartum Depression Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P-value
Yes No
Gravidity
 Primigravida 481 (32.9) 62 (12.89) 419 (87.11) 1  
 2–4 822 (56.3) 116 (14.11) 706 (85.89) 0.999 (0.739, 1.352) 0.997
 5 and above 158 (14.0) 29 (18.35) 129 (81.65) 0.863 (0.415, 1.797) 0.694
Parity
 Nullipara 641 (43.9) 91 (14.20) 550 (85 .80) 1  
 1–3 747 (51.2) 106 (14.19) 641 (85.81) 1.110 (0.797, 1.546) 0.535
 4 and above 72 (4.9) 9 (12.50) 63 (87.50) 1.519 (0.937, 2.463) 0.090
Obstetric history
 Previous Miscarriage
  Yes 321 (30.4) 50 (15.58) 271 (84.42) 1.048 (0.729, 1.508) 0.799
  No 735 (69.6) 110 (14.97) 625 (85.03) 1  
 Previous Induced Abortion
  Yes 245 (25.4) 49 (20.00) 196 (80.00) 1.688 (1.153, 2.472) *0.007
  No 773 (74.6) 93 (12.90) 628 (87.10)   
 Previous Still birth
  Yes 133 (13.7) 22(16.54) 111 (83.46) 1.170 (0.711, 1.918) 0.539
  No 841 (86.3) 122 (14.51) 719 (85.49)   
 Previous Caesarean Section
  Yes 215 (21.8) 24 (11.16) 191 (88.84) 0.677 (0.425, 1.080) 0.101
  No 773 (78.2) 121 (15.65) 652 (84.35)   
Lifestyle characteristics
 Tobacco exposure
  Yes 52 (3.5) 7 (13.46) 45 (87.80) 0.945 (0.420, 2.125) 0.089
  No 1415 (96.5) 200 (14.13) 1215 (86.1) 1  
 Alcohol Consumption
  Yes 191 (13.0) 30 (15.7) 161 (84.3) 1.157 (0.760, 1.762) 0.680
  No 1276 (87.0) 177 (13.9) 1099 (86.1) 1  
 Maternal Obesity
  Yes 279 (19.6) 46 (16.49) 233 (83.51) 1.226 (0.857, 1.753) 0.265
  No 1146 (80.4) 159 (13.87) 987 (86.13) 1  
Duration of moderate intensity exercise (± SD) 26.3 (± 22.9) 25.4 (± 23.3) 26.4 (± 22.9) 1.00 (0.991, 1.005) 0.546
Duration of sleep (± SD) 8.03 (± 0.65) 8.01 (± 1.78) 8.01 (± 1.67) 1.00 (0.91, 1.09) 0.964
Psychosocial factors
 Intimate Partner Violence
  Yes 10 (0.7) 4 (40.00) 6 (60.00) 4.11 (1.15, 14.7) 0.029
  No 1457 (99.3) 203 (13.93) 1254 (86.07)   
 Perceived Stress
  Low 144 (10.8) 10 (6.94) 134 (93.06) 1  
  Moderate 1106 (82.7) 168 (15.19) 938 (84.81) 2.440 (1.031, 5.776) *0.042
  High 87 (6.5) 25 (28.74) 62 (71.26) 6.129 (2.155, 17.431) *0.001
 Chronic Medical Illness
  Yes 149 (10.2) 24 (16.11) 125 (83.89) 1.191 (0.749, 1.893) 0.740
  No 1318 (89.8) 183 (13.88) 1135 (86.12)   
Infant factors
 Sex
  Male 631 (52.7) 95 (15.1) 536 (85.9) 1.10 (0.802 – 1.53) 0.531
  Female 566 (47.3) 78 (13.8) 488 (86.2) 1  
Mean Birth weight (kg, mean ± SD) 3.10 (± 0.53) 3.07 (± 0.55) 3.11 (± 0.52)   0.473
Mean Gestational age (weeks, mean ± SD) 38.9 (± 2.79) 38.6 (± 3.52) 38.9 (± 2.79)   0.046