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Table 2 Maternal and neonatal outcomes of women with a history of prior cesarean birth overall and by mode of delivery, January 2017 – April 2020

From: The association of timing of repeat cesarean with outcomes among a cohort of Guatemalan women with a history of prior cesarean birth

  Women giving birth by cesarean Pre-labor cesarean birth Intrapartum cesarean birth P-value
N = 2208 n = 1312, 59.4% n = 896, 40.6%
Maternal outcomes
 Hemorrhage n, % 15, 0.7% 7 0.5% 8, 0.9% 0.43b
 Uterotonics n, % 2166, 98.1% 1282, 97.8% 884, 98.7% 0.14c
 Blood transfusion n, % 24, 1.1% 13, 1.0% 11, 1.2% 0.68b
 D&C/Suction n, % 3, 0.1% 3, 0.2% 0, 0.0% 0.28b
 Magnesium n, % 134, 6.1% 96, 7.3% 38, 4.2% 0.003c
 Hysterectomy n, % 12, 0.5% 8, 0.6% 4, 0.4% 0.77b
 Severe infection n, % 32, 1.4% 19, 1.4% 13, 1.4% 1.0c
 Postpartum infection n, % 7, 0.3% 7, 0.5% 0, 0.0% 0.046b
  Missing 68, 3.1% 32, 2.4% 36, 4.0%  
 Seizure n, % 3, 0.1% 1, 0.1% 2, 0.2% 0.57b
  Missing 68, 3.1% 32, 2.4% 36, 4.0%  
 Unplanned hospitalization n, % 17, 0.8% 12, 0.9% 5, 0.5% 0.46b
  Missing 68, 3.1% 32, 2.4% 36, 4.0%  
Neonatal outcomes
 Fetal status n, %     0.17b
  Born alive, alive 2180, 98.8% 1290, 98.4% 890, 99.3%  
  Born alive, neonatal demise 5, 0.2% 4, 0.3% 1, 0.1%  
  Stillbirth 22, 1.0% 17, 1.3% 5, 0.6%  
 Bag & mask resuscitation n, % 22, 1.0% 12, 0.9% 10, 1.1% 0.64c
  Missing 1, 0.1% 1, 0.1% 0, 0.0%  
 Breastfed within an hour n, % 135, 6.2% 85, 6.6% 50, 5.6% 0.36c
 Neonatal antibiotics n, % 91, 4.1% 50, 3.8% 41, 4.6% 0.38c
 CPAP n, % 6, 0.3% 6, 0.5% 0, 0.0% 0.09b
  Missing 1, 0.1% 0, 0.0% 1, 0.1%  
 Oxygen n, % 101, 4.6% 54, 4.1% 47, 5.3% 0.21c
 Ventilation n, % 11, 0.5% 7, 0.5% 4, 0.5% 1.0b
  Missing 1, 0.1% 0, 0.0% 1, 0.1%  
 Death by 42 Days n, % 28, 1.3% 16, 1.2% 12, 1.3% 0.79c
  Missing 95, 4.3% 53, 4.0% 42, 4.7%  
  1. All tests performed excluding missing data
  2. CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
  3. akruskall-wallis
  4. bfishers exact
  5. cchi2