Skip to main content

Table 6 Pregnancy characteristics and birth outcomes of the study participants in relation to 25-hydroxyvitamin D status

From: High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among normotensive and hypertensive pregnant women in Ghana

Variables Normal pregnancy (n = 92) Preeclampsia (n = 88) p-value
Vitamin D Status [n (%)]
Deficient Sufficient Deficient Sufficient  
Infant birth weight      < 0.0001
 Normal 61 (66.3) 22 (23.9) 34 (38.6) 7 (8.0)  
 Low 8 (8.7) 1 (1.1) 44 (50.0) 3 (3.4)  
IUGR      < 0.0001
 Yes 69 (75.0) 23 (25.0) 30 (34.1) 3 (3.4)  
 No 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 48 (54.5) 7 (8.0)  
Status of delivery      < 0.0001
 Term 66 (71.7) 23 (35.0) 38 (43.2) 7 (8.0)  
 Preterm 3 (3.3) 0 (0.0) 40 (45.5) 3 (3.4)  
  1. χ2 or Fischer’s exact test (when n < 5) was used to compare the categorical data. Statistically significant level was set at p-value < 0.05
  2. IUGR Intrauterine growth restriction