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Table 1 Perceived social support, coping styles and EDPS scores among participants with different characteristics (n = 1486)

From: The mediating role of coping styles in the relationship between perceived social support and antenatal depression among pregnant women: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics N % Perceived social support [33] Coping styles [15] Antenatal depression
Intrafamily Support (Mean ± SD) Extrafamily Support (Mean ± SD) Positive Coping (Mean ± SD) Negative Coping (Mean ± SD) EDPS [38] (Mean ± SD)
Nationality
Ethnic minority 42 2.83 24.71 ± 3.18 45.50 ± 5.17 28.95 ± 4.11 10.12 ± 4.51 6.62 ± 2.45
Han 1444 97.17 24.14 ± 3.09 44.49 ± 6.19 27.29 ± 4.90 9.78 ± 3.80 7.47 ± 3.59
  p = 0.24 p = 0.29 p = 0.03 p = 0.58 p = 0.13
Religion
No 1406 5.38 24.18 ± 3.07 44.60 ± 6.16 27.30 ± 4.91 9.73 ± 3.82 7.42 ± 3.57
Yes 80 95.36 23.74 ± 3.36 43.10 ± 6.01 27.93 ± 4.53 10.83 ± 3.71 7.89 ± 3.45
  p = 0.21 p = 0.035 p = 0.27 p = 0.013 p = 0.25
Marital status
First marriage 1418 95.42 24.17 ± 3.10 44.54 ± 6.19 27.32 ± 4.89 9.78 ± 3.84 7.45 ± 3.53
Remarriage 64 4.31 24.10 ± 2.98 44.11 ± 5.88 27.21 ± 4.94 9.98 ± 3.68 7.39 ± 4.27
Spinsterhood 4 0.27 23.00 ± 1.41 41.75 ± 3.77 31.00 ± 2.71 11.75 ± 1.89 7.50 ± 3.42
  p = 0.34 p = 0.74 p = 0.49 p = 0.67 p = 0.67
Educational level
Secondary school and below 180 12.11 23.12 ± 3.49 41.71 ± 6.46 25.78 ± 5.65 8.97 ± 4.15 8.12 ± 3.79
University and above 1306 87.89 24.30 ± 3.00 44.90 ± 6.02 27.56 ± 4.74 9.91 ± 3.77 7.35 ± 3.52
  p = 0.003 p < 0.001 p < 0.001 p = 0.012 p = 0.011
Employment status
Housewife 205 13.80 23.54 ± 3.54 43.09 ± 6.29 26.29 ± 5.34 9.81 ± 3.76 8.14 ± 4.04
Employed 1281 86.20 24.26 ± 3.00 44.75 ± 6.12 27.50 ± 4.80 9.79 ± 3.84 7.33 ± 3.47
  p = 0.001 p = 0.002 p = 0.001 p = 0.93 p = 0.002
Place of residence
Town or countryside 142 9.56 23.42 ± 3.52 42.23 ± 6.80 25.53 ± 5.24 9.03 ± 4.08 8.30 ± 4.02
City 1344 90.44 24.24 ± 3.03 44.76 ± 6.05 27.52 ± 4.82 9.87 ± 3.79 7.35 ± 3.50
  p = 0.008 p < 0.001 p < 0.001 p = 0.007 p = 0.002
Family income per month (RMB)
 < 5000 242 16.29 23.56 ± 3.32 42.72 ± 6.73 26.30 ± 4.85 9.48 ± 3.65 7.95 ± 3.66
5001 ~ 8000 491 33.04 23.98 ± 3.18 44.51 ± 6.00 26.95 ± 5.19 9.73 ± 3.76 7.20 ± 3.51
8001 ~ 10,000 337 22.68 24.28 ± 3.01 44.79 ± 6.12 27.61 ± 4.68 10.02 ± 3.89 7.47 ± 3.61
 > 10,000 416 27.99 24.61 ± 2.79 45.34 ± 5.83 28.18 ± 4.56 9.87 ± 3.94 7.41 ± 3.51
  p < 0.001 p < 0.001 p < 0.001 p = 0.299 p = 0.006
Gravity
Primigravida 964 64.87 24.17 ± 3.07 44.78 ± 5.96 27.16 ± 4.86 9.63 ± 3.67 7.59 ± 3.53
Multigravida 522 35.13 24.14 ± 3.13 44.03 ± 6.50 27.65 ± 4.93 10.10 ± 4.08 7.18 ± 3.61
  p = 0.84 p = 0.03 p = 0.07 p = 0.02 p = 0.04
Pregnancy plan
Planned NC 719 48.38 24.43 ± 2.94 45.02 ± 6.10 27.65 ± 5.55 9.76 ± 3.69 7.31 ± 3.29
Untended NC 280 18.84 23.66 ± 3.34 43.91 ± 6.10 27.01 ± 5.25 9.80 ± 3.66 7.86 ± 3.91
NC following fate 312 21.06 24.05 ± 3.06 44.39 ± 6.27 27.07 ± 5.09 9.99 ± 4.21 7.34 ± 3.62
ART 174 11.71 24.01 ± 3.23 43.73 ± 6.18 26.99 ± 5.30 9.68 ± 3.93 7.60 ± 3.94
  p = 0.01 p = 0.01 p = 0.18 p = 0.405 p = 0.09
Total 1486   24.16 ± 3.09 44.52 ± 6.16 27.34 ± 4.89 9.79 ± 3.82 7.44 ± 3.56
  1. Abbreviations: ART Assisted reproductive technology, EPDS Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, NC Natural conception, PSSS The Perceived Social Support Scale, SD Standard deviation