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Table 7 Weighted mean (standard deviation) scores of the Childbirth Experience Questionnaire 2.0 for the total population (n = 621)

From: Assessing Dutch women’s experiences of labour and birth: adaptations and psychometric evaluations of the measures Mothers on Autonomy in Decision Making Scale, Mothers on Respect Index, and Childbirth Experience Questionnaire 2.0

  Total population
N = 621
Statistical differences among subgroups
Mean (SD) P-value
PREGNANCY CHARACTERISTICS
Parity   ≤ 0.001
  Nulliparous 3.35 (0.50)  
  Multiparous 3.16 (0.55)  
Gestational age   0.27
   < 36 + 6 3.13 (0.48)  
  37 + 0 - 39 + 6 3.24 (0.58)  
  40 + 0 - 40 + 6 3.31 (0.49)  
  41 + 0 - 41 + 6 3.28 (0.45)  
   ≥ 42 + 0 3.03 (0.58)  
Complications during pregnancy a   ≤ 0.001
  None 3.36 (0.48)  
  1 3.2 (0.51)  
  2 3.13 (0.60)  
  ≥ 3 2.91 (0.66)  
BIRTH CHARACTERISTICS
Mode of birth   ≤ 0.001
  Vaginal 3.32 (0.51)  
  Instrumental vaginal 2.96 (0.44)  
  CS (elective or emergency) 2.98 (0.62)  
Number of times the attended healthcare professional during birth was met in the prenatal period ≤ 0.001
  0 3.13 (0.57)  
  1-2 3.25 (0.54)  
  3-4 3.44 (0.39)  
   ≥ 5 3.37 (0.50)  
  Unknown 3.05 (0.59)  
Place of giving birth   ≤ 0.001
  Home 3.55 (0.37)  
  Maternity hotel/birth centre 3.17 (0.54)  
  Hospital 3.03 (0.60)  
Healthcare professionals   ≤ 0.001
  Community midwife 3.54 (0.36)  
  Hospital-based midwife 3.17 (0.52)  
  Obstetrician 3.02 (0.63)  
  Community midwife and Hospital-based midwife 3.22 (0.49)  
  Community midwife and Obstetrician 3.13 (0.43)  
  Hospital-based midwife and Obstetrician 2.97 (0.58)  
  Community midwife and Hospital-based midwife and Obstetrician 3.07 (0.55)  
BIRTH INTERVENTIONS
Induction of labour   ≤ 0.001
  No 3.34 (0.49)  
  Yes 3.03 (0.60)  
CTG monitoring   ≤ 0.001
  No 3.45 (0.43)  
  Yes 3.08 (0.56)  
Episiotomy b   ≤ 0.001
  No 3.31 (0.51)  
  Yes 2.99 (0.59)  
Pain relief treatment c   ≤ 0.001
  No 3.36 (0.49)  
  Yes 3.04 (0.57)  
Catheterisation   ≤ 0.001
  No 3.37 (0.49)  
  Yes 3.09 (0.56)  
Vaginal laceration b   0.83
  No 3.27 (0.55)  
  Yes 3.26 (0.57)  
Vaginal laceration (surgery) b   0.19
  No 3.27 (0.53)  
  Yes 3.16 (0.61)  
  1. a Complications during pregnancy care: intra-uterine growth restriction, blood loss trimester first trimester, blood loss second or third trimester, diabetes gravidarum, cholestasis, problems with blood pressure, abruptio placenta, placenta praevia, polyhydramnion, thrombosis, HELLP-syndrome, dysmature, macrosomia, oligohydramnios
  2. b Scores on the Childbirth Experience Questionnaire 2.0 for birth interventions episiotomy, vaginal laceration and vaginal laceration which required OK-treatment were calculated for vaginal births only (n = 554)
  3. c Pain relief include epidural, morphine or pethidine treatment