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Table 4 Demographic factors and inpatient opioid usage for all patients prescribed narcotics following vaginal delivery stratified by race

From: The impact of race on postpartum opioid prescribing practices: a retrospective cohort study

Characteristic Black
(n = 105)
White
(n = 43)
P value
Maternal age at delivery (median (IQR)) years 27 (22–31) 29 (23–33) 0.008*
Insurance Type (n (%))
 Private Insurance 14 (13.3) 28 (65.1)  < 0.0001*
 Public Insurance 88 (83.8) 14 (34.9)
 Other 3 (2.9) 0 (0.0)
Maternal BMI (median (IQR)) 32.1 (26.6–36.9) 29.3 (25.5–35.7) 0.2
Type of delivery (n(%))
 Spontaneous 96 (91.4) 40 (93.0) 0.8
 Vacuum assisted 5 (4.8) 1 (2.3)
 Forceps assisted 4 (3.8) 2 (4.7)
Type of laceration (n (%))
 Intact 66 (64.1) 14 (32.6) 0.005*
 1st degree 12 (11.6) 5 (11.6)
 2nd degree 11 (10.7) 14 (32.6)
 3rd degree 1 (1.0) 1 (2.3)
 4th degree 1 (1.0) 0 (0.0)
 Other (peri-urethral, sulcal) 12 (11.6) 9 (20.9)
Complications (n (%))
 None 88 (83.8) 35 (81.4) 0.4
 BTL 14 (13.3) 4 (9.3)
 Cervical laceration 1 (1.0) 1 (2.3)
 Other (Episiotomy, IUFD, DVT, trauma) 2 (1.9) 3 (7.0)
Number of inpatient tablets consumed (n (%))
 0 25 (23.8) 13 (30.2) 0.7
 1 28 (26.7) 8 (18.6)
 2 13 (12.4) 5 (11.6)
 3 or more 39 (37.1) 17 (39.5)
Discharge opioid prescribing provider (n (%))
 Intern 39 (37.1) 18 (41.9) 0.8
 Resident 52 (49.5) 19 (44.2)
 Attending 14 (13.3) 6 (13.9)
  1. * Statistical significance (p < 0.05)