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Table 4 Predictors of intense fear of childbirth (Wijma score ≥ 100)

From: Predictors of fear of childbirth and normal vaginal birth among Iranian postpartum women: a cross-sectional study

Variables Simple logistic regression Multiple logistic regression
score < 100 score ≥ 100 OR p AOR 95% C.I for OR
Age (years)       Lower Upper
  < 20 40 (6.8) 8 (11.4) 2.88** .079 2.58 .89 7.42
 20–30 293 (49.5) 44 (62.9) 2.16* .040 1.99 1.03 3.85
  > 30 259 (43.8) 18 (25.7) 1   1   
Educational level (years)
  < 12 457 (77.2) 55 (78.6) 1.08
  > 12 135 (22.8) 15 (21.4) 1
Satisfaction with household income
 Low satisfied 208 (35.1) 31 (44.3) 1.47
 Moderately satisfied/satisfied 384 (64.9) 39 (55.7) 1
Gestational age (week)
  < 38 83 (14.0) 7 (10.0) .77
 38–40 427 (72.1) 54 (77.1) 1.15
  > 40 82 (13.9) 9 (12.9) 1
Parity
 Primipara 240 (40.5) 43 (61.4) 2.34** .035 1.94 1.05 3.60
 Multipara 352 (59.5) 27 (38.6) 1   1   
Birth mode
 Cesarean 127 (21.5) 17 (24.3) 1.17
 Normal vaginal birth 465 (78.5) 53 (75.5) 1
Having a doula
 No 423 (71.5) 54 (77.1) 1.35
 Yes 169 (28.5) 16 (22.9) 1
Onset of labor pain
 Spontaneous 410 (69.3) 48 (68.6) 1
 Induced 182 (30.7) 22 (31.4) 1.07
Pain relief method
 Entonox 281 (48.1) 38 (54.3) 1.56
 Spinal anesthesia 120 (20.5) 15 (21.4) 1.36
 Hot water showers or massage 21 (3.6) 3 (4.3) 1.65
 Nothing 162 (27.7) 14 (20.0) 1
Satisfaction with pregnancy
 Not satisfied 21 (3.5) 16 (22.9) 44.95*** <.001 12.14 5.17 28.50
 Low satisfied 53 (9.0) 13 (18.6) 14.47* <.001 4.94 2.19 11.10
 Moderately satisfied 218 (36.8) 24 (34.3) 6.50 .078 1.83 .935 3.57
 Satisfied/Very satisfied 300 (50.7) 17 (24.3) 3.92   1   
Perceived marital/sexual satisfaction
 Not satisfied to moderately satisfied 54 (9.1) 14 (20.0) 2.70** .018 2.68 1.18 6.09
 Satisfied 309 (52.2) 34 (48.6) 1.15 .612 1.17 .639 2.14
 Very satisfied 229 (38.7) 22 (31.4) 1   1   
Satisfaction with husband support
 Not satisfied to low satisfied 17 (2.9) 4 (5.7) 2.10
 Moderately satisfied 104 (17.6) 18 (25.7) 1.54
 Satisfied 275 (46.5) 26 (37.1) .84
 Very satisfied 196 (33.1) 22 (31.4) 1
  1. simple logistic regression: p < 0.25, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001, Variables entered on step 1: age, satisfaction with income, parity, maternal satisfaction with pregnancy, perceived marital/sexual satisfaction, and satisfaction with husband support. method: backward LR, Cox & Snell R Square = 8.9%, Nagelkerke R Square = 18.2%