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Table 2 Fear of childbirth according to parity (N = 662)

From: Predictors of fear of childbirth and normal vaginal birth among Iranian postpartum women: a cross-sectional study

  All Primiparous (N = 283) Multiparas (N = 379) t P
Domains of fear of childbirth Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD   
Lack of self-efficacy 23.7 ± 11.7 24.2 ± 12.6 23.3 ± 10.9 0.908 0.374
Lack of positive anticipation 5.4 ± 4.1 5.7 ± 4.1 5.2 ± 4.0 1.432 0.153
Concerns for fetus health 3.1 ± 3.5 3.2 ± 3.4 3.1 ± 3.5 0.356 0.722
Loss of control 5.3 ± 3.2 5.6 ± 3.2 5.1 ± 3.1 2.129 0.034*
Loneliness 18.9 ± 9.4 19.9 ± 9.0 18.2 ± 9.6 2.336 0.020*
Fear 15.4 ± 5.2 16.1 ± 5.1 14.9 ± 5.2 2.973 0.003**
Total score 74.7 ± 23.1 77.5 ± 24.3 72.5 ± 21.9 2.766 0.006**
  N (%) N (%) N (%)   
Fear of childbirth     13.72 0.008**
 Mild (scores ≤37) 52 (7.9) 23 (8.1) 29 (7.7)   
 Moderate (38 ≤ scores < 66) 129 (19.5) 45 (15.9) 84 (22.2)   
 High (66 ≤ scores < 85) 271 (40.9) 116 (41.0) 155 (40.9)   
 Severe (85 ≤ scores < 100) 140 (21.1) 56 (19.8) 84 (22.2)   
 Intense (scores ≥100) 70 (10.6) 43 (15.2) 27 (7.1)   
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01