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Table 5 Average cost (CM) of obstetric and newborn care, ability to pay and household impoverishment (in US $ per woman)

From: Social and economic consequences of the cost of obstetric and neonatal care in Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo: a mixed methods study

Characteristics   Cost of care per woman in US $ Total household expenditure in US $ Ability to pay per household in US $ % of average cost / Total expenditure % of Average Cost / Ability to Pay Proportion of poor households ** Proportion of non-poor and impoverished households
  Frequency mean ± SD mean ± SD mean ± SD % % n (%) n (%)
Type of birth
 Normal delivery * 239 77 ± 70 626 ± 625 371 ± 392 12.3 20.8 226 (94.6) 0 (0)
 Complicated vaginal delivery * 52 207 ± 128 479 ± 444 260 ± 256 43.2 79.6 49 (94.2) 0 (0)
 Cesarean section * 120 338 ± 160 495 ± 354 278 ± 249 68.2 121.6 116 (96.7) 2 (50)
  1. ** Poverty line = substitution expenses
  2. * Obstetric and neonatal care