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Table 1 Socio-demographic and reproductive characteristics of the participants in urban South Ethiopia, July 2019–September 2020

From: The effect of inter-pregnancy interval on stillbirth in urban South Ethiopia: a community-based prospective cohort study

Variables Stillbirth
N = 38
Live birth
N = 2510
Total (%)
N = 2548
X2 (P-value)
Number (%) Number (%)
Inter-pregnancy interval
 < 18 months 22 (58) 732 (29) 754 (29) 14.9 (0.001)
 18–23 months 4 (10) 500 (20) 504 (20)
 24–60 months 12 (32) 1278 (51) 1290 (51)
Education
 No formal education 6 (16) 495 (20) 501 (20) 1.7 (0.65)
 Primary 14 (37) 1055 (42) 1069 (42)
 Secondary 11 (29) 530 (21) 541 (21)
 Higher 7 (18) 430 (17) 437 (17)
Occupation
 Formally employed 8 (21) 399 (16) 407 (16) 0.74 (0.39)
 Others 30 (79) 2111 (84) 2141 (84)
Parity
 1–2 28 (74) 1701 (68) 1729 (68) 3.1 (0.22)
 3–4 5 (13) 597 (24) 602 (24)
 ≥ 5 5 (13) 207 (8) 212 (8)
Pregnancy intention
 Intended 21 (55) 1533 (61) 1554 (61) 0.53 (0.47)
 Unintended 17 (45) 977 (39) 994 (39)
Methods of estimation of gestational age
 Last menstrual period 33 (87) 2307 (92) 2340 (92) 1.28 (0.26)
 Ultrasound 5 (13) 203 (8) 208 (8)
Study site
 Hossana 17 (48) 961 (38) 978 (38) 4.51 (0.34)
 Homecho 5 (13) 423 (17) 428 (17)
 Jajura 0 (0) 200 (8) 200 (8)
 Gimbichu 5 (13) 365 (15) 370 (15)
 Shone 11 (29) 561 (22) 572 (22)
Continuous variables
 Age in years 26.9 (4.1) 27.5 (3.5) 27.5 (3.5)
 Age at first childbirth in years 21.4 (2.7) 21.4 (2.7) 21.4 (2.7)
  1. Others: Merchant/vender/farmer/housewife. --: not applicable
  2. Data were missed for parity (5), age (8) and age at first childbirth (5)
  3. For continuous variables ‘mean (standard deviation)’ were estimated for each column