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Table 2 The outcomes of pregnancy and delivery in the yoga and control groups

From: The effect of yoga on the delivery and neonatal outcomes in nulliparous pregnant women in Iran: a clinical trial study

Outcomes Yoga group (35) Control group (35) test p
Natural delivery Yes 29 (82.9%) 23 (65.7%) χ 2 = 2.69 p = 0.101
No 6 (17.1%) 12 (34.3%)
Cesarean section Yes 8 (22.9%) 16 (45.7%) χ 2 = 4.05 p = 0.044
No 27 (77.1%) 19 (54.3%)
Use of local anesthesia Yes 28 (80.0%) 13 (37.1%) χ 2 = 2.52 p = 0.112
No 7 (20.0%) 22 (62.9%)
Use of general anesthesia Yes 5 (14.3%) 7 (20.0%) χ 2 = 0.40 p = 0.52
No 30 (85.7%) 28 (80.0%)
Induction of labor Yes 15 (51/7%) 19 (82/6%) χ 2 = 5/41 p = 0.02
No 14 (48/3%) 4 (17/4%)
Premature rupture of the membranes Yes 9 (25.7%) 12 (34.3%) χ 2 = 0.612 p = 0.43
No 26 (74.3%) 23 (65.7%)
Preterm delivery Yes 0 (0%) 4 (11.4%) χ 2 = 4.24 p = 0.039
No 35 (100.0%) 31 (88.6%)
Episiotomy Yes 27 (77.1%) 23 (65.7%) χ 2 = 1.12 p = 0.29
No 8 (22.9%) 12 (34.3%)
Episiotomy grade 0 16 (55.2%) 0 (0.0%) χ 2 = 29.08 p < 0.0001
1 13 (44.8%) 10 (43.5%)
2 0 (0.0%) 11 (47.8%)
3 0 (0.0%) 2 (8.7%)