Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: The accuracy of contrast-enhanced computed tomography scans to detect postpartum haemorrhage: an observational study

  Extravasation on CT scanning No extravasation on CT scanning p Value
Angiography No angiography Angiography No angiography
N = 20 N = 11 N = 2 N = 19
Maternal characteristics
 Age, median (IQR) 31 (29-36) 33 (33-39) 37 (34-40) 34 (31-38) 0.24
 Pre-pregnant BMI, median (IQR) 23.2 (20.4-25.2) 22.6 (20.7-22.9) 21 (21-21) 22.3 (20.1-25.9) 0.90
 Assisted reproductive technologies, n (%) 3 (20.0) 3 (37.5) 1 (50.0) 5 (26.3) 0.58
 Vaginal delivery, n (%) 9 (45.0) 4 (36.4) 1 (71.4) 14 (73.7) 0.16
 Caesarean delivery, n (%) 5 (25.0) 4 (36.4) 0 (0) 3 (15.8) 0.44
 Assisted vaginal delivery, n (%) 6 (30.0) 3 (27.2) 1 (50.0) 2 (11.1) 0.39
Post-partum haemorrhage details, n (%)
 Tone 14 (70.0) 8 (72.7) 1 (50.0) 11 (57.9) 0.77
 Trauma 4 (20.0) 3 (27.3) 1 (50.0) 7 (36.8) 0.62
 Tissue 1 (5.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (5.3) 0.76
 Thrombin 4 (20.0) 2 (18.2) 0 (0) 1 (5.3) 0.42
Severity, median (IQR)
 Shock index 0.8 (0.7-0.9) 1 (0.9-1.1) 1.1 (0.7-1.5) 0.8 (0.7-1.0) 0.18
 Lactate (mg/dl) 24 (17-32) 24 (15-43) 15 (6-24) 22 (10-33) 0.79
 Blood loss (ml) 3045 (1557-6426) 4011 (2100-6353) 1132 (1109-1132) 2247 (1155-2730) 0.08
Treatment, n (%)
 Embolization 19 (95.0) 0 (0) 1 (50.0) 0 (0) <0.01
  Bilateral uterine arteries 6 (30.0)   0 (0)   
  Unilateral uterine artery 4 (20.0)   1 (100.0)   
  Inferior epigastric artery 3 (15.0)   0 (0)   
  Internal pudendal artery 2 (10.0)   0 (0)   
  Vaginal artery 2 (10.0)   0 (0)   
  Perineal artery 1 (5.0)   0 (0)   
  Internal iliac artery 1 (5.0)   0 (0)   
  Middle rectal artery 1 (5.0)   0 (0)   
  Obturator artery 1 (5.0)   0 (0)   
 Surgery 2 (10.0) 5 (45.5) 0 (0) 3 (14.3) 0.11
  Hysterectomy 2 (10.0) 4 (36.4)   2 (10.5) 0.22
  Perineal repair 0 (0) 1 (9.1)   1 (5.3) 0.49
 Postpartum balloon 9 (45.0) 8 (72.7)   7 (36.8) 0.10
Transfusion (mL), median (IQR)
 RBC suspension 1680 (560-3640) 1120 (560-2240) 420 (0-840) 840 (560-1120) 0.20
 FFP 1200 (0-3480) 960 (240-2160) 240 (0-480) 480 (0-720) 0.33
 PC 0 (0-400) 0 (0-400) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.20
Disease course
Length of ICU stay, days, median (IQR) 2 (2-3) 2 (2-3) 2 (2-2) 2 (2-2) 0.47
Length of hospital stay, days, median (IQR) 6 (4-12) 4 (3-11) 8 (5-11) 4 (3-7) 0.30
Discharge to survival, n (%) 20 (100) 11 (100) 2 (100) 19 (100) 1.00
  1. CT computed tomography, IQR interquartile range, BMI body mass index, RBC red blood cell, FFP fresh frozen plasma, PC platelet concentrate, ICU intensive care unit